The QBB-95 Light machine gun with a bipod attached
|Type||Bullpup light machine gun|
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|In service||1997 (observed)-present|
|Used by||See Users|
QBZ-95 (assault rifle)
QBZ-97 (assault rifle for export)
QBU-88 (designated marksman rifle)
|Weight||3.95 kg unloaded (8 lb 7 oz)|
|Length||840 mm (33.1 in)|
|Barrel length||600 mm (23.6 in)|
|Cartridge||5.8×42mm DBP87 (QBB-95), 5.56×45mm NATO (QBB-97)|
|Action||Short stroke Gas-operated with rotating bolt|
|Muzzle velocity||970 m/s (3181 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||600–800 m|
|Feed system||30-round detachable box magazine, 75-round detachable drum magazine|
The QBB-95 (Type 95) (Chinese: 轻武器, 步枪, 班用, 1995; pinyin: Qīngwuqi, Bùqiāng—Bānyòng, 1995; literally: "Light weapon, Rifle, Squad based, 1995") is the light support weapon variant of the Chinese Type 95 family. Based on the QBZ-95, the standard issue to most PLA units, most parts and ammunition of them are interchangeable (while small number of units are issued with Type 56, Type 81, or Type 03 Assault rifle, the latter of which also chambers the same 5.8×42mm DBP87 round). This family includes a standard Assault rifle variant, a compact carbine variant and this particular light support weapon/Squad automatic weapon variant. The longer, heavier barrel and 80-round drum magazine of the QBB-95 allow sustained firing, however the standard 30-round box magazine is also compatible.
Though the QBB-95 and QBZ-95 both take 5.8×42mm ammo, the QBB-95 normally uses DBP88 "heavy round" machine gun cartridges, which have longer range, deeper armor penetration and better ballistics at long range. As using the heavy rounds on a QBZ-95 would greatly wear the barrel and action, normal cartridges are used on QBZ-95 rifles. However, with the fielding of the QBZ-95-1 variant, newer and heavier DBP10 cartridges will become the standard ammunition for both weapons.
Following the development of the improved QBZ-95-1 rifle, its features were developed into the QBB-95-1 LSW. As an assault rifle, it already had the barrel features to fire heavy DBP10 ammunition, so the ergonomic enhancements of the new rifle design were incorporated into the new QBB-95-1 light machine gun.
The weapon is manufactured by Norinco for the People's Liberation Army, the armed forces of the People's Republic of China. An export version known as the QBB-97 family is also available, which fires the 5.56×45mm NATO round.