February 3, 1902
Mungyeong, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Korea
January 17, 1974 (aged 71)|
|Revised Romanization||Bak Yeol|
|Revised Romanization||Bak Junsik|
Pak Yol (February 3, 1902 – January 17, 1974, born Pak Jun-sik) or Bak Yeol, was a Korean anarchist and independence activist who was convicted of high treason in Japan for conspiring to attack the Imperial House of Japan.
Pak was born in Mungyeong, North Gyeongsang, Korea. He attended highschool in Seoul but was forced to leave in 1919 due to his suspected participation in the March First Movement. After moving to Tokyo to continue his education he met other student activists, and formed his own anarchist group Futeisha (不逞社, "The Outlaws"). Its name satirized the way Koreans were referred to by the authorities as troublemakers. Futei senjin (不逞鮮人), or the unruly Korean. One notable member of the group was Fumiko Kaneko; the two subsequently became lovers.
Pak was arrested without charge on September 2, 1923, the day after the Great Kantō earthquake. Two days later Kaneko was also detained by police. Based on thin evidence they were eventually charged with high treason for plotting a bomb attack upon the wedding of Crown Prince Hirohito. Both were convicted and sentenced to death on March 25, 1926, but their sentences were commuted to life imprisonment by the Emperor Shōwa. Kaneko died in prison on July 23, 1926, reportedly by suicide.
After 22 years in prison Pak was released in October 1945. He returned to Korea in 1949. In 1950, Pak was captured by the North Korean army.
In popular culture
- Anarchism in Korea
- Amakasu Incident
- Toranomon Incident
- Assassination attempts on Hirohito
- Korean independence movement
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pak Yol.|
- Raddeker, Hélène Bowen (1997). Treacherous Women of Imperial Japan: Patriarchal Fictions, Patricidal Fantasies. London: Routledge. ISBN 9780415171120.
- "Park Yeol, Kaneko Fumiko, and Korean Anarchism". 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
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