Pages (word processor)
8.0 / March 28, 2019
5.0 / March 28, 2019
|Available in||33 languages|
Pages is a word processor developed by Apple Inc. It is part of the iWork productivity suite and runs on the macOS and iOS operating systems. The first version of Pages was announced on January 11, 2005, and was released one month later. Pages is marketed by Apple as an easy-to-use application that allows users to quickly create documents on their devices. A number of Apple-designed templates comprising different themes (such as letters, résumés, CVs, posters, and outlines) are included with Pages.
On January 6, 2009, Apple released the fourth version of Pages as a component of iWork '09. On January 27, 2010, Apple announced a new version of Pages for iPad with a touch interface. On May 31, 2011, Apple updated the iOS version of Pages to 1.4, bringing universal binaries, allowing the app to be run on iPad, iPhone, and iPod Touch devices. On October 12, 2011, Apple updated the iOS app to version 1.5, adding the iCloud "Documents in the Cloud" feature. iOS Pages was updated to version 1.6 on March 7, 2012, and will only run on iOS 5.1 or later. Pages for OS X was updated to version 4.3 on December 4, 2012, to support Pages 1.7 for iOS, which was released on the same day. Pages for iOS 1.7.1 introduced better compatibility with Word and Pages for Mac, and version 1.7.2, released on March 7, 2013, merely added stability improvements and bugfixes.
On October 23, 2013, Apple released a redesign with Pages 5.0 and made it free for anyone with an iOS device. In this release, many templates, as well as some advanced features that were available in version 4.3, were not included. Some of these missing features were put back over the next releases but the current version(8.0, released March 28, 2019) still lacks important features from version 4.3 including mail merge, non-contiguous selection of text, advanced find/replace functions, the ability to print comments, and more.
Pages is a word processor and page layout application. When Pages is first opened, users are presented with a template chooser which allows them to start with a blank document or with a predesigned template—including a basic, report, letter, résumé, envelope, business card, flyers & posters, cards, miscellaneous, and a newsletter section of templates—that contains placeholder text and images which can be replaced by dragging and dropping photos from the Media Browser. The Media Browser provides quick access to media from iTunes, iMovie, and Photos. Users can drag and drop music, movies, and photos directly into Pages documents from the Media Browser window.
Each document window contains a toolbar, which gives one-click access to commonly used functions such as inserting objects (text boxes, shapes, tables, charts, and comments), uploading the document to iWork.com, and adding additional pages. In addition, the document window contains a contextual format bar that allows one-click formatting of text and adjustments to images. When text is selected, the format bar enables users to choose fonts, text size, color, and adjust line spacing and alignment. When an image is selected, the format bar displays tools to adjust opacity, show and hide shadow and reflection effects, and mask the image. A separate Inspector window provides almost all formatting options available for any element in the open document.
Beginning in iWork '08, word processing and page layout are two distinct modes. In word processing mode, Pages supports headers and footers, footnotes, and outline and list creation. Users can collaborate with others on a document. Pages tracks changes by different users by displaying each person's edits in different colors. Users can also add comments alongside the document. In page layout mode, users have complete control over the position of objects on the page. Images and text can be placed anywhere on the canvas.
Pages used to feature a number of other advanced writing tools. Many of these have been stripped out of the current version. The "Full Screen" mode (introduced in Mac OS X Lion) and supported in Pages 4.1 hid the menubar and toolbars, allowing users to focus on a single document without being distracted by other windows on the screen, however, after Pages 5, full screen mode requires the user to manually hide various panes for focused writing, and the page thumbnails pane does not automatically open when the cursor is moved to the left screen edge. Earlier versions featured mail merge, which automatically populated custom fields with contact data from the Address Book or Numbers apps to create personalized documents. For example, if a user wanted to send one letter to three different people, mail merge allowed the user to create a single document with placeholder fields that were populated when printing. The mail merge feature was completely removed in version 5, although it is still doable through AppleScript. Tables and charts pasted from Numbers are automatically updated if the original spreadsheet is changed.
Pages can import some Microsoft Word documents (including Word 2007's Office Open XML format). Pages 4 and earlier could also import AppleWorks word processing documents, and export documents to rich text, but those features were removed until Pages 6.1. Pages 5 can still export to PDF, EPUB, and Microsoft Word DOC formats.
Simple and complex mathematical equations can be written for a Pages document with macOS's Grapher, offering similar capabilities to Microsoft Equation Editor (plus 2D and 3D rendering tools only Grapher can use).
The only known software other than Pages which can open its files are Apple's iWork productivity suite through Apple's iCloud, LibreOffice, and Jumpshare. Windows users can view and edit Pages files using iWork for iCloud via a web browser. The iCloud system can also read Microsoft Word files and convert Pages files to Microsoft Word format. Jumpshare can view Pages files.
Other than accessing iCloud through a browser, there is no program that can officially view or edit a Pages file using Windows or Linux. Some content can be retrieved from a document created in Pages '09, because a .pages file is actually a bundle. A user can open a .pages file in an unpackaging program, or by renaming files as .zip files in Windows (XP and onwards), and will find either a .jpg or .pdf preview in its entirety for viewing and printing, although this is only possible if the creator of the .pages files elected to include a preview. The user will also find a .xml file with unformatted text. This process can also be used for users of the 2008 version of Pages to open documents saved in the 2009 version of Pages, which are not backward compatible.
Pages can also export documents into a number of formats; formatting is generally retained during the export process.
macOS version history
|Version Number||Release Date||Changes|
|1.0||February 2005||Initial release.|
|1.0.1||March 17, 2005||Fixes isolated bugs and issues causing problems to some customers. It also allows the deletion of template pages.|
|1.0.2||May 25, 2005||Addresses issues with page navigation and organization.|
|2.0||January 10, 2006||Released as part of iWork '06. Includes new templates, table calculations, photo masking with shapes and freestyle bezier curves.|
|2.0.1||April 26, 2006||Pages 2.0.1 addresses issues with charts and image adjust. It also addresses a number of other minor issues.|
|2.0.1v2||May 1, 2006||Pages 2.0.1v2 addresses issues with charts and image adjust. It also addresses a number of other minor issues.|
|2.0.2||September 28, 2006||Pages 2.0.2 addresses issues with Aperture compatibility.|
|3.0||August 7, 2007||Pages 3.0 was released as part of iWork '08. It introduces compatibility with Office Open XML (Microsoft Office 2007) files. Introduced Change Tracking. Transparency tool for pictures. Pages 3.0 needs only a third (260 MB) of the hard disk space required for Pages 2.0 (760 MB) despite the added functionality.|
|3.0.1||September 27, 2007||Addresses issues with performance and change tracking.|
|3.0.2||January 29, 2008||This update addresses compatibility with Mac OS X.|
|3.0.3||February 2, 2008||Compatibility issues.|
|4.0||January 6, 2009||Released as part of iWork '09. New features include the ability to edit in full-screen view, better compatibility with Microsoft Office, an outline mode, the option to upload documents to the new iWork.com service, and expanded configurability for the "track changes" feature (including the option to turn off change balloons while keeping comment balloons visible).|
|4.0.1||March 26, 2009||Improves reliability when working with EndNote X2 or MathType 6, or deleting Pages files.|
|4.0.2||May 28, 2009||Improves reliability when saving documents.|
|4.0.3||September 28, 2009||Improves reliability with full-screen mode, applying transparency to images, and EndNote citations.|
|4.0.4||August 26, 2010||Adds support for exporting to the EPUB format (for use with iBooks) and fixes problems with tables.|
|4.0.5||January 5, 2011||Improves the readability of exported EPUB documents.|
|4.1||July 20, 2011||Adds support for Mac OS X Lion, including Full-Screen, Resume, Auto Save, Versions, and Character picker. Improves Microsoft Office Compatibility.|
|4.2||July 25, 2012||Adds support for OS X Mountain Lion and storing documents in iCloud.|
|4.3||December 4, 2012||Adds support for iWork for iOS 1.7 apps.|
|5.0||October 22, 2013||Adds online collaboration across Macs and iOS devices as well as over the web via iCloud.com. Removes many advanced features, including mail merge, text box linking, default zoom setting, book format, page count, bookmarks, images in tables, and ability to read/export RTF files.|
|5.0.1||November 21, 2013||The ability to customize the toolbar with your most important tools. Stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.1||January 24, 2014||Adds back vertical ruler and a few other features. Stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.2||April 1, 2014||Adds "view only" option for sharing via iCloud. Improved support for bi-directional languages such as Hebrew and Arabic. Improved Instant Alpha, text boxes, EPUB exporting, and AppleScript support.|
|5.2.2||August 21, 2014||Stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.5.1||November 6, 2014||This update contains stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.5.2||January 8, 2015||This update contains stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.5.3||April 21, 2015||This update contains stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.6||October 15, 2015||This update contains enhancements for OS X El Capitan, stability improvements, and bug fixes.|
|5.6.1||November 11, 2015||This update contains stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|5.6.2||May 10, 2016||This update contains stability improvements and bug fixes.|
|6.0||September 20, 2016||Updated for macOS Sierra, including real-time Collaboration (Beta), support for Pages '05 documents, and added tabs to open multiple documents in one window.|
|6.0.5||October 27, 2016||Support for the Touch Bar on the 2016 MacBook Pro, and stability and performance improvements.|
|6.1||March 27, 2017||Superscript/subscript formatting support, LaTeX and MathML equation support, Touch ID support, import/export support for RTF, ligature support and customizable date/time/currency support.|
|6.2||June 13, 2017||Updated alongside Numbers and Keynote with a new shape library, comment reply support, and "Auto-Correction" preferences pane. New Pages-specific features include linked text boxes and the ability to create EPUB fixed layout files.|
|6.3.1||November 17, 2017||Improved PDF export to view a document's table of contents in the sidebar in Preview and other PDF viewer apps. Drag and drop rows in tables that span multiple pages.|
|7.0||March 27, 2018||Make digital books using new book templates. Collaborate in real time on documents stored in Box (requires macOS High Sierra). View pages side by side as you work. Turn on facing pages to format your document as two-page spreads. Add an image gallery to view a collection of photos on the same page. Create master pages to keep the design consistent across your page layout document. Use donut charts to visualize data. Adds a variety of new editable shapes. Additional options for reducing the file size of documents. New option to automatically format fractions as you type.|
|7.0.1||May 3, 2018||Stability and performance improvements.|
|7.1||June 18, 2018||Track text changes in shapes and text boxes. Add colors and images to backgrounds in page layout documents. Rounded corners on columns and bars for charts. Add mathematical equations to page layout documents using LaTeX or MathML notation. A variety of new editable shapes. Improved support for Arabic and Hebrew.|
|7.2||September 17, 2018||Record, edit, and play audio right on a page. "Dark Mode" support. Continuity camera, allowing to take a photo or scan a document with an iPhone or iPad and it automatically appears in the document.|
|7.3||November 7, 2018||Publish books directly to Apple Books for download or purchase.|
|8.0||March 28, 2019||Use the new table of contents view to easily navigate a document or book. Automatically sync custom shapes and templates to all devices using iCloud. Add alignment guides to master pages to help with layout. Improved performance while collaborating on documents. Insert tables of contents and edit grouped objects while collaborating. In Chinese, Japanese, and Korean languages, one can now type vertically in the entire document or in an individual text box.|
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