Marsden (New Zealand electorate)

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Marsden is a former parliamentary electorate, in the Whangarei District and in the Northland region of New Zealand.

Population centres[edit]

The initial 24 New Zealand electorates were defined by Governor George Grey in March 1853, based on the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852 that had been passed by the British government. The Constitution Act also allowed the House of Representatives to establish new electorates, and this was first done in 1858, when four new electorates were formed by splitting existing electorates.[1] Marsden was one of those four electorates, and it covered the northern area split off from the Northern Division electorate.[2]

The electorate was mixed urban and rural, around the city of Whangarei.

History[edit]

The electorate existed from 1858 to 1972, and the first election was held on 29 November 1859, which was during the term of the 2nd Parliament. James Farmer was the first representative.[3] The second representative was John Munro, who was elected on 27 December 1860, and served the whole term of the 3rd Parliament.[4]

Francis Hull was elected to the 4th Parliament, resigned in 1869 and was succeeded by Munro in the February by-election. Munro served the rest of the term, plus the term of the 5th Parliament.[4]

All subsequent representatives have always served full terms.

The 1887 election was contested by Robert Thompson and Joseph Dargaville, and they received 955 and 550 votes, respectively. Thompson was thus declared elected.[5]

Alfred Murdoch unsuccessfully contested the Marsden electorate in the 1919 election as an independent Liberal against the incumbent from the Reform Party, Francis Mander.[6][7] Mander retired at the 1922 election,[7] and Murdoch was elected.[8] At the next election in 1925, Murdoch was defeated by William Jones of the Reform Party, but Murdoch defeated Jones in turn in 1928 when he stood for the United Party.[9] After two parliamentary terms, Murdoch was defeated in 1935 by James Barclay of the Labour Party.[10] In 1943, Murdoch, now standing for the National Party, defeated Barclay and won the electorate back, and held it until he retired in 1954.[10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform  
 United    Labour    National  
Election Winner
1859 supplementary election James Farmer
1861 election John Munro
1866 election Francis Hull
1869 by-election John Munro
1871 election
1876 election Sir Robert Douglas
1879 election William Colbeck
1881 election Edwin Mitchelson
1884 election
1887 election Robert Thompson 1
1890 election
1893 election
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election Francis Mander 2
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election Alfred Murdoch 3
1925 election William Jones
1928 election Alfred Murdoch 3
1931 election
1935 election James Barclay
1938 election
1943 election Alfred Murdoch 3
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Donald McKay
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
(Electorate abolished 1972)

1 Independent Conservative; then Liberal; then Independent; then Independent Liberal

2 Independent; then Reform

3 Independent Liberal; then United; then National

Election results[edit]

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Marsden[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Robert Thompson 2,205 59.42
Opposition George Alderton 891 24.01
Independent Charles Mackesy 615 16.57
Majority 1,314 35.41
Turnout 3,711 66.97
Registered electors 5,541

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 29.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 28.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 195.
  4. ^ a b Scholefield 1925, p. 120.
  5. ^ "The General Election, 1887". National Library. 1887. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 335.
  7. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 218.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 222.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 209, 222.
  10. ^ a b Wilson 1985, pp. 182, 222.
  11. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  12. ^ "Electoral District of Marsden". The Northern Advocate. 16 December 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.