Ofnet Caves

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Ofnet Caves
Ofnethöhlen
Ofnet Cave
Large Ofnet Cave
Ofnet Cave Germany
Ofnet Cave Germany
location in Germany
Ofnet Cave Germany
Ofnet Cave Germany
Ofnet Caves (Germany)
LocationNördlingen
Coordinates48°49′7″N 10°27′1″E / 48.81861°N 10.45028°E / 48.81861; 10.45028Coordinates: 48°49′7″N 10°27′1″E / 48.81861°N 10.45028°E / 48.81861; 10.45028
TypeCave
History
PeriodsMesolithic

The Ofnet Caves (German: Ofnethöhlen) are the remains of an underground karst system on the edge of the Nördlinger Ries in Germany. They are located on a limestone hill near Nördlingen, Bavaria. The caves became famous in 1908 when 33 prehistoric human skulls were discovered. The skulls were dated to the Mesolithic period.

Description[edit]

There are two caves (or rock shelters) called the Grosse and Kleine Ofnet (Large and Small Ofnet).[1] In the Grosse Ofnet in 1908 archaeologist R. R. Schmidt found two dish-shaped pits in which human skulls were lying "like eggs in flat baskets".[1] In the larger pit were 27 skulls and in the other there were 6 skulls.[2] The skulls were arranged concentrically with their faces turned towards the setting sun.[2] They were all covered with a thick layer of red ochre.[2] The skulls have been dated to the 7th millennium BC.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Oliva, Martin (2005). Palaeolithic and Mesolithic Moravia. Moravian Museum. p. 112.
  2. ^ a b c Onians, R. B. (1988). The Origins of European Thought. Cambridge University Press. p. 541. ISBN 0521347947.
  3. ^ Whittle, A. W. R. (1996). Europe in the Neolithic: The Creation of New Worlds. Cambridge University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0521449200.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ofnethöhlen at Wikimedia Commons