Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County
|Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County|
|• Pinyin||Mínhé Huízú Tǔzú Zìzhìxiàn|
|• Xiao'erjing||مٍهْ خُوِذُو تُوذُو ذِجِشِیًا|
|• Total||1,780 km2 (690 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 民和回族土族自治县; traditional Chinese: 民和回族土族自治縣; pinyin: Mínhé Huízú Tǔzú Zìzhìxiàn; Xiao'erjing: مٍهْ خُوِذُو تُوذُو ذِجِشِیًا) is the easternmost county in Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Haidong (lit. Eastern Qinghai) Region. "Hui" refers to the Chinese Muslims, whereas "Tu" refers to the ethnic group known as “Monguor” in the West and as "Tu Zu" in China. It borders the Honggu District of Gansu on the east, demarcated by the Datong River, a tributary to the Huangshui River, which eventually flows into the Yellow River.
The County is multi-ethnic and significant to not only holding the most densely populated Tu Zu settlement in Sanchuan/Guanting in its southeastern portion, but also as the homeland of the legendary Emperor Yü the Great, who established the Xia Dynasty (2070-1600 BC), the first ever recorded dynasty in the ancient Chinese history based on recent archaeological discoveries.
- Bao, Yizhi [鲍义志] (2006). La jia yi zhi yu da yu zhi shui [The Lajia Site and flood management by Yü the Great] 喇家遗址与大禹治水. Qinghai ri bao [Qinghai Daily] 青海日报. September 15. Xining.
- Bao, Yizhi [鲍义志] (2007). "Zai shuo da yu gu li [More discussions on the homeland of Yü the Great] 再说大禹故里." Zhongguo tu zu [China's Tu Nationality] 中国土族 34(2): 13.
- Xie, Zuo [谢佐] (2006). "Lue lun he huang wen hua de shi qian wen ming [On the prehistorical civilization of the Hehuang Culture] 略论河湟文化的史前文明." Zhongguo tu zu [China's Tu Nationality] 中国土族 32(4): 4-6.
- Zhang, Zhongxiao [张忠孝] (2007). "Minhe guan ting shi da yu gu li [Guanting of Minhe is the homeland of Yü the Great] 民和官亭是大禹故里." Zhongguo tu zu [China's Tu Nationality] 中国土族 34(2): 14-16.
- Lu, Houyuan, Xiaoyan Yang, Maolin Ye, Kam-Biu Liu, Zhengkai Xia, Xiaoyan Ren, Linhai Cai, Naiqin Wu and Tung-Sheng Liu (2005). "Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China." Nature 437(7061): 967-968.
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