Atomwaffen Division

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Atomwaffen Division
Also known asNational Socialist Resistance Front[1]
FounderBrandon Russell
LeaderBrandon Russell (2013–2017)
John Cameron Denton (2017–?)[2]
Kaleb Cole (?–2022)[3]
James Nolan Mason (advisor)[4]
CountryUnited States (country of origin)
Active regionsUnited States, United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Baltic States, Russia, Switzerland, Italy, Finland, Ireland and other European countries, as well as Argentina and Brazil.
Political positionFar-right
Major actionsMurder of 5–8 people in the US and the murder of up to 6 people around the world[Note 1][13][14]
SizeFull members: Initiates: +60 (US)[21][22]
Means of revenueArms trafficking, robbery, money laundering, clandestine chemistry[23]
Designated as a terrorist group by

The Atomwaffen Division (Atomwaffen meaning "atomic weapons" in German[Note 2]), also known as the National Socialist Resistance Front,[1] is an international far-right extremist and neo-Nazi terrorist network.[9] Formed in 2013 and based in the Southern United States, it has since expanded across the United States and it has also expanded into the United Kingdom, Argentina, Canada, Germany, the Baltic states, and other European countries. The group is described as a part of the alt-right by some journalists, but it rejects the label[43][44][45] and it is considered extreme even within that movement.[43] It is listed as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC), and it is also designated as a terrorist group by multiple governments, including the United Kingdom and Canada.[35][36][46][47]

Members of the Atomwaffen Division have been held responsible for a number of murders, bombings, planned terrorist attacks, and other criminal actions.[48]


In 2015, the group's creation was announced by founding member Brandon Russell, on the Neo-fascist[9] and Neo-Nazi[9] web forum,[5][9][49] which, prior to its shutdown in 2017, had been linked to several acts of Neo-Nazi terrorism and violent militant groups such as the Nordic Resistance Movement, National Action, CasaPound, and Golden Dawn.[9][41][42][50] In its initial posts, the group described itself as a "very fanatical, ideological band of comrades who do both activism and militant training. Hand to hand, arms training, and various other forms of training. As for activism, we spread awareness in the real world through unconventional means."[49]

As of 2017, the group's membership was mostly young, and it also recruited new members on university campuses.[51][52] Its campus recruitment poster campaigns[53] urged students to "Join Your Local Nazis!" and say "The Nazis Are Coming!". It posted recruiting posters at the University of Chicago,[54][49] the University of Central Florida,[55] the Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Virginia,[56] and Boston University.[57][58] Atomwaffen Division has recruited several veterans and current members of the U.S. Armed Forces who train the organization's members in the use of firearms and military tactics.[59][60] A U.S. Navy officer was expelled for allegedly recruiting 12 members for the group and four affiliated US Marines were charged with trafficking and manufacturing firearms for the group.[61][62] Atomwaffen members have also sought to train with the Azov Battalion and Russian Imperial Movement.[63][64][65][66][67] In October 2020, Ukraine deported two Atomwaffen members who tried to join Azov for inciting murders and terrorism.[68][23][69]

As of 2018, Atomwaffen had ties to various affiliated neo-Nazi groups and the fascist Satanist Order of Nine Angles (O9A), an organization which advocates rape and human sacrifice.[50][70][71]

During an investigation in 2018, ProPublica obtained 250,000 encrypted chat logs written by members of the group.[72] ProPublica, in early 2018, estimated that Atomwaffen had 80 members,[73] while the Anti-Defamation League estimated that it had 24 to 36 active members. According to International Centre for Counter-Terrorism the group has a large number of "initiates" in addition to 60 to 80 full members.[22][74]

On March 14, 2020, Mason claimed that the Atomwaffen Division had disbanded. However, the group was believed to be on the cusp of being designated as a Foreign Terrorist Organization by the State Department, and the Anti-Defamation League stated that "the move is designed to give members breathing room rather than actually end their militant activities".[75][76] An intelligence brief distributed by federal law enforcement warned that Atomwaffen and its branches discussed taking advantage of the COVID-19 pandemic.[77] On March 25, 2020, a Missouri man affiliated with Atomwaffen allegedly planned to destroy a hospital treating coronavirus victims with a car bomb and died in a shootout with the FBI.[78][79]

According to counter-terrorism experts, the group remains active and it continues to establish affiliates in Europe. On May 31, 2020, it was announced that a new Atomwaffen cell had been uncovered in Russia. Local security services had also just previously uncovered a cell in Switzerland, confirming the suspicions of the German officials that Switzerland served as the linchpin of Atomwaffen's German operation, allowing them to evade law enforcement. European security officials have asked their U.S. counterparts for assistance in combating these cells and urged designating them as terrorist organizations.[80][81][82]

In August 2020, months after the claimed disbanding, the group resurfaced yet again, this time as "National Socialist Order".[83]

On April 22, 2021, the British government announced its banning of Atomwaffen/National Socialist Order as terrorist organizations.[37][84] Similar actions were undertaken by Canada and Australia, which outlawed local Atomwaffen branches in sweeping bans against far-right organizations.[47][85]

On September 12, 2022, former NSO members released a blog post on their website claiming to start a new organization, the "National Socialist Resistance Front."[1]

According to Vice and the Guardian in 2023, Atomwaffen Division members have been active "and play key roles" in organizing the Active Club Network, which is a loose association of various neo-Nazi and white supremacy groups.[86][30] A leading member of Atomwaffen's Canadian branch, Patrick Gordon Macdonald, who has been charged with terrorism offenses, was allegedly also a member of Canadian Active Club.[87] As of December 2023, Kristoffer Nippak, another founding member of the Northern Order was also a member of the Active Club.[88] According to the director of the University of New Brunswick's Criminology and Criminal Justice Program, David Hoffman, Atomwaffen is using Active Clubs as a cover for organizing where it has been outlawed as a terrorist group.[89]

Although Atomwaffen's ideology stresses opposition to democracy and parliamentarism, prominent Atomwaffen members have also risen to power as prominent members of their local far-right parties. Viljam Nyman of AWD Finland had been member of the Lapland board of the Finns Party, and another Finnish member was a party ideologue, publishing dozens of articles in the Finns party organ. MP Ruuben Kaalep from EKRE was also connected to Atomwaffen members[90][91][92][93][94] as was MP Daniel Halemba of Alternative for Germany.[95]

According to the Guardian, "mass shooters in Buffalo, New York; El Paso, Texas; and Jacksonville, Florida have cited Atomwaffen’s message as their inspiration."[96]


In its propaganda videos, Atomwaffen burns copies of the United States Constitution and flag and it also advocates attacks against the federal government of the United States, attacks against racial minorities, attacks against gay people, and attacks against Jews. The videos also contain footage of the attacks on said minorities.[72] Atomwaffen Division has engaged in several mass murder plots, plans to cripple public water systems and plans to destroy parts of the continental U.S. power transmission grid.[72] Atomwaffen has also been accused of planning to blow up nuclear power stations.[72] The organization's aim is to violently overthrow the federal government of the United States via terrorism and guerrilla warfare tactics. Since 2017, the organization has been linked to eight killings and several violent hate crimes in the US, including assaults, rapes and multiple cases of kidnapping and torture.[73][24][97][15]

The organization explicitly advocates neo-Nazism, drawing a significant amount of influences from James Mason and his publication Siege, a mid-1980s newsletter of the National Socialist Liberation Front that paid tribute to Adolf Hitler, Joseph Tommasi, Charles Manson, and Savitri Devi.[98] It was published into a book with the same title that is required reading for all Atomwaffen Division members. Mason, a neo-Nazi and a Holocaust denier who advocates murder and violence in order to create lawlessness and anarchy and destabilize the system, is the main advisor to the group.[99][50]

Atomwaffen also draws influences from Nazi esotericism and the occult, and its recommended list of reading materials for aspiring initiates includes the works of Savitri Devi and the works of Anton Long, a founding member of the Order of Nine Angles, a British neo-Nazi and a Satanist leader.[50][24] Some members of the group also sympathize with the Salafi and jihadist forms of Islam. Atomwaffen Division's founder, Brandon Russell, is alleged to have described Omar Mateen, who perpetrated the Orlando nightclub shooting and pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, as "a hero". In its propaganda, the group also idolizes Osama bin Laden, and it also considers "the culture of martyrdom and insurgency" within al Qaeda and ISIL as something which should be emulated.[100] A member of the Atomwaffen Division, Steven Billingsley, was photographed at a vigil in San Antonio, Texas, for the victims of the Orlando shooting, with a skull mask and a sign which read "God Hates Fags", a motto connected to the homophobic Westboro Baptist Church.[101][102][103][104] Although the Atomwaffen Division is anti-communist, it sympathizes and promotes North Korean Juche as model of racial purity and autarky.[105][106][107][108]

Members in the United States who faced criminal charges[edit]

Members of the Atomwaffen Division have been alleged to have been responsible for a number of murders, planned terrorist attacks, as well as other criminal actions. This list contains some of those who have been criminally charged for activities done in connection with the Atomwaffen Division in the United States, including those who have been convicted.

Non-U.S. branches[edit]

United Kingdom (Sonnenkrieg Division)[edit]

The Sonnenkrieg Division (Sonnenkrieg being German for "sun war") is a neo-Nazi group that is the United Kingdom-based branch of the Atomwaffen Division, and it maintains its links to the Atomwaffen Division by e-mail and chat room discussion as well as by its use of similar names and its distribution of similar propaganda. It surfaced in December 2018, when it was revealed that members of the group had suggested on the group's Discord server that Prince Harry was a "race traitor" who should be shot for marrying Meghan Markle, who is of mixed race; that police officers should be raped and killed; and that white women who date non-whites should be hanged.[109] At its formation in 2018, the group was thought to have had 10 to 15 members in the UK and Europe, and some suspected members are thought to have been involved in a previous neo-Nazi group, the System Resistance Network (one of the aliases of National Action), which was linked to various acts of racial violence and arson in the UK.[110] The BBC revealed that the leaders of the group were Andrew Dymock, 21, and Oskar Dunn-Koczorowski, 18.[19]

Police arrested three suspected members of the Sonnenkrieg Division in early December 2018 as part of an "ongoing investigation into extreme right-wing activity". MI5, the British domestic intelligence agency, took the lead in the government's monitoring of far-right terrorism.[111]

Logo used by the Sonnenkrieg Division in some statements

On June 18, 2019, Sonnenkrieg members Dunn-Koczorowski and Michal Szewczuk, 19, were jailed for terrorism offences. According to the prosecutor the men promoted "engaging in a "total attack" on the system", Dunn-Koczorowski having proclaimed "terror is the best political weapon for nothing drives people harder than a fear of sudden death" and were intent on action. Furthermore, the group was influenced by James Mason who "may well represent the most violent, revolutionary and potentially terroristic expression of right-wing extremism current today". Dunn-Koczorowski was sentenced to 18 months in prison for encouraging terrorism, and Szewczuk was sentenced to four years in prison for encouraging terrorism and possessing documents that are useful to a terrorist, such as bomb-making instructions.[112]

British anti-fascists say Sonnenkrieg Division has been influenced by the Order of Nine Angles and it is more extreme and potentially more violent than National Action. Hope not Hate's annual "State of Hate" report stated that: "some members have also carried out some of these satanic fantasies and allegations of rape and imprisonment against their own members are circulating." Sonnenkrieg Division members had shared videos of one female supporter being tortured and scored with a knife by one of the group's male members.[97] The private messages which belonged to Sonnenkrieg Division and were acquired by the police included footage of the members of the group abusing women, such as images of the rape of a woman, who had a swastika and runes cut into her flesh.[15][113]

On February 20, 2019, Jacek Tchorzewski, 18, was stopped by the counter-terrorism unit at Luton Airport. He was arrested on suspicion of terror offences, and the police uncovered "an enormous amount" of manuals on how to make weapons and explosives and Nazi propaganda. In court, it was heard Tchorzewski had said it was "his dream" to commit a terrorist attack and he intended to smuggle firearms and explosives from Germany for this purpose. Also presented was a notebook from his prison cell where he had written, "Let's fill our hearts with terror and London's streets with blood." Commander Richard Smith, the head of the counter terrorism unit, said that Tchorzewski was connected to the Sonnenkrieg Division. Judge Anuja Dhir said Tchorzewski was a "deeply entrenched neo-Nazi with an interest in Satanism and occult practices" and an "offender of particular concern". On September 20, 2019, Tchorzewski was sentenced to four years imprisonment for terrorism offences at the Old Bailey.[114][115]

On December 4, 2019, Andrew Dymock was arrested and charged with 15 terror offences, including encouraging terrorism and raising funds for a terrorist group. He was first arrested in June 2018 at Gatwick Airport on his way to the United States. Dymock was questioned over alleged sexual offences against a teenage girl, in connection to the earlier assaults on women.[113][116] He was convicted on all counts on June 12, 2021,[117] and sentenced to seven years' imprisonment on July 21, 2021.[118]

In February 2020, Sonnenkrieg Division became the second far-right group to be banned as a terrorist organization after National Action.[35]

On September 2, 2020, Harry Vaughan pleaded guilty to 14 terrorism offences and possession of child pornography. Vaughan was connected to both National Action and Sonnenkrieg Division. A police search of his house uncovered child pornography, documents showing how to build bombs and detonators, and "satanic, neo-nazi" ONA books advising rape and murder. In addition to this, he was described at the Old Bailey as a firearms enthusiast living with his two young sisters at the time of the arrest.[119] In June 2023, Vaughan plead guilty to new charges for his production of child pornography.[120]

On March 2, 2021, the Australian home affairs minister, Peter Dutton, accepted an Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) recommendation to label Sonnenkrieg Division a "terrorist organisation", citing their reach into Australia.[121] The Sonnenkrieg Division was officially proscribed in Australia on March 22, 2021.[39]

A Buckinghamshire man planned to attack his Jewish neighbours and broadcast it live in December 2022. High Wycombe Youth Court ordered him to take part in a two-year rehabilitation program in 2023.[122]

Germany (AWD Deutschland)[edit]

On June 1, 2018, in a video in German and English titled AWD Deutschland: Die Messer werden schon gewetzet ("AWD Germany: The knives are already being sharpened"), the group announced the establishment of a cell or branch in Germany, followed by the promise of a "long fight". The group's flyers were spotted in Berlin, targeting students.[123][124] In June 2019, Atomwaffen propaganda was discovered in a Turkish neighborhood in Cologne on the site of a nail bomb attack, threatening further similar attacks.[125]

An unnamed American activist had emigrated to Germany for safety reasons due to threats from Atomwaffen Division. In November 2018 they received a call from the Federal Criminal Police Office to urgently come to authorities. Atomwaffen members had traveled to Germany and the police believed they were in imminent danger of being murdered by the group based on a tip from the FBI.[126]

In October 2019, people claiming to be members of the organization sent death threats to German politicians Cem Özdemir and Claudia Roth. "At the moment, we are planning how and when we will execute you; At the next public rally? Or will we get you in front of your home?" read part of the message sent to the office of the Member of Bundestag,[127] who has Circassian roots. The death threats were condemned by Angela Merkel, and Interior Ministry spokesman Steve Alter commented the security services have "already had this group in their sights for some time".[128]

German T-Online managed to uncover the identity of one of the members of the group, who is referred to as "A" to comply with German privacy laws. "A" had previously instructed people on a now-defunct website how to handle chemicals and how to make the explosive HMTD. He also has a conviction for illegal possession of armor. According to the article "A" is also experienced in martial arts and his social media shows him practicing with guns. The group has a house for meetings somewhere in Eisenach in Thuringia.[129]

On February 5, 2020, a 22-year-old member was arrested in a Bavarian town near the Czech border and several firearms were confiscated from him. He is being investigated on suspicion of preparing a terrorist attack. According to the German police the man had announced his intention of "martyring" himself in an attack against their "enemies" to other members of the group. In addition to this he allegedly instructed others how to procure and smuggle illegal firearms.[130][131][16]

It emerged that the Halle synagogue shooting suspect Stephen Balliet was in possession of material by Atomwaffen Division, but his relationship to the group is unclear.[11]

In September 2021, a 20-year-old Marvin E. from the northern Hessian town of Spangenberg was arrested on suspicion of terrorism. The investigators found 600 self-made explosive devices belonging to him. According to the investigators the man had been in contact with the Atomwaffen Division.[132] On 8 May 2023 Marvin E. was found guilty of forming a local chapter of Atomwaffen Division in Hesse, building explosives, procuring firearms and planning attacks with them, he was sentenced to 3 years and 10 months in jail.[133]

In April 2022, hundreds of police officers in eleven federal states took action against suspected members of the "Atomwaffen Division". Among the 50 accused members is a Bundeswehr sergeant. Kalashnikov rifles and gold bars were confiscated in the raids in addition to money and ammunition.[134][17]

After months of observation, the police took action in Potsdam on June 3, 2022 and arrested a 17-year-old neo-Nazi said to have prepared right-wing terrorist attacks. The teen is said to have obtained instructions for the construction of weapons, ammunition and explosive devices and chemicals for the construction of explosive devices, as well as having built explosive devices and incendiary devices himself and carried out initial explosive tests. According to the investigators, findings in his house and business premises confirmed the suspicion. The Brandenburg Public Prosecutor's Office initiated proceedings on suspicion of preparing a serious act of violence that is dangerous to the state, violating the explosives law and using signs of unconstitutional organizations.[135]

On 4 October 2022, the trial of Maurice P. begun. Maurice is an alleged Atomwaffen Division member and is charged with attempted murder for cutting the throat of a Jamaican man, barely missing the carotid artery.[136]

Atomwaffen Division Europe is a subgroup for Ukrainians and Poles affiliated with the Germans. One of the leaders of the group is Patrick G. who is connected to far-right music label Neuer Deutscher Standard and far-right fashion brand Isegrim Clothing. The Polish police raided the apartment of a member and uncovered Nazi memorabilia and expensive body armor. According to an investigation by German Amadeu Antonio Foundation published on 19 April 2021, the members were acquiring Uzi submachine guns and had attended Azov training camps in Ukraine.[137]

Canada (Northern Order)[edit]

The group also has a presence in Canada via an affiliated organization called Northern Order that includes members of the Canadian Armed Forces. Members of the group have also been known to attend the Atomwaffen training camps in the United States.[138][139][140] One of the pseudonymous individuals found to be part of the group was a 21-year-old "Dark Foreigner" who creates propaganda for Atomwaffen.[141] The group celebrated the anniversary of the Quebec City mosque shooting by defacing Canadian mosques with neo-Nazi slogans. Gunfire was also reported outside a defaced mosque in Ottawa.[142][143]

A neo-Nazi affiliated with Atomwaffen serving in the Royal Canadian Navy was discovered to be selling handguns, assault rifles, grenades and RPG-7s from the Balkans to French neo-Nazis in Marseille. The man was discovered to be connected to Serbian Combat 18 and to another local neo-Nazi gang, "MC Srbi". It was confirmed the man had travelled to at least half a dozen cities in the Balkans to meet with his contacts and to procure firearms.[144][145][146]

Master Corporal Patrik Jordan Mathews, 26, a trained explosives expert, is among the Canadian Armed Forces members accused of being connected to the group and recruiting for it. He is also accused of being affiliated with The Base. In August 2019, two days after being outed by the Winnipeg Free Press as a neo-Nazi recruiter, his truck was found abandoned near the border and it was suspected he was smuggled across the border and had gone underground in the United States.[147][148] Mathews was arrested in Maryland by the FBI in January 2020. Also arrested were two other members of the group accompanying him: 33-year-old Brian Lemley, Jr, a US Army veteran, and 19-year-old William Bilbrough IV. According to the affidavit the men were building assault rifles and manufacturing the psychedelic drug DMT for occult rituals.[149] They also possessed body armor, a machine gun and in excess of 1600 rounds of ammunition. They faced a maximum sentence of 50 years for firearm offenses, including transporting a machine gun and transporting a firearm and ammunition with intent to commit a felony. Both men were each sentenced to nine years in prison after pleading guilty.[150]

According to the law enforcement officials the men had planned opening fire from multiple positions on the upcoming 2020 VCDL Lobby Day rally. Bilbrough had also previously talked about fighting with the Azov Battalion.[151][152][153] Mathews had instructed others to "Derail some fucking trains, kill some people and poison some water supplies ... If you want the white race to survive, you're going to have to do your fucking part." Lemley told that he could not wait and was excited "to claim my first kill", and said they could ambush and kill police officers and steal their equipment.[154]

Another Canadian neo-Nazi attempted to cross the US border a few months after Mathews in November 2019, but was detained by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Tactical Terrorism Response Team. It discovered an assault rifle, a shotgun and a pistol and a large amount of Atomwaffen Division propaganda. According to a Federal Bureau of Investigation affidavit, the man was going to meet American neo-Nazis with whom he had discussed attacking electrical sub-stations to cause power outages.[155]

On September 18, 2020, Toronto Police arrested 34-year-old Guilherme "William" Von Neutegem and charged him with the murder of Mohamed-Aslim Zafis. Zafis was the caretaker of a local mosque who was found dead with his throat cut. The Toronto Police Service said the killing was possibly connected to the stabbing murder of Rampreet Singh a few days prior a short distance from the spot where Zafis' murder took place. Von Neutegem is a member of the O9A and social media accounts established as belonging to him promote the group and included recordings of Von Neutegem performing satanic chants. In his home there was also an altar with the symbol of the O9A adorning a monolith.[156] According to Evan Balgord of the Canadian Anti-Hate Network, they are aware of more O9A members in Canada and their affiliated organization Northern Order.[157][158]

Canadian Armed Forces launched an internal investigation in October 2020 after a special forces soldier with the CJIRU identified himself as a member of the Northern Order and Order of Nine Angles. According to the SPLC, the man is among "some pretty well-known, high-up people in these organizations" and an acquaintance of Mathews and Mason.[159][160]

The group was designated as a terrorist organization on February 3, 2021.[38][161]

In May 2022, RCMP laid terrorism charge against Seth Bertrand of Ontario over alleged links to Atomwaffen. He was also charged with vandalizing a transgender centre.[162] In June 2022 the RCMP raided houses in St-Ferdinand and Plessisville in rural Quebec allegedly connected Atomwaffen Division.[163] La Presse subsequently reported the raids were related to an Atomwaffen training camp in an old school building in Victoriaville.[164] Member of the Northern Order Patrick Gordon Macdonald was arrested on July 5, 2023 by the Canadian Police and charged with participating in a terrorist group, facilitating terrorist activity, and commission of an offense for a terrorist group.[165]

On December 8, 2023, two Ontario men Kristoffer Nippak and Matthew Althorpe were charged with making propaganda for Atomwaffen and membership in a terrorist group.[166]

Baltic states (Feuerkrieg Division)[edit]

Flag of the FKD.

In October 2018, a group which is modeled after Atomwaffen and calls itself the Feuerkrieg Division (German for "Fire War Division") was established in the Baltic states, most likely in Saaremaa, Estonia where several members of its leadership reside.[167][168][169] In mid-2019, the Feuerkrieg gained attention when it issued death threats against Belgian MEP Guy Verhofstadt and YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki.[170] It has previously praised the actions of Dylann Roof, Robert Bowers, Timothy McVeigh and Brenton Harrison Tarrant, and encouraged violence against government authorities, Jews, LGBTQ people, leftists and feminists.[171][172] Propaganda videos produced by the group show its members building and detonating homemade explosive devices in Estonia.[173] Feuerkrieg has also shared a video among its members that instructs how to make TATP bombs, used by ISIS in the Manchester Arena bombing.[100] On June 13, 2019, Feuerkrieg Division announced their presence in Ireland and encouraged people in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and Germany to join the intercontinental network.[citation needed] Later that year the Gardaí announced it had deported a member of the Atomwaffen network from Ireland for his role in a murder plot.[174]

According to Eesti Rahvusringhääling, an investigation revealed that newly elected Estonian MP Ruuben Kaalep (EKRE) is connected to British neo-Nazi terrorists. Among these a founding member of the former National Action whose followers went on to form the British branch of the Atomwaffen Division, which subsequently opened a branch in Kaalep's native Estonia in the form of the Feuerkrieg Division.[175] ADL and Hope not Hate also confirmed that American and English Nazis and Azov members have visited Tallinn multiple times, organizing events with Kaalep and Feuerkrieg "which began in early 2019, originally organized with Sonnenkrieg" before becoming a full-fledged branch. The Finnish Resistance Movement from neighbouring Finland cooperates with the group as well.[176][177] Kaalep was also found to have been organizing firearms training with pistols and assault rifles to groups of youths recruited from Blue Awakening, some of whom wore skull masks associated with Atomwaffen and were shown doing Nazi salutes. Kaalep had said that they are ready for armed combat and the collapse of law and order. The Estonian Internal Security Service had earlier expressed its concern over his events.[178]

On September 2, 2019, the British police arrested a 16-year-old Feuerkrieg member for plotting a mass shooting and arson attacks. The army cadet had professed his admiration for Adolf Hitler and James Mason. Prosecutor Michelle Nelson said he adheres to "occult Nazism" and satanism. He had also allegedly surveyed the synagogues in the Durham area in preparation for the attack and talked with another man about buying a gun from him. He also tried to obtain a dangerous chemical from his neo-Nazi friend. The boy wrote in his journal how he needed to "shed empathy" in preparation for the attack.[179][180][181][182] The group published the addresses of the force's station buildings, custody suites and training centres in retaliation and encouraged its members and sympathizers to kill West Midlands Chief Constable Dave Thompson. It was added that all police are "race traitors" and that police stations should be "considered high value targets to any local NS [National Socialist]".[183] On November 20, 2019, he was found guilty of preparing a terrorist attack and several other terror offenses and is awaiting sentencing in custody.[184] In addition to the terror offenses, he is charged with sexually assaulting a 12-year-old girl.[185] He was eventually convicted of five sexual assaults in addition to the terror offenses.[186]

On October 8, 2019, Feuerkrieg Division took responsibility for the bombing of Western Union offices on the Balčikonis street in Vilnius, Lithuania, posting footage of the bomb being constructed and stated that "Our threats are not empty". Nazi symbols were also spray painted on the building.[187][188] The next day, a 21-year-old Luke Hunter appeared in court in London charged with terror offences, allegedly having supported the Feuerkrieg Division and encouraged the mass murder of Jews, non-white people and homosexuals. In December 2020 he was sentenced to four years in prison.[189][190] Subsequently, a 21-year-old Lithuanian named Gediminas Beržinskas was arrested and charged with the bombing and Lithuanian police removed a large quantity of explosives and firearms from his apartment. It was also revealed that his gang had previously been charged with the brutal beating and sexual assault of a teenage girl.[191] The Estonian Internal Security Service also stated that their operation had stopped a similar bombing from taking place in Estonia by another member of Feuerkrieg Division.[192]

On January 16, 2020, a 22-year-old Latvian named Arturs Aispurs was charged with preparing an act of terrorism for building a bomb he was planning to detonate in a crowd of "Muslims and foreigners" during the New Year's Eve celebration in Helsinki. During the search of his apartment the police found a large amount of propaganda in his possession linking him to the neo-Nazi network.[192] In response, Feuerkrieg Division announced that it was ceasing its public activities.[193][194] However, according to an investigation by Der Spiegel into firearm smuggling from the Balkans and Eastern Europe to Germany by Atomwaffen, the purported halt of activities was a ruse targeted at law enforcement, and that the group is still very much active.[130][16]

According to Eesti Ekspress, Estonian Internal Security Service detained a local teenager alleged to be one of the leaders and recruiters for the group, operating under the nickname "Commander" or "Kriegsherr" ("Warlord"). He had instructed others how to build bombs, spoke about planning attacks and encouraged members to take part in the paramilitary training. However, the authorities could not legally arrest him due to his minor status, and being not criminally liable. His alleged status in the group was also disputed by Eesti Ekspress.[195] In a published picture, the boy can be seen wearing a skull mask and holding a pistol, taking part in the firearms training organized by Kaalep, who is also believed to have taken part in the group's chats under the pseudonym "Kert Valter".[196][92][93][192][197]

In the United Kingdom, the Home Office announced on July 13, 2020, that it has designated the Feuerkrieg Division as a terrorist organization and the designation came into effect on July 17.[36][198] In addition John Mann, Baron Mann proposed "discussions with Estonian ministerial counterparts, given that the FKD and the Sonnenkrieg Division appear to have strong Estonian links ... to see what we can learn about the reason for the growth in such organisations in the Baltics".[199]

On September 2, 2020, Paul Dunleavy from Warwickshire appeared in Birmingham Crown Court, charged with preparing an act of terrorism. He had allegedly stated he was getting armed and in shape for a mass shooting to "provoke a race war", having acquired a handgun and ammunition for this purpose.[200] He was found guilty on October 2, 2020,[201] and was jailed for five years and six months.[202] On February 1, 2021, a Cornish teenager said to have been the leader of the UK branch of the Feuerkrieg Division pleaded guilty to 12 terrorism offences, making him one of Britain's youngest convicted terrorists. Police had previously raided his home in 2019 for firearms and had found bomb building instructions and O9A literature.[203][204] Luca Benincasa was sentenced to nine years and three months at Winchester Crown Court in January 2023. He had instructions on bomb making and was a recruiter and "prominent member" of the Feuerkrieg Division and ONA. He pleaded guilty to terrorism offences and possession of child porn.[205]

In May 2023, a large-scale operation took place across Austria where 10 people accused of being affiliated with Feuerkrieg were raided and arrested. The police also confiscated multiple firearms and Nazi paraphernalia. A Viennese man was accused of building bombs and calling for terrorist attacks.[206]

Russia (AWD Russland)[edit]

Flag of the AWDR

On May 31, 2020, Atomwaffen announced the formation of a new cell in Russia. It had allegedly received military training from the Russian Imperial Movement, designated a terrorist organization by the U.S. State Department. United States citizens affiliated with the group are also believed to have taken part.[207][208][63][209][210][80] Leader of the Atomwaffen Division Kaleb Cole allegedly was one of the Americans who was trained by RIM. The ties between Atomwaffen and RIM reach back to 2015 when Brandon Russell met with the leadership of RIM.[64][66][67][211]

BBC News Russian investigation managed to identify some of the members of the group. Some had previously been active in the banned National Socialist Society whose members committed 27 hate crime murders and decapitated a police informant.[212] The members published a Russian language translation of Brenton Tarrant's accelerationist manifesto. A copy of the book was found in the apartment of Yevgeny Manyurov who was allegedly inspired by it to shoot and kill multiple Federal Security Service agents in the Moscow FSB headquarters. The cell maintains contact with the rest of the Atomwaffen network and affiliated militants in Ukrainian Galicia. In July 2020 Security Service of Ukraine conducted a raid against allegedly affiliated neo-Nazis in Kiev who operated printing presses and sold printed versions of the manifesto and other Nazi literature. Another raid was conducted against a group of neo-Nazis in Odesa planning to burn down a synagogue. Firearms were seized in the raids. According to the Security Service of Ukraine both of these operations were masterminded by men from Russia.[12]

As is the case elsewhere, AWD Russland is connected to the Russian O9A chapter. The group is tied to numerous crimes, including burning down a church, sexual assaults, child prostitution, possession of occult extremist material and incitement to murder due to religious and racial hatred. Multiple members have been arrested and one was sent to involuntary psychiatric treatment.[213][214][215][216][217] On August 20, 2021, four O9A members were arrested for satanic ritual murders in Karelia and St. Petersburg. Two of them are also accused of large-scale drug trafficking as a large amount of narcotics was found in their home.[218][219][220] In October 2021 an AWD cell in Buryatia was arrested for having planned attacks against the government and migrants. The police seized firearms, explosives and Nazi paraphernalia from their hideout in Ulan-Ude.[221] Siege was banned as "extremist material" in response to Atomwaffen's activities in Russia.[222]

In December 2023, a neo-Nazi named Charlotte who belongs to Atomwaffen was arrested in Samara for "rehabilitation of Nazism and offending the sensitivities of believers". She is a singer and allegedly used a St. George's Ribbon, a cross and a picture of Patriarch Kirill in a demeaning way during a show. She is connected to people in Armenia and Georgia where she lived, leading to authorities taking swift action as she was considered a flight risk.

AWD Russland is part of a coalition of neo-Nazi groups taking part in Russian invasion of Ukraine consisting of AAST, Rusich Group and Russian Imperial Movement, with some overlap.[223][64][224][34][225][33]

Italy (Nuovo Ordine Sociale)[edit]

Already previously active in the Italian speaking Switzerland, by 2021, Atomwaffen had a full-fledged chapter in Italy with 38 members, formed in Savona. The group is called Nuovo Ordine Sociale or New Social Order in English. On January 22, 2021, the police arrested a 22 year old leader named Andrea Cavalleri in Savona and searched the houses of 12 other members in Genoa, Turin, Cagliari, Forlì-Cesena, Palermo, Perugia, Bologna and Cuneo in an anti-terrorism operation. Various firearms were seized. Cavalleri is suspected, among other things, of preparing to commit a mass shooting and the police believe they foiled an attack. Ten rifles and three pistols were confiscated from his house.[226][227] According to investigators he also had published and distributed propaganda inciting a revolution against "Zionist Occupation Government" and extermination of the Jewish people and "race traitors". Cavalleri also allegedly encouraged people to commit mass murder attacks like Anders Breivik and Brenton Tarrant and rape and kill enemies of the group. He is charged with forming a terrorist organization and incitement to criminal actions motivated by racial hatred. The NOS described itself as "A special unit of National Socialist revolutionaries" which "only welcomes warriors ready to die" and has "race war as its main purpose".[228][229][230][20][231]

On December 27, 2021, five Italian Atomwaffen leaders were arrested and searches were conducted in Pordenone, Brindisi, Milan, Turin, Ferrara, Modena, Verona and Bologna. Nazi propaganda and weapons were confiscated during the raids. The arrested leaders are suspected of distributing information on explosives.[232] On February 5, 2024, 24-year-old Luigi Antonio Pennelli was sentenced to 5 years in prison for "apologia and recruiting for Nazism". Pennelli had joined Atomwaffen two years prior.[233]

Finland (AWD Finland)[edit]

Atomwaffen Division Finland "Siitoin Squadron" (AWDSS) was formed after the ban of the Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) in 2019, following members of the underground group embracing accelerationism and occultism.[207][234][235][236] The AWDSS was announced on September 15, 2021, the anniversary of the adoption of the swastika flag and the Nuremberg laws in Germany, with footage of members holding assault rifles. However, the group had already been active long before the announcement, and a few of their members had previously been exposed by antifascist activists.[237] The former NRM accelerationists had been active temporarily as Kansallissosialistinuoret ("National Socialist Youth") prior to the formation of the AWDSS.[238][239] AWDSS also maintains particularly close relations with the Feuerkrieg Division in neighboring Estonia.[240] According to an investigation by Yleisradio, two thirds of the known members who were previously involved with NRM or Soldiers of Odin have a conviction for a violent crime, and multiple have been convicted of murder.[241][242][243] In their private chats Finnish Atomwaffen members talk about raping political enemies and publish videos of firearms training.[18]

AWDSS is connected to and shares membership with Finnish O9A nexions.[7] Finnish MP Vilhelm Junnila quoted a newspaper article about Atomwaffen that the nationally active group should be added to the list of proscribed organisations.[244] In September 2021, Save the Children foundation warned that extreme movements like Atomwaffen and O9A were grooming and recruiting children in Finland.[245][246] Five Finns were previously arrested for sexually abusing multiple children, and according to the police the activities involved "Nazism and satanism" and consumption of methamphetamine.[247][248] On September 25, 2021, Atomwaffen members assaulted antifascist counterdemonstrators to a Nazi demonstration in Helsinki and were arrested by the police at the scene.[citation needed] Atomwaffen and Finnish lodge of the Black Order also formed a border patrol militia in co-operation, recruiting former military police. According to Seura magazine, some members had previously served in the Azov Battalion.[249][250] In addition to Azov, the Russian Imperial Movement has also provided paramilitary training to the Finnish neo-Nazis.[251] Finnish neo-Nazis have been recruited for the training camps by Johan Bäckman and Janus Putkonen who are aligned with the Power Belongs to the People (VKK), a local pro-Russian party.[252][253][254][255][248]

On December 4, 2021, the Finnish police arrested a five-man cell in Kankaanpää on suspicion of planning a terror attack and confiscated numerous firearms, including assault rifles, forty kilos of explosives and hundreds of litres of explosive precursors. According to the Finnish media, the men were part of AWD Finland.[256][257][258][259][260] Further, they adhered to the ideology of accelerationism and ONA satanism.[261][262] The men are suspected of having planned to blow up a refugee centre in Niinisalo for which they had acquired explosives, and the men are suspected of homophobic assaults and arson of another refugee center.[263][264] In July 2023, the Finnish police arrested five men in Lahti who possessed assault rifles and adhered to accelerationism and Siege and planned to ignite a race war by attacking the infrastructure, electric grid and railroads.[265] The men discussed forming a new Atomwaffen cell, and discussed assassinating Prime minister Sanna Marin. It was reported the men had at least planned training in Russia, and had met with Janus Putkonen. Later Iltalehti confirmed the men had acquired training for the use of firearms and explosives.[266] Additionally the group committed burglaries against left-wing targets.[267] On October 31, 2023, the men from Lahti were convicted of terrorism offenses. A 29-year old Viljam Nyman was sentenced to 3 years and 4 months. A man born in 2001 was sentenced to 7 months of probation and another man born in 1996 was sentenced to 1 year and 9 months. The fourth man was sentenced to 1 year and 2 months in jail.[266] The Finnish Police also surveyed an O9A adherent and associate of Nyman who was suspected of planning a ritual murder and was subsequently arrested.[268] The man is also suspected of a string of letter bombs sent to Social Democrat, Green and Left party offices.[90]

As of November 2023, Finnish police is investigating at least three terrorism cases connected to ONA and Atomwaffen.[269] According to Iltalehti, the Finnish central nexion in Tampere[7] is potentially connected to unsolved murder cases in the city.[8]

France (L'Œuvre)[edit]

According to Le Parisien, a French man referred to as Simon planned a double mass murder with an Alsatian man known as Nicholas which was to occur on Hitler's birthday, April 20. As a preparation, Simon had already scouted around his former high school and a nearby mosque, in Seine-Maritime. Simon wrote that "[he] want[ed] to do worse than Columbine", also professing an admiration for mass murderer Anders Breivik. Simon was arrested and taken into custody on September 28, by the police from the General Directorate for Internal Security (DGSI). Brought before an anti-terrorism judge, he was indicted for "criminal terrorist association" and placed in pre-trial detention. At his home, investigators discovered a collection of around 20 knives and at least three firearms including a long rifle equipped with a telescopic sight and a shotgun. Through Atomwaffen Division, Simon came to meet his "brothers in arms", Leila B and Nicholas. Like Simon, Leila B. planned to carry out a deadly attack in her high school. She also planned to plant a bomb in the church closest to her home during the Easter holidays. Detected by the DGSI a few days before the planned day of action, she was indicted on April 8, 2021, for "criminal terrorist association".[270]

Argentina (AWD Argentina)[edit]

The existence of Atomwaffen Division affiliate in Argentina was first reported in early 2020. Tomás Gershanik of the Public Prosecutor's Office in Buenos Aires stated that Argentina is no exception, and the local chapter spreads propaganda in universities and organizes firearms drills. The expose by the media was spurred by Grand Rabbi Gabriel Davidovich of Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina being violently beaten by the Argentinian neo-nazis. According to Cyber Threats Research Centre (CYTREC) at Swansea University, AWD Argentina maintains contacts with Atomwaffen affiliated neo-nazis in neighbouring Brazil.[271][272][273][274] Atomwaffen Argentina is member of Iron Order, a coalition of accelerationist groups.[275] In October 2023, a new Atomwaffen cell was discovered in Mar del Plata by the police, and assault rifles were confiscated in raids.[276] Atomwaffen cells in Tucumán, Santa Fe and General Belgrano, Buenos Aires were also raided by the police, and some of the arrested were minors.[277][278]

Two Atomwaffen members were arrested for threatening a prominent Argentinian LGBT activist and "forming a white supremacist association".[278][277]

The attempted assassination of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner was inspired by Atomwaffen according to Tiempo Argentina.[279][280]

Brazil (AWD Brazil)[edit]

Since the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro, several organizations have worked to rapidly create neo-Nazi and far-right cells, counting up to 330 cells in 2019, this growth being even with the number of hate crimes.[281][282][283] The offshoot of the Atomwaffen Division has been active since June 2020, mainly responsible for translating and disseminating propaganda in Portuguese, to the distribution of a manual for making explosive devices.[284]

In May 2021, in the podcast "Infiltrado No Cast", presenter Ale Santos infiltrated an AWD Brasil chat, using false information, documenting the group's recruitment process.[285][286]

In November 2023, Brazilian Intelligence Agency arrested seven men affiliated with Atomwaffen in an operation titled "Operation Accelerare". Around 100 civil police officers participated in the action. They are charged with participation in a criminal group and promoting Nazism. The men were allegedly leaders of the neo-nazi cells in Rio Grande do Sul and Ceará. The police also raided 23 addresses in Rio Grande do Sul, Curitiba, São Paulo, Araçoiaba da Serra, Ribeirão Pires and Fortaleza where they seized electronic devices, weapons and nazi paraphernalia.[287][288]

Spain (Blue Division)[edit]

In September 2023, the Civil Guard and the Mossos d'Esquadra arrested two men in La Pobla de Cérvoles and El Campello, for planning terror attacks in order to provoke a "race war". Explosives and firearms were confiscated in the raid. The men had been involved with a project to create all-white rural community and stockpile firearms for the collapse of the society. Two months later, in December 2023, two men in Pamplona and Ronda were arrested for plotting similar terror attacks. According to the investigators the four men were involved with Atomwaffen Division and had produced Atomwaffen propaganda in Spanish. Besides stockpiling firearms and explosives, the men manufactured aphrodisiac psychoactive drugs. In addition to these late 2023 arrests, El Confidencial reported of two previous foiled terror attacks by affiliated men: A young man with 150 kilos of explosives planned to blow up the University of the Balearic Islands and a Mexican national living in Spain planned to attack a far-left demonstration with Asphyxiant gas.[289][290][291][292]

Later in December 2023, the Spanish Civil Guard arrested 11 leaders and an additional 11 individuals are under investigation for belonging to Nazi paramilitary group linked to Atomwaffen. Ten firearms, more than 9,000 cartridges, 34 bottles of sulfuric acid, explosive precursors, and numerous prohibited weapons were seized. The association had headquarters in the province of Málaga.[293]

In popular culture[edit]

Atomwaffen has been the subject of four full length documentaries, Documenting Hate: New American Nazis by PBS, "Im Verhör: Die Atomwaffen-Division" (parts one and two) by Spiegel TV and MSNBC's Breaking Hate: Atomwaffen Division.[294][295][296]

Karin Slaughter's book The Last Widow features Brandon Russell as a neo-Nazi leader.[297] Incendiary Attraction by Sarah Andre features afictional neo-Nazi group, "the Race", that is the sister group of Atomwaffen Division and it perpetrates a terror attack killing Muslims.[298] Ghost Hunter: Occultus by Martin J. Best mentions Atomwaffen and Sonnenkrieg as being tied to a satanic ritual murder.[299]

See also[edit]


Informational notes

  1. ^ US Canada Germany Russia
  2. ^ Modern standard German prefers Kernwaffen (lit.'nuclear weapons') for the concept.


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  25. ^ "We need to talk about Azov". Hill Times. July 26, 2022. The Azov Battalion has cultivated a relationship with members of the Atomwaffen Division as well as with U.S.-based militants from R.A.M
  26. ^ "Examining Atomwaffen Division's Transnational Linkages". The Cipher Brief. July 26, 2022. AWD has cultivated a relationship with the notorious Azov Battalion, which has emerged as a critical node in the broader WSE movement.
  27. ^ "Ukraine Could Become a Training Ground for Neo-Nazi Groups". Eye on European Radicalization. July 26, 2022. With the current state of chaos in Ukraine and porous borders near Poland, members of Atomwaffen Division and other neo-Nazis will be welcomed with open arms and plentiful resources provided by the Azov Regiment.
  28. ^ "Russia's misguided 'denazification' of Ukraine is a self-fulfilling prophecy". MSNBC. July 26, 2022. And although it is a relatively small battalion, estimated at only 900 volunteers, Azov's reputation and global reach is far bigger. The group has recruited foreign fighters from at least half a dozen countries and has globally become "a larger-than-life brand among many extremists," according to Katz. U.S.-based militants from the now-defunct Rise Above Movement, along with members of the terrorist group Atomwaffen Division, have been cultivated by Azov.
  29. ^ Ali Winston (October 8, 2023). "Revealed: neo-Nazi active club counts several of US military as members". The Guardian. In Telegram group chats with members of other violent neo-fascist groups, including the Base, Liel has claimed he was once affiliated with the Atomwaffen Division,
  30. ^ a b Mack Lamoureux (October 8, 2023). "Neo-Nazi Fight Clubs Are Fat-Shaming Men Into White Nationalism". Vice News. Other sources told VICE News that former members of the neo-Nazi group Atomwaffen, which has been designated a terrorist organization in Canada, are playing key roles in organizing active clubs north of the border.
  31. ^ "Dangerous Organizations and Bad Actors: Nordic Resistance Movement". Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. November 19, 2022. Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) is a neofascist and accelerationist organization with a strong propensity for violence...NRM is a neofascist organization with a propensity towards accelerationist tactics. While upholding traditional facets of neofascism, including the goal of establishing a white Nordic ethnostate, NRM's history also points to widespread support for other openly accelerationist organizations and simultaneous endorsements from explicitly accelerationist organizations and networks like the Iron March forum...NRM publicly supports a number of openly militant accelerationist organizations, including Atomwaffen Division (AWD) and Russian Imperial Movement (RIM).
  32. ^ "Combat training for European neo-Nazis in Russia". Lansing Institute. January 14, 2022. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  33. ^ a b "Putin's Stealth Mobilization". New America (organization). March 16, 2024. We also observed significant overlap between members of [RIM and Rusich] and well-known transnational White supremacist organization Atomwaffen Division...adherents of the Russian Imperial Movement, Rusich and related identitarian paramilitary groups such as...Atomwaffen Division
  34. ^ a b "Германская разведка сообщила о воюющих в Украине "российских неонацистах". Они и сами этого не скрывают". BBC News Русская служба. Архивировано из оригинала 28 мая 2022. Дата обращения: 28 мая 2022.
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  40. ^ "Australia to list Hamas as terror group". Seven News. February 17, 2022.
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  62. ^ "How Extremist Groups Are Responding to Covid-19 (6 May 2020)". Tony Blair Institute for Global Change. May 7, 2020. Archived from the original on May 15, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2020. The US Navy has expelled one of its officers after the revelation that he was a recruiter for neo-Nazi group Atomwaffen Division, which has been linked to several murders and terrorist plots in the US.
  63. ^ a b "V 'denacifikacijo' Ukrajine tudi ruski neonacisti (Russian neo-Nazis are also involved in the 'denazification' of Ukraine)". October 14, 2022. Among those listed, the Atomwaffen Division, founded in the USA, which is closely connected to both Russian and Ukrainian ultra-right groups, is certainly still operating illegally. In doing so, it cooperates with the Azov battalion, which is banned on the territory of Russia, and the Russian Imperialist Movement, which the US State Department estimates enables the training of white supremacists and neo-Nazis in Europe.
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  65. ^ Spencer Beswick (January 6, 2023). "The Jan. 6 coup blared an alarm about rising fascism. Will we hear it?". The Washington Post. With Trump out of office, a worrying number of fascist groups today are repeating the revolutionary turn of the 1980s, from neo-Nazis like the Atomwaffen Division (also known as the National Socialist Resistance Front), which has sought military training with both the Ukrainian Azov Battalion and the Russian Imperial Movement
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  67. ^ a b "We Applied to Join a Neo-Nazi Group Fighting in Ukraine". Unicorn Riot. December 25, 2022. Archived from the original on December 24, 2022. There has been an AWD cell in Russia since 2020 and it has close relations with the paramilitary, radical right group known as the Russian Imperial Movement. Many of the members of AWD have received military training from the latter.
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  212. ^ "Russian Neo-Nazi Murderers' Tough Sentences Welcomed". RadioFreeEurope. July 12, 2011. Archived from the original on July 6, 2020.
  213. ^ "ФСБ против темных сил: стала известна участь задержанных в российском регионе сатанистов". Komsomolskaya Pravda Radio. October 16, 2020.
  214. ^ "СРОЧНО: Суд в Карелии вынес приговор поджигателю Успенской церкви". Stolica Onego. October 16, 2020.
  215. ^ "Сатанист из Кондопоги планировал поджог церкви две недели". Komsomolskaya Pravda. October 16, 2020.
  216. ^ "Сатанинский поджог в Кондопоге: мальчика сгубили Интернет и вседозволеность". Moskovskij Komsomolets. October 16, 2020.
  217. ^ "Russian branch of Atomwaffen division outlines expectations for new recruits". SITE Intelligence Group. November 9, 2020.
  218. ^ "Casal de adoradores do diabo é acusado de sacrificar duas pessoas em rituais na Rússia" [Devil-worshipping couple accused of sacrificing two people in rituals in Russia]. Itatiaia (in Portuguese). August 21, 2021.
  219. ^ "Меру пресечения сатанистам по делу об убийстве петербуржца изберут в Приозерске". Fontaka. August 21, 2021.
  220. ^ "СК задержал еще двоих по делу сатанистов, совершавших ритуальные убийства в Ленобласти. И показал следственный эксперимент". Fontaka. August 21, 2021.
  221. ^ ""Атомная дивизия": в Бурятии задержаны неонацисты, подражавшие банде из США". October 20, 2021.
  222. ^ "Суд Петербурга признал экстремистским сборник Siege американского неонациста Мейсона". TASS. August 14, 2023.
  223. ^ Nacos, Brigitte (April 27, 2023). Terrorism and Counterterrorism. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781138317635. according to intelligence reports, members of the AWD trained with the Imperial Russian Movement in a camp outside of St. Petersburg
  224. ^ Dr Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, Samuel Hodgson, Dr Colin P. Clarke: The Russian Imperial Movement (RIM) and its Links to the Transnational White Supremacist Extremist Movement. ICCT Publications, 15 March 2024 . ICCT.
  225. ^ "Sextortion Coms: Inside a Vile Child Exploitation Cult Run by Nazi-Linked Teens". Unicorn Riot. March 13, 2024.
  226. ^ "Smantellata la rete dei suprematisti italiani: 'Faremo strage di ebrei'" (in Italian). La Stampa. January 23, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021. Con lui voleva creare una cellula italiana della «Atomwaffen Division», movimento neonazista e suprematista nato nel Sud degli Stati Uniti che ha compiuto diversi attentati. Cavalleri, per creare la sua cellula, era entrato in contatto con militanti americani di organizzazioni suprematiste come l'Awd [He wanted to create an Italian cell of the 'Atomwaffen Division', a neo-Nazi and supremacist movement born in the South of the United States which carried out several attacks. Cavalleri, to create his cell, had come into contact with American militants of the supremacist organization AWD]
  227. ^ "Terrorismo, ventiduenne arrestato a Savona per propaganda suprematista". La Stampa. January 23, 2021. Archived from the original on January 30, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
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  231. ^ "Alleged white supremacist arrested on terrorism charges". Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata. January 23, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  232. ^ "Struttura paramilitare suprematista, indagato un pordenonese". Il Friuli. December 27, 2021. Retrieved December 27, 2021.
  233. ^ "Apologia e proselitismo nazista, condanna a 5 anni per un 24enne". Rai News 24. February 5, 2024.
  234. ^ "The case against the Nordic Resistance Movement in Finland: an overview and some explanations". University of Oslo Center for Research on Extremism. Retrieved November 2, 2020. It is notable however, that some NRM activists have reasoned that only radical measures will be effective post-ban, thus coming to support e.g. the accelerationist model of activity. Certain members of the group have also appeared as contributors to publications that promote esoteric forms of neo-Nazism. A corresponding shift towards a more 'cultic' direction has also been observed in the United Kingdom after the banning of the National Action (NA).
  235. ^ "Satanistinen uusnatsiverkosto yllyttää terroritekoihin Suomessa – Supo: Ilmiö on merkillepantava". Iltalehti. June 12, 2022.
  236. ^ "European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report" (PDF). Europol. July 11, 2022. in mid-September 2021, AWD Finland was founded. The branch bears the name Atomwaffen Division Finland Siitoin Squadron (AWDSS). In its announcement, the group stated that its aim is to overthrow the Finnish government by any means necessary
  237. ^ Koch, Ariel (February 14, 2022). "The ONA Network and the Transnationalization of Neo-Nazi-Satanism". International Institute for Counter-Terrorism: 1–28. doi:10.1080/1057610X.2021.2024944. S2CID 245950861. The Finnish AWD cell called itself "Siitoin Squadron," after Pekka Siitoin - one of Finland's most prominent Cold War-era neo-Nazis who also embraced Satanism.
  238. ^ "Ekstremistinen puhe verkossa ja uutismediassa" (PDF). Valtioneuvosto. September 15, 2021.
  239. ^ "Näin uusnatsit värväävät taas alaikäisiä Suomessa – Toimintakieltoja kierretään lasten omalla natsikerholla". Seura. September 15, 2021.
  240. ^ "Mapping the Far Right" (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Foundation. July 3, 2022. Following the initial ban of the Nordic Resistance Movement in Finland in 2019, members formed Atomwaffen Division Finland "Siitoin Squadron" (AWDSS). AWDSS is well networked with the Estonian branch of Feuerkrieg Division
  241. ^ "Ylen selvitys paljastaa: Jopa kahdella kolmesta natsijärjestö PVL:n ja Soldiers of Odinin näkyvimmistä suomalaisjäsenistä on rikostaustaa". Finnish Broadcasting Company. December 3, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  242. ^ "Expressen: Almedalenissa myös Suomessa toiminut, murhasta tuomittu uusnatsi". Karjalainen. September 15, 2021.
  243. ^ "Finnish neo-Nazi jailed after death of man he attacked". Reuters. September 15, 2021.
  244. ^ "Valeuutinen Amerikan Malliin". September 30, 2021.
  245. ^ "Pelastakaa Lapset: Ääriliikkeet houkuttelevat nuoria riveihinsä salaliittoteorioilla ja groomingilla". MTV Uutiset. September 15, 2021.
  246. ^ "Pelastakaa Lasten raportti: Ääriliikkeet rekrytoivat nuoria erityisesti verkossa". Pelastakaa Lapset. September 15, 2021.
  247. ^ "KRP:n paljastamassa lasten hyväksikäyttöringissä raiskauksia, metamfetamiinilla huumaamista ja tekojen videointia ja eteenpäin jakoa – erityispiirteinä saatananpalvontaa ja natsismia". MTV Uutiset. September 15, 2021.
  248. ^ a b "Elämä vihan jälkeen". Tiedonantaja. July 17, 2023.
  249. ^ "Finnish White Nationalists Recruited to Patrol Border to Prevent Immigration". SITE Intelligence Group. October 22, 2021.
  250. ^ "Serbejä, syyrialaisia ja satanistinatseja – Tällaisiin toimijoihin Suomen äärioikeisto vaalii yhteyksiä". Seura. October 22, 2021.
  251. ^ "United States Designates Russian Imperial Movement and Leaders as Global Terrorists". US Department of State. April 7, 2020.
  252. ^ "Itä-Ukrainassa Venäjän puolesta taistelleet suomalaiset kehuskelevat kokemuksillaan – muualla Euroopassa vierastaistelijoita on tuomittu rikoksista". Finnish Broadcasting Company. January 12, 2022.
  253. ^ "Wednesday's papers: Neo-nazi training, employment discrimination, fighting swans". Finnish Broadcasting Company. January 12, 2022.
  254. ^ "Finnish Neo-Nazis attend paramilitary trainings in Russia". European Jewish Congress. January 12, 2022.
  255. ^ "Suomen uusnatsit hankkivat nyt oppia Venäjältä: järjestön koulutuskeskus järjestää haulikko- ja pistooliammuntaa, "partisaanikursseja" ja kieltää kiroilun". Helsingin Sanomat. January 12, 2022.
  256. ^ "Høyreekstreme terrorister har røtter i Norge". Aftenposten. February 4, 2024. Rett før jul arresterte politiet i Finland en celle på fem mann tilknyttet Atomwaffen Division Finland, mistenkt for å planlegge en terroraksjon [Just before Christmas, police in Finland arrested a five-man cell associated with Atomwaffen Division Finland, suspected of planning a terrorist attack]
  257. ^ "Äärioikeistolainen ideologia terrorismin näkökulmasta". Finnish Security and Intelligence Service. December 7, 2021.
  258. ^ "Onko poliisin tiedotustilaisuudessa välähtänyt verikoiralogo Kankaanpään epäillyn terroristiryhmän tunnus?". Kankaanpään Seutu. December 11, 2021.
  259. ^ "Europol: Kankaanpään "natsiporukka" oli kiinnostunut "satanistisesta uusnatsismista"". Iltasanomat. July 11, 2022.
  260. ^ "Europol paljasti hurjan väitteen Kankaanpään epäillyn terrorismiryhmän maailmanlopun satanismiaatteesta ja uudesta Suomen "Siitoinin uusnatsilaivueesta"". Satakunnan Kansa. January 2, 2023. Suomalaisen ryhmän nimi kuuluu kokonaisuudessaan Atomwaffen Division Finland Siitoin Squadron (AWDSS)
  261. ^ "Terroristiepäilyjen taustalla pahamaineinen Siege-kulttuuri – tästä siinä on kyse". Iltalehti. December 7, 2021.
  262. ^ "Kankaanpään epäiltyjen maailmankatsomus on marginaalinen jopa äärioikeiston sisällä – tutkijat kertovat, mitä akselerationismista tiedetään". Aamulehti. December 7, 2021.
  263. ^ "Terrorismitutkinta Äärioikeistolaisen ryhmän johtajaa epäiltiin myös vastaanottokeskuksen tuhopoltosta – Facebookiin ladattu kuva kiinnitti poliisin huomion". Helsingin Sanomat. July 13, 2023.
  264. ^ "Poliisi: Äärioikeistolainen ryhmittymä suunnitteli räjähdeiskua vastaanottokeskukseen – Olivat hankkineet dynamiittia". Helsingin Sanomat. June 30, 2023.
  265. ^ "Terrorismista epäilty Lahden uusnatsi vainosi tummaihoista perhettä – ampui konepistoolilla perheen postilaatikkoa ja julkaisi teosta videon". Yle. July 21, 2023.
  266. ^ a b "Kolmelle miehelle tuomiot terrorismirikoksista". Iltalehti. October 31, 2023.
  267. ^ "Viestittelyä Sanna Marinin ampumisesta ja junien suistamisesta – suurista aikeista huolimatta Lahden äärioikeistoryhmän iskut jäivät postilaatikoiden räjäyttelyyn". MTV News. September 13, 2023.
  268. ^ "Salaisuus metsässä". Yleisradio. November 8, 2023.
  269. ^ "Högerextrema rekryterar med nazism och satanism – så här vill de skapa kaos och kollaps". Hufvudstadsbladet. November 26, 2023. På kort tid har polisen utrett tre terroristiska brott med kopplingar till högerextremism och satanism.
  270. ^ "'Je veux faire pire que Columbine' : le projet de tuerie de masse d'un adorateur d'Hitler déjoué par la DGSI". Le Parisien. October 3, 2021.
  271. ^ "Atomwaffen Division & its Affiliates on Telegram" (PDF). Cyber Threats Research Centre (CYTREC), Swansea University. April 20, 2022.
  272. ^ "En busca del lobo solitario. Atomwaffen Division en Argentina". April 20, 2022.
  273. ^ "Extremist Content Online: Dylann Roof Glorified By White Supremacists On Telegram". Counter Extremism Project. April 20, 2022. The week of June 13 to June 19, CEP researchers located a Telegram channel claiming to represent the Atomwaffen Division (AWD) in Brazil. The channel has posted AWD propaganda translated into Portuguese, and contains a recruitment email address on the Tutanota secure email site.
  274. ^ "Rabino sufre violento ataque en Argentina". Última Hora (Paraguay). April 20, 2022.
  275. ^ "Militant Accelerationism Coalitions" (PDF). Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey - Tech Against Terrorism. June 21, 2022.
  276. ^ "Atomwaffen División, la red internacional neonazi con integrantes marplatenses". Channel 8 (Mar del Plata, Argentina). October 28, 2023.
  277. ^ a b "Las amenazas de la red Atomwaffen División: "Los putos, los masones y los judíos van a morir"". Channel 8 (Mar del Plata, Argentina). October 28, 2023.
  278. ^ a b "Descubren nueva corriente neonazis en Mar del Plata e imputan a dos personas". La Capital Mar de Plata. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  279. ^ "La campaña de una internacional neonazi que anticipó el atentado a CFK". Tiempo Argentina. December 4, 2023.
  280. ^ "Atom Waffen, el grupo neonazi que anticipó el atentado". Radio Nacional. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  281. ^ "Ameaças de neonazistas a vereadoras negras e trans alarmam e expõem avanço do extremismo no Brasil". El País-Brasil. January 10, 2021. Retrieved June 28, 2022.
  282. ^ "O caldeirão da Internet que agita fantasmas do nazismo no Brasil". El País-Brasil. February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  283. ^ "Sites neonazistas crescem no Brasil espelhados no discurso de Bolsonaro, aponta ONG". El País-Brasil. June 9, 2020. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  284. ^ "Brazilian Branch of Atomwaffen Distributes Manual for Simple Explosive Device". SITE Intelligence Group Enterprise. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  285. ^ "Infiltrado Na Klan brasileiro:Ale Santos". Mundo Negro. May 31, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  286. ^ "Ale Santos mostra como célula nazista está se formando no Brasil". Portal Rap Mais. June 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  287. ^ "Operação Accelerare III prende sete lideranças de grupos nazistas aceleracionistas". Civil Police (Brazil). November 14, 2023.
  288. ^ "Brasil toma medidas contra una nueva amenaza: los neonazis". The New York Times. Retrieved February 27, 2024.
  289. ^ "Sectores de extrema derecha violenta "aceleracionista" incitan a atacar a miembros de Vox". El Confidencial. December 13, 2023.
  290. ^ Enrique Arias Gil; Jesús Alfonso Hernández Gámez; Manuel Sánchez Carrero; Alberto del Campo de Sisteré; Miguel Jurado Gallardo (December 13, 2023). Aceleracionismo y extrema derecha: ¿Hacia una nueva oleada terrorista?. Grupo Editorial Círculo Rojo. ISBN 978-8413748016.
  291. ^ "Detenidos dos supremacistas en Lleida por enaltecer el terrorismo racista". La Vanguardia. December 13, 2023.
  292. ^ "Detenido un supremacista en Pamplona". Euskal Irrati Telebista. December 13, 2023.
  293. ^ "La Guardia Civil investiga a un segoviano por su implicación en un grupo paramilitar de ideología nazi". El Adelantado de Segovia. December 17, 2023.
  294. ^ "Looking for a Way Out". MSNBC. September 30, 2022.
  295. ^ "DOCUMENTING HATE: NEW AMERICAN NAZIS". PBS. September 30, 2022.
  296. ^ "Rechts, radikal und extrem gefährlich – das ist die »Atomwaffen Division«". Der Spiegel. January 1, 2023.
  297. ^ The Last Widow. Karin Slaughter. p.275, ISBN 9783959673518, 30 September 2022
  298. ^ Incendiary Attraction - Sarah Andre, ISBN 9781946310057, 30 September 2022
  299. ^ Ghost Hunter: Occultus - Martin J. Best, ISBN 9798727084205, 30 September 2022