Buffalo crime family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Buffalo crime family
Stefano Magaddino.jpg
Stefano Magaddino, source of 1922–1974 name Magaddino crime family
Founded byAngelo Palmeri
Founding locationBuffalo, New York, United States
Years activec. 1910–present
TerritoryBuffalo, throughout the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area, Syracuse, Rochester, Utica, the Canadian province of Ontario, northwest Pennsylvania and Las Vegas
EthnicityPeople of Italian descent as "made men" and other ethnicities as "associates"
Membership (est.)30 made members[1]
Criminal activitiesExtortion, bookmaking, drug trafficking, loan-sharking, gambling, racketeering, labor racketeering, conspiracy and murder
AlliesFive Families
Papalia crime family
Luppino crime family
Musitano crime family
Chicago
RivalsVarious gangs in the Buffalo area

The Buffalo crime family, also known as the Magaddino crime family, the New York State crime family, the Todaro crime family and The Arm,[2] is an Italian-American Mafia crime family based in Buffalo, New York, United States. The family has operated throughout western New York, Erie, Pennsylvania, and Hamilton, Ontario.[3][4] The Buffalo family has strong connections with the Hamilton-based Luppino and Papalia families.[5] The current boss of the Buffalo crime family is Joseph A. "Big Joe" Todaro Jr., who has been running the crime family since his father, Joseph E. "Lead Pipe Joe" Todaro Sr., retired.[6][7]

History[edit]

In the early 1900s, Angelo Palmeri was the first boss in Buffalo.[8] By 1912 he stepped down, assuming the role of underboss while handing the title of boss to Joseph Di Carlo.[8]

In 1921, Stefano Magaddino, who had immigrated first to New York City from Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, in 1902,[9][10] fled to Buffalo, New York, to avoid murder charges related to the death of Camillo Caizzo in Avon, New Jersey, who had killed Magaddino's brother Pietro.[11][12] Buffalo crime family boss Joseph DiCarlo died in 1922, and Magaddino succeeded him as boss.[11]

The Buffalo crime family gained power during the Prohibition era through bootlegging. In 1931, the family boss, Stefano Magaddino, became an original member of The Commission, the governing body of the American Mafia. Magaddino's strongest ally on the Commission was his cousin Joseph Bonanno; the two Mafia bosses were from the same Sicilian town of Castellammare del Golfo.[13] The Commission decided in 1931 that Stefano Magaddino and his Buffalo family would control Ontario, Canada, and that Joseph Bonanno and his Bonanno family would control Quebec, Canada.[13] The Buffalo family remained strong and relatively united until his leadership was challenged in the 1960s. It then split into factions as they tried to assassinate Magaddino.

Magaddino's empire began to crumble in 1968, when police found $500,000 stashed away in Magaddino's funeral home and his son's attic. "At that time, Magaddino had been telling his underlings that money was tight, and he could not afford to pay them Christmas bonuses," Hartnett said. "People began to stop trusting him when we found all that money."[14]

The internal war continued after Magaddino's death from natural causes on July 19, 1974[9][15] but ended in the early 1980s when Joseph Todaro Sr. became the boss.[16]

Todaro Sr. era[edit]

When Todaro Sr. took over the Buffalo family many members had been operating within the Laborers' International Union of North America Local 210 for years, while avoiding police scrutiny and continuing to operate illegal activities. In 1989, Joseph Todaro Sr. and his son Joseph Todaro Jr. were identified in an FBI gambling investigation as the leaders of the 45 made member Buffalo Mafia family.[17] The FBI investigation claimed that Joseph Todaro Sr. and Joseph Todaro Jr. were in control of various criminal activities that included labor racketeering, bookmaking, loansharking and narcotics trafficking.[17] It was also claimed that Joseph Todaro Jr. was running the Mafia family on behalf of his semi-retired father Joseph Todaro Sr. who was splitting time between his Tonawanda and Florida homes.[17] The FBI stated that local 210 member Leonard F. Falzone controlled a loansharking operation for the Todaros and brothers Victor and Daniel Sansanese who were also members of local 210 controlled a bookmaking operation for the Todaros.[17] It was also revealed that during the investigation the FBI had planted a recording device in Falzone's union-owned car in 1988, but that recording device was unable to provide any evidence linking the Todaros to any illegal gambling.[17]

The information provided by the listening device planted in Falzone's '87 Buick was responsible for the dismantling of Torina drug ring which was doing "more than $2 million in street sales of cocaine annually in the Buffalo area." Special Agent George Preston, chief of the DEA's Buffalo office told reporters, "This is a mob-controlled drug ring." G. Robert Langford, special agent in charge of the Buffalo FBI office said, "Conversations overheard in the car of Leonard Falzone indicated that this drug operation was being directed by the mob hierarchy in Buffalo," although there was not enough evidence to charge Falzone or Todaro in the ongoing investigation at that time. Early arrests in this case included known mob associates: Joseph "Pepe" Cannizzaro, Albino "Sha-Sha" Principe, and Salvatore "Sam Naples" Napoli.[18]

The investigation into the Torina drug ring revealed Todaro and Falzone were "involved in a Las Vegas-to-Buffalo pipeline for cocaine and other illegal activities." On March 20, 1990 Las Vegas police arrested three Buffalo natives Louis Giambrone, Joseph Amoia and Lawrence Panero, all three were identified as associates of the Buffalo mob.[19] Charles Torina, a Buffalo native who was described as a key link in the drug pipeline from Buffalo to Las Vegas, had previously worked as a pit boss in a Las Vegas casino.[19]

In 1990, Canadian police arrested 14 suspects in a drug ring that had connections to organized crime in Buffalo and Niagara Falls. According to a law enforcement official who spoke under the condition of anonymity, "Any drug activity or any organized-crime activity in St. Catharines, Hamilton and Niagara Falls must be approved by the Buffalo family." The mob families in those cities, and in Toronto, answer to Buffalo." Those arrested were described as associates of a Niagara Falls, New York, businessman named John Anticoli, who was serving a 10-year term in federal prison. Law enforcement told reporters that "two of the suspects are considered high-ranking members of a Hamilton organized-crime family under the indirect control of the Buffalo mob." Anticoli was described by the FBI as "one of the biggest drug dealers ever arrested in Western New York." He pleaded guilty to possessing 270 pounds of marijuana, conspiracy to distribute cocaine, tax evasion, and failure to pay taxes on cocaine profits. Of the 14 suspects arrested, Carmen Barillaro, Nicodemo Bruzzese, and Dominic Vaccaro were said to be "made members" of a Hamilton-based Mafia family that reports to Buffalo organized crime leaders.[20][21]

In 1996, Joseph Todaro Sr. and his son Joseph Todaro Jr. were listed among 24 alleged organized crime figures who were accused of influencing the Laborers International Union of North America since the 1960s.[22] The Laborers local 210 forced Joseph A. Todaro Jr., Frank Bifulco, Salvatore Cardinale, John Catanzaro, Leonard Falzone, Sam Frangiamore, Bart Mazzara, Robert Panaro, Donald Panepinto, John A. Pieri, Joseph R. Pieri, Charles Pusateri, Joseph Rosato, Danny Sansanese Jr., Victor Sansanese, Louis Sicurella and Vincent "Jimmy" Sicurella out of the union.[23][24]

In late 1996, the Buffalo family, along with the Los Angeles crime family, joined forces to take over a loan sharking and auto insurance fraud racket in Las Vegas controlled by Herbert Blitzstein, a Chicago Outfit associate.[25] The L.A. Underboss Carmen Milano, along with L.A. soldiers Stephen Cino and Louis Caruso and L.A associates Johnny Branco and Peter Caruso, originally planned to rob and steal Herbert Blitzstein's jewelry.[25] After robbing Blitzstein, the L.A. mobsters planned to have Buffalo family soldier Robert "Bobby" Panaro fence the stolen jewelry.[25] Carmen Milano decided that Buffalo family boss Joseph Todaro Sr. would receive a piece of Blitzstein's Las Vegas rackets.[25] The job of robbing Blitzstein was given to Peter Caruso, but Caruso changed the plan and decided to murder Blitzstein and take over his Las Vegas operations.[25] On January 6, 1997, L.A. associates Antonio Davi and Richard Friedman shot and killed Blitzstein in his own home.[25]

In 1997, the Buffalo family's Canadian faction boss Johnny Papalia and his lieutenant Carmen Barillaro were murdered by Kenneth Murdock.[26] When the police arrested Kenneth Murdock in 1999, he decided to become a government witness.[26] Murdock told authorities that he was ordered by brothers Pasquale "Pat" Musitano and Angelo Musitano of the Musitano crew to murder both Johnny Papalia and Carmen Barillaro.[27] According to Murdock, the Musitano brothers had been fed up with being a satellite (crew) of the Buffalo family and having to pay tribute money to the family.[27] Murdock also claimed that he was waiting for Pat Musitano to approve the murders of four Luppino crew members, Natale Luppino and Vincenzo Luppino (the two sons of Giacomo Luppino) and Domenic Violi and Giuseppe Violi (the two sons of Paolo Violi).[27] Also revealed by Murdock was that Pat Musitano had discussed with Quebec Mafia boss Vito Rizzuto and Gaetano Panepinto about Rizzuto investing in Ontario.[27] The Canadian intelligence agencies had observed meetings in October 22-23, 1997, between Pat Musitano and Vito Rizzuto, which become more significant after the deaths of Johnny Papalia and Carmen Barillaro.[27] Eventually, these agencies were convinced that the Musitano brothers did not act alone in the murders of Johnny Papalia, Carmen Barillaro, and Enio Mora.[27]

In 1998, these factors led Lee Coppola, veteran organized crime reporter for The Buffalo News, to write an article titled "The Withered Arm." In it he stated: "Today’s Buffalo mob—disorganized and all but penniless—is a far cry from its heyday" and that the "last visible remnants of mob power in Buffalo disappeared."[28] However, Coppola's pronouncement was premature.

A 1999 article reported that Canadian intelligence indicated a new "crime lord" linked to the "powerful Todaro crime family" had been installed over the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario. According to CISC intelligence, the new, yet unidentified, Buffalo boss had a strong relationship with outlaw bikers, unlike his predecessor Johny Papalia, who refused to work with them. As a result of this new, yet shaky, alliance, organized crime expert Detective Sergeant Peter Polcetti of the CISC said: "The Todaro family now controls Niagara, Hamilton, Toronto and Montreal."[29]

In 1999, Joseph E. Todaro Sr. along with his son Joseph A. Todaro Jr. and 16 others were named in a civil racketeering lawsuit for controlling local 210 through the years by various racketeering acts.[30] The court complaint identified Joseph E. Todaro Sr. as boss and his son Joseph A. Todaro Jr. as underboss of the Buffalo family and the owners of La Nova Pizzeria.[30] Todaro Sr., never belonged to local 210, but his son Todaro Jr. served as Local 210 business manager in 1990 before resigning.[30] The charges were based on the testimony of Ronald M. Fino, a former business manager of Local 210 before he became an FBI informant.[30]

Over the course of the later part of the 20th century and the first part of the 21st, the Buffalo crime family declined in influence. Factors included older members slowly turning away from the organization, younger Italian-Americans showing no interest in its operations, an 11-year federal operation that forced the family out of Local 210 between 1995 and 2006, introduction of the New York Lottery depriving the family of a major revenue source (illegal gambling revenue), and the rise of Joe Todaro Jr.'s legitimate pizzeria business.[6]

Todaro Jr. and Falzone[edit]

Todaro Sr. allegedly retired in 2006, leaving many in law enforcement to believe Leonard Falzone had taken his place.[31] However, others thought Falzone was only acting as the "front boss" for the Todaros and that Joseph Todaro Jr. was the acting boss while his father became the senior statesman for the family.[32]

The FBI continued to release the crime family's organizational charts until at least 2006.[33] The Niagara Falls Reporter indicated Leonard Falzone was promoted to the top spot after Joe Todaro Sr. reportedly stepped down in 2006.[31] After the deaths of Todaro Sr. in 2012[16] and Benjamin "Sonny" Nicoletti in 2013,[34] rumors swirled about who would lead the family.[31] In 2012, Matt Gryta, crime reporter for The Buffalo News, said that many believe the family had "expanded into the new millennium through telemarketing, pump and dump stock scams and internet pornography with the 'family' expanding its operations nationwide."[3] That same year, Dan Herbeck wrote an article about Ronald Fino called "Life after Local 210 for the FBI’s inside guy." The article indicated Fino was "skeptical of the Justice Department’s claims that mob influences were totally removed from Local 210 and the Laborers international." Ronald believed the federal trusteeship the government established to clean the union "didn’t go far enough."[35] Additionally, The Toronto Star's organized crime reporter Peter Edwards indicated that in 2013 the Buffalo Crime Family was seeking to revive itself from recent losses through loansharking at the Casino Niagara in Canada on the American border.[36]

In the late 2000s news broke about a homeowner association (HOA) scam alleged to have ties to the Buffalo mob. A witness told the FBI that the Silver Lining Construction company was controlled by the New York Mob and that its owner, Leon Benzer, thought of himself as a "Soprano" because of his association with attorney John V. Spilotro the nephew of Vegas mobster Tony Spilotro. "Investigators also disclosed a key player in one of the HOA takeovers," was Paul Citelli, who "was known to have ties to the Buffalo mob."[37] According to George Knapp I-Team reporter for CBS news affiliate KLAS NewsNow channel 8 in Vegas the FBI said Citelli "is affiliated with the Buffalo mob."[38] Joseph Bravo, another defendant in this HOA scam, was indicted with Paul Citelli for being a part of a Las Vegas to Niagara Falls cocaine trafficking ring run by the Buffalo mob from the late 1980s to mid 1990s when it was considered "the dominant La Cosa Nostra family on the streets of Las Vegas."[19][39][40]

Current position of the family[edit]

In March 2017, nearly 20 years after Coppola's article "The Withered Arm", Dan Herbeck wrote a similar piece titled "The Mafia is all but dead in western New York". In it the FBI field office in Buffalo stated that only "scattered remnants that are no longer believed to be active or organized remain." The piece also highlighted many of the same factors that Coppola's 1998 article cited for the decline of the Buffalo crime family.[6]

However, arrests by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in Project OTremens indicate the pronouncements about the Buffalo Crime Family's demise were overstated. In November 2017 the FBI and Canadian newspapers indicated the family is still active.[41]

In November 2017, Giuseppe (Joe) and Domenico Violi,[4] who have longstanding ties to the Buffalo Mob, were arrested on narcotics trafficking charges.[36][42] These charges show a continuation of the long-established mafia drug trafficking triangle from Toronto/Hamilton, Ontario to Buffalo and Montreal to New York City established by Stefano Magaddino and his cousin, Joseph Bonanno.[43][44] Michael McGarrity of the FBI said the Otremens operation "unearthed and dug up the roots of a partnership extending from New York City to Buffalo and Toronto to Montreal, proving once again that Italian organized crime groups have evolved far beyond the neighbourhood cliques of days gone by."[45]

Additionally, Peter Edwards in The Toronto Star wrote, "The arrests also hit members of the Buffalo crime family headed by the late Joe Todaro."[46] The US Department of Justice said that Canadian law enforcement authorities had arrested various members and associates of the Bonanno, Gambino, and Todaro crime families on charges that include narcotics trafficking.[47] In response to these arrests, Canadian journalist Adrian Humphries wrote:

Among those arrested in Canada are members of the Todaro organized crime family, based in Buffalo, according to U.S. authorities. The Todaro crime group was built by the now-deceased Joseph Todaro Sr., who took over the Buffalo Mafia once led by the influential boss Stefano (The Undertaker) Magaddino.[48]

Further, in September 2018 Peter Edward reported that "the Buffalo Mob isn't dead, despite some media reports."[49] According to his article the Buffalo/Todaro Crime family is strong enough to call the shots in the recent mob war between the Musitano and other crime families in the Hamilton underworld. This article reports:

  • "New York State mob still has considerable influence in the southern Ontario underworld, sources say."
  • "I don't think anyone knows for certain how this plays out... One thing’s for sure, Buffalo will always have a say north of the border."—Paul Manning, a former Hamilton undercover police officer who worked on organized crime investigations.
  • "Buffalo would have to give approval for high-level killings, sources said, adding that mob leaders there are believed to have turned their backs on one side in the dispute and given tacit approval to the other."
  • "They're all supposed to be under Buffalo," one source said of the two feuding Ontario crime factions.
  • "Buffalo factions of Traditional Organized Crime are not 'in' Canada per se, but historically have controlled aspects of Canadian 'family business' and do get kickbacks from profits from illicit activity," Manning said.[50]

Reporters allege that Al Iavarone of Ancaster was killed in September 2018 in retaliation for the May 2017 murder of Angelo Musitano. Rumors circulated that the murder was related to "an unpaid debt and rivalries between Niagara mobsters and influence from the Buffalo mob."[51] Revenge was another reason for Angelo's death. James Dubro indicates this hit wasn't just approved by the Buffalo crime family, but ordered by Domenico Violi, later to be revealed as the Buffalo mafia's underboss.[52] Angelo's murder occurred "20 years to the month" after Musitano hitman Kenneth Murdock killed Johnny "Pops" Papalia (the long time Buffalo mob captain and head of the Papalia crime family) and his right-hand man Carman Barillaro (a Buffalo and Papalia crime family soldier).[53][54][55][56]

Additionally, the Toronto Sun claims that the current mob war in Southern Ontario has its roots in the mob conflict that had Paolo Violi and his brothers Francesco & Rocco (Domenico "Dom" and Giuseppe "Joe" Violi's dad and uncles) murdered in Montreal during the late 1970s by the Rizzuto crime family.[57] This was suggested as early as 2010 when Globe and Mail article stated, "A general picture is emerging of the power struggle overwhelming the Rizzutos. It's likely that Calabrese families, largely based in Toronto and backed by big players in New York State, are seizing control after the Rizzutos pushed them aside."[58] In 2019 Brad Hunter explained, "It may have taken years but the Violi family were not going to let sleeping dogs lie." Nicolo Rizzuto Jr. was gunned down on December 28, 2009, followed by the disappearance of his brother-in-law Paolo Renda on May 10, 2010. Renda was the Rizutto crime family consigliere at the time of his murder. Finally, Nicolo Rizzuto Sr. was killed by a sniper on November 10, 2010.[52][59]

Dr. Anna Sergi (lecturer in criminology at the Department of Sociology, University of Essex, United Kingdom, and Deputy Director of the Centre for Criminology) confirms the Otremens operation which resulted in the Violi brothers' arrests, indicates New York crime families are using drug trafficking routes they established long ago and that these families are being "reinvigorated" by their long established working relationships with the Calabrian mafia in Canada. However, her article calls into question the current affiliation of the Todaro Crime Family in Buffalo. She indicates it is a "Crime Syndicate" formerly aligned with the LCN (La Cosa Nostra) families of New York. See chart in linked article: New York Crime Families Survive and Collaborate.[44]

On December 3, 2018 Domenico Violi was sentenced to eight years in prison for his role in the mob drug trafficking ring unearthed by Project OTremens.[60] During the investigation, police listened in as the agent and Violi discussed a variety of criminal activity and profit-making opportunities. Violi trafficked approximately 260,000 pills (including PCP, MDMA and meth) to the undercover RCMP agent for more than US$416,000 during which the agent was officially inducted as a "made" member of the Bonanno crime family in Canada.[61] He also received another US$24,000 as his cut of the profit.[1] Wiretaps indicated Violi was made the underboss of the Buffalo crime family by boss Joseph Todaro Jr. in October 2017 in a meeting in Florida; the first Canadian to hold the second-highest position in the American Mafia.[7][62][63] After being promoted to underboss, Violi is heard on wiretaps boasting that "he had beaten out 30 other people for the position," indicating the Buffalo family had at least 30 made men, which included Canadian members such as the Violi brothers' uncles, Natale and Rocco Luppino. In his new role, Violi was to "assume control over the operations of the Luppino-Violi crime family and solidify his power base with further and greater collaboration with the New York-based Mafia families."[1] The wiretaps also revealed the activity of The Commission (the governing body of the American Mafia), as Violi's promotion was so unusual that Buffalo crime family boss, Joe Todaro Jr., consulted with The Commission for permission to promote him as Buffalo's new underboss.[7]

On 30 January 2019, Cece Luppino, the son of Rocco Luppino, and grandson of Giacomo Luppino, was killed at his parents' Hamilton home.[64][65][66] According to wiretaps from the Violi brothers' case, Giuseppe Violi told the undercover agent back in February 2015 that Cece Luppino had been approached about becoming a made member, but Cece had told his father that if he could make money he would be involved, but if not, he doesn't want to be involved; "that there are too many headaches".[67] Hamilton Police have extended their search for Luppino's killer across the Canadian border into the United States, asking Buffalo area police and news agencies to disseminate pictures of the suspect taken from surveillance cameras.[68][69]

An attempt on Pasquale "Pat" Musitano's life was made outside the office of his lawyer, Joseph Irving, in Mississauga on the morning of April 25, 2019. According to reports Pat was shot four times, once in the head.[70] The Buffalo News indicated that Musitano "had organized crime enemies in Montreal and Buffalo" and that crime reporter "Peter Edwards said, he was more convinced than ever that the Buffalo mob was a player in the shooting" after "a source kept repeating 'Buffalo' over and over while talking about the incident."[62] Additionally, the CBC News in Canada reported Buffalo underboss Domenico Violi was recorded by a police informant in September 2017 as saying the murder of Angelo Musitano was meant to be a message to his brother Pat and that before Christmas Pat "would be gone" and that would be "one headache out of the way."[63] On July 10, 2020, Pat Musitano was shot to death in Burlington.[71][72][73]

On October 12, 2020, longtime Buffalo member Frank BiFulco died in his home after an illness.[74]

Historical leadership[edit]

Boss (official and acting)[edit]

  • 1908–1912 – Benedetto Angelo "Buffalo Bill" Palmeri – stepped down, becoming Underboss.[8]
  • 1912–1922 – Giuseppe "Don Pietro" DiCarlo Sr.[8] – died July 9, 1922
  • 1922–1974 – Stefano "The Undertaker" Magaddino – died of natural causes on July 19, 1974, at the age of 82.[8][75]
    • Acting 1962–1967 – Frederico "Freddie Lupo/the Wolf" Randaccio – [8] imprisoned on June 29, 1967
    • Acting 1969–1971 – Salvatore J. "Sam Johns" Pieri – imprisoned
    • Acting 1971–1974 – Salvatore "Sam the Farmer" Frangiamore – appointed by The Commission as boss
  • 1974–1984 – Salvatore "Samuel/Sam the Farmer" Frangiamore [8] – stepped down and later died on November 28, 1999.
    • Acting 1977–1978 – Salvatore J. "Sam Johns" Pieri [8] – arrested on November 20, 1978; died on July 24, 1981
    • Acting 1978–1981 – Joseph A. Pieri Sr.[8] – demoted
  • 1984–2006 – Joseph E. "Lead Pipe Joe" Todaro Sr. [8] – semi-retired in 1989, officially retired in 2006;[8][31][76] died on December 26, 2012.[22]
  • 2006–present – Joseph A. "Big Joe" Todaro Jr. – after Falzone died, it was revealed that he was the boss[7]
    • Acting 2006–2016 – Leonard F. "Lennie Calzone" Falzone – [31] served as "Front boss" [77] died on November 12, 2016.[78]

Underboss (official and acting)[edit]

  • 1912–1920 – Benedetto Angelo "Buffalo Bill" Palmeri [8] – became Consigliere
  • 1920–1922 – Stefano "The Undertaker" Magaddino – became Boss
  • 1922–1932 – John C. Montana – became Consigliere
  • 1932–1956 – Angelo Aquisto – died
  • 1956–1967 – Frederico "Freddie Lupo" Randaccio – imprisoned on June 29, 1967
  • 1967–1974 – Peter Magaddino – the son of boss Stefano Magaddino; stepped down
    • Acting 1969–1971 – Joseph M. Fino – arrested September 1971
    • Acting 1971 – Daniel "Boots" Sansanese – arrested September 1971
    • Acting 1971–1974 – Rosario "Roy" Carlisi – died April 29, 1980
  • 1974–1981 – Salvatore "Sam" Pieri – became Acting Boss; arrested on November 20, 1978; died on July 24, 1981
    • Acting 1978–1981 – Joseph A. Pieri Sr. – became Acting Boss; became Underboss
  • 1981–1984 – Joseph A. Pieri Sr. – became Consigliere
  • 1985–2006 – Joseph A. "Big Joe" Todaro Jr.[79] – the son of boss Joseph Todaro Sr.; became Boss
  • 2006–2012 – Benjamin "Sonny" Nicoletti Jr. – Niagara Falls mobster; died on September 3, 2012[80]
  • 2012–2017 – Unknown
  • 2017–present – Domenico Violi – Canadian mobster;[7] imprisoned December 3, 2018[60]

Consigliere (official and acting)[edit]

  • 1920–1932 – Benedetto Angelo "Buffalo Bill" Palmeri – died
  • 1932–1958 – John C. Montana – stepped down, died in 1967
  • 1958–1967 – Antonino "Nino" Magaddino – the brother to Boss Stefano Magaddino; stepped down
    • Acting 1967–1969 – Vincent A. Scro
    • Acting 1969–1974 – Joseph "The Wolf" DiCarlo – son of former boss Giuseppe DiCarlo Sr.
  • 1974–1978 – Joseph A. Pieri Sr. – became acting Underboss
  • 1978–1981 – Vincent A. Scro – demoted
  • 1981–1984 – Joseph E. "Lead Pipe Joe" Todaro Sr. – promoted to Boss
  • 1984–1987 – Joseph A. Pieri Sr. – retired
  • 1987–2006 – Leonard F. "Lennie Calzone" Falzone – [81] imprisoned 1994; later promoted to "Front Boss"
    • Acting 1994–1999 – Donald "the Turtle" Panepinto – stepped down
  • 2006–present – Unknown

Current members[edit]

Administration[edit]

  • BossJoseph A. "Big Joe" Todaro Jr. – Boss of the family and owner of the "La Nova" pizzeria in Buffalo.[6][81][82] In the early 1980s, his father Joseph Todaro Sr. became boss of the Buffalo family and promoted him to Underboss.[82] In 1996, Todaro along with Leonard Falzone, Frank BiFulco and brothers John and Joseph Pieri were forced out of local 210.[24] In 2006, he became boss when his father Joe Todaro Sr. retired and used Leonard Falzone as his Front boss until 2016 when Falzone died.[77] In 2017, he promoted Canadian mobster Domenico Violi to Underboss of the family with the approval of the New York Bonanno, Genovese and Colombo families.[7][81]
  • UnderbossDomenico Violi – Underboss of the Buffalo family operating from the Canadian faction.[7] His father Paolo Violi was a capo in the Bonnano crime family operating in Montreal's Cotroni crime family before being murder in 1978 by the Sicilian faction of the family.[7] His grandfather Giacomo Luppino was the boss of Hamilton's Luppino crime family.[7] After the death of his father, he moved back to Hamilton with his mother and brother.[83] His brother Giuseppe "Joe" Violi also operates in the Luppino family.[7] In January 2015, he became a made member of the Buffalo family.[7] In October 2017, Violi meet boss Joseph Todaro Jr. in Florida and was promoted to Underboss of the Buffalo family; the first Canadian to hold the second-highest position in the American Mafia.[7] On December 3, 2018 Violi was sentenced to eight years in prison after pleading guilty trafficking drugs.[60]
  • ConsigliereUnknown

Caporegimes[edit]

Buffalo faction

  • CapoUnknown

Canadian faction

  • Rocco Luppino – capo of the Luppino crew in Hamilton, Canada.[7][81] His father Giacomo Luppino was a powerful Canadian mobster within the Buffalo family. His brother Natale "Nat" Luppino is a made man in the crew.[84] On January 30, 2019, his son Cece Luppino was murdered in front of his brother's Nat Luppino Hamilton home.[85][86]

Soldiers[edit]

Buffalo faction

  • Victor Sansanese – soldier. His father Daniel G. Sansanese and brother Daniel Sansanese Jr. were both member of the Buffalo family. He became a made member in the mid 1970s.[30] In 1989, Victor and his brother Daniel Sansanese Jr. were identified as local 210 officials and were accused of controlling bookmaking for the Todaros.[17] In 1996, Sansanese was removed from local 210 were he had been serving as director of training.[87]
  • John A. Pieri – soldier operating in Buffalo. His father Joseph Pieri and his uncle Sam Pieri were powerful members of the Buffalo family.[23][24] In 1996, Pieri along with his brother Joseph R. Pieri Jr., Joseph Todaro Jr., Leonard Falzone and Frank BiFulco were forced out of local 210.[17][24][82]
  • Peter Gerace Sr. – soldier in Buffalo. His father in-law was Joseph Todaro Sr., his brother-in-law is boss Joseph Todaro Jr. and his two sons Peter Gerace Jr. and Anthony Gerace are associate's of the Buffalo family.[90] In 1996, Gerace along with Frank Bifulco, Salvatore Cardinale, John Catanzaro, Leonard Falzone, Sam Frangiamore, Bart Mazzara, Robert Panaro, Donald Panepinto, John A. Pieri, Joseph R. Pieri, Charles Pusateri, Joseph Rosato, Danny Sansanese Jr., Victor Sansanese, Louis Sicurella, Vincent "Jimmy" Sicurella and Joseph A. Todaro Jr. were forced out of local 210 LUINA.[91] Gerace later stepped down from his business manager position in Local 210.[92] He had served as Local 210 president, business manager and business agent before he was forced out of the union.[30]
  • Donald "the Turtle" Panepinto – a soldier in the Buffalo family and former member of local 210.[93] His two sons Marc and Don Panepinto worked in local 210 and later became attorneys.[93] On September 6, 1993 his daughter Dana Christine Panepinto married Joseph Edward Todaro the son of Joseph Todaro Jr.[94] In 1996, Panepinto along with other members of the Buffalo family were forced out of local 210 LUINA.[23] In March 2000, Panepinto along with John Catanzaro, Frank Mambrino, and his son Carmen Mambrino, Joseph DiGioia, Annuncio Cannizzaro and Robert Chimera were indicted and charged with running an illegal gambling business from the Donato Social Club on 188 Grant St.[95] In 2014, his oldest son Marc Panepinto was elected into New York State Senate.[96] In late 2018 his son Marc Panepinto was sentenced to two months in prison on public corruption charges.[96]

Canadian faction

  • Natale "Nat" Luppino – a made man in the Luppino crew operating in Hamilton, Canada.[84] His father Giacomo Luppino was a powerful Canadian mobster within the Buffalo family.[84] His brother Rocco Luppino is the capo of the crew.

Associates[edit]

Buffalo faction

  • Joseph Edward "Joey" Todaro III – is the son of Joseph Todaro Jr. the boss of family and the grandson of Joseph Todaro Sr. the former boss of the Buffalo family. In June 1993, Todaro along with Frank BiFulco, Gaetano Miceli, John Catanzaro, Frank Tripi, Samuel Amoia Jr. (the grandson of Sam Pieri), Michael A. Muscarella, Larry Panaro, Steve Sacco and Vincent Spano were linked to Telemarketing firms that were raided by the FBI.[97] Joey Todaro III runs the family owned La Nova pizzeria in Buffalo with his father.[98]
  • Peter "Pete" Gerace Jr. – associate of the Buffalo family and operator of Pharaoh’s Gentleman’s Club in Cheektowaga.[90][99][100] His father Peter Gerace Sr., who owns the club, married Joe Todaro Jr.'s sister and his brother Anthony Gerace is also a mobster.[90] On December 17, 2019 his strip club was raided by Homeland Security agents because of his brother Anthony Gerace and retired Buffalo DEA agent Joe Bongiovanni were indicted on drugs and weapons charges.[90][101] In 2000 Gerace was indicted along with Michael Geiger on one count of wire fraud for their part to defraud victims in a telemarketing scheme [102] "From late 1992 until February 1995, the men ran Advanced Distributing Co., a Kenmore firm that cheated customers with promises that they could win a new Cadillac or up to $40,000 in cash." Gerace pleaded guilty to the scheme in 2005 after the trial was delayed ovamer dispute regarding the admission of evidence.[103] Attorney Paul Cambria Jr. indicated the government may be trying to link Peter Gerace Jr. to his client Joseph Bongiovanni's case,[101] and remove him as counsel.[104] Bongiovanni is a Buffalo-based DEA agent who was indicted for allegedly accepting "bribes to protect his drug-dealing friends who had ties to the Buffalo Mafia."[105] Cambria had defended Gerace in his wire fraud case.[101][106]
  • Anthony Gerace – associate of the Buffalo family. His father Peter Gerace Sr. married Joe Todaro Jr.'s sister and his brother Peter Gerace Jr. is the operator of Pharaoh's strip club.[90] On May 10, 2019 Anthony Gerace along with retired Buffalo DEA agent Joe Bongiovanni were indicted on drugs and weapons charges.[90][107]
  • Peter Capitano Jr. – associate of the Buffalo family. A member of the Pizza Gang who was identified by Ron Fino as a strong associate of Victor Sansanese and Joe Todaro Jr.[32] In 1996 Peter, along with his brother Sam, led a dissident faction that fought the federal trusteeship of Local 210 meant to rid the union of mob control and influence. He was suspended for 1 year and was prevented for holding a leadership position in the local for 5 years.[108][109][110][111]
  • Sam Capitano – associate of the Buffalo family. A member of the Pizza Gang who was identified by Ron Fino as a confidant of Joe Todaro Jr.[32] In 1996 Sam, along with his brother Peter, led a dissident faction that fought the federal trusteeship of Local 210 meant to rid the union of mob control and influence. “Capitano attacked Rosetti at one meeting, grabbing a microphone and yelling "Gabe, you got no balls." The next day, the two got into a fistfight and Rosetti fired Capitano from the board—an action Capitano has contested before the National Labor Relations Board.[112] He was suspended from the union for one year and was prevented for holding a leadership position in the local for five years.[92][108][109][111]
  • Michael Masecchia - associate of Buffalo family. On August 23, 2019 FBI and HSI agents searched Grover Cleveland High School teacher Michael Masecchia’s home where they found homemade explosives, stolen firearms, and narcotics as part of an ongoing investigation into organized crime and public corruption. A criminal complaint identified Masecchia as a drug dealer who has a 20-year history of growing and distributing large amounts of marijuana.[113][114][115][116][117]  On September 22, 2020 a grand jury indictment identified Masecchia as “member or associate of ‘Italian Organized Crime’” and indicated he had been described by law enforcement as “an associate and possible a made member of the Buffalo LCN family.” At the center of the indictment is the allegation that Masecchia bribed DEA Agent Joseph Bongiovanni to block investigations into himself and others believed to be tied into the local mafia. Masecchia “was the target of several DEA investigations between 2008 and 2019 and yet was never arrested or charged while Bongiovanni was an agent.”[118][119][120] Michael married Bart T. Mazzara’s daughter, Krista.[121] Bart was alleged by prosecutors to be a made member of the Buffalo mob.[122] His wife Krista's uncles are Dan and Victor Sansanese.[123]

Utica faction

  • Russell E. "Russ" Carcone – operating from Utica. In 1989, Carcone along with his father Benedetto Carcone and others were indicted on racketeering.[124] In December 1990, Carcone, his father Benedetto P. "Benny" Cacrone, Jack J. "Jake" Minicone Jr., Anthony J. Inserra and Jack Zogby were convicted of running a criminal enterprise centered in Utica from 1973 to 1989, and crimes that included extortion, loansharking, illegal gambling, trafficking in stolen property and murder.[125] His father Benny ran operations from the Swap Shop at 512 Albany Street in Utica and forced the local bookmakers to make regular payments to him and his son Russ.[125] In 2000, an indictment charged 25 individuals of the Utica-based shoplifting and fencing ring who stole goods valued in the tens of millions of dollars from hundreds of retail store chains like Wal-Mart, K-Mart, CVS, BJ's Wholesale Club and others stores in and around Oneida, Herkimer, Fulton, Madison, Montgomery, Albany and other counties in Upstate New York.[126] The Utica shoplifting ring worked in teams and stole items for quick resell like razor blades, batteries and compact discs.[127] On March 23, 2004 his father Benedetto "Benny" died.

Past members[edit]

  • Frank J. "Butchie Bifocals" BiFulco – born March 10, 1945 and grew up on Buffalo's West Side.[74] He later became a capo who operated within the Buffalo area. In 1993, BiFulco along with Gaetano "Tommy Chooch" Miceli, John Catanzaro, Joseph Todaro III (the son of Joseph Todaro Jr.), Frank Tripi, Samuel Amoia Jr. (the grandson of Sam Pieri), Michael A. Muscarella, Larry Panaro, Steve Sacco and Vincent Spano were linked to Telemarketing firms that were raided by the FBI.[97] In 1996, BiFulco along with Joseph Todaro Jr., Leonard Falzone, and brothers John and Joseph Pieri were forced out of local 210.[17][24] BiFulco was the deputy administrator and collection coordinator for the local 210 pension fund before being forced out of the union.[24][82] In September 2001, BiFulco was arrested by the FBI for torching an associate's rented car in a shopping mall parking lot in an insurance scam.[128] BiFulco died on October 12, 2020.[74]
  • Leonard F. "Lennie Calzone" Falzone – the former acting boss and consigliere.[80] In 1988, the FBI had bugged Falzone's union-owned car for six months in an effort to link the Todaros in the illegal gambling but they were unable to get any evidence.[17] In 1989, Falzone was identified as a Local 210 official who controlled a loansharking operation for the Todaros.[17] On July 11, 1994 consigliere Falzone was convicted for his role as the administrator of benefit funds for LIUNA local 210 and for collecting unlawful debts. His brother Frank Falzone replaced him as administrator of benefit funds for LIUNA local 210.[129] In 1996, while Falzone was in prison for racketeering and loansharking he was forced out of local 210 along with Joseph Todaro Jr., Frank BiFulco and brothers John and Joseph Pieri.[24] In 1999, Falzone was named in civil racketeering lawsuit filed by local 210 for his involvement in racketeering to collect unlawful debts.[30] In 2006, Falzone became the acting boss of the family when Joe Todaro Sr. retired.[80] Author Ron Fino suggests that Falzone was only the "fronting boss" for the Todaros.[77] Falzone died on November 12, 2016.[7][78]
  • Benjamin "Sonny" Nicoletti Jr. – also known as "Mr. Nick", is the former Underboss and capo of the Niagara Falls crew. His father Benjamin J. "Benny" Nicoletti Sr. was the former capo of Niagara Falls in the Buffalo family.[130] In the late 1960s, Nicoletti Jr. worked with his father controlling a sports book operation in Niagara county.[130] On November 26, 1968 Nicoletti along with his father Nicoletti Sr., Peter Magaddino, Sam Pugelese, Gino Monaco, Pasquale Passaro, Augustine Rizzo, Louis Tavano, Michael Farella and boss Stefano Magaddino were indicted on conspiracy and violation of the Interstate Transportation in Aid of Racketeering Act.[131] The charges against Nicoletti Jr. were later dismissed because of illegal wiretaps.[132] In 1977, Nicoletti was a suspect in the November 14, 1977 murder of John Certo, after witnesses saw Certo slapping Nicoletti's niece in Niagara falls bar.[133] On May 2, 1982 his father Benjamin Nicoletti Sr. died.[134] In 1992, Nicoletti was indicted along with Angelo "Bobby" Plumeri, Vincent Palmeri, Anthony Previte, Pasquale M. Accetta, Roy H. Arist, Peter De Loreto, Paul Kaczowski Jr., Alfred Ligamarri Jr., Edward A. Loverde, Samuel Mangione, Charles Ogrodowski, Peter Pietrangeli, Ricardo J. Ross Jr., and Charles Tattersall on illegal gambling charges in Niagara County.[132] In the indictment Nicoletti was identified as a captain in the Buffalo family who had been controlling a bookmaking operation in Niagara Falls since the 1970s.[132] In November 1993, Nicoletti pleaded guilty to a felony of running a multimillion-dollar illegal gambling enterprise and agreed to forfeit assets of $250,000 and serve up to a year in prison.[135] Nicoletti owned a number of properties in the Niagara falls area including a motel.[135] On September 12, 2002 Nicoletti arrested along with former banker Adam Thomas on racketeering, conspiracy and extortion chargers.[131] Nicoletti along with Thomas set up a betting service based in the Dominican Republic and the any bettor in the United States who was late in paying there debts would be visited by thugs.[131] In 2004, Nicoletti was convicted of felony weapon chargers after the police found a couple of high-priced shotguns in his home.[131] In 2006, Nicoletti was promoted to underboss of the family.[80] Nicoletti died on September 3, 2012.[136]
  • Joseph "Joe" Fino – a former capo in the family.[137] His son Ronald M. "Ron" Fino later became an FBI informant.[137] Fino was a powerful racketeer of local 210 for the Buffalo family.[137] When boss Stefano Magaddino was arrested in 1968, Fino formed a faction along with John Cammilleri and Daniel Sansanese Sr. that plotted to take over the family.[137] Fino began acting as if he was boss until 1972, when he was summoned by the Commission to explain his actions.[137] When Fino went to the Commission meeting he was accompanied by his allies Daniel Sansanese Sr., Sam Frangiamore and Roy Carlisi.[137] The Commission told Fino after the meeting that Magaddino was still the Boss and his group was to back down.[137] In April 1974, Fino along with John Cammilleri and members of the Rochester faction plotted to take over the family.[137] On May 8, 1974 John Cammilleri was murdered, this left Fino with no more power as Cammilleri's "Nairy's Social Club crew" was taken over by Daniel Sansanese Sr.[137] After boss Stefano Magaddino died in 1974, the Commission installed Sam Frangiamore as the new boss of Buffalo.[137] Fino died in 1984.[137]
  • Daniel J. Sansanese Jr. – became a made man in 1970 and served as secretary-treasurer of Local 210 until his retirement in 1994.[30] His father Daniel G. Sansanese Sr. and brother Victor Sansanese were both member of the Buffalo family.[30] In 1989, Daniel and his brother Victor Sansanese were identified as local 210 officials and were accused of controlling bookmaking for the Todaros.[17] Daniel J. Sansanese Jr. died on June 16, 2003.[134]
  • John R. "Johnny Catz" Catanzaro – became a made man in 1985.[30] In 1980, Catanzaro was ordered by a federal judge appear in a police lineup in connection to the murder of William B. Sciolino, a Local 210 steward.[138] In April 1988, Catanzaro a Local 210 steward was indicted and charged with demanding and receiving $35,000 in wages to guarantee labor peace as a no-show union steward on the construction of a brine pipeline between Wyoming County and Niagara Falls.[138] In November 1988, Catanzaro was tied into a federal three year long investigation into international drug-trafficking between Buffalo and Sicily.[138] The investigation concluded with 200 arrested that linked the Sicilian Mafia families (Spatola, Gambino and Inzerillo) and the American Mafia families in Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago and San Francisco with international drug-trafficking.[138] Catanzaro was arrested along with Joseph P. Lombardo, Frank Grisanti, Ronald H. Chimera, Frank J. Mahiques, Fred M. Saia, Gary L. Carter, Paul J. Palladino, Angelo P. Rizzo, Francis Catania, Victor Catania and Paul Catania and they were charged with counterfeiting Rolex watches.[138] In 1990, Catanzaro a local 210 steward was convicted of having a no-show job and sentenced to 27 months in prison.[30] In 1996, Catanzaro along with other members of the Buffalo family were forced out of local 210 LUINA.[23] In March 2000, Catanzaro along with Donald Panepinto, Frank Mambrino, and his son Carmen Mambrino, Joseph DiGioia, Annuncio Cannizzaro and Robert Chimera were indicted and charged with running an illegal gambling business from the Donato Social Club on 188 Grant St.[95] On November 10, 2007 Catanzaro died.[139]
  • Joseph P. Rosato – became a made man in 1985.[30] In 1990, Rosato was convicted of having a Local 210 no-show job.[30] In 1996, Rosato along with other members of the Buffalo family were forced out of local 210 LUINA.[23] Rosato died on February 9, 2009.[140]
  • Nicholas "Sonny" Mauro - soldier, former Nicoletti Sr. and Falzone Crew member who was described by police as the king of illegal sports betting in western New York and was known as one of the biggest bookmakers in the area.[141][142] Mauro received 14 years for a gambling conviction. In the trial he was called "a crusty war horse with a record of gambling arrests dating from the 1950s." He called himself "the bookmakers' bookmaker when he testified during a hearing of the State Crime Commission in 1960.“ Police and gambling experts described him as the “biggest known bookmaker” in this region in the “last four decades.“[143] Mauro, also, had large gambling operations in Las Vegas.[144] He was convicted of Social Security fraud for arranging a "no show" job at Atlas Auto Glass for his son Charles.[145] His conspiracy to commit bank fraud charge was dropped in the Moore case because it wouldn't add more jail time.[146] Mauro denied claims he was a member of the Buffalo family".[147]

Past Canadian faction members[edit]

  • Giacomo Luppino – former capo of the Luppino crew in Hamilton.[148] Giacomo Luppino died of natural causes at the age of 87 in March 1987, whereby his son Jimmy Luppino took over the Luppino family.[149]
  • John "Johnny Pops" Papalia – is a former made member of the Buffalo family.[150] He was the boss of the Papalia crew of Hamilton. His crew included his three brothers Domenic, Frank and Rocco and his brother in-law Tony Pugliese.[150] Papalia top two lieutenants were Carmen Barillaro who controlled gambling in Niagara Falls and Enio Mora who had control of gambling in Toronto.[151] On May 31, 1997 Papalia was murdered by hitman Kenneth Murdock who was hired by the Musitano crime family leader's Pasquale "Fat Pat" Musitano and his brother Angelo Musitano.[26]
  • Frank Papalia – former associate of the Buffalo family. Frank Papalia along with his brother Johnny Papalia led the Papalia crew of Hamilton.[152] His father Antonio and mother Maria Rosa Italiano had immigrated to Canada from Delianuova, a village in Calabria, Italy.[152] His father Antonio worked for Canadian mobster Rocco Perri.[152] During his youth Frank Papalia was an boxer before joining his father and three brother's Johnny, Rocco and Dominic into the mafia.[152] His brother Johnny Papalia was a made member of the Buffalo family.[150] When Johnny Papalia became the boss of the Buffalo family's Canadian faction, Frank became his brother's Underboss.[152] In 1997, his brother Johnny was killed.[152] Frank took over leading the crew for but the crew's influence in Canada declined significantly. Frank began suffering from Alzheimer's in the early 2000s and died on April 15, 2014.[152]
  • Carmen Barillaro – is a former made member of the Buffalo family.[151] Barillaro was one of Johnny Papalia top lieutenants and was responsible for controlling gambling, bookmakers and loan sharks in Niagara Falls.[151] On July 23, 1997 Barillaro was murdered by Kenneth Murdock who shot him two time in his Niagara Falls, Ontario home.[27] Barillaro's murderer Kenneth Murdock told police that was hired by the Musitano crew leader's Pasquale "Fat Pat" Musitano and his brother Angelo Musitano.[153]
  • Enio "Pegleg" Mora – former associate of the Buffalo family. In 1968, Mora immigrated to Canada and began working with Siderno Group leader Rocco Zito.[151] Mora later worked with Paul Volpe in Toronto.[151] He eventually became a top lieutenant for Johnny Papalia and was responsible for controlling illegal gambling clubs in Toronto.[151] In 1979, Mora lost his left leg below his knee from a shotgun blasé when burglars tried to rob a gambling house that he was protecting.[151][154] The police suspected that Mora and Papalia were involved in the 1983 murder of Paul Volpe.[151] In the early 1990s, Mora along with Johnny Papalia and Carmen Barillaro borrowed $7.2 million from Vito Rizzuto and the trio refused to pay back the loan to Rizzuto.[154] On September 11, 1996, Mora was murdered as he pulled his gold-colored Cadillac into the driveway of a farm in Vaughan he was shot four times in the head.[154]
  • Paul Volpe – former made member of the Buffalo family who was sponsored by Giacomo Luppino, Jimmy and Harold Bordonaro in Hamilton.[155][156] Volpe maintained a close relationship with both the Luppino and Bordonaro families in Hamilton.[155] During the 1960s Volpe became one of Stefano Magaddino's top men in Toronto.[155] In 1983, Volpe was murdered, it was suspected that Johnny Papalia and Enio Mora played a role in his death.[151]

Past associates[edit]

  • Peter A. Capitano Sr. – a former associate. He served as a former business manager, secretary-treasurer, business agent and executive board member in local 210.[30] In 1999, Capitano Sr. was found to be a mob associate and was removed as a trustee of the international union.[30] His two sons Samuel and Peter Capitano Jr. were also members of local 210.[30] Capitano Sr. died on September 1, 2017.[157]

Government informants and witnesses[edit]

  • Ronald M. "Ron" Fino – associate and FBI informant.[137][158] His father Joseph Fino was a capo in the Buffalo family.[137] In 1964, he secretly began providing the FBI with information of union corruption.[137][158] In 1970, he served as a business agent in local 210 and later business manager.[137] Fino was later exposed as an FBI informant and testified against all the local 210 union corruption.[158] After testifying Fino continued to work with the FBI and went undercover by infiltrating the Russian Mafia and exposed illegal arms smugglers, child porn organizers, narcotics dealers, and international money launderers.[159]
  • Carmen LaBruna – informant who was called a “gangster and outlaw of the first order” by Erie County District Attorney Edward Cosgorave. He became a government informant after his second-degree murder conviction for helping reputed mobster Gino Albini dispose of Elayne Stec’s body in a Buffalo sewer in the 1970. Stec had witnessed Albini kill a man outside a West Side bar. While in prison LaBruna began cooperating with authorities.  He related the details of 20 Buffalo mob-related murders that dated to the late 1950s in hopes of reducing his sentence.  In 1988, Carman LaBruna was credited for the 15 years he had spent in prison for the murder and a 1969 hotel robbery in Buffalo and paroled. Federal and state authorities had to convince LaBruna not to return to Buffalo after his release and enter Federal Witness Protection Program (WITSEC). He was given a new name and relocated to a western state hundreds of miles from Buffalo.[160] In November of 1989 Cape Coral, FL asked Buffalo Police Department to look out for LaBruna.[161] Later that month he was arrested in Ft,. Meyers for attempted murder, armed robbery, and being a felon in possession of a firearm.  He was accused of shooting his roommate, David Kohler, in the side and back while taking his wallet that contained $100. It was reported that Kohler was found by a fisherman in an isolated marsh where is was bleeding profusely some 45 minutes later.[162] A jury failed to reach a verdict in the first, a second jury acquitted him. In 1993 Carmen was charged with aggravated battery for stabbing a 24-year-old Ted Allen Jordan outside a Cape Coral 7-11 store after an argument. The stabbing was witness by on off duty police detective. At that time of this arrest Daniel Wright, the US Marshal for Buffalo, was unaware of the arrest and could not comment on LaBruna’s status in WITSEC. Authorities in Florida indicated LaBruna left witness protection win the late 1980s, lived under his own name and was not worried about the mob finding him.[163]
  • Jimmy Fasanella – hairdresser, degenerate gambler and associate of Frank “Chickie Botts” Grisanti[164] and David Petri in the Falzone crew[165] who became a reluctant government witness in the racketeering trial of James Moore.  Moore was accused of using his position at Citibank to arrange fraudulent loans for gamblers in debt to mob controlled bookmakers Nicholas “Sonny” Mauro, Bart Mazzara, and Russell “Hymo” Amsden.[166] As a result of this scheme "Moore said, his bank wound up with $17 million worth of legitimate deposits" from Laborers Local 210 which has been frequently investigated for is ties to the Buffalo mafia. Mauro introduce Moore to Local 210 official Sam Caci who introduced him to other labor leaders.[167]
  • David Petri – former associate turned government witness who was threatened by loanshark Frank “Chickie Bots” Grisanti to keep him from testifying against him and his coconspirators in “mob banker” James Moore racketeering case.  According to Petri, Grisanit asked him to modify his testimony against Moore and indicated “Ronald Raccuia, a former city official who has gone into hiding as an FBI witness, is one of several persons who should be looking over his shoulder.” Grisanti’s statement scared him enough to move his family from Buffalo."[168][169][170][171]
  • Faust Novino – former associate, drug dealer and hitman[172][173] who was accused of being involved in the murder of Michael Ress who ran a large marijuana trafficking ring with ties to the Buffalo mob. Ress’ murder was alleged to have been planned by John T. Sacco.[174] Ress’s narcotics were supplied by John C. Sacco Jr., a high high ranking mob member who later became and informant.   “Sacco, {John C., Jr.) who died of natural causes in 1991, had been shot three times by Novino during a 1976 Connecticut Street hit on Novino for his murder two years earlier of Albert J. Billiteri Jr., son of Buffalo mob member Albert "Babe" Billiteri.”[175]  Sacco’s shooting was the result of a botched hit by the Joseph Todaro Sr. Crew in 1976 and took place in an old warehouse on Connecticut St.[176][177][178] Novino was convicted of murdering the son of former Caporegime Babe Billiteri in 1974.[179][180][181] [182]After cooperating with the government Faust Novino entered witness protection and was given a new identity.[178][183]
  • Fred Saia – former associate who was proposed for membership but "lost his chance when he was involved in a gun deal that went sour and upset some bosses." Saia ran gaming tables at area stag parties in the 1960s and 1970s and booked rock bands for a Cheektowaga night club giving mob leaders a 25% cut. He became a laborer in LiUNA Local 210 in the 1950s because he was friendly with a mob leader. He came to be a government informant after being caught in a cocaine deal because he feared what the Todaros would do alleging "they did not want their people to be involved in narcotics dealing” in the 1980s. His testimony in a union disciplinary hearing resulted Joe Todaro, Jr., Leonard Falzone and 4 other members with alleged mob ties submitting their letters of resignation.[184] Saia allegedly had Vincent "Jimmy" Sicurella and Michael LaPorta torch cars for insurance money.[185] His son Tomas Saia, a convicted cocaine dealer, was indicted for his involvement in mob connected telemarketing companies[97] Grand National Products, Grand American Marketing, Universal Promotions and Northtown Universal Promotions. He owned the first two and was the manager of the other two firms.[186]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "'It opens up an underworld:' How a drug plea has exposed a Mafia network in Hamilton". Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  2. ^ "Mob's Control of Local 210 Has a Long History". The Buffalo News. December 5, 1999. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Gryta, Matt. (2012). The real teflon don : how an elite team of New York State Troopers helped take down America's most powerful Mafia family. Karalus, George. Buffalo, NY: Cazenovia Books. Kindle Locations 940-955. ISBN 978-0-97492-536-3. OCLC 820457199.
  4. ^ a b 1963-, Schneider, Stephen (2016). Iced : the story of organized crime in Canada. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: HarperCollins Publishers Ltd. pp. Kindle location 9019–9022. ISBN 9781443429900. OCLC 960637982.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Four charged in 2018 stabbing at mobster Nat Luppino's home". Welland Tribune. May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d Herbeck, Dan (March 19, 2017). "The Mafia is all but dead in Western New York. So what killed it?". The Buffalo News. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Shocking mob trial allegation: Hamilton crime figure was Underboss of Buffalo Mafia". National Post. December 4, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kurek, Albert S. (March 2007). The Troopers Are Coming II: New York State Troopers 1943–1985. pp. 177–181. ISBN 9781600080197.
  9. ^ a b Perlmutter, Emanuel (July 21, 1974). "Stefano Magaddino Dead at 82". New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  10. ^ A Man of Honor: The Autobiography of Joseph Bonanno By Joseph Bonanno p.24-28
  11. ^ a b Jerry Capeci The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia pg.49–52
  12. ^ The Last Testament of Bill Bonanno: The Final Secrets of a Life in the Mafia By Bill Bonanno, Gary B. Abromovitz pg.57–58
  13. ^ a b Cedilot, Andre; Andre Noel (2012). Mafia Inc: The Long, Bloody Reign of Canada's Sicilian Clan. Vintage Canada. p. 279. ISBN 978-0307360410.
  14. ^ "Buffalo's Crimes of the Century
    Mayhem, Murder and the Mafia -- Darker Moments in the City's History"
    . The Buffalo News. December 27, 1999. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  15. ^ Rizzo, Michael F. (2012). Gangsters and Organized Crime in Buffalo: History, Hits and Headquarters. Charleston, SC: The History Press (Kindle Edition). Kindle Locations 959–960. ISBN 978-1-61423-549-1.
  16. ^ a b Hudson, Mike. "RIP: Joe Todaro, reputed mob boss and noted businessman". Niagara Falls Reporter. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dan Herbeck (July 26, 1989). "Todaros Atop Mob, Fbi Says Family Reputedly Spins a Wide Web of Crime". The Buffalo News. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  18. ^ "Arrests Target Drug Ring Tied to Mob Listening Device Planted in Car Leads to 12 Indictments". The Buffalo News. June 26, 1989. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  19. ^ a b c Herbeck, Dan (1990). "Buffalo Mob Holds Sway Over Las Vegas, Some Law Officers Claim". The Buffalo News. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  20. ^ "14 Suspects in Drug Ring Are Sought Canadian Arrests Tied to Local Mob". The Buffalo News. September 7, 1990. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  21. ^ "FIGURES IN ONTARIO DRUG CASE CLAIM INFORMANTS FALSELY IMPLICATED THEM". The Buffalo News. September 8, 1990. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  22. ^ a b "Joseph E. Todaro, founder of La Nova, dies at 89". The Buffalo News. December 27, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e Griffin, Joe (2010). Mob Nemesis: How the FBI Crippled Organized Crime. Prometheus Books. p. 327. ISBN 978-1615924028.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Dan Herbeck (February 24, 1996). "Crime Probe to Force Out Eight local 210 Officials". Buffalo News. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  25. ^ a b c d e f Giancana, Sam; Burnstein, Scott M. (2010). Family Affair: Greed, Treachery, and Betrayal in the Chicago Mafia. Penguin. ISBN 978-1101185575.
  26. ^ a b c Edwards, Peter; Michel Auger (2012). The Encyclopedia of Canadian Organized Crime: From Captain Kidd to Mom Boucher. McClelland & Stewart. p. 165. ISBN 978-0771030499.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Cedilot, Andre; Andre Noel (2012). Mafia Inc: The Long, Bloody Reign of Canada's Sicilian Clan. Vintage Canada. pp. 278–284. ISBN 978-0307360410.
  28. ^ Coppola, Lee (January 31, 1998). "The Withered Arm
    The Death of the Buffalo Mafia Is All About Losing Its Old-fashioned Values and Falling Behind the Times"
    . The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  29. ^ Lafleche, Grant (August 21, 1999). "Bikers now married to the mob: New Mafia crime lord rules Golden Horseshoe, says CISC report". The St. Catherines Standard. ISSN 0837-3434.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Mob-led union needs oversight, court is told". The Buffalo News Staff Reporter. December 2, 1999. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  31. ^ a b c d e Hudson, Mike. "Who will lead now that Todaro, Nicoletti gone?". Niagara Falls Reporter. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  32. ^ a b c Fino, Ronald; Rizzo, Michael (2013). The Triangle Exit: The True Story of a Secret Undercover Operative for the FBI and CIA. Tel-Aviv, Israel: Contento De Semrik. pp. Kindle Locations 5074. ISBN 978-965-550-193-3.
  33. ^ Hudson, Mike. "Mob May Be Dead But Not Forgotten". Niagara Falls Reporter. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  34. ^ Hudson, Mike. "Falls' Benjamin "Sonny" Nicoletti; Part of the Falls' unique character". Niagara Falls Reporter. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  35. ^ Herbeck, Dan (September 30, 2012). "Life after Local 210 for the FBI's inside guy". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  36. ^ a b Edwards, Peter (2015). Business or blood : Mafia boss Vito Rizzuto's last war. Nicaso, Antonio. Toronto: Random House of Canada. Kindle Locations 528–637. ISBN 9780345813763. OCLC 890512099.
  37. ^ "Lawyer kick-started massive HOA probe with private investigation". Las Vegas Review-Journal. July 13, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  38. ^ Knapp, George (June 5, 2012). "More Charges in HOA Conspiracy". KLAS NewsEight Now.
  39. ^ "Familiar faces show up in HOA probe". Las Vegas Review-Journal. June 10, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  40. ^ "Target of Las Vegas HOA investigation detailed scheme, bribes in secret documents". Las Vegas Review-Journal. October 31, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  41. ^ "RCMP GTA CFSEU and its policing partners land a tremendous blow to organized crime in Canada". Royal Canadian Mounted Police. November 9, 2017. Archived from the original on September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  42. ^ Edwards, Peter (November 10, 2017). "Accused Violi brothers in trafficking bust come from colourful family". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  43. ^ Humphreys, Adrian (1999). The enforcer : Johnny Pops Papalia : a life and death in the Mafia (1st HarperCollins hardcover ed.). Toronto: HarperCollins. pp. 40–46, 106–108. ISBN 0002000164. OCLC 40982427.
  44. ^ a b Sergi, Anna (June 5, 2018). "New York Crime Families Survive and Collaborate". Janes Intelligence Review.
  45. ^ "Hamilton police officers allegedly aided accused mobster, leaked report reveals". CBC News. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  46. ^ Edwards, Peter (November 9, 2017). "RCMP and FBI to announce fentanyl trafficking arrests". OurWindsor.ca. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  47. ^ "Members and Associates of Gambino and Bonanno Organized Crime Families Arrested in Coordinated U.S.-Canadian Takedown". United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York. November 9, 2017. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  48. ^ Humphries, Adrian (November 10, 2017). "'Congratulations': Undercover agent inducted into Mafia in secret ceremony captured on video by police". National Post. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  49. ^ Edwards, Peter (September 17, 2018). "Buffalo mob involved in deadly Niagara Region dispute". peteredwardsauthor.com. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  50. ^ Edwards, Peter. "Buffalo mob playing role in deadly Ontario dispute, sources say". Toronto Star. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
  51. ^ O'Reilly, Nicole (November 16, 2018). "Mob, murder and the Hamilton connection". TheSpec.com. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  52. ^ a b Hunter, Brad (December 28, 2018). "UNDERWORLD GTA: Drugs, guns, murder and revenge served cold". Toronto Sun Online. Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  53. ^ Humphries, Adrian (July 7, 2017). "Guest list for Ontario mobster's wedding could offer clues about motives for his murder | National Post". National Post. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  54. ^ "Ancaster man's murder is 'retaliation' for 2017 mob hit: former undercover cop | The Star". thestar.com. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  55. ^ "Mafia hitman reveals his code for killings | The Star". thestar.com. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  56. ^ "The man who killed 'Pops'". NiagaraThisWeek.com. May 10, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  57. ^ Hunter, Brad (August 24, 2019). "MOB WAR: What's driving underworld bloodshed". Toronto Sun. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  58. ^ Perreaux, Les (November 11, 2010). "A symmetry of violence in the Montreal mob". The Globe and Maiol. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  59. ^ Lamberti, Rob (October 19, 2013). "Ontario mobsters on the run". Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  60. ^ a b c "Murdered mob boss's son pleads guilty in Hamilton to selling drugs to 'made' New York Mafia member | The Star". thestar.com. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  61. ^ "Murdered mob boss's son pleads guilty in Hamilton to selling drugs to 'made' New York Mafia member". thestar.com. December 3, 2018.
  62. ^ a b Fairbanks, Phil (April 30, 2019). "A Canadian murder. 'Buffalo's crime family.' Is the Mafia still around?". The Buffalo News. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  63. ^ a b Carter, Adam (April 29, 2019). "Police sting revealed plans for gangland hits on Musitano family". CBC News. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  64. ^ Edwards, Peter (February 1, 2019). "Realtor's murder 'smells like a power play' in Hamilton's Mafia underworld, ex-undercover cop says". thestar.com. The Star. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  65. ^ Humphries, Adrian (January 31, 2019). "'Too many headaches' and not enough cash: Hamilton murder victim had turned down offer to join Mafia". nationalpost.com. National Post. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  66. ^ O'Reilly, Nicole (February 1, 2019). "Mob hit: Cece Luppino gunned down at his parents' Mountain Brow home". The Hamilton Spectator. ISSN 1189-9417. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  67. ^ Hayes, Molly (January 31, 2019). "Hamilton police investigate homicide at mobster's home". The Globe and Mail.
  68. ^ Becker, Maki (February 14, 2019). "Ontario police ask for help across the border in finding hit man". The Buffalo News. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  69. ^ "Police Seek Tips In Mob Hit With Buffalo Ties". WGRZ. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  70. ^ O'Reilly, Steve Buist, Susan Clairmont, and Nicole (April 26, 2019). "Hamilton mobster Pat Musitano still clinging to life in hospital". The Hamilton Spectator. ISSN 1189-9417. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  71. ^ Bambang Sadewo; Nicole O'Reilly (July 10, 2020). "Hamilton Mob boss Pat Musitano gunned down in Burlington". The Hamilton Spectator.
  72. ^ "GTA Hamilton mobster Pat Musitano shot dead in Burlington". thestar.com. July 10, 2020.
  73. ^ Kayla Goodfield (July 10, 2020). "Ontario mobster Pat Musitano shot to death in broad daylight at Burlington plaza". CTV News.
  74. ^ a b c Jacobi, Joe (November 1, 2020). "Frank "Butch" BiFulco, 75, reputed mobster with a brilliant mind". The Buffalo News. News Paper. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  75. ^ Bruno, Anthony. "The Bonanno Family". truTV. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
  76. ^ a b "TODAROS ATOP MOB, FBI SAYS FAMILY REPUTEDLY SPINS A WIDE WEB OF CRIME". The Buffalo News. July 26, 1989. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  77. ^ a b c Fino, Ronald; Rizzo, Michael (2013). The Triangle Exit. Tel Aviv, Israel: Contento De Semrik. pp. (Kindle Location 5105–5115). ISBN 978-965-550-193-3.
  78. ^ a b Gene Warner (November 15, 2016). "Death of Leonard F. Falzone stirs memories of organized crime probe". The Buffalo News. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  79. ^ "RICO complaint to be attached to Consent Decree". www.ipsn.org. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  80. ^ a b c d Mike Hudson. "Mob May Be Dead But Not Forgotten". NiagaraFallsreporter.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  81. ^ a b c d Scott Burnstein (December 4, 2018). "Hey, Joe, Welcome Back, Boss: Buffalo Mobster Big Joe Todaro Might Not Be Retired After All". Gangsterreport.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  82. ^ a b c d Czarnota, pp.
  83. ^ "2002 Halton Police report had intelligence on accused mobster". thestar.com. November 15, 2017.
  84. ^ a b c Nicole O'Reilly (May 2, 2019). "Four charged in 2018 stabbing at mobster Nat Luppino's home". Welland Tribune. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  85. ^ "'Too many headaches' and not enough cash: Hamilton murder victim had turned down offer to join Mafia". nationalpost.com. February 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  86. ^ Nicole O'Reilly (February 2019). "Mob hit: Cece Luppino gunned down at his parents' Mountain Brow home". The Hamilton Spectator. thespec.com. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  87. ^ Griffin pp.325
  88. ^ a b "Informant calls Blitzstein defendant Buffalo mob member". Las Vegas Sun.com. May 18, 1999. Retrieved December 29, 2019.
  89. ^ Giancana p.
  90. ^ a b c d e f "Buffalo Strip Club Visited By Feds, Speculation Continues To Grow Around Alleged Magaddino Don Big Joe". Gangsterreport. December 17, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  91. ^ Griffin pp.327
  92. ^ a b Dan Herbeck (January 31, 1996). "Justice Dept. Claims Union Has Been Dominated by Mob". The Buffalo News. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  93. ^ a b "Panepinto is not worried about his election fraud conviction, no bid legal work". The Buffalo Chronicle. August 28, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  94. ^ "Mrs. Todaro". The Buffalo News. September 7, 1993. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  95. ^ a b Dan Herbeck (March 27, 2000). "7 Charged With Illegal Gambling Say It's Just Fun". The Buffalo News. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  96. ^ a b "Former State Senator Marc Panepinto sentenced to two months in prison". WKBW Buffalo. December 14, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  97. ^ a b c Michael Beebe and Dan Herbeck (June 27, 1993). "Raids On Telemarketing Firms Find Numerous Ties to Organized Crime". Buffalo News. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  98. ^ "Who's Who: Joey Todaro". Pizzamarketplace. March 11, 2002. Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  99. ^ Charlie Specht (December 17, 2019). "I-Team: Is strip club raid a sign of Buffalo Mafia resurgence? Crimes north of Canadian border alleged". WKBW Buffalo.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  100. ^ "Pharaoh's strip club raid fuels reports of mafia links". The Buffalo News. December 15, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  101. ^ a b c "Federal agents raid Cheektowaga strip club". The Buffalo News. December 12, 2019. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  102. ^ "Two Indicted On Charges of Wire Fraud Conspiracy". The Buffalo News. January 12, 2000. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  103. ^ "Police & Courts - Final". The Buffalo News. November 23, 2005. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  104. ^ "Prosecutors try to disqualify noted defense lawyer in mob case". The Buffalo News. December 9, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  105. ^ "First On 7: Corrupt DEA agent took bribes to help Buffalo Mafia friends evade scrutiny, feds say". WKBW. November 5, 2019. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  106. ^ "U.S. v. Geiger, 245 Fed. Appx. 86 | Casetext". casetext.com. Retrieved February 28, 2020.
  107. ^ Charlie Specht (May 10, 2019). "Clarence Center Man Indicted On Multiple Drug And Gun Charges". Justice.gov. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  108. ^ a b "Local 210 Convention Delegate Reportedly Has Ties to Mafia". The Buffalo News. July 4, 1996. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  109. ^ a b Bebee, Michael (12-2-99). "Mob-led union needs oversight, court is told". The Buffalo News. Retrieved February 10, 2020. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  110. ^ "Life after Local 210 for the FBI's inside guy". The Buffalo News. September 30, 2012. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  111. ^ a b "Retired FBI Agent Lauds Laborers Union". The Buffalo News. October 16, 2000. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  112. ^ Stephanie, Mencimer (June 7, 1988). "Ex-FBI Official Pulls at Union's Infamous Roots". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  113. ^ Fairbanks, Phil. "Buffalo teacher accused of illegal guns, explosives and selling pot". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  114. ^ EDT, Shane Croucher On 8/30/19 at 6:25 AM (August 30, 2019). "Teacher arrested after police find explosives, guns, and drugs in his home". Newsweek. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  115. ^ "NY High School Teacher Faces Federal Drug, Firearms Charges". NBC New York. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  116. ^ "NY high school teacher faces federal drug, firearms charges". AP NEWS. August 30, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  117. ^ "Buffalo high school teacher accused of drug and explosives possession, trafficking". WKBW. August 29, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  118. ^ Fairbanks, Phil. "Feds tie former DEA agent to drug dealer and 'Italian Organized Crime'". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  119. ^ "Indictment links alleged drug dealer, DEA agent accused of taking bribes". WKBW. June 22, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  120. ^ Melendez, Pilar (June 28, 2020). "How a New York High School Teacher With Mob Ties Allegedly Bribed a DEA Agent". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  121. ^ Staff. "MRS. MASECCHIA". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  122. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "RANCOR IS EVIDENT AT RACKETEERING TRIAL INSULTS FLY DURING SUMMATIONS FOR MOORE, FORMER CITIBANK OFFICIAL". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
  123. ^ "Judy SANSANESE Obituary - Buffalo, NY | Buffalo News". www.legacy.com. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  124. ^ "Just more than a quarter-century ago when Donato Nappi was convicted of murdering Utican Dawn Grillo, organized crime was making a statement in Utica". Observer-Dispatch. September 14, 2008. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  125. ^ a b "U.S. v. Minicone: United States Court of Appeals, Second CircuitJan 23, 1992960 F.2d 1099 (2d Cir. 1992)". Casetext.com. 1992. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  126. ^ "State Dismantles Huge Upstate Shoplifting Ring". New York State Attorney General Office. February 8, 2000. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  127. ^ "2 More in Shoplifting Ring to Spend Time Behind Bars". Buffalo News.com. August 15, 2000. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  128. ^ Michael Nelson (September 24, 2001). "Indiana Manager Embezzled $1.5 Million: Ex-Buffalo Boss Charged with Insurance Scam". National Legal and Policy Center. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  129. ^ States, United (1996). Administration's Efforts Against the Influence of Organized Crime in the Laborer's International Union of North America. p. 420. ISBN 0160542111. Missing |author1= (help)
  130. ^ a b Griffin pp.118-120
  131. ^ a b c d Mike Hudson. "Falls' Benjamin "Sonny" Nicoletti; Part of the Falls' unique character". NiagaraFallsreporter.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  132. ^ a b c Carolyn Raeke and Michael Beebe (February 20, 1992). "Familiar Name Tops List in Gambling Probe Nicoletti Has Been Arrested Many Times But Has Spent Little Time Behind Bars". Buffalo News.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  133. ^ Scott Burnstein (July 21, 2014). "Mafia Hit List – Top Buffalo Mob Murders". Gangster Report. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  134. ^ a b Rizzo, Michael F. (2012). Gangsters and Organized Crime in Buffalo: History, Hits and Headquarters. The History Press. ISBN 978-1-61423-549-1.
  135. ^ a b Matt Gryta (November 22, 1993). "Nicoletti Pleads Guilty to Felong Gambling Count Reputed Mob Chief in Niagara County Agrees to Forfeit Assets of $250,000". Buffalo News.com. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  136. ^ "Benjamin 'Sonny' Nicoletti - 2012 - Obituary". M. J. Colucci & Son Niagara Funeral Chapel. Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  137. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Rizzo, Michael F. (2012). Gangsters and Organized Crime in Buffalo: History, Hits and Headquarters. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 560. ISBN 9781614235491.
  138. ^ a b c d e Dan Herbeck (November 30, 1988). "World Drug Ring Tied to Buffalo 12 from Wny Among Targets of U.s. Probe". Buffalo News.com. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  139. ^ "John Catanzaro Obituary". Legacy.com. 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  140. ^ "Obituary of Joseph P. Rosato". Lagacy.com. 2009. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  141. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "GAMBLER TESTIFIES AGAINST BANKER IN RACKETS TRIAL". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  142. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "MOORE TESTIFIES HE ACTIVELY SOUGHT BUSINESS FROM LOCAL 210". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  143. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "KING OF BUFFALO'S BOOKIES GETS 14-YEAR PRISON TERM FOR MAURO, 64, 'THIS IS LIKE A LIFE SENTENCE'". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  144. ^ Staff. "RACKETS TRIAL OPENS FOR MAURO". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  145. ^ Staff. "AMHERST MAN CONVICTED IN FRAUD CASE ARRANGED NO-SHOW JOB FOR SON AT GLASS COMPANY". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  146. ^ Staff. "CONSPIRACY CHARGE DROPPED AGAINST CONVICTED GAMBLER". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  147. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "MAURO AND FAMILY SAY PROSECUTOR HAS VENDETTA AGAINST JAILED BOOKMAKER". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  148. ^ Schneider, Stephen (2018). Canadian Organized Crime. Canadian Scholars' Press Inc. p. 176. ISBN 9781773380247.
  149. ^ "Retired mobster dies peacefully". The Hamilton Spectator. thespec.com. July 15, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  150. ^ a b c Schneider p.292
  151. ^ a b c d e f g h i Schneider p.537
  152. ^ a b c d e f g "His brother was Ontario's pre-eminent Mafia boss, but long-suffering Frank Papalia was still his keeper". National Post. April 18, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
  153. ^ Grant LaFleche (April 26, 2019). "Hamilton mobster changed Niagara's underworld: Pat Musitano's decisions to have Falls mob boss murdered opened door for Hells Angels arrival". The St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  154. ^ a b c Cedilot, Andre; Andre Noel (2012). Mafia Inc: The Long, Bloody Reign of Canada's Sicilian Clan. Vintage Canada. pp. 280–281. ISBN 978-0307360410.
  155. ^ a b c Schneider p.318
  156. ^ Edwards & Auger p.137
  157. ^ "Obituary of Peter A. Capitano". Lombardo Funeral Home. 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2020.
  158. ^ a b c "Statement of Ronald M. Fino to the Subcommittee On Crime Committee On the Judiciary-House of Representatives". Laboeres. July 25, 1996. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
  159. ^ Fino, 2013
  160. ^ Gryta, Matt (November 24, 1988). "Informant LaBruna Is Paraled, Relocated". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  161. ^ Staff (November 4, 1989). "LaBruna Being Sought in Florida Case". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  162. ^ Herbeck, Dan (November 15, 1989). "Informant From Area Held In Crime". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  163. ^ Beebe, Michael (September 11, 1993). "Ex Mob Informant Faces Trial In Florida Stabbing". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  164. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "GAMBLER TESTIFIES AGAINST BANKER IN RACKETS TRIAL". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  165. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "JURY HEARS FBI-RECORDED TAPES OF MOORE AND REPUTED HIT MAN". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  166. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "GAMBLER TESTIFIES AGAINST BANKER IN RACKETS TRIAL". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  167. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "MOORE TESTIFIES HE ACTIVELY SOUGHT BUSINESS FROM LOCAL 210". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  168. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "BAIL REVOKED FOR LOANSHARK SUSPECT". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  169. ^ Staff. "GRISANTI ACCUSED OF WITNESS TAMPERING". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  170. ^ Staff. "CHEEKTOWAGA MAN GUILTY OF CRIMINAL CONTEMPT". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  171. ^ Staff. "CHEEKTOWAGA MAN GUILTY OF WITNESS TAMPERING". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  172. ^ Gryta, Matt. "NOVINO MAY TESTIFY AT ROBINSON TRIAL". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  173. ^ Gryta, Matt. "EXPERT SAYS DNA LINKS SLAYING VICTIM, SUSPECT". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  174. ^ GRYTA, DAN HERBECK AND MATT. "BOGARDUS IS STILL OBJECT OF POLICE INTEREST". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  175. ^ GRYTA, DAN HERBECK AND MATT. "BOGARDUS IS STILL OBJECT OF POLICE INTEREST". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  176. ^ ANDERSON, ANTHONY CARDINALE AND TOM BUCKHAM, DAVID ROBINSON AND TOM BUCKHAM, MARGARET HAMMERSLEY AND TOM BUCKHAM, MATT GRYTA AND TOM BUCKHAM, STORY BY TOM BUCKHAM, SUSAN SCHULMAN AND TOM BUCKHAM, TOM BUCKHAM, TOM BUCKHAM AND BOB DICESARE, TOM BUCKHAM AND CARL ALLEN, TOM BUCKHAM AND DALE. "NOVINO DESCRIBES ESCAPE FROM AMBUSH IN 1976 AND IDENTIFIES 4 OF 5 SUSPECTS". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  177. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "NOVINO SET TO TESTIFY AS FEDERAL WITNESS SICURELLA PERJURY TRIAL SEEN AS PART OF EFFORT AGAINST ORGANIZED CRIME". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  178. ^ a b Beebe, Michael. "MOB IN-LAWS TO BECOME INFORMANTS CONVICTED MURDERERS TO GET NEW IDENTITIES IN EXCHANGE FOR FEDERAL TESTIMONY". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  179. ^ Gryta, Matt. "ADMITTED KILLER TO AID ORGANIZED CRIME PROBE". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  180. ^ Herbeck, Dan. "PERJURY COUNTS LODGED IN ATTEMPTED MOB HIT". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  181. ^ Staff. "GRAND JURY INDICTS SUSPECT IN MURDER OF MOBSTER". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  182. ^ Gryta, Matt. "MAN ACCUSED OF KILLING MOBSTER IS INDICTED SUSPECT IN 1974 EXECUTION-STYLE KILLING DESCRIBED AS GUN-TOTING THUG". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  183. ^ Gryta, Matt. "KILLER MAY JOIN WITNESS PROGRAM; U.S. OFFERS NO GUARANTEES TO ALLEGED MOBSTER NOVINO". The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
  184. ^ Herbeck, Dan (August 7, 1996). "INFORMANT CAUSES STIR WITH TALES OF MOB ACTIVITY". The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  185. ^ Herbeck, Dan (November 20, 1993). "SICURELLA DRAWS 6 YEARS, ASSAILS ARSON INFORMANT". The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
  186. ^ Herbeck, Dan (September 9, 1994). "13 INDICTED IN WNY TELEMARKETING PROBE FEDERAL GRAND JURY ALSO NAMES FOUR CORPORATIONS IN THE FRAUD INVESTIGATION". The Buffalo News. Retrieved October 2, 2020.

Sources[edit]

  • Cedilot, Andre. Noel, Andre. Mafia Inc: The Long, Bloody Reign of Canada's Sicilian Clan. Vintage Canada, 2012. ISBN 0307360415.
  • Capeci, Jerry. The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Mafia, 2nd Edition: A Fascinating Exploration of the Real People Who Inspired The Sopranos. Penguin, Jan 4, 2005. ISBN 1440625824.
  • Humphreys, Adrian. The Enforcer: Johnny Pops Papalia, A Life and Death in the Mafia. Harper Collins, 2000. ISBN 0006384935.
  • Czarnota, Lorna MacDonald. Wicked Niagara: The Sinister Side of the Niagara Frontier. Arcadia Publishing, 2011. ISBN 1625841299.
  • Griffin, Joe. Mob Nemesis: How the FBI Crippled Organized Crime. Prometheus Books, 2010. ISBN 1615924027.
  • Giancana, Sam. Burnstein, Scott M. Family Affair: Greed, Treachery, and Betrayal in the Chicago Mafia. Penguin, 2010. ISBN 1101185570.
  • Schneider, Stephen. Iced: The Story of Organized Crime in Canada. John Wiley & Sons, 2009. ISBN 0470835001.
  • Edwards, Peter. Auger, Michel. The Encyclopedia of Canadian Organized Crime: From Captain Kidd to Mom Boucher. McClelland & Stewart, 2012. ISBN 0771030495.
  • Rizzo, Michael F. Gangsters and Organized Crime in Buffalo: History, Hits and Headquarters. Arcadia Publishing, 2012. ISBN 161423549X.
  • Fino, Ronald. Rizzo, Michael. The Triangle Exit. Contento De Semrik, 2013. ISBN 9655501930.
  • United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime, United States. Administration's Efforts Against the Influence of Organized Crime in the Laborer's International Union of North America: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session, July 24 and 25, 1996. ISBN 0160542111.

Further reading[edit]

  • Dubro, James. Mob Rule: Inside the Canadian Mafia. MacMillen, 1985
  • Sifakis, Carl. The Mafia Encyclopedia, Second Edition. Checkmark Books, 1999
  • DiVita, Louis P. "A Wiser Guy" 2016
  • Griffen, Joseph. Mob Nemesis: How the F.B.I. Crippled Organized Crime. Prometheus Books, 2002
  • Edwards, Peter. The Northern Connection: Inside Canada's Deadliest Mafia Family. Optimum International, 2006
  • Dubro, James. Rowland, Robin. King of the Mob: Rocco Perri and the women who Ran His Rackets Penguin 1987

External links[edit]