OK boomer

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"OK boomer" or "okay boomer" is a catchphrase and internet meme that has been used by members of the Millennial generation and Generation Z (born between the early 1980s and the early 2010s) to dismiss or mock attitudes typically associated with baby boomers – people born in the two decades following World War II. The phrase first drew widespread attention due to a November 2019 TikTok video in response to an older man, though the phrase had been coined years before that. Considered by some to be ageist, the phrase has developed into a retort for resistance to technological change, climate change denial, marginalization of members of minority groups, or opposition to younger generations' values.[1][2][3]

The phrase has also been used commercially to sell merchandise and has been the subject of multiple trademark applications.[4]


The first recorded instance of "OK boomer" is in a Reddit comment on 29 September 2009,[5] and it appeared from 2015 on 4chan, to refer to others who seemed out of touch with the modern world.[6][7] "OK boomer" reached mass popularity in late 2019 as a reaction to an unidentified older man's rant on TikTok condemning "infantile" younger generations "hobbled" by social media and participation trophies. He said, "millennials and Generation Z have the Peter Pan syndrome [...] they don't ever want to grow up [and] they think that the utopian ideals that they have in their youth are somehow going to translate into adulthood". Thousands of viewers responded with "OK boomer" as "a sophisticated, mass retaliation" against the impact of past generations.[8]


The phrase has been used as a retort for perceived resistance to technological change, climate change denial, or opposition to younger generations' opinions.[1][2][3] Various media publications have noted the meme's usage on social media platforms beyond TikTok,[6][2][9] and The New York Times wrote that "teenagers use it to reply to cringey YouTube videos, Donald Trump tweets, and basically any person over 30 who says something condescending about young people – and the issues that matter to them."[2] As of November 2022, videos tagged with #OkBoomer on TikTok had been viewed about 4 billion times.[10]

New Zealand MP Chlöe Swarbrick (born 1994) reacted to a heckle from fellow MP Todd Muller (born 1968) with the phrase "OK boomer".

In early November 2019, while giving a speech supporting a climate change bill, New Zealand MP Chlöe Swarbrick claimed that the average age of parliamentarians was 49 years old, and Generation X MP Todd Muller interrupted her, to which she responded "OK boomer".[11][12] She wrote in an article in The Guardian that her comment "symbolised exhaustion of multiple generations."[13] Swarbrick received widespread support on social media, as well as criticism for allegedly promoting ageism, including by the MP Christopher Bishop.[14][15]

A July 2019 song titled "OK boomer" fuelled the meme like an anthem, with cutting lyrics.[6][16] During halftime of the Harvard-Yale football game on 23 November 2019, climate change protesters interrupted the game by rushing the field and remained even after they were asked to leave, instead chanting "OK boomer."[17]

On 9 January 2020, during the Jeopardy! The Greatest of All Time tournament, "OK boomer" was the answer to a 400-point question in the "OK" category: "A 2019 New York Times article says this 2-word phrase 'marks the end of friendly generational relations'." Ken Jennings elicited laughter from the audience with the response, "I get to say it to Alex! What is 'OK, boomer'?"[18] The phrase was used by US Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts on 15 January 2020, as part of questioning for the Babb v. Wilkie age discrimination case.[19]

On 2 March 2020, streamer Neekolul posted a video of lip-syncing and dancing to the song "Oki Doki Boomer" by YouTube content creator Senzawa while wearing a Bernie 2020 shirt.[20][21] With more than 6 million views in four days[20][22] and more than 30 million that month,[23][24] the video has been described by viewers as both cute and cringey.[25][26]


A hoodie bearing the phrase "OK boomer have a terrible day", designed by U.S. art student Shannon O’Connor, generated more than US$25,000 in sales by November 1, 2019.[27] Multiple trademark applications were filed for "OK boomer", including one from Fox Media in 2019 with the intent to launch "an ongoing television series featuring reality competition, comedy, and game shows".[28]


Many reactions have been positive.[29] According to India Ross of the Financial Times, the phrase has "come to symbolise a generational cultural fracture" with attacks on its use from baby boomers perhaps only serving to increase its power and use.[30] Clémence Michallon of The Independent applauded the phrase as "just the right amount of dismissive" while warning against its overuse.[31] Miyo McGinn of Grist applauded the term, writing, "This joy undeniably stems from righteous indignation as much as simple amusement—the two words feel downright poetic after years of hearing my generation blamed for 'killing' everything from restaurant chains to department stores to relationships."[32] Some have commented that the term should be considered a shorthand term for "The Establishment" rather than targeting a specific age group.[33]

Some commentators have considered the phrase to be ageist. The conservative radio host Bob Lonsberry went as far as labeling the word "boomer" as "the N-word of ageism" in a widely criticized and soon deleted tweet. Furthermore, Lonsberry stated that "being hip and flip does not make bigotry OK, nor is a derisive epithet acceptable because it is new".[34] The Late Show with Stephen Colbert mocked him: "Clearly this fella needs to play the hot new game: 'Is This The New N-Word?' No, it's not. Thank you for playing."[35] Francine Prose of The Guardian suggested that the phrase reflects general cultural acceptance of discrimination against older generations.[36] Also writing for The Guardian, Bhaskar Sunkara criticized the meme and said that baby boomers instead "need solidarity" because many "older workers and retirees are struggling to survive" as "half of Americans approaching age 65 have less than $25,000 in savings".[37] In an interview, AARP executive Myrna Blyth told Axios, "OK, millennials. But we're the people that actually have the money."[38] Several French politicians have also accused the phrase of being ageist, with MP Audrey Dufeu Schubert (La République en Marche!) deeming it an ageist slur in a special report on "succeeding in bridging the generational gap and fighting ageism".[39]

"OK boomer" was one of the top five words for the year 2019 as selected by readers of a blog published on PublicAddress.net.[40] It was nominated for a similar designation by a university in Switzerland, landing in second place.[41] The phrase is on Lake Superior State University's 45th annual Banished Words List.[42]


OK zoomer[edit]

Some writers and critics of the "OK boomer" meme have responded with their own generational hostilities, particularly aimed towards the "digital natives" of Generation Z who are sometimes referred to as "zoomers."[43] Columnist Cosmo Landesman, writing for The Spectator, retorted that the Internet-heavy culture of zoomers lacked substance compared to that of the boomers, and would eventually be rejected by the children of Generation Z: "I suspect that future generations will want to stick the boot into the boomers too, but Generation Z will provoke nothing but a yawn. Their children will look at them and their infatuation with the latest bit of digital technology, roll their eyes and declare: OK zoomer."[44] Viviana Freyer, staff editor of The Bi-College News, the student newspaper of Bryn Mawr and Haverford College, responded to these kinds of criticisms in an editorial, writing that "When it is our turn to take the heat from “Generation Alpha” and whatever generation comes next, we hopefully will understand that this comes with getting older, and we’ll take the jokes with more grace than some thirty-something on Twitter getting overly defensive over side parts or cursive."[45] American television comedian Bill Maher also took aim at what he described as a sense of impatience and moral superiority among Generation Z's activists such as environmentalist Greta Thunberg, in a "New Rule" segment for his HBO current events program Real Time titled "OK Zoomer."[46]

OK groomer [edit]

The colloquial catchphrase "groomer" refers to the act of child grooming,[47] forming trusting relationships with children, or their families or caregivers, in order to use them for sexual abuse.

Originally, "OK groomer" was a statement of backlash by online users on Twitter and YouTube against YouTube personality Onision, who had been accused of grooming practices targeting his young fans in 2020 and was the subject of a documentary produced by television journalist Chris Hansen.[48][49][50][51]

Twitter and YouTube users also used the term towards YouTube streamer CallMeCarson in 2021, for an allegation of sexting with a 17-year-old when he was 19 years old.[52] Other users pushed back, including high-profile streamers such as Cr1TiKaL,[53] stating that sexual relations between a 17- and 19-year-old is a false accusation of child grooming.[54] In response, writers describing themselves to be focused on social justice,[55] including YourTango’s Isaac Serna-Diez, defended the accuser for later feeling “uncomfortable” and that her voice should still be heard.[56]

By 2022, the context of "groomer" had evolved from a term used by feminists and progressives opposed to power dynamics existing in relationships,[57][55] to become a term used by reactionaries and conservatives opposed to LGBT sex education of children in schools and a broader inclusion of gender-based content in mass media marketing and popular culture aimed at youth.[47]

It has gained particularly common usage among those who also support the controversial revisions to curriculum in the state of Florida signed into law by Governor Ron DeSantis in 2022, which critics have referred to as "Don't Say Gay" legislation.[47] Proponents of the Florida law and other legislative proposals like it, which seek to curtail or diminish discussion of LGBT sex education content in classrooms, have described educators and activists looking to include or promote such material as "groomers".[58]

Writing for The American Conservative, senior editor Rod Dreher criticized the Walt Disney Company's vocal opposition to the Florida law, and a gradual inclusion over the years of LGBT-focused content in Disney productions, promotional marketing materials, and theme park attractions (such as "Disney Pride"), as being an example of institutional "grooming" by a major corporate brand that is synonymous with children's entertainment and innocence.[59]

Mary Harrington, contributing editor at British politics and culture website UnHerd, also defended the use of the term as a critique of what she described as a normalization of the sexualization of children being framed as a progressive civil-rights struggle.[60] Research from the Harvard Law School's Cyber Law Clinic tracking the use of the "OK groomer" phrase on Twitter noted that its use began to surge in early 2022, reaching a peak of 7,959 mentions on 29 March of that year, one day after the Florida bill became law.[47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "What does OK boomer mean?". Dictionary.com. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d Lorenz, Taylor (29 October 2019). "'OK Boomer' Marks the End of Friendly Generational Relations". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b Rosenblatt, Kalhan (29 October 2019). "Teens use 'OK boomer' to fire back at older generations' criticisms". NBC News. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Companies Try To Trademark 'Ok, Boomer' Expression". NPR.org. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  5. ^ Hoffa, Felipe. ""OK Boomer" escalated quickly — a reddit+BigQuery report". Towards Data Science. Medium. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Romano, Aja (19 November 2019). ""OK boomer" isn't just about the past. It's about our apocalyptic future". Vox. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  7. ^ Franks, Josephine (6 November 2019). "Chlöe Swarbrick explains what 'OK boomer' means". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  8. ^ Bote, Joshua (4 November 2019). "Why are Gen Z and millennials calling out boomers on TikTok? 'OK, boomer,' explained". USA Today. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  9. ^ Graham, Joshua (14 November 2019). "The origins of the "OK Boomer" meme explained". Vogue Australia. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  10. ^ "#okboomer". TikTok. Archived from the original on 27 November 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  11. ^ "'OK boomer': 25-year-old New Zealand MP uses viral term in parliament". BBC News. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  12. ^ Mezzofiore, Gianluca (6 November 2019). "A 25-year-old politician got heckled during a climate crisis speech. Her deadpan retort: 'OK, boomer'". CNN. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  13. ^ Swarbrick, Chlöe (8 November 2019). "My 'OK boomer' comment in parliament symbolised exhaustion of multiple generations". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Why a NZ MP used 'OK boomer' in parliament". BBC. 7 November 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  15. ^ "'OK Boomer': Chloe Swarbrick swats away heckler". Stuff.co.nz. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  16. ^ Annear, Steve (7 November 2019). "How a Lexington teen's song remix turned into an 'OK, Boomer' anthem". Boston Globe. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  17. ^ Bogage, Jacob; Knowles, Hannah (24 November 2019). "Students swarm field at Harvard-Yale football game, chant 'OK boomer' in climate change protest". Washington Post. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  18. ^ "'OK Boomer' was a 'Jeopardy!' answer and fans were loving it". Yahoo. 10 January 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  19. ^ de Vogue, Ariane (15 January 2020). "'OK Boomer' makes it to the Supreme Court". CNN. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  20. ^ a b Ritzen, Stacey (6 March 2020). "Gen Z'ers are attempting to trigger boomers with 'Oki Doki Boomer' TikTok memes". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  21. ^ Jackson, Gita (10 April 2020). "Let the 'OK Boomer' Girl Live". Vice. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  22. ^ Burke-Edwards, Eve (11 March 2020). "Who is Neekolul's boyfriend? TikTok's 'OK Boomer' girl gives away identity on Instagram". HITC. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  23. ^ @neekolul (2 March 2020). "Okie Boomer Kekw #Bernie2020 🇺🇸✨" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  24. ^ Tenbarge, Kat (9 April 2020). "Bernie Sanders built a legion of meme-making, TikTok-loving online fans. Now they're pivoting to new socialist goals". Business Insider. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  25. ^ Travis, Abi (March 2020). "Here's Why Everyone's Talking About the Okie Boomer Girl from TikTok". Distractify. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  26. ^ Rennex, Michelle (10 March 2020). "The Baffling TikTok Of A Girl Dancing To An "Ok Boomer Song Has Split The Internet". Junkee. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  27. ^ Hooker, Lucy (1 November 2019). "'OK Boomer' has earned me $25,000, says student". BBC News. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  28. ^ Picchi, Aimee (19 November 2019). "Fox Media wants to trademark "OK boomer"". CBS News. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  29. ^ Bebernes, Mike (6 November 2019). "'OK Boomer': Behind the generational divide". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  30. ^ Ross, India (14 November 2019). "OK boomer, who's up for a generational showdown?". Financial Times. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  31. ^ Michallon, Clémence (7 November 2019). "Opinion: 'OK boomer' is a powerful tool. But you have to use it sparingly". The Independent. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  32. ^ McGinn, Miyo (6 November 2019). "'OK, boomer': The perfect response to a generation that failed on climate". Grist. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  33. ^ ""OK, boomer": How a viral catchphrase is reshaping generational relationships". CBS News. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  34. ^ Brice-Saddler, Michael (5 November 2019). "A conservative radio host compared 'boomer' to the n-word. Even Dictionary.com was appalled". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  35. ^ Stephen Colbert (6 November 2019). Meanwhile... Is It OK To Say "OK, Boomer"?. The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. Event occurs at 2:24 – via YouTube.
  36. ^ Prose, Francine (10 November 2019). "Cruel jokes about the old are everywhere. When will we face our ageism epidemic? | Francine Prose". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  37. ^ Sunkara, Bhaskar (6 November 2019). "Why it's time to ditch the 'ok boomer' meme". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  38. ^ Wise, Justin (13 November 2019). "AARP exec takes apparent swipe at 'OK, Boomer' line: 'We're the people that actually have the money'". The Hill. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  39. ^ Samuel, Henry (12 December 2019). "'OK, boomer' is a slur on the elderly and must be stamped out, says French MP". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  40. ^ "'OK Boomer' is word of the year for 2019 – Public Address". Radio New Zealand. 19 December 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  41. ^ ""Klimajugend" ist das Deutschschweizer Wort des Jahres 2019". nzz.ch (in German). 3 December 2019. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  42. ^ White, Ed (31 December 2019). "Time's Up for 'Totes:' A New Batch of Banned Words Is Out". AP News. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  43. ^ Graham, Joshua (16 November 2019). "A Deep Dive Into The 'OK Boomer' Row". Vogue U.K. Retrieved 27 May 2022. "OK, Boomer." The catchphrase, coined by Generation Z (or Zoomers) on TikTok, has transcended the digital realm and planted itself firmly into popular discourse.
  44. ^ Landesman, Cosmo (16 November 2019). "OK zoomer, is that really the best you've got?". The Spectator. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  45. ^ Freyer, Viviana (31 March 2021). ""Ok, Zoomer": The Generation War Reaches New Heights. Or Is This Par for the Course?". The Bi-College News. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  46. ^ New Rule: OK, Zoomer | Real Time with Bill Maher (HBO). YouTube. 6 November 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  47. ^ a b c d Dodds, Io; Woodward, Alex (14 April 2022). "GOP 'groomer' smears are sparking a new wave of anti-LGBT+ violence: 'This is going to lead to tragedy'". The Independent. Retrieved 27 May 2022. ...trolls called on Twitter users to disrupt conversations among LGBT+ people with the phrase "OK groomer", a play on the Generation Z meme "OK boomer"...
  48. ^ Buxbaum, Jane (13 December 2019). "Analysis of 'Ok Boomer'". janebuxbaum.coventry.domains. Retrieved 26 February 2024.
  49. ^ Zimmerman, Amy (17 February 2020). "The Creepy Cult of Onision: A 'Body Positivity' YouTube Star Accused of Preying on Young Girls". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  50. ^ O'Connell, Mikey (3 December 2020). "Discovery+ Sets More Than 50 Original Titles for Launch Month". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  51. ^ Jones, CT (9 February 2023). "Controversial Former YouTube Star Onision Sued For Alleged 'Grooming'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 26 February 2024.
  52. ^ Tenbarge, Kat (6 January 2021). "A 'Minecraft' YouTube star has been accused of 'grooming' and sexting with 2 underage fans". Insider.
  53. ^ B, Rishaba (6 January 2021). "'I don't see a problem with 17 and 19': YouTuber Cr1tikals on CallMeCarson grooming allegations". SportsKeeda.
  54. ^ Bonfiglio, Nahila (5 January 2021). "YouTuber and Minecraft streamer CallMeCarson accused of grooming underage fans". DailyDot.
  55. ^ a b Serna-Diez, Isaac (26 August 2021). "CallMeCarson Is Donating YouTube Profits To Charity — But Does It Excuse His Alleged Grooming Of Minors?". YourTango. Isaac Serna-Diez is a writer who focuses on entertainment and news, social justice and politics.
  56. ^ Serna-Diez, Isaac (26 August 2021). "CallMeCarson Is Donating YouTube Profits To Charity — But Does It Excuse His Alleged Grooming Of Minors?". YourTango. Isaac Serna-Diez is a writer who focuses on entertainment and news, social justice and politics. ... All of these comments overlook the fact that King's alleged victim was clearly uncomfortable with his advances and deserves to have her voice heard. Overall, from other content creators on Twitch and YouTube, it seems that they're recognizing the grooming issue and the nude photo problem, but don't seem interested in bashing, hating, or cancelling him.
  57. ^ Kiribo, Sincere (8 January 2017). "Men, Wake Up: 3 Types of Toxic Masculinity to Leave Behind for 2017". EverydayFeminism. The male ego indulges in a fantasy world our culture reinforces by grooming us to believe persistence turns a no into a yes, transforms the obscene into the palatable with "boys will be boys" slogans, and actually blames women and people perceived as women for the behavior of men.
  58. ^ Quay, Grayson (7 March 2022). "OK, groomer: Anyone who opposes Florida's 'Don't Say Gay' bill is 'probably a groomer,' DeSantis press secretary says". The Week. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  59. ^ Dreher, Rod (28 March 2022). "Disney Goes Groomer". The American Conservative. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  60. ^ Harrington, Mary (14 April 2022). "The rise of the liberal groomer". UnHerd. Retrieved 27 May 2022.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to OK boomer at Wikimedia Commons