Patriarca crime family
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The family is named after Raymond Patriarca who was boss from 1954–1984
|Founded by||Gaspare Messina,Frank Morelli|
|Founding location||Boston, Massachusetts, Providence, Rhode Island|
|Years active||c. 1916–present|
|Territory||New England: Rhode Island, Eastern Massachusetts, Eastern Connecticut, New Hampshire and Maine|
|Ethnicity||"Made members" are Italian and Italian-American, and other ethnicities as "associates"|
|Membership (est.)||40+ (active) made members, more than 100 associates|
|Criminal activities||Racketeering, gambling, murder, prostitution, narcotics, waste management, robbery, fencing, loan sharking, extortion, bookmaking, money laundering, smuggling and fraud|
|Allies||Five Families, Chicago Outfit, DeCavalcante and Philadelphia crime families|
|Rivals||Winter Hill Gang, Charlestown Mob, Gustin Gang, Mullen Gang|
The Patriarca crime family (pronounced [paˈtrjarka]) is also known as the New England crime family, the Providence crime family, the Boston crime family, or The Office and is an Italian-American Mafia crime family based in New England. The crime family has two distinct factions, one active in Providence, Rhode Island and the other in Boston, Massachusetts. The family is currently led by Carmen Dinunzio in the Boston-Faction and by Matthew Guglielmetti in the Providence-Faction
- 1 History
- 2 Current family members
- 3 Historical leadership
- 4 Notes
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Two separate Mafia families emerged in New England before prohibition began, one based in Boston, Massachusetts and the other based in Providence, Rhode Island. The Boston crime family was founded in 1916 by Gaspare Messina. In 1917, Frank Morelli formed the Providence crime family. Morelli went on to control bootlegging and gambling operations in Providence, Rhode Island, Maine, and Connecticut. In 1924, Gaspare Messina stepped down as Boston's Mafia boss, assuming a businessman's role while working with Frank Cucchiara and Paolo Pagnotta from a grocery store on Prince Street in Boston's North End. During this time, a Mafia power struggle ensued in Boston, as rival gangs fought for loan sharking, illegal gambling, and bootlegging rackets. Filippo Buccola, a mobster from East Boston, became the boss of the Boston crime family. In December 1930 or early 1931, a Mafia meeting was held and Gaspare Messina was elected the temporary capo dei capi of the American Mafia. Messina retired from Mafia affairs in the early 1930s, and died in June 1957 in his Somerville, Massachusetts home.
During the early 1930s, Buccola battled other ethnic gangs for territory, along with his underboss Joseph Lombardo, a mobster from Boston's North End. In December 1931, Lombardo arranged the murder of Frank Wallace, the boss of South Boston's Irish Gustin Gang. Then in 1932, Frank Morelli merged his Providence family with Buccola's Boston family, forming the New England crime family. Buccola ruled as boss of the New England crime family from East Boston as he continued to have his competition murdered. He then had the boss of Boston's Jewish mob Charles Solomon murdered, leaving himself as the most powerful gangster in Boston. On April 27, 1952, Buccola held a party in Johnston, Rhode Island celebrating his retirement and Raymond Patriarca's ascension to boss of the New England crime family. Buccola retired to Sicily in 1954 and ran a chicken farm; he died in 1987 of natural causes at the age of 101.
In 1954, Raymond Patriarca made drastic changes in the family, the biggest being to move the family's base of operations to Providence, Rhode Island. He ran his family from the National Cigarette Service Company and Coin-O-Matic Distributors, a vending machine and pinball business on Atwells Avenue in the Federal Hill neighborhood of Providence. The business was known to family members as "The Office."Patriarca was a strict and ruthless leader. He successfully ran his crime family for decades. He made it clear that other crime families were not permitted to operate in New England, and was also skilled at warding off police and maintaining a low profile and thus received little hindrance from law enforcement. The family ventured into new rackets such as pornography and narcotics, though mob informer Vincent Teresa insisted that Patriarca forbade the family to deal in drugs.
During his reign as boss, Patriarca formed strong relationships with the New York Genovese and Colombo crime families. Patriarca worked with the Genovese family and decided that the Connecticut River would be the dividing line between the New York families and his family. The New England crime family would control organized crime in Worcester (where Genovese capo Carlo Mastrototaro reigned as local boss for half-a-century) and Boston, as well as the state of Maine; while the Genovese family would control organized crime in Hartford, Springfield, and Albany.
Patriarca's long-time underboss Enrico Tameleo was even a member of New York's Bonanno crime family. In addition to having close ties to the powerful New York Mafia, Patriarca was also on the Mafia's ruling commission and had investments in two Las Vegas casinos. Another of Patriarca's underbosses was Gennaro "Jerry" Angiulo. Angiulo was involved in the numbers racket in Boston, and was being shaken down by rival mobsters because he was not a "made" member. Angiulo solved this problem by paying Patriarca $50,000 and agreeing to pay him $100,000 a year to become a made member of the family. Angiulo was based in Boston and gained complete control of gambling in the city.
The Apalachin Meeting and aftermath
In 1957, more than 60 of the country's most powerful crime bosses met in Apalachin, a hamlet in upstate New York. The Apalachin meeting was attended by well-known organized crime figures, such as Joe Bonanno, Carlo Gambino, and Vito Genovese. Raymond Patriarca was also in attendance, and was subsequently arrested.The Apalachin Meeting drew a lot of attention to Patriarca from the press, the public, and law enforcement.
The situation became worse for Patriarca and his family in 1961, when Robert F. Kennedy became Attorney General and began an assault on organized crime. Law enforcement agencies worked to develop informers within the mob and finally succeeded in 1966 when Joe Barboza, a hit man for the Patriarca family who claimed to have killed 26 people, was arrested on a concealed weapons charge. Barboza became concerned when Patriarca did not raise his bail and two of his friends were killed for trying to do so. Barboza became an informant not long after, and Patriarca and Enrico Tameleo were indicted in 1967 for the murder of Providence bookmaker Willie Marfeo. Patriarca was convicted and began serving time in 1969. While Patriarca was in prison, Angiulo served as acting boss. Patriarca was released in 1974 and resumed control of the family. For his testimony, Barboza was given a one-year prison term, including time served. He was paroled in March 1969 and told to leave Massachusetts forever. In 1971, he pleaded guilty to a second-degree murder charge in California and sentenced to five years at Folsom Prison. Less than three months after his release he was murdered in San Francisco by Joseph “J. R.” Russo on February 11, 1976.
Patriarca was plagued by law enforcement for the rest of his life, and was charged numerous times for a variety of crimes until his death in 1984. In 1978, Vinnie Teresa testified that Patriarca had participated in a 1960 attempt by the Central Intelligence Agency to kill Fidel Castro that was never carried out. In 1983, Patriarca was charged with the murder of Raymond Curcio, and in 1984, he was arrested for the murder of Robert Candos, whom Patriarca believed was an informant. Raymond "Il Patrone" Patriarca died of a heart attack, aged 76, on July 11, 1984.
After Patriarca's death, the New England Mafia began a long period of decline, resulting from both legal prosecution and internal violence. Jerry Angiulo attempted to take over as boss, despite being in jail. However, Larry Zannino, the family's top lieutenant, backed Patriarca's son Raymond Patriarca, Jr. for the position. The National Commission approved Patriarca, Jr.'s ascendancy to leadership and his position was confirmed. Zannino was made consigliere, but he was sentenced to thirty years in prison in 1987. Gennaro Angiulo was sentenced to 45 years in prison for racketeering charges, along with Charles Tashjian. Other senior members died or were imprisoned, such as Henry Tameleo and Francesco Intiso. William "The Wild Man" Grasso, an East Hartford, Connecticut-based gangster, became underboss because of the younger Patriarca's weak leadership. Some law enforcers believed that Grasso was actually in charge, but these rumors ended when Grasso was found dead in June 1989, slain by a gangster from Springfield as factions of the family began fighting each other for dominance.
The death of Grasso weakened Patriarca, Jr.'s position. Nicholas Bianco was eventually indicted for Grasso's murder, but he became acting underboss before taking over the family's Providence operations.
On March 26, 1990, Raymond Patriarca, Jr. and 20 other family members and associates were indicted on numerous racketeering, extortion, narcotics, gambling, and murder charges, including underboss Bianco, consigliere Joseph Russo, and lieutenants Biagio DiGiacomo, Vincent Ferrara, Matthew Guglielmetti, Joseph A. Tiberi Sr, Dennis Lepore, Gaetano J. Milano, Jack Johns, John "Sonny" Castagna, Louis Fallia, Frank and Louis Pugliono, Frank Colontoni and Robert Carrozza. The arrests were described as "the most sweeping attack ever launched on a single organized crime family." One of the most damaging pieces of evidence was a tape recording of a Mafia induction ceremony, at which 13 Mafiosi were present. Because of this embarrassment, Patriarca was replaced as boss by Bianco, who maintained a very low profile. However, in 1991, Bianco was sentenced to 11 years in prison, while eight other family members were convicted of Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges. Bianco died in prison in 1994. Patriarca was sentenced to 8 years in prison in 1992 after pleading guilty to racketeering charges. On January 6, 1992, all of the defendants in the RICO trial pleaded guilty and received lengthy sentences and large fines. In 1993, 26 others were indicted and convicted for running a bookmaking operation.
Frank Salemme took over the family after the trials and moved the family's base back to Boston. Salemme's ascension to the position of boss, however, sparked tensions among family factions. In 1991 and 1992, six mob-related killings resulted from internal family violence. The war between Salemme and a crew of renegade mobsters continued for several years, with murders of more mob associates piling up all over Massachusetts until 1996. In January 1995, Salemme was indicted along with Stephen Flemmi and James "Whitey" Bulger on extortion and racketeering charges. Salemme discovered through court documents that his close allies Flemmi and Bulger were longtime FBI informants. Bulger's friend Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent John Connolly let him run his criminal operations with impunity for informing on the Patriarca family.
After Frank Salemme was imprisoned, a renegade faction led by Robert F. Carrozza, Anthony Ciampi, and Michael P. Romano, Sr. waged war on the Salemme loyalists. In April 1997, the FBI indicted 15 members of the renegade faction, including Robert F. Carrozza, Anthony Ciampi, Michael P. Romano, Sr., Paul A. DeCologero, Anthony Allan Diaz, Vincent Michael Marino, John J. Patti III, Enrico M. Ponzo, Christopher Puopolo, Eugene A. Rida, Jr., Nazzaro Ralph Scarpa, John M. Arciero, Leo M. Boffoli, Todd Mitchell, Sean Thomas Cote, and Mark F. Spisak. The grand jury testimony that resulted in the indictments was dominated by Sean Thomas Cote, who was the first of four indicted members to turn government witness. When the verdict for the trial returned, the jury acquitted the defendants of most charges and was deadlocked on murder and racketeering charges. While a second trial was underway, several of the defendants, including Anthony Ciampi and Eugene Rida, changed their pleas to guilty.
On December 9, 1999, Salemme pleaded guilty to racketeering charges and was sentenced to eleven years in prison on February 23, 2000. In early 2001, Salemme agreed to testify against Flemmi and Bulger.
Turn of the century
The New England crime family is estimated to have about 40 made members controlling influence in the New England area, especially in the cities of Boston and Providence. In recent years, the family has been hit with several FBI RICO indictments, and two captains (Mark Rossetti and Robert DeLuca) have become government informants. The Power structure is said to have moved back to Boston entering the 2010s.
The current boss of the family is Peter "Chief Crazy Horse" Limone, who took over in 2009. Limone was arrested in 2009 and charged with racketeering. He was given a suspended sentence on July 1, 2010.
Retired boss Luigi "Baby Shacks" Manocchio was arrested in Fort Lauderdale, Florida on January 19, 2011, and was charged with extortion and conspiracy. Manocchio had stepped down as boss in 2009, after the FBI began investigating two strip clubs (the "Cadillac Lounge" and the "Satin Doll") in late 2008. In February 2012, Manocchio agreed to plead guilty and was sentenced to 5½ years in prison for extortion on May 11, 2012.
In late 2009, Anthony DiNunzio became the acting boss, after boss Peter Limone was arrested. DiNunzio operates from Boston's North End and is the younger brother to Carmen DiNunzio. In 2010, DiNunzio extorted Rhode Island strip clubs with members of the Gambino crime family. On April 25, 2012, DiNunzio was arrested and charged with racketeering and extortion. On September 13, 2012, DiNunzio pleaded guilty to shaking down Rhode Island strip clubs, and was sentenced to six years on November 14, 2012.
On October 2, 2014 acting boss Antonio L. “Spucky” Spagnolo, 72, and reputed made man Pryce "Stretch" Quintina, 74, were arrested for allegedly extorting thousands of dollars in protection payments from a video poker machine company which installed machines for illegal gambling in bars and social clubs. Spagnolo took over as acting boss after Anthony DiNunzio was arrested back in 2012. Both Spagnolo and Quintina are reputedly old members of the Patriarca crime family's Boston faction.
Following Spagnolo's conviction in December 2015, Carmen "The Big Cheese" Dinunzio of East Boston has allegedly taken his spot as acting boss and will most likely seek to be made official boss when Peter Limone officially retires. Matthew "Goodlooking Matty" Guglielmetti of Cranston is said to have replaced Dinunzio as Underboss, running the Providence-faction of the family.
With syndicate consigliere Anthony "Ponytail Tony" Parillo just starting a 5-year prison term for felony assault, it is unclear who exactly would take his spot as consigliere, however Bobby Carrozza of East Boston or Joseph Achille of Providence are likely successors.
Current family members
- Boss – Peter J. "Chief Crazy Horse" Limone: the current boss. In 2001, Limone was released from prison after serving 33 years for a murder that he didn't commit. Limone later won a $26 million judgment for his wrongful conviction. Limone operated from Boston and served as the family's consigliere before 2009, after which he was promoted to boss. He was arrested on gambling charges in 2009; in 2010, he was given a suspended sentence.
- Acting boss – Carmen S. "The Cheese Man" DiNunzio: the current acting boss. DiNunzio is a Boston mobster, indicted in 2008 on corruption charges stemming from an undercover operation. In 2009, he pleaded guilty to bribery charges and was sentenced to six years in prison on September 24, 2009. Dinunzio was released on parole in February 2015.
- Underboss – Matthew L. "Goodlooking Matty" Guglielmetti Jr.: the current underboss. In 2005 Guglielmetti was sentenced to 11 years in prison for "protecting" a shipment of cocaine passing through Rhode Island. He was also busted that year for infiltrating labor unions in greater-Providence. He was released on June 10, 2014.
- Consigliere – Anthony "Ponytail Tony" Parillo: the current consigliere. Parillo was convicted in the double murder of Ronnie Leone (a Providence drug dealer) and Rudy Baronet (an innocent bystander) in 1982 of which he served 11 years. Was sentenced to 5 years in prison on April 12, 2016 for a 2011 felony assault charge at a nightclub he owned in Providence causing for his spot as consigliere to soon be up for grabs.
- Joseph "Joe The Bishop" Achille Sr.: Achille was arrested in 2005 for running an illegal gambling ring and for having his son David shoot two union laborers in the kneecaps at the union site where they both "allegedly" worked, in a dispute concerning job assignments at the site.
- Joseph Ruggiero: Ruggiero has never been charged with a crime and runs his day-to-day operations out of a series of legitimate businesses that he owns in and around Fall River, Mass. He is also a close friend of former Fall River mayor William Flanagan. It was reported that Ruggiero received a promotion as captain in 2015.
- Joseph Tiberi: A longtime member and close associate of former Patriarca mob super boss Raymond Patriarca Sr. On November 22, 2015, Tiberi and his brother Richard Tiberi, another longtime mob associate, were arrested for running an illegal betting ring in the Federal Hill section of Providence RI. Tiberi runs his crew out of the Decatur Social Club in Federal Hill.
- Gregory "Fat Boy" Costa: Carmen Dinunzio's former bodyguard and top protégé. Costa took control of Dinunzio's North End Boston crew recently, as Dinunzio's parole restrictions prevent him from associating with a number of mafia members and associates.
- Frederick "Freddie the Neighbor" Simone: Captain of the Day Square Crew in East Boston. Simone and close friend and fellow made man Vincent "Dee Dee" Gioacchini got into a serious feud with Anthony "Spucky" Spagnolo in the early 2000s over Day Square Crew-controlled territory Spagnolo that had taken over when Simone and Gioacchini were serving time in prison. The feud almost led to an all-out internal war until boss Luigi "Baby Shacks" Manocchio was able to settle it.
- Alfred "Chippy" Scivola - Providence Faction
- Vito Deluca - Providence Faction
- Pryce "Stretch" Quintina (Former Capo, Imprisoned) - Boston Faction
- Antonio "Spucky" Spagnolo (Former Acting Boss, Imprisoned) - Boston Faction
- William "Billy Blackjack" DelSanto (Former Capo) - Providence Faction
- Anthony "The Saint" St. Laurent (Former Capo, Imprisoned) - Providence Faction
- Vincent "Dee Dee" Gioacchini - Boston Faction
- John Aparicio Jr (Former Providence Faction)
- Edward "Eddie" Lato (Former Capo, Imprisoned) - Providence Faction
- Anthony "The Little Cheese" Dinunzio (Former Acting Boss, Imprisoned) - Boston Faction
- Frank "Bobo" Marrapese (Former Capo, Imprisoned) - Providence Faction
- William "Billy The Angel" Angelesco - Boston Faction
- Robert Carozza - Boston Faction
- Sal Marino - Boston Faction
- Louis Dinunzio - Boston Faction (Imprisoned)
- Johnny Scarpelli - Boston Faction
- Richard Tiberi - Providence Faction
- Rocco "Rocky" Folco - Providence Faction
- Robert Luisi - Boston Faction
- Pasquale "Patsy" Barone - Providence Faction
- Darin Bufalino - Boston Faction (Imprisoned)
Inactive Made Members
- Luigi "Baby Shacks" Manocchio: Former boss from 1996 to 2009. Arrested in 2011 for his involvement in "shaking down" Rhode Island strip clubs. Released in the Summer of 2015.
- Raymond "Junior" Patriarca: Former boss and son of legendary boss Raymond L.S. Patriarca. Retired from mob life and now sells real estate in Rhode Island.
- Vincent "The Animal" Ferrara: Former capo in the North End section of Boston. Now owns a series of legitimate businesses in and around Boston's North End.
Boss (official and acting)
(excluding Frank Morelli 1)
- 1916-1924 – Gaspare Messina — stepped down, died in 1957 Boston
- 1924-1954 – Filippo "Phil" Buccola — united both families in 1932, retired, died in 1987 Boston
- 1954-1984 – Raymond L.S. Patriarca, Sr. — imprisoned in 1970, died on July 11, 1984 Providence
- 1984-1991 – Raymond "Junior" Patriarca, Jr. — stepped down in 1991 Providence
- 1991-1991 – Nicholas "Nicky" Bianco — imprisoned on December 28, 1991 and died on December 14, 1994 Providence
- 1991-1996 – Frank "Cadillac Frank" Salemme — jailed in 1995, turned government witness Boston
- Acting 1995-1996 – John "Jackie" Salemme — brother to Frank Salemme; jailed Boston
- 1996-2009 – Luigi "Baby Shacks" Manocchio — stepped down, imprisoned Providence
- 2009–present – Peter "Chief Crazy Horse" Limone — imprisoned Boston
Notes 1. Frank Morelli was the first boss of the Providence crime family from 1917 to 1932 when he stepped down becoming underboss to Buccola
Underboss (official and acting)
- c. 1920-1932 – Joseph "J.L." Lombardo — became consigliere Boston
- 1932-1947 – Frank "Butsey" Morelli — retired Providence
- 1947-1954 – Raymond L.S. Patriarca, Sr. — promoted to boss Providence
- 1954-1968 – Enrico "Henry the Referee" Tameleo — imprisoned for life in 1968, died 1985 Boston
- 1968-1984 – Gennaro "Jerry" Angiulo — imprisoned in 1983, died 2009 Boston
- 1984-1985 – Francesco "Paul" Intiso — died
- 1985-1989 – William "The Wild Man" Grasso — murdered
- 1989-1991 – Nicholas "Nicky" Bianco — promoted to boss Providence
- 1991-1991 – Frank "Cadillac Frank" Salemme — promoted to boss Boston
- 1991-1996 – Robert Deluca — imprisoned Providence
- Acting 1996 – Luigi "Baby Shacks" Manocchio — promoted to boss Providence
- 1996-2004 – Alexander Santoro "Sonny Boy" Rizzo — imprisoned in 1995-1998 Boston
- 2004–2015 – Carmen S. "the Cheese Man" DiNunzio Boston - promoted to acting boss
- Acting 2008-2009 – Peter "Chief Crazy Horse" Limone — promoted to boss Boston
- Acting 2009-2011 – Robert "Bobby The Cigar" Deluca — turned government witness Providence
- 2015–Present – Matthew "Goodlooking Matty" Guglielmetti Providence
- 1932-1954 – Joseph "J.L." Lombardo — retired, died on July 17, 1969 Boston
- 1954-1976 – Frank "the Cheeseman" Cucchiara — committed suicide on January 23, 1976 Boston
- 1976-1984 – Nicolo "Nicky" Angiulo — demoted, died 1987 Boston
- 1984-1987 – Ilario "Larry Baiona" Zannino — imprisoned in 1985, died 1996 Boston
- 1987-1992 – Joseph "J.R." Russo — imprisoned in 1990, died 1998 Boston
- 1992-1998 – Charles "Cue Ball" Quintana — imprisoned in 1998 Boston
- 1998-2002 – Rocco "Shaky" Argenti — died Providence
- 2003-2009 – Peter "Chief Crazy Horse" Limone — promoted to Boss Boston
- 2009-2015 – Anthony "Ponytail Tony" Parillo — imprisoned Providence
- Capeci, pp. 69-71
- Puleo p. 157
- DeVico pp. 124-127
- Mark Silverman "Rogue Mobster" excerpt Crimemagazine.com Retrieved on 05-09-2012
- Ford p. 38
- Ford, pp. 59-60
- Critchley, p. 184
- Critchley p. 231
- Ford, pp.50-51
- White, Tim (November 24, 2008). "The History of New England's Mob Bosses: A Rhode Island legacy of Mafia Dons". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Morelli, pp.74
- Whearley, Jay (7 October 2009). "Mob leader, WWII veteran Carlo Mastrototaro dies". Worcester Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- "When Robert Kennedy became Attorney General, he launched an aggressive program to place listening devices in as many mob-meeting places as possible. Agents also worked at developing informants within the ranks of organized crime.". www.americanmafia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
- "For his testimony, Barboza was given a one-year prison term, including time served. He was paroled in March 1969 and told to leave Massachusetts forever. In 1971, he pleaded guilty to a second-degree murder charge in California and sentenced to five years at Folsom Prison. Less than three months after his release he was murdered in San Francisco by Joseph “J. R.” Russo on February 11, 1976.". www.americanmafia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
- "n 1978, Vincent Teresa testified that he was present in 1960 when the CIA gave the mob a $4 million dollar contract to murder Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Teresa stated that Patriarca helped select Maurice (Pro) Werner, a Brookline, Massachusetts convict to kill Castro, but the plot was never carried out.". www.americanmafia.com. Retrieved 2016-04-13.
- Murphy, Shelley (February 24, 2000). "A contrite Salemme sentenced to 11 years". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- Fifteen Indicted on April 8, 1997
- Murphy, Shelley (December 10, 1999). "Salemme pleads guilty to racketeering: Plea deal would drop murder charges". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- Ranalli, Ralph (March 13, 2001). "Salemme reportedly to testify against Bulger". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- Valencia, Milton J. (May 8, 2012). "New England Mafia a shell of former self". Boston.com. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- White, Tim (March 26, 2012). "Mystery mobster cooperated after charge: Court filing: RI mobsters paid Boston boss". Wpri.com. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- McPhee, Michele (November 13, 2011). "Mafia Boss Betrays Oath, Will Testify Against Bulger: Robert DeLuca Co-Operating With FBI, Sources Say". Bostonchannel.com. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Alleged mob boss Peter Limone pleads no contest, gets no jail time". myfoxboston.com. July 1, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Valencia, Milton J. (July 1, 2010). "Limone admits running gambling and loan sharking ring, but avoids prison". Boston.com. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Nesi, Ted (February 22, 2011). "'Shacks' is back! Or at least he will be Thursday". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Murphy, Shelley (January 21, 2011). "Reputed ex-N.E. mob boss arrested Luigi Manocchio is held in nation's largest crackdown". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- "Federal indictment against Luigi Manocchio". Boston.com. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Nesi, Ted (February 24, 2011). "Feds: 'Shacks' kept mob ties, co-owns Atwells eatery". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- White, Tim (November 6, 2009). "Shakeup in Patriarca crime family: Target 12 investigates: "Who's the Boss?"". Wpri. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Valencia, Milton J. (May 11, 2012). "Former New England mob boss Luigi Manocchio sentenced to 5½ years in prison for strip club extortion". Boston.com. Retrieved May 16, 2012.
- Bidgood, Jess (April 25, 2012). "Man Said to Be Acting Head of New England Mob Is Held". New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- White, Tim (April 30, 2012). "Alleged mob boss wants out on bail: Anthony DiNunzio being held in CF prison". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- "Alleged Acting New England Crime Boss Anthony Dinunzio Charged in Racketeering and Extortion Conspiracy". United States Department of Justice. April 25, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Krause, Nancy (September 13, 2012). "Mob boss DiNunzio admits to strip club shakedown: Related to a string of similar indictments". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- Caligiuri, Courtney; Nancy Krause (November 14, 2012). "Mob boss DiNunzio sentenced to 6+ years: Related to a string of similar indictments". Wpri.com. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- Valencia, Milton (October 2, 2014). "Alleged ‘acting boss’ of New England Mafia arrested". Boston Golobe. Retrieved January 7, 2015.
- Tomison, Bill. "Mob associate to serve 5 years for 2011 nightclub assault". WPRI 12 Eyewitness News. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
- Murphy, Shelley (May 2, 2008). "Carmen 'Cheese Man' DiNunzio indicted in Big Dig corruption sting". boston.com. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Murphy, Shelley (June 30, 2009). "'Cheese Man' to plead guilty to bribery, gaming charges". boston.com. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Murphy, Shelley (July 1, 2009). "DiNunzio to serve six years in plea deal". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- White, Tim (September 24, 2009). "The "Cheeseman" gets 6 years in prison: He pleaded guilty to federal bribery charges". Wpri. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Tomison, Bill. "Mob associate to serve 5 years for 2011 nightclub assault". WPRI 12 Eyewitness News. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
- Carr, Howie (July 8, 2007). "Mobster of the Week: Alexander Santoro 'Sonny Boy' Rizzo". Boston Herald. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Tomison, Bill. "Mob associate to serve 5 years for 2011 nightclub assault". WPRI 12 Eyewitness News. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
- Capeci, Jerry. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia. Indianapolis: Alpha Books, 2002. ISBN 0-02-864225-2.
- Critchley, David. The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia, 1891–1931. New York: Routlege Publishing, 2009. ISBN 0415990300.
- DeVico, Peter J. The Mafia Made Easy: The Anatomy and Culture of La Cosa Nostra. Tate Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1602472548.
- Ford, Beverly and Schorow, Stephanie. The Boston Mob Guide: Hit Men, Hoodlums & Hideouts. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2011. ISBN 978-1-60949-4209.
- Morelli, Rocco. Forgetta 'Bout It: From Mafia to Ministry. Orlando, FL: Bridge-Logos Foundation, 2007. ISBN 0882703234.
- Puleo, Stephen. The Boston Italians: A Story of Pride, Perseverance, and Paesani, from the Years of the Great Immigration to the Present Day. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-8070-5036-1.
- Silverman, Mark and Scott Deitche. Rogue Mobster: The Untold Story of Mark Silverman and the New England Mafia. Strategic Media Books, 2012. ISBN 9780984233380.