New Zealand general election, 1884

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1884 general election
New Zealand
← 1881 21 (Māori) & 22 (general) July 1884 1887 →

All 95 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
Turnout 60.6%
  First party Second party
  Robert Stout, 1885.jpg Sir Harry Albert Atkinson, ca 1885.jpg
Leader Robert Stout Harry Atkinson
Party Independent Independent
Leader since 1884 1883
Leader's seat Dunedin East Egmont
Seats won 57 32
Seat change Increase 18 Decrease 13
Popular vote N/A N/A
Percentage N/A N/A
Swing N/A N/A

Prime Minister before election

Harry Atkinson
Independent

Subsequent Prime Minister

Robert Stout
Independent

The New Zealand general election of 1884 was held on 22 July to elect a total of 95 MPs to the 9th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The Māori vote was held on 21 July.[1] A total number of 137,686 (60.6%) voters turned out to vote.[2] In 11 seats there was only one candidate.[3]

1881 electoral redistribution[edit]

The same 95 electorates that were defined through the 1881 electoral redistribution were used for the 1884 election. The next electoral redistribution was held in 1887 in preparation for the 1887 election.[4]

Government formation[edit]

Prior to the election Harry Atkinson had served as Premier since 1883. His government was unpopular at the time and the polls went against him. Only 32 of the returned Members supported him whilst 57 opposed his government as well as 6 independents.[5] Soon after the election his government fell in August 1884 after Robert Stout successfully passed a vote of no confidence and assumed the premiership with the support of Julius Vogel. A strong counter-offensive by Atkinson enabled him to unseat Stout again after only twelve days. Stout, however, was not so easily defeated, and took the Premiership again after seven days. This time, Stout held his position for three years, defeating Atkinson's attempts to oust him.

Results[edit]

The following table shows the results of the 1884 general election.[6]

Electorate
incumbent
Elected member
defeated candidates
MP's term
Bay of Islands
Held by R Hobbs
Richard Hobbs Third
2nd: M Gannon
3rd: F MacKenzie
Marsden
Held by E Mitchelson
Edwin Mitchelson Second
Unopposed
Rodney
Held by S George
William Moat First
2nd: N Wilson
Waitemata
Held by W Hurst
William Hurst Third
2nd: A Farnell
Auckland North
Held by T Peacock
Thomas Thompson First
2nd:J Newman[7]
Auckland West
Held by J McM Dargaville
Joseph Dargaville Second
2nd:W Swanson
Auckland East
Held by G Grey
George Grey Fifth
Unopposed
Newton
Held by W Swanson
Thomas Peacock Second
2nd: C de Lautour[8]
Parnell
Held by FJ Moss
Frederick Moss Fourth
2nd:ST George
Eden
Held by J Tole
Joseph Tole Fourth
2nd: J O'Neil
Manukau
Held by M O'Rorke
Maurice O'Rorke Seventh
2nd: F Lawry
Franklin North
Held by B Harris
Frank Buckland First
2nd: J Harris
Franklin South
Held by E Hamlin
Ebenezer Hamlin Fourth
Unopposed
Coromandel
Held by A Cadman
Alfred Cadman Second
2nd: A Brodie
Thames
Held by J Sheehan
William Fraser First
2nd: WJ Speight
Waikato
Held by JB Whyte
John Whyte Third
Unopposed
Waipa
Held by FA Whitaker
Edward Lake First
2nd: W Jackson
Tauranga
Held by George Morris
GB Morris Third
2nd: W Kelly
East Coast
Held by S Locke
Samuel Locke Second
2nd: WL Rees
Napier
Held by J Buchanan
John Ormond Sixth
2nd: J Sheehan
Hawkes Bay
Held by F Sutton
William Russell Third
2nd: F Sutton
3rd: A Desmond
[9][10]
Waipawa
Held by WC Smith
William Smith Second
2nd:T Tanner
Rangitikei
Held by J Stevens
Robert Bruce First
2nd: J Stevens
Manawatu
Held by WW Johnston
Douglas Macarthur First
2nd: D Frazer
3rd: A Burr
Waitotara
Held by J Bryce
John Bryce Sixth
2nd: T McDonnell
Wanganui
Held by WH Watt
John Ballance Fourth
2nd: J Hutchinson
3rd: WH Watt
New Plymouth
Held by T Kelly
Oliver Samuel First
2nd: EM Smith
3rd: T Kelly
4th: C Brown
Taranaki
Held by R Trimble
Robert Trimble Third
2nd: T Bayly
3rd: J Colesby
Egmont
Held by HA Atkinson
Harry Atkinson Seventh
2nd: AA Fantham
Foxton
Held by J Wilson
James Wilson Second
2nd: CB Isard
3rd: JR Browne
Hutt
Held by T Mason
Henry Fitzherbert First
2nd: T Mason
Wairarapa North
Held by G Beetham
George Beetham Fourth
2nd: William Wilson McCardle
Wairarapa South
Held by WC Buchanan
Walter Buchanan Second
2nd: H Bunny
Thorndon
Held by W Levin
Alfred Newman Second
Unopposed
Te Aro
Held by CJ Johnston
Charles Johnston Second
2nd: FH Fraser
3rd: E Shaw
4th: JH Shaw
5th: J O'Shea
Wellington South
Held by W Hutchinson
George Fisher First
2nd: W Hutchinson
Picton
Held by E Connolly
Edward Connolly Second
2nd: WH Eyes
Nelson
Held by H Levestam
Henry Levestam Third
2nd: J Piper
Motueka
Held by R Hursthouse
Richmond Hursthouse Fourth
2nd: J Kerr
Waimea
Held by J Shephard
Joseph Shephard Fourth
2nd: W Wastney
Wairau
Held by H Dodson
Henry Dodson Second
2nd: J Ward
Buller
Held by J Munro
Eugene O'Conor Second
2nd: J Munro
Inangahua
Held by E Shaw
Andrew Menteath First
2nd: RHJ Reeves
Greymouth
Held by J Petrie
Arthur Guinness First
2nd: J Petrie
Cheviot
Held by H McIlraith
James Lance First
2nd: W Gibson
3rd: GM Adams
Kumara
Held by R Seddon
Richard Seddon Third
2nd: E Blake
Hokitika
Held by GG Fitzgerald
John Bevan First
2nd: GG Fitzgerald
3rd: J Clarke
Ashley
Held by WF Pearson
William Pearson Second
2nd: P Duncan
Kaiapoi
Held by E Richardson
Edward Richardson Fifth
Unopposed
Avon
Held by W Rolleston
Leonard Harper Second
2nd: W Dunlop
3rd: Williams
St Albans
Held By JE Brown
Francis Garrick First
2nd: J Jebson
3rd: T Cooper
Stanmore
Held by WH Pilliet
Daniel Reese First
2nd: G Rudenklau
3rd: G Dorney
4th: WH Pilliet
5th: O Wansey
Sydenham
Held by W White
William White Second
2nd: JR Scott
Christchurch North
Held by H Thomson
Julius Vogel Fifth
2nd: J Crewes
Christchurch South
Held by J Holmes
John Holmes Second
2nd: Thomas Joynt
Heathcote
Held by W Wynn-Williams
John Coster First
2nd: Henry Wynn-Williams
3rd: James Temple Fisher
Lyttelton
Held by H Allwright
Harry Allwright Third
2nd: SR Webb
3rd: EM Clissold
Akaroa
Held by W Montgomery
William Montgomery Fifth
2nd: FA Anson[11]
Lincoln
Held by AP O'Callaghan
Arthur O'Callaghan Second
2nd: A Saunders
Coleridge
Held by D McMillan
David McMillan Second
2nd: J Jebson
3rd: R Tosswill
4th: C Frazer
Selwyn
Held by E Wakefield
Edward Wakefield Fourth
Unopposed
Ashburton
Held by EG Wright
William Walker First
2nd: JC Wason
3rd: SC Jolly
4th: JRCC Graham
Wakanui
Held by J Ivess
John Grigg First
2nd: J Ivess
3rd: P McQuire
Geraldine
Held by W Postlethwaite
William Rolleston Sixth
2nd: Alfred Cox
3rd: Francis Franks
Timaru
Held by R Turnbull
Richard Turnbull Fourth
2nd: EG Kerr
Gladstone
Held by JH Sutter
James Sutter Second
2nd: D Anderson
3rd: JM Twomey
4th: G Morris
Waimate
Held by WJ Steward
William Steward Third
2nd: A Haynes
3rd: WJ Black
Waitaki
Held by TY Duncan
Thomas Duncan Second
2nd: D Sutherland
3rd: T Ferens
Oamaru
Held by SE Shrimski
Samuel Shrimski Fourth
2nd: Viscount Reidhaven[12]
Moeraki
Held by J McKenzie
John McKenzie Second
2nd: Charles Haynes[13]
Waikouaiti
Held by J Green
John Buckland First
2nd: J Green
3rd: J Arkle
Port Chalmers
Held by J Macandrew
James Macandrew Ninth
Unopposed
Roslyn
Held by J Bathgate
Archibald Ross First
2nd: J Bathgate
Dunedin West
Held by T Dick
William Stewart Third
2nd: T Dick
Dunedin East
Held by MW Green
Robert Stout Third
2nd: MW Green
Dunedin Central
Held by T Bracken
James Bradsheigh-Bradshaw Third
2nd: T Bracken
3rd: JGS Grant
Dunedin South
Held by HS Fish
James Gore First
2nd: Henry Fish
Peninsula
Held by WJM Larnach
William Larnach Third
2nd: Owen James Hodge
3rd: John Wells
[14]
Caversham
Held by W Barron
William Barron Third
Unopposed
Taieri
Held by J Fulton
James Fulton Third
2nd: WCF Carncross
3rd: WAW Wathen
Mount Ida
Held by CA de Lautour
Scobie Mackenzie First
2nd: J Ewing
Dunstan
Held by V Pyke
Vincent Pyke Fifth
Unopposed
Bruce
Held by J McDonald
Robert Gillies First
2nd: H Driver
3rd: J McDonald
Tuapeka
Held by JC Brown
James Brown Sixth
2nd: F Oudaille
Clutha
Held by JW Thomson
James Thomson Fifth
Unopposed
Mataura
Held by FW Mackenzie
George Richardson First
2nd: FW Mackenzie
Awarua
Held by JP Joyce
James Joyce Third
2nd: JL McDonald
3rd: A Kinross
4th: JW Mitchell
5th: T Hodgkinson
Invercargill
Held by H Feldwick
Joseph Hatch First
2nd: H Feldwick
3rd: G Lumsden
Wakatipu
Held by T Fergus
Thomas Fergus Second
2nd: JT Hornsby
3rd: SN Brown
Hokonui
Held by H Driver
Cuthbert Cowan Second
2nd: Frank Stephen Canning
3rd: Justus Hobbs
4th: Thomas James Lumsden
Wallace
Held by T Daniel
Henry Hirst Second
2nd: S Hodgkinson
3rd: T Daniel
4th: M Hayes
Northern Maori
Held by H Tawhai
Ihaka Hakuene First
Eastern Maori
Held by H Tomana
Wi Pere First
Western Maori
Held by W Te Wheoro
Te Puke Te Ao First
2nd: Te Keepa Te Rangihiwinui
see results for six more candidates
Southern Maori
Held by HK Taiaroa
Hori Kerei Taiaroa Fifth

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 137.
  2. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 47, 51.
  5. ^ "Election News" (5062). Star. 24 July 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  6. ^ Cooper, G. S. (1884). The General Election, 1884. National Library. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "City North". Auckland Star. XXVI (4422). 16 July 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "Ponsonby". Auckland Star. XXVI (4430). 26 July 1884. p. 7. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Hawke's Bay Election". Hawke's Bay Herald. XXI (6912). 16 July 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Hawke's Bay Election". Hawke's Bay Herald. XXI (6915). 19 July 1884. p. 4. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "The Nomination". Akaroa Mail and Banks Peninsula Advertiser. XIV (1166). 20 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  12. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "The Hon. S. E. Shrimski". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "Mr. Charles Haynes, J. P". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  14. ^ "Peninsula". Otago Witness (1704). 19 July 1884. p. 9. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.