|Revised Romanization||Minjung Sinhak|
Minjung theology (Hangul: 민중신학; Hanja: 民衆神學; RR: Minjung Sinhak; MR: Minjung Sinhak; the people's theology) emerged in the 1970s from the experience of South Korean Christians in the struggle for social justice. It is a people's theology, and, according to its authors, "a development of the political hermeneutics of the Gospel in terms of the Korean reality."
Minjung theology began in South Korea in the 1970s with figures such as Ahn Byung-mu, often considered the "father" of minjung theology, Suh Nam-dong, and Kim Yong-bock. Minjung, which means the "people" in the communist sense of the proletariat, is made up of people who are ostracized by the larger community.
It is part of a wider Asian theological ferment, but it was not designed for export. It "is firmly rooted in a particular situation, and growing out of the struggles of Christians who embrace their own history as well as the universal message of the Bible."[this quote needs a citation]
As South Korea has grown to be more a prosperous nation, later generations of minjung theologians have needed to reevaluate who are the poor and oppressed minjung of Korea. As such, a number of minjung theologians have focused on questions of reunification with North Korea, identifying the minjung as all those oppressed in both Koreas.
- Suh, David Kwang-sun (1983). "A Biographical Sketch of an Asian Theological Consultation". In Commission on Theological Concerns of the Christian Conference of Asia. Minjung Theology: People as the Subjects of History. New York: Orbit Books. p. 17. ISBN 9780862321918.
- Küster, Volker (2010). A Protestant Theology of Passion: Korean Minjung Theology Revisited. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9004175237.
- Kim, Sebastian C. H.; Kim, Kirsteen (2014). A History of Korean Christianity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 263–316. ISBN 9781316123140.
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