|Near Lossiemouth, Moray in Scotland|
Thoir An Aire (Be Careful)
Shown within Moray
|Type||Royal Air Force station|
|Owner||Ministry of Defence|
Royal Air Force 1939–1946 and 1972–PresentFleet Air Arm 1946–1972
|Group Captain Paul Godfrey OBE MA RAF|
|Identifiers||IATA: LMO, ICAO: EGQS, WMO: 03068|
|Elevation||13 metres (43 ft) AMSL|
Royal Air Force Lossiemouth or more commonly RAF Lossiemouth or RAF Lossie (IATA: LMO, ICAO: EGQS) is a military airfield located on the western edge of the town of Lossiemouth in Moray, north-east Scotland.
Lossiemouth is one of the largest and busiest fast-jet stations in the Royal Air Force and known for its close proximity to flight training areas in Scotland and its favourable local flying conditions. It is now the only operational RAF station in Scotland and is one of two main operating bases for the Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4 in the United Kingdom. It is home to three front-line units which operate the Typhoon (No. 1 Squadron, No. 2 (AC) Squadron and No. 6 Squadron) each of which contribute to the Quick Reaction Alert (Interceptor) North capability which provides continuous protection of UK airspace.
The airfield opened in 1939 and was operated by the RAF, predominately as part of Bomber Command, until 1946 when it transferred to the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) and became known as RNAS Lossiemouth or HMS Fulmar. Lossiemouth was used as a training station by the FAA until it was handed back to the RAF in September 1972, after which it has largely operated as a fast-jet base.
Investment in infrastructure is planned at Lossiemouth in order to accommodate the RAFs new fleet of Boeing P-8A Poseidon aircraft, which are expected to enter service in 2020. A further squadron of Typhoons is expected to take up residence by April 2019.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Construction (1938–1939)
- 1.2 Second World War (1939–1945)
- 1.3 Fleet Air Arm years – HMS Fulmar (1946–1972)
- 1.4 Return of the Royal Air Force (1972–1991)
- 1.5 Transition from Shackleton and Buccaneer to Tornado (1991–1999)
- 1.6 21st century (2000 – present)
- 2 Future
- 3 Facilities
- 4 Structure and operations
- 5 Squadrons and aircraft
- 6 Station commanders
- 7 Community relations and media
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Bibliography
- 11 External links
Construction started during the summer of 1938, when 220 hectares of agricultural land was acquired in order to accommodate the airfield. The land was cleared of vegetation and buildings and by the spring of 1939 several wooden huts were present. Group Captain P.E Maitland was the first station commander and took up post in March 1939, with the station formally opening on 1 May 1939. The first unit to take up residence at Lossiemouth was No. 15 Flight Training School (FTS), initially equipped with thirteen Airspeed Oxfords and five Hawker Harts. Aircraft were stored in the open until the first hangars were completed in August 1939. That same month tragedy struck when three crew members were killed during a mid-air collision between two Oxfords.
Second World War (1939–1945)
At the outbreak of the Second World War a detachment of Seaforth Highlanders was sent to Lossiemouth to guard the station and anti-aircraft defences were installed. Flying activity increased with No. 15 FTS receiving further Oxfords and Harts and the introduction of the North American Harvard. Eleven Fairey Battles were also delivered for storage. The first front-line aircraft to operate from Lossiemouth were a detachment of twelve Vickers Wellington bombers belonging to No. 99 Squadron. They arrived for a short period in November 1939 to take part in attack missions targeting the German cruiser Deutschland, which was operating between Iceland and the Shetland Isles.
January 1940 saw a detachment of No. 44 Squadron and No. 50 Squadron Handley Page Hampdens arrive to take part in offensive patrols over the North Sea. However the operation was short-lived as a result of bad weather, with the aircraft returning to their home base in mid February.
A detachment of No. 9 Squadron spent a short period of time operating Wellingtons during April 1940, before being replaced by No.107 Squadron and No. 110 Squadron which were equipped with Bristol Blenheims. During this period the first loss to enemy action of an aircraft operating from Lossiemouth occurred when three Blenheims were shot down over Norway.
It soon became apparent that the frequent detachments of bomber aircraft were disrupting the training programme at Lossiemouth and therefore, due to the strategic importance of the station as a base for bomber aircraft, it was decided to relocate No. 15 FTS to RAF Middle Wallop in Hampshire. On 27 April 1940, after the unit’s departure, Lossiemouth transferred to No. 6 Group of RAF Bomber Command and No. 20 Operational Training Unit (OTU) was established, initially operating Wellingtons and Avro Ansons.
No. 46 Maintenance Unit (MU) was also formed in April 1940. No. 46 MU’s role was to modify and fit-out new aircraft before they were forwarded to front-line squadrons. A variety of aircraft were serviced including Hawker Hurricanes, de Havilland Tiger Moths, Hawker Audaxes, and a de Havilland Hornet Moth. The unit primarily used six Robin and eight Super Robin hangars, however due to a shortage of space many aircraft were stored in fields outside the station.
One officer and two aircrew were killed on 26 October 1940 when RAF Lossiemouth was attacked by the Luftwaffe for the first time. The attack by three Heinkel He 111s resulted in the destruction of two Blenheims and damage to two Miles Magisters, two Moths and a Hurricane. Three hangars were also damaged, the resultant holes from cannon fire still visible today. One of the Heinkels crashed on the airfield, having either been hit by ground fire or destroyed by its own bombs. All four Luftwaffe pilots are buried in a Lossiemouth churchyard. As a result of the raid, Hurricanes of No. 232 Squadron were moved to RAF Elgin to protect the area from future attacks.
Flying activity in early 1941 was limited due to the poor condition of the airfield, however improved weather in the Spring increased activity from No. 20 OTU and No. 46 MU, as well as from continued bomber detachments. Operational sorties were predominately undertaken by Blenheims of No. 21 Squadron, No. 82 Squadron, No.110 Squadron and No. 114 Squadron. However, by the winter of 1941 the airfield had become so muddy that the Wellingtons of No. 20 OTU were temporarily relocated to RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk. The increased activity by No. 46 MU resulted in two satellite landing grounds (SLG) being established to store aircraft off-site. These were at RAF Black Isle (No. 42 SLG) where Bristol Beaufighters were kept and RAF Leanach (No. 43 SLG) near Culloden, where Hurricanes and Supermarine Spitfires were stored.
Lossiemouth was used during 1942 as a base to launch several unsuccessful missions to sink the German battleship Tirpitz, which at the time was operating in Norwegian fjords. The first missions were undertaken in January 1942 by a detachment of thirteen Shorts Stirlings of No. 15 Squadron & No. 149 Squadron and thirteen Handley Page Halifaxes of No. 10 Squadron & No. 76 Squadron. Further attempts were made during March by Avro Lancasters of No. 44 Squadron and Halifaxes of No. 10 Squadron. Lancasters of No. 9 Squadron later joined the operation. 1942 also saw numerous accidents involving No. 20 OTU aircraft, many of which resulted in death and serious injuries. These accidents were attributed to a combination of fatigued aircraft, inexperienced crews and poor weather. Wellingtons of No. 20 OTU were also involved in strategic bombing raids on German cities throughout 1942, the training aircraft being required to help reach the target number of 1000 bombers per raid. The airfield’s first surfaced runways were constructed by an engineering battalion of the US Army Air Force in late 1942 and helped to reduce interruptions to flying as a result of the grass strips being affected by poor weather. The three runways were 1,828 m (runway 06/24), 1,371 m (09/27) and 1,280 m (01/19) in length. A new control tower was also constructed.
In September 1943, Wellingtons of No. 20 OTU's 'C' Flight moved to the second of Lossiemouth's satellite airfields, RAF Milltown, located 3 miles to the south-east. By now No. 46 MU were concentrating their work on Bristol Beaufighters and Lancasters and the SLG at RAF Leanach had been replaced with a new site at Dornoch golf course, which became known as RAF Dornoch (No. 40 SLG). No. 20 OTU received its official crest in 1943, with two examples cast in concrete being constructed at Lossiemouth and RAF Elgin. The crest at Lossiemouth no longer exists and although little now remains of the airfield at Elgin, the concrete crest is still in place and acts as a war memorial for those who served there.
Further operations against the still active Tirpitz took place between September and November 1944. Operation Catechism finally resulted in the German battleship being sunk near Tromsø on 12 November 1944. A total of thirty-eight Lancasters of No.9 Squadron and No. 617 Squadron launched from Lossiemouth, Kinloss and Milltown and successfully destroyed the vessel with their Tallboy bombs. Nearly 50 years later No. 617 Squadron transferred to Lossiemouth and was permanently based there between 1993 and 2014. Examples of the Tallboy, Grand Slam and Up Keep bouncing bomb were on display within the squadron site during this time.
In July 1945, after the end of hostilities in Europe, No. 20 OTU was disbanded and No. 46 MU continued to prepare aircraft for operations in the Far East where the war continued. After the war ended, No. 46 MU began the enormous task of breaking-up surplus aircraft for scrap. At one point there were around 900 aircraft present at the airfield awaiting disposal. On 28 July 1945 Lossiemouth was transferred to No. 17 Group of RAF Coastal Command, with the arrival of No. 111 OTU from the Bahamas shortly thereafter. By August 1945 the unit was operating forty-one Consolidated B-24 Liberators, ten Halifaxes and a single North American B-25 Mitchell. The unit continued operating until July 1946 before it was disbanded.
Fleet Air Arm years – HMS Fulmar (1946–1972)
Lossiemouth transferred from the Royal Air Force to the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) on 2 July 1946 and became known as Royal Navy Air Station (RNAS) Lossiemouth or alternatively as HMS Fulmar. On the FAA taking control, No. 46 MU moved to RAF Elgin. Lossiemouth was used as a training station by the FAA with pilots receiving basic training before progressing to RNAS Culdrose (HMS Seahawk) in Cornwall for instrument training. RAF Milltown also transferred to the FAA and became known as HMS Fulmar II. It operated as a Deck Landing Training School and it was here that the last stage of training was practised before students could land on HMS Theseus in the Moray Firth. The first FAA squadron, No. 766 Naval Air Squadron, arrived in August 1946 and predominately operated Supermarine Seafires and Fairey Fireflies until its departure to RNAS Culdrose in 1953. In order to replace poor quality war-era facilities, seven hundred new married living-quarters were constructed in Lossiemouth and Elgin in the late 1940s, with the first opening in September 1949. This arrangement differed from the RAF, who typically constructed living-quarters within their airfield boundaries. In 1952 and early 1953 Lossiemouth's runways were upgraded and extended to their present lengths and during that time aircraft temporarily operated from Milltown.
The Naval Air Fighter and Strike Training School transferred to the station in 1953 and over the next decade a wide variety of aircraft operated from Lossiemouth in the training role, including Supermarine Seafires, Fairey Fireflys, Hawker Sea Hawks, Hawker Sea Furys, Supermarine Scimitars, De Havilland Sea Venoms, and Hawker Hunters. Four Gloster Meteors were used as target-towers. One of the first squadrons of the recently established Federal Germany Navy was formed at Lossiemouth in May 1958 under NATO cooperative policy. No. 764 Naval Air Squadron had responsibility for training German crews on twelve Sea Hawks which operated in German Navy markings. A commissioning ceremony was attended by British and German naval and political figures.
In 1958 it was announced that station facilities were to be upgraded at a cost of £3 million, including the refurbishment of living accommodation and the creation of the Fulmar Club social club. Princess Alexandra opened a new officers mess in July 1965.
The Blackburn Buccaneer arrived in March 1961 when No. 700Z Naval Air Squadron was created as an Intensive Flying Trials unit to evaluate the aircraft's weapons, systems and performance. Initially the squadron operated two aircraft, increasing to five by the end of 1961. The first operational Buccaneer squadron (No. 801 Naval Air Squadron) was established on 17 July 1962, followed by No. 809 Naval Air Squadron in January 1963 and No. 800 Naval Air Squadron in March 1964. The Buccaneer was capable of delivering nuclear weapons as well as conventional weapons for anti-shipping warfare, and was typically active in the North Sea area during its service. Buccaneers also embarked on aircraft carriers HMS Victorious, Eagle, Ark Royal and Hermes. On 28 March 1967 Buccaneers from Lossiemouth bombed the shipwrecked supertanker Torrey Canyon off the western coast of Cornwall to make the oil burn in order to avoid an environmental disaster. The mid-1960s saw further investment in facilities at Lossiemouth including new living quarters and messes.
The 1966 Defence White Paper saw the withdrawal of most British military forces stationed East of Suez during the 1970s, reducing the need for aircraft carriers and fixed-wing naval aviation such as the Buccaneer. At the same time, the aircraft had been identified to fulfil a requirement by the RAF for a medium-range interdictor and tactical strike aircraft. As a result, No. 736 Naval Air Squadron began training RAF air and ground crews on the Buccaneer in 1969. The late 1960s saw the FAA draw down its activities at Lossiemouth, although Fairey Gannets of No. 849 Naval Air Squadron were transferred from RNAS Brawdy to Lossiemouth on 13 November 1971. The last Buccaneers of No. 809 Naval Air Squadron left on 25 September 1972, leaving only the Gannets and search and rescue helicopters.
Return of the Royal Air Force (1972–1991)
The station was returned to Royal Air Force control on 28 September 1972, with the first RAF squadron operating from the new RAF Lossiemouth being 'D' Flight, No. 202 Squadron in the helicopter search and rescue role. The Jaguar Conversion Team (designated No. 226 Operational Conversion Unit on 1 October 1974) arrived in May 1973 and was tasked with training the RAF's first SEPECAT Jaguar crews. By late 1974 two front-line Jaguar squadrons (No. 6 Squadron and No. 54 Squadron) were operational.
In August 1973, No. 8 Squadron and their twelve Avro Shackleton AEW.2s, operating in the airborne early warning (AEW) role, moved to Lossiemouth from nearby RAF Kinloss. The Shackleton was an interim solution to the RAF's AEW requirement, which saw the gradual replacement of the Fleet Air Arm's Fairley Gannets, culminating in the disbandment of No. 849 Naval Air Squadron in November 1978. Towards the end of the 1970s, two non-flying defence units took up residence at the station, starting with the arrival in December 1978 of No. 48 Squadron RAF Regiment equipped with Rapier surface-to-air missiles. July 1979 saw the formation of No. 2622 (Highland) Royal Air Force Auxiliary Regiment in the ground defence role. From 1978 to 1980, before moving to RAF Chivenor in Devon, No. 2 Tactical Weapons Unit operated the Hawker Hunter from Lossiemouth.
The Buccaneer made a return to Lossiemouth in the 1980s, this time operated by the RAF and in the maritime strike role. The first aircraft arrived in November 1980 when No. 12 Squadron transferred from RAF Honington in Suffolk, followed by No. 208 Squadron in July 1983. The remainder of the RAF's Buccaneer fleet arrived in October 1984 when No. 237 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU), took up residence. Although having the role as the Buccaneer training unit, No. 237 OCU was also assigned to Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) in the overland laser designation role in support of the RAF's Jaguars.
During the 1991 Gulf War, personnel from all three Buccaneer squadrons found themselves taking part in Operation Granby, the aircraft's first combat operation. Following a short-notice decision to deploy to the Middle East, the first batch of six aircraft were rushed to readiness in under 72 hours, including the adoption of desert-pink camouflage and additional war-time equipment. Nearly everyone at Lossiemouth was involved in preparation for the detachment, with personnel working non-stop, day and night, to the extent that the Station Commander, Group Captain Jon Ford was reported by colleagues to have hardly slept for three days. The first six aircraft departed from Lossiemouth for Muharraq in Bahrain at 04:00 on 26 January 1991. In the Gulf, twelve Buccaneers operated in the target designation role, and it became common for each attack formation to comprise four Tornados and two Buccaneers; each Buccaneer carrying a single Pave Spike laser designator pod and acting as backup to the other in the event of an equipment malfunction. The Buccaneer force became known as the 'Sky Pirates' in reference to the maritime history of the Buccaneer. Each aircraft had a Jolly Roger flag painted on its port side, alongside nose art featuring female characters. In recognition of their Scottish roots, the Buccaneers were also named after Speyside whiskeys such as Glenfiddich, Glen Elgin and The Macallan. With hostilities ending in late February 1991, the Buccaneers flew 218 missions during the war without loss, designating targets for other aircraft and later also dropping 48 of their own Paveway II laser-guided bombs.
Transition from Shackleton and Buccaneer to Tornado (1991–1999)
The intended replacement for the ageing Shackleton AEW.2, the British Aerospace Nimrod AEW.3, suffered considerable development difficulties which culminated in the aircraft being cancelled during 1986, in-favour of an off-the-shelf purchase of the Boeing Sentry AEW1. This enabled the last Shackletons to be retired in July 1991 and the transfer of No. 8 Squadron to RAF Waddington in Lincolnshire to equip with their new aircraft.
It had originally been planned for the Buccaneer to remain in service until the end of the 1990s, having been extensively modernised in a process lasting up to 1989; the end of the Cold War stimulated major changes in British defence policy, many aircraft being deemed to be surplus to requirements. In order to allow for the early retirement of the Buccaneer, twenty-six Panavia Tornado GR1s were modified to GR1B standard allow use of the BAe Sea Eagle missile so that the aircraft could take over the RAF's maritime strike capability. The draw-down of the Buccaneer fleet began on 1 October 1991 when No. 237 OCU was disbanded, followed by No. 12 Squadron in September 1993. No. 27 Squadron, then at RAF Marham, disbanded and immediately re-formed at Lossiemouth as No.12 Squadron, operating the Tornado GR1B.
In 1992, No. 237 Field Squadron of the Territorial Army was formed with responsibility for Airfield Damage Repair (ADR). This squadron became part of No. 76 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers) of the Royal Engineers, responsible for ADR in the north of England and across Scotland.
The Tornado Weapons Conversion Unit, renamed No. 15 (Reserve) Squadron, arrived from RAF Honington in Suffolk on 1 November 1993. The last Buccaneers were withdrawn in April 1994 when No. 208 Squadron disbanded. No. 617 Squadron then transferred to Lossiemouth from RAF Marham in Norfolk with its Tornado GR1Bs.
No. 48 Squadron RAF Regiment and their Rapiers left Lossiemouth for RAF Honington on 1 July 1996.
No. 15 (Reserve) Squadron increased in size in 1999 after the closure of the Tri-national Tornado Training Establishment (TTTE) at RAF Cottesmore. The squadron became the RAF's Tornado GR4 Operational Conversion Unit, training pilots and weapon systems operators before postings to front-line Tornado squadrons at Lossiemouth and RAF Marham. The squadron accepted aircrew straight from advanced flying training at RAF Leeming and RAF Valley and provided refresher courses for experienced aircrew returning to the Tornado GR4 following other tours of duty. The squadron also trained aircrew officers from foreign nations who are posted to the UK on two to three year exchange tours.
21st century (2000 – present)
In order to concentrate the entire Jaguar fleet in one location, No. 16(R) Squadron with eleven aircraft and around 100 personnel, departed Lossiemouth for RAF Coltishall in Norfolk in July 2000, bringing to an end Lossiemouth's 27-year association with the Jaguar. After the arrival of No. 14 Squadron and its Tornado GR1s from RAF Brüggen in Germany during January 2001, Lossiemouth became the busiest fast-jet station in the RAF.
F-35 Lightning II and threat of closure
The Ministry of Defence announced in November 2005 that Lossiemouth would be the main operating base for the RAF's new F-35 Lightning II fleet, which at the time was expected to enter service in 2013.
The Strategic Defence and Security Review, which was announced by the newly formed Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government in May 2010, cast doubt on whether the F-35 would be based at Lossiemouth and raised fears in the local community that the station could close, with its Tornado squadrons moving to RAF Marham in Norfolk, where engineering work for the aircraft was already based. On 7 November 2010 up to 7,000 people took part in a march and rally in Lossiemouth in support of retaining the RAF station, including Scotland's then First Minister Alex Salmond and other political leaders. With Moray being the area of Scotland which had the most dependence on defence spending, it was feared the closure of RAF Lossiemouth as well as the confirmed closure of nearby RAF Kinloss would lead to economic uncertainty and a significant increase in unemployment. A petition with more than 30,000 signatures was delivered to 10 Downing Street by campaign members on 11 January 2011.
After a significant public campaign to retain the airfield the Ministry of Defence announced on 18 July 2011 that both Lossiemouth and Marham would remain open with Lossiemouth's Tornados moving south to Marham. RAF Leuchars in Fife would close and transfer to the British Army, with the station's Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4s and responsibility for Quick Reaction Alert (Interceptor) North (QRA) relocating to Lossiemouth. It was subsequently confirmed by the Ministry of Defence in March 2013 that the F-35 Lighting II would be based at Marham rather than Lossiemouth.
Potential use as spaceport
Commercial spaceflight company Virgin Galactic announced in July 2006 that they were interested in using Lossiemouth as a spaceport, with the intention to start flights in 2010. Elected representatives for Moray, Angus Robertson MSP and Richard Lochhead MP lent their support to the proposals and held talks with the Scottish and UK Governments to promote the concept. After a two-year review looking at the potential of commercial spaceflight in the UK, the UK Space Agency announced in July 2014 that Lossiemouth was among eight shortlisted sites throughout the UK that could potentially accommodate a spaceport. However, in March 2015, the UK government ruled out Lossiemouth as well as nearby RAF Kinloss as candidates due to opposition from the Ministry of Defence, who cited overriding operational factors. The decision was criticised by local politicians.
RAF Lossiemouth Mountain Rescue Team (MRT)
With the closure of nearby RAF Kinloss and transfer of the station to the British Army in July 2012, the RAF Kinloss Mountain Rescue Team (MRT) became the RAF Lossiemouth MRT. The team continued to operate from their existing purpose built base at Kinloss Barracks for over two years, until they moved into a 'D' Flight No. 202 Squadron hangar in February 2015.
Transition from Tornado to Typhoon
As a further consequence of the Strategic Defence and Security Review, No. 14 Squadron disbanded on 1 June 2011, reducing the number of Tornados based at Lossiemouth.
In 2012 new combined mess facilities and accommodation for junior ranks as well as senior non-commission officers (SNCO) was completed, replacing separate buildings constructed in the 1960s, which were subsequently demolished. The new facility was opened by the then station commander Group Captain Ian Gale and the Lord Lieutenant of Moray, Grenville Johnston.
Following the announcement in 2011 that Lossiemouth would remain open, £17 million was spent in 2013 upgrading elements of the airfield in preparation for the arrival of the Typhoon, with a further £70 million set aside for following years. Work included the construction of new Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) facilities in the northern hardened aircraft shelter (HAS) complex, alterations to hangars 1 and 3 and new ground-support IT and communication systems. During March 2014, three Typhoons from RAF Leuchars arrived at Lossiemouth to take part in Exercise Moray Venture, a week-long operation to test new facilities ahead of the aircraft's arrival later that year.
In preparation for the phased transfer of Typhoons to Lossiemouth and draw-down of the RAF's Tornado fleet, No.12 Squadron and No.617 Squadron disbanded on 1 April 2014. A fly-past by four Tornados as part of a ceremony to mark the occasion and attended by Prince Andrew, Duke of York was cancelled due to bad weather. The disbandment of the two squadrons left XV(R) Squadron as the only remaining Tornado unit based at Lossiemouth.
The first Typhoon unit, No. 6 Squadron, transferred from RAF Leuchars to Lossiemouth on 20 June 2014. Nine aircraft arrived in formation in the shape of a number 6. No. 1 Squadron, followed on 8 September 2014, at which point the responsibility for Quick Reaction Alert (North) transferred from RAF Leuchars to Lossiemouth.
The third Typhoon squadron based at Lossiemouth, No. 2 (AC) Squadron, arrived in January 2015. In preparation for the squadron's arrival, work commenced in October 2014 to refurbish the southern HAS complex, which was formerly occupied by No.617 Squadron. At a cost of £23 million, the work involved the refurbishment of all nine aircraft shelters, construction of a hard-standing to create a new flight-line capable of accommodating eight aircraft, provision of new flood-lighting and the upgrading of dining facilities. A new headquarters building was constructed on the site of a World War II era K-type hangar (K20) which was demolished in 2010. The building features space for engineering and logistics facilities, a survival equipment section, classroom facilities and office space. The work was completed ahead of schedule in January 2016 and allowed No. 2 (AC) Squadron to operate independently from other squadrons at Lossiemouth.
In May 2015 construction began on a new 250m x 16m section of taxiway to provide improved access between the QRA facilities in the northern HAS site and runway 23/05. The new taxiway was constructed by 53 Field Squadron, part of 39 (Air Support) Engineer Regiment of the British Army, based at nearby Kinloss Barracks. The project was completed in September 2015 with the new section now designated as 'taxiway Q'.
In preparation for the planned withdrawal of the Tornado GR4 from RAF service in 2019, No. 15 (Reserve) Squadron disbanded on 31 March 2017. Aircraft and crews were absorbed into front-line squadrons at RAF Marham where refresher training on the Tornado will be carried out when required. To mark the occasion, on 17 March 2017, five Tornados from the squadron carried out a flypast of the former RAF base at Leuchars, the weapons range at RAF Tain and Aberdeen International Airport, before performing a simulated airfield strike on RAF Lossiemouth on-front of base personnel, families and friends. A disbandment parade was held on 31 March 2017, signifying the end of twenty-four years of Tornado operations at Lossiemouth. Over 750 current and former squadron personnel attended the ceremony where the “Sands of Kuwait”, a tune written to commemorate the 1991 Gulf War (the squadron's last battle honour), was played on the bagpipes and a Tornado fly-past took place.
End of search and rescue (SAR) operations
In 2006 the Labour government announced its intentions to privatise the search and rescue (SAR) helicopter service in the UK. A ten-year contract worth £1.6 billon was signed in March 2013 with Bristow Helicopters who would run the service from 2015 with new AgustaWestland AW189 and Sikorsky S-92 helicopters. Consequently, SAR helicopter operations in the north-east of Scotland ceased at Lossiemouth and moved to Inverness Airport, located 30 miles to the west. 'D' flight of No. 202 Squadron disbanded on 1 April 2015 with its Westland Sea King HAR3s being placed in storage at RAF Valley, Anglesey, bringing nearly 43 years of search and rescue operations at Lossiemouth to an end. Due to their prominent role, the Sea Kings were a familiar sight in the skies above Scotland, having been involved in several high-profile incidents such as the Piper Alpha disaster and Lockerbie bombing and regularly appearing in local and national media during search and rescue operations.
Prior to the disbandment, a farewell party to be held by 'D' Flight personnel to thank the local community for their support, was cancelled by RAF officials. There was widespread criticism of the decision; however the RAF considered that the event could contravene campaigning rules for the upcoming UK general election, as it could be perceived as being political in nature.
Local charity, Morayvia, successfully secured the purchase of former Lossiemouth Sea King 'XZ592' from the Ministry of Defence in March 2015. It is intended that the aircraft will be retained in Moray and used as an exhibit as part of Morayvia's planned Science and Technology Experience Project at Kinloss. The Sea King joined Hawker Siddeley Nimrod MR2 'XV244' which the group also purchased.
Maritime patrol aircraft announcement
On 23 November 2015, then Prime Minister David Cameron announced to the British Parliament that the RAF would be purchasing nine new Boeing P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft as part of the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review. The aircraft and 400 extra personnel are to be based at Lossiemouth and at least three aircraft would be operational by April 2020. At the Farnborough Air Show on 11 July 2016 the Ministry of Defence and Boeing confirmed the a deal had been agreed and that they intend to work jointly to build a new £100m P-8A operational support and training base at Lossiemouth, creating more than 100 new jobs.
The Boeing P-8A Poseidon procurement has also meant that another £400 million will be invested at RAF Lossiemouth. The money will be used to upgrade the runways and taxiways and provide additional buildings associated with the new aircraft.
Additional front-line Typhoon squadron
The Defence Secretary Michael Fallon announced at the Scottish Conservative Conference on 4 March 2016 that Lossiemouth was a preferred option to accommodate an additional Typhoon squadron and 400 personnel. The squadron would be one of two extra Typhoon squadrons for the RAF which were announced as part of the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review. It is expected to be operational from April 2019.
Lossiemouth Development Programme
The Defence Infrastructure Organisation formally announced the Lossiemouth Development Programme (LDP) on October 2016 through the publication of a prior information procurement notice. The LDP would deliver the buildings and airfield infrastructure to allow the additional Typhoon squadron and new Poseidon aircraft to operate from Lossiemouth, such as the new control tower, Defence Fire and Rescue Service facilities and single and family living accommodation. Professional consultancy firm WYG Plc. have been appointed as programme manager of the LDP.
In February 2017 an environmental impact assessment (EIA) screening opinion for redevelopment work was submitted to Moray Council in its role as the local planning authority. The submission to Moray Council outlined the following proposed works at at the station.
- Redevelopment of existing buildings and construction of new buildings to accommodate the Poseidon aircraft and additional Typhoon squadron.
- Construction of new buildings including a new hangar (with dimensions of approximately 165.86m x 103.85m x 19.15m) for Poseidon aircraft, which is to be located near the northern perimeter of the airfield.
- Refurbishment and/or extension of hangar no.2 and support facilities for the additional Typhoon squadron.
- Construction of a replacement airfield fire station
- Construction of new living accommodation (for officers, senior non-commissioned officers, junior ranks and transit accommodation) providing approximately 450 bedrooms across three and four storey high buildings.
- Construction of support buildings including Typhoon synthetic training facilities and in-flight catering facilities.
- Demolition of buildings.
- Construction of a replacement air traffic control (ATC) tower and control room facility, up to 26m high. The new tower is to be sited in a different location to the existing 1940's tower which is 14m high and which is to be demolished.
- Existing aircraft taxiways are to be resurfaced, widened or re-routed and new aircraft taxiways and aprons are be constructed. There are no proposals to alter the existing runways.
Hangars at Lossiemouth date from the Second World War and comprise three C-type, one J-type, six L-type, four K-type and a Bellman type. The northern hardened aircraft shelter (HAS) complex has nine shelters and QRA facilities and the southern complex has a further nine shelters. Both HAS complexes were constructed in the 1970s.
The airfield boundary has changed over time and several former Super Robin hangars, dating from the Second World War, still exist out-with current airfield boundary although are no longer in military ues. Examples include one at Silverhills Farm, one at Salterhill Farm and a third within the grounds of Gordounston School. Former airfield dispersals are also still evident in the same vicinity. Hangar K20 which was located beside the southern boundary of the airfield was demolished in 2010. One L-type at the north of the airfield and a Bellman type (hangar 5) were demolished in the 2000s.
During the Tornado's tenure at Lossiemouth, the station was home to two Tornado GR4 flight simulators which are operated by Thales UK. BAE Systems operate a Typhoon Simulator Emulated Deployable Cockpit Trainer (EDCT). Aviation fuel is supplied to Lossiemouth through a 40.6 mile stretch of the CLH Pipeline System which connects the airfield to a fuel depot in Inverness.
In common with other defence establishments in Scotland and Northern Ireland, CarillionAmey, a joint venture between Carillion and Amey, provide hard facilities management and maintenance at Lossiemouth.
A category B listed building, the Old Manse (formerly the Captain's House or Drainie Manse), acts as the station commander's house and is located close to the entrance to the station. The building dates from 1853 and was home to the first naval captain of the station after the Second World War and therefore became known as the Captain's House.
St Aidan's Church is located on the station and provides personnel with spiritual guidance and support.
Structure and operations
The current RAF Lossiemouth structure comprises:
- No. 1 Group (Air Combat) RAF
- No. 2 Group (Air Combat Support) RAF
- No. 22 Group (Training) RAF
- No. 38 Group (Air Combat Service Support) RAF
- RAF Lossiemouth Mountain Rescue Team (MRT)
Three wings support the flying squadrons and the RAF Regiment. The Engineering & Logistics Wing is responsible for maintaining engineering support and supply including weapons and survival equipment on aircraft. It is also responsible for the maintenance and repair of aircraft not currently flying on squadrons and the station support equipment and vehicles.
The Operations Wing plans and controls all flying and major exercises on station and manages all activities that have a direct impact on flying operations. This includes intelligence gathering, weather forecasting and communications systems.
The Base Support Wing manages all support functions for the station’s infrastructure and personnel, such as health and safety, medical centre, non-flying training, accommodation, family support and the deployment of Station personnel.
The Typhoon FGR4 provides the RAF with a multi-role combat capability which can be deployed on range of operations such as air policing, peace support and high intensity conflict. Lossiemouth Typhoon squadrons have seen active duty against ISIS in Iraq and Syria as part of Operation Shader and have also participated in the NATO Baltic Air Policing mission where they operated from Ämari air base in Estonia.
Quick Reaction Alert
Lossiemouth’s three Typhoon squadrons are responsible for maintaining the Quick Reaction Alert (Interceptor) North mission (QRA(I)N). Aircraft and crews are held at a high state of readiness, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, in order that they can respond to unidentified aircraft approaching UK airspace. QRA missions range from civilian airliners which have stopped responding to air traffic control, to Russian aircraft such as the Tupolev Tu-95 Bear and Tu-160 Blackjack testing NATO air-defences.
No. 5 Force Protection Wing
No. 5 Force Protection Wing HQ provides operational planning and command & control to the two field squadrons attached to the wing, No. 51 Squadron RAF Regiment and No. 2622 (Highland) Squadron's (RAuxAF), whose purpose is to protect RAF bases at home and abroad from ground attack.
No. 2622 Squadron consists primarily of RAF Regiment gunners trained in infantry skills, but it also has a limited number of personnel in support duties. The unit’s role is to provide officers and gunners to supplement the regular RAF Regiment, on worldwide operations and exercises. It is the only squadron in the RAF or RAuxAF to have its own Pipes and Drums band, which formed in 1999 and is open to both Service and civilian members. It is also the only operational squadron to have spent its entire existence based at Lossiemouth.
Air Training Corps – Highland Wing
Lossiemouth is home to the Highland Wing of the Air Training Corps. A new Air Cadet Regional Centre was opened in October 2014 which contains the Highland Wing headquarters, activity centre with a flight simulator, radio communications training room, IT Suite and several briefing rooms. Overnight residential accommodation for 48 cadets and 8 adult staff is also provided. The centre was named after and opened by retired Group Captain Phil Dacre.
Squadrons and aircraft
List of past, present and future flying units and major non-flying units permanently based at Lossiemouth.
|Service||Unit||Aircraft / Role||From||Date From||Date To||To|
|RAF||No. 15 Flight Training School (15 FTS)||North American Harvard, Airspeed Oxford, Hawker Hart, Miles Master||Formed||1 May 1939||20 April 1940||RAF Middle Wallop|
|RAF||No. 46 Maintenance Unit||Various||Formed||15 April 1940||15 February 1947||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 20 Operational Training Unit||Vickers Wellington, Avro Anson, Westland Lysander, Miles Martinet||Formed||27 May 1940||17 July 1945||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 57 Squadron||Bristol Blenheim||RAF Wyton||24 June 1940||13 August 1940||RAF Elgin|
|RAF||No. 21 Squadron||Bristol Blenheim||RAF Watton||24 June 1940||29 October 1940||RAF Watton|
|RAF||No. 82 Squadron||Bristol Blenheim||RAF Bodney||18 April 1941||3 May 1941||RAF Bodney|
|RAF||No. 21 Squadron||Bristol Blenheim||RAF Watton||27 May 1941||14 June 1941||RAF Watton|
|RAF||No. 21 Squadron||Bristol Blenheim||RAF Watton||7 September 1941||21 September 1941||RAF Watton|
|RAF||No. 111 Operational Training Unit||Consolidated Liberator, Handley Page Halifax, Vickers Wellington||The Bahamas||27 July 1945||1946||Disbanded|
|FAA||Station Flight||Various||Formed||June 1946||February 1973||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 766 Naval Air Squadron||Fairey Firefly, Hawker Sea Fury, Supermarine Seafire, North American Harvard, Miles Martinet||RNAS Rattray||4 August 1946||3 October 1953||RNAS Culdrose|
|FAA||No. 764 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Sea Fire, Fairey Firefly||Re-formed||18 May 1953||23 September 1953||RNAS Yeovilton|
|FAA||No. 804 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||RNAS Lee-on-Solent||30 October 1953||10 May 1955||HMS Eagle (R05)|
|FAA||No. 736 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk, Supermarine Scimitar||RNAS Culdrose||4 November 1953||26 March 1965||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 738 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Fury, Hawker Sea Hawk, De Havilland Sea Venom||RNAS Culdrose||9 November 1953||1 January 1964||RNAS Brawdy|
|FAA||No. 802 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||RNAS Lee-on-Solent||23 November 1953||13 September 1956||RNAS Ford|
|FAA||No. 759 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Sea Fire, Hawker Sea Fury, Gloster Meteor, De Havilland Sea Vampire||RNAS Culdrose||28 November 1953||12 October 1954||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 801 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||14 March 1955||10 October 1956||HMS Centaur (R06)|
|FAA||No. 811 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||16 March 1955||16 May 1956||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 810 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||4 July 1955||6 August 1956||HMS Bulwark (R08)|
|FAA||No. 804 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||6 February 1956||27 January 1958||HMS Ark Royal (R09)|
|FAA||No. 803 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||14 January 1957||31 March 1958||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 806 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk||Re-formed||14 January 1957||13 April 1959||HMS Eagle (R05)|
|FAA||No. 764 Naval Air Squadron||Hawker Sea Hawk, Westland Wyvern, Supermarine Scimitar, Hawker Hunter||RNAS Ford||24 June 1957||27 July 1972||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 803 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Re-formed||3 June 1957||1 October 1966||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 807 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Re-formed||1 October 1958||15 May 1961||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 800 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Re-formed||1 July 1959||25 February 1964||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 804 Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Re-formed||1 March 1960||15 September 1961||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 700Z Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Formed||7 March 1961||15 January 1963||Re-designated 809 NAS|
|FAA||No. 801 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Re-formed||17 July 1962||27 May 1965||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 809 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Former 700Z NAS||15 January 1963||26 March 1965||Re-designated 736 NAS|
|FAA||No. 800 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Re-formed||18 March 1964||23 February 1972||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 800B Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Formed||9 September 1964||25 May 1965||HMS Eagle (R05)|
|FAA||No. 764B Naval Air Squadron||Supermarine Scimitar||Formed||26 Match 1965||23 November 1965||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 700B Naval Air Squadron||Buccaneer||Formed||9 April 1965||30 September 1965||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 750 Naval Air Squadron||Sea Venom||RAF Hal-Far, Malta||23 June 1965||26 September 1972||RNAS Culdrose|
|FAA||No. 801 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Re-formed||14 October 1965||21 July 1970||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 809 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Re-formed||27 January 1966||5 October 1971||RAF Honington|
|FAA||No. 803 Naval Air Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||Re-formed||3 July 1967||18 December 1969||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 849 Naval Air Squadron||Fairey Gannet||RNAS Brawdy||19 November 1970||15 December 1978||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 849D Naval Air Squadron||Fariey Gannet||RNAS Brawdy||9 December 1970||26 January 1972||Disbanded|
|FAA||No. 849B Naval Air Squadron||Fariey Gannet||RAF Luqa, Malta||16 December 1970||15 December 1978||Disbanded|
|RAF||Jaguar Conversion Team||SEPECAT Jaguar||Formed||30 May 1973||1 October 1974||Re-designated No. 226 OCU|
|RAF||No. 8 Squadron||Avro Shackleton AEW2||RAF Kinloss||14 August 1973||1 July 1991||RAF Waddington|
|RAF||No. 54 Squadron||SEPECAT Jaguar||Re-formed||29 March 1974||15 August 1978||RAF Coltishall|
|RAF||No. 226 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU)||SEPECAT Jaguar||Former Jaguar Conversion Team||1 October 1974||November 1991||Re-designated as No. 16 (Reserve) Sqn|
|RAF||No. 6 Squadron||SEPECAT Jaguar||Re-formed||2 October 1974||15 November 1974||RAF Coltishall|
|RAF||No. 2 Tactical Weapons Unit||Hawker Hunter, Hawker Siddeley Hawk||Formed||31 July 1978||1 August 1980||RAF Chivenor|
|RAF||No. 202 Squadron (D Flight)||Westland Whirlwind HAR10, Westland Sea King HAR3||RAF Finningley||August 1978||1 April 2015 ||Disbanded|
|RAF Regt.||No. 48 Squadron (RAF Regiment)||BAe Dynamics Rapier Anti-Aircraft Missile||Re-formed||December 1978||1 July 1996||Disbanded|
|RAuxAF||No. 2622 RAuxAF Squadron||Airfield Ground Defence||Formed||July 1979||Present|
|RAF||No. 12 Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||RAF Honington||1 November 1980||1993||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 208 Squadron||Blackburn Buccaneer||RAF Honington||July 1983||31 March 1994||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 237 Operational Conversion Unit (OCU)||Blackburn Buccaneer||RAF Honington||18 October 1984||1 October 1991||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 16 (Reserve) Squadron||SEPECAT Jaguar||Former 226 OCU||November 1991||20 July 2000 ||RAF Coltishall|
|TA||No. 237 Field Squadron (Territorial Army)||Airfield Damage Repair||Formed||1992 ||21 May 1999||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 12 Squadron||Panavia Tornado GR1B/4||Re-formed||1 October 1993 ||1 April 2014 ||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 15 (Reserve) Squadron||Panavia Tornado GR1/4||Former 45(R) Squadron at RAF Marham||1 November 1993 ||31 March 2017 ||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 617 Squadron||Panavia Tornado GR1B/4||RAF Marham||April 1994 ||1 April 2014 ||Disbanded|
|RAF||No. 14 Squadron||Panavia Tornado GR4||RAF Brüggen, Germany||January 2001 ||1 June 2014 ||Disbanded|
|RAF Regt.||No. 51 Squadron (RAF Regiment)||Airfield Ground Defence||RAF Honington||June 2001 ||Present|
|RAF||No. 6 Squadron||Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4||RAF Leuchars||January 2015 ||Present|
|RAF||No. 1 Squadron||Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4||RAF Leuchars||September 2014 ||Present|
|RAF||No. 2 Squadron||Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4||Re-formed||12 January 2015 ||Present|
|RAF||RAF Lossiemouth Mountain Rescue Team||Mountain Rescue Team||RAF Kinloss||February 2015 ||Present|
|RAF||To be announced (TBC) - Announced March 2016.||Eurofighter Typhoon FGR4||Expected to be operational by April 2019.|
|RAF||TBC - Announced November 2015.||Boeing P-8 Poseidon||Expected to be operational by 2020.|
A partial list of Lossiemouth station commanders.
- Group Captain Percy E Maitland AFC MVO, (1939)
- Group Captain J F Hobler (1944–1945)
- Captain F. M. A. Torrens-Spence DSO, DSC, AFC, RN (1958)
- Captain Douglas G Brown (1965 – 13 September 1967)
- Captain Eric 'Winkle' Brown CBE, DSC, AFC, Hon FRAeS, RN (13 September 1967 – March 1970)
- Group Captain M M J Robinson (29 September 1972 – 8 October 1974)
- Group Captain Raymond J Offord (8 October 1974 – July 1975)
- Group Captain J R Walker (July 1975 – 13 February 1976)
- Group Captain R I Stuart-Paul (13 February 1976 – 1978)
- Group Captain D E Caldwell (1978 – 8 August 1980)
- Group Captain R A F Wilson (8 August 1980 – 8 October 1982)
- Group Captain P D Oulton (8 October 1982 – 30 November 1984)
- Group Captain K B Latton (30 November 1984 – 1986)
- Group Captain B E A Pegnall (1988–1990)
- Group Captain J A F Ford
- Group Captain Graham A Miller
- Group Captain A T Hudson
- Group Captain Chris M Nickols CB CBE, February (2000–2003)
- Group Captain Stephen J Hillier KCB CBE DFC (2003–2004)
- Group Captain Russ J Torbet CBE (2004 – 8 December 2005)
- Group Captain M L Roberts MBE MA MBA RAF (8 December 2005 – October 2007)
- Group Captain Al Monkman DFC ADC MA BA RAF (October 2007 – 5 October 2009)
- Group Captain Andy C Hine OBE MA RAF (5 October 2009 – 24 November 2011)
- Group Captain Ian Gale MBE MA RAF (24 November 2011 – 8 November 2013)
- Group Captain Mark W J Chappell ADC RAF (8 November 2013 – 27 November 2015)
- Group Captain Paul A. Godfrey OBE, MA, RAF (November 2015 – present)
- Group Captain J R E Walls (expected to take role in November 2017)
Community relations and media
The RAF and local community of Moray enjoy good relations, as demonstrated in 1992 by the station receiving the Freedom of Moray from the then Moray District Council. The freedom was granted in recognition of the role RAF Lossiemouth has played in the defence of the nation and in particular, the greatly valued contribution which has been made by the station to the day-to-day life of Moray. The strong connections between RAF Lossiemouth and Moray were further strengthened on the signing of the Armed Forces Covenant between Moray Council, other community partners and the RAF in 2012 and again in 2016. The strong cooperation was recognised in November 2016 when the Ministry of Defence awarded Moray Council an award for its supportive attitude towards the armed forces. The RAF contributes significantly to the local community both in terms of economic expenditure, employment and activities in the wider community. In 2010, Highlands and Islands Enterprise identified that RAF Lossiemouth contributed £90.3m to the local economy and supported 3370 jobs in Moray.
The RAF organise the annual charity Lossiemouth Raft Race, which involves both military and civilian teams racing home-made rafts along the River Lossie, adjacent to Lossiemouth's East Beach. The race was established in 1976 and is attended by thousands of onlookers. A Family and Friends Day also takes place where military families and civilians with connections to the station are invited to a small scale air-show, held annually during May. The RAF have also provided photo opportunities for aviation enthusiasts during exercises such as Joint Warrior.
The RAF Lossiemouth station magazine is called the Lossie Lighthouse, in reference to the nearby Covesea Skerries Lighthouse. The magazine is distributed to station personnel, their families and the local community. It is also available online at the RAF Lossiemouth web page.
RAF Lossiemouth has featured in several television and radio documentaries –
- Shackleton – The End of an Era was a 1984 programme produced for Granada TV examining the history of the Shackleton aircraft and featuring No. 8 Squadron whilst at Lossiemouth.
- The Old Grey Ladies of Lossiemouth produced by Grampian TV, captured the final months of Shackleton operations in 1990 before their withdrawal from service.
- Rescue was a thirteen part series which followed the Sea Kings of No. 202 Squadron 'D' Flight for a year and was shown on Grampian TV in 1990.
- The BBC TV series Perpetual Motion featured No. 8 Squadron and their Shackletons in an episode of the series in January 1992.
- 'Gloria Hunniford at RAF Lossiemouth' was a BBC Radio 2 programme broadcast in 1993 in which TV and radio presenter Gloria Hunniford talked to personnel from Lossiemouth and accompanied a helicopter crew on an air sea rescue training exercise.
- JetSet was a six-part series produced by STV in 2006 which followed trainee Tornado GR4 crews as they passed through a six-month operational conversion course with No.15 Squadron. The programme was narrated by Scottish actor Ewan McGregor, whose brother Colin McGregor was a Tornado pilot at Lossiemouth prior to his retirement in 2007.
- Pine 1983, p. 232.
- Hughes 1993, p. 4-6.
- Smith D J 1983, p. 142.
- Hughes 1993, p. 6.
- Hughes 1993, p. 6-7.
- Hughes 1993, p. 7.
- "Aberdeenshire Council Sites and Monuments Record – Moray – NJ26NW0045 – RAF Lossiemouth". Aberdeenshire Council. 18 February 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Hughes 1999, p. 110.
- Hughes 1993, p. 9.
- Hughes 1999, p. 111.
- Hughes 1993, p. 10.
- Hughes 1999, p. 112.
- Hughes 1993, p. 11.
- "Elgin Airfield | Canmore". canmore.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Tirpitz, November 12 1944". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
- Asmussen, John. "Tirpitz - The "Tall Boy" and "Grand Slam" Bombs". Bismarck & Tirpitz. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- Hughes 1993, p. 13.
- "RAF Lossiemouth – History". RAF Lossiemouth. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- Hughes 1999, p. 116.
- Hughes 1993, p. 15.
- Hughes 1993, p. 22.
- Hampshire, A. Cecil (1958). "Training the Naval Fighter Pilot". Flight. 1 August: 165–167.
- "German Naval Air Squadrons Commissioned". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- Hughes 1993, p. 16.
- "Up among the 700Z men". Flight International. 1 February 1962.
- Bishop and Chant 2004, p. 65, 71–72, 74.
- Hughes 1993, p. 19.
- "Gulf War Buccaneer Operations". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- "RAF bases list during Operation Granby". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- Gething, Michael J (March 1994). "The Buccaneer Bows Out: Valediction for the Sky Pirate". Air International. Key Publishing. 46 (3): pp. 137–144. ISSN 0306-5634.
- Jefford et al. 2005, p. 115.
- "15(R) Squadron". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
- Jefford, Wing Commander MBE, BA, RAF (Retd) C.G. (2001). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
- "RAF Lossiemouth, Station History". RAF Lossiemouth. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "XV(R) Sqn". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "Jaguars high-tail it to new home". BBC News. 20 July 2000. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "Other Units". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "RAF bases receive aircraft boost". BBC News. 17 November 2005. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Thousands join march to support RAF Lossiemouth". BBC News. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- Harding, Thomas; Johnson, Simon (14 December 2010). "RAF Lossiemouth to be saved at expense of Leuchars". Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "RAF Lossiemouth petition lands at 10 Downing Street". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "RAF to pull out of Leuchars as RAF Lossiemouth stays". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "Threatened RAF Marham Tornado base to stay open". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "RAF Lossiemouth loses Joint Strike Fighter bid". BBC News. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Defence Estate rationalisation update". Ministry of Defence. Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- "Space flights 'from Scots base'". BBC News. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- Hughes, Mark (9 May 2009). "Branson wants to create a spaceport in Scotland". The Independent. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Spaceport UK: Locations for launch sites unveiled". New Scientist. Reed Business Information Ltd. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Summary and government response to the consultation on criteria to determine the location of a UK spaceport" (PDF). gov.uk. Department of Transport. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- McArdle, Helen. "Anger as Moray bases axed from spaceport shortlist, as Prestwick remains in the running". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "RAF Kinloss mountain rescue team 'to relocate'". BBC News. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "We follow in the footsteps of giants – RAF Lossiemouth Mrt are now based at RAF Lossiemouth at Last.". heavywhalley. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
- "Squadrons Disbanded". Royal Air Force. 1 March 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "RAF Lossiemouth CO makes a right old mess of former Navy building". STV News. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "Lossiemouth's £24m facility proving a massive all-round hit". STV News. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- Mackenzie, Ruth (9 September 2014). "1 Squadron arrive at RAF Lossiemouth in formation". Press and Journal. Aberdeen Journals Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Alexander, Michael (9 August 2014). "MoD quizzed on £87 million for RAF Lossiemouth". The Courier. DC Thomson & Co, Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Rollo, Sarah (21 March 2014). "Early glimpse of RAF Lossiemouth Typhoons". The Northern Scot. Scottish Provincial Press Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Farewell (for now) to 2 historic RAF squadrons". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Copping, Jasper (28 Mar 2014). "Rain on Dambusters parade cancels final flypast". Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Typhoons leave RAF Leuchars for Lossiemouth base". BBC News. BBC. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "Typhoon aircraft relocate to RAF Lossiemouth". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- "II (Army Co-operation) Squadron have begun initial operations at their home base of RAF Lossiemouth, following their stand-up as a Typhoon squadron earlier this year". RAF Lossiemouth. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 16 September 2015.
- Pickering, Helen (1 February 2016). "Typhoon facilities at RAF Lossiemouth ready for take off after £23m investment". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 2 February 2016.
- Lt Bergman and SSgt Murray (October 2015). "Runway Construction" (PDF). The Sapper. Regimental Headquarters, Royal Engineers, British Army. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "UK MIL AIP – Lossiemouth" (PDF). AIDU milFLIP. RAF No 1 Aeronautical Information Documents Unit. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2016. (Registration required (. ))
- Warnes, Alan (13 January 2017). "RAF draws down Tornado training". IHS Janes 360. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Mackay, David (18 March 2017). "End of an era as Lossiemouth Tornados touch down for last time". Press and Journal. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
- "Private bids plan for air rescue". BBC News. 9 May 2006. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "Bristow Group to take over UK search and rescue from RAF". BBC News. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Foote, Chris (7 April 2015). "End of an era as last Sea King rescue helicopter leaves Lossiemouth". STV News. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- Munro, Alastair (24 March 2015). "RAF Lossiemouth heroes’ farewell party grounded". The Scotsman. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "Bid to home retired Sea King in Moray is successful". BBC News. 4 June 2015. Retrieved 17 September 2015.
- "PM pledges £178 billion investment in defence kit – Press releases". GOV.UK. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- "House of Commons debates – Monday 23 November 2015 – National Security and Defence". Parliament.uk. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- "United Kingdom – Lossiemouth: Building construction work". Public Contracts Scotland. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- "Boeing, UK Government announce long-term initiative for prosperity and growth". Boeing. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- "MOD seals the deal on nine new Maritime Patrol Aircraft to keep UK safe". GOV.UK. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
- Williams, Simon, ed. (24 March 2017). "Lossiemouth nets £400 million Poseidon pledge". RAF News (1415). High Wycombe. p. 13. ISSN 0035-8614.
- Liddle, Andrew (5 March 2016). "Boost for Lossiemouth as 400 personnel to arrive with new Typhoons". Press and Journal. Aberdeen Journals Ltd. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- "SDSR 2015: Typhoon service life extended and numbers increased". IHS Janes 360. 24 November 2015. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Snowdon, Ros (1 December 2016). "No Brexit blues for WYG as profits shoot up". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Burnie, Angus A (28 February 2017). "Screening Option Letter - 17/00008/SCN, Proposed development at RAF Lossiemouth, Moray, IV31 6SD" (PDF). Moray Council. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Burnie, Angus A (28 February 2017). "Screening Option Letter - 17/00008/SCN, Proposed development at RAF Lossiemouth, Moray, IV31 6SD" (PDF). Moray Council. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "Defence Estates Development Plan 2009 – Annex A". GOV.UK. Ministry of Defence. 3 July 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "Lossiemouth Airfield, Dispersal Area". Canmore. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Lossiemouth Airfield, Dispersal Areas". Canmore. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Lossiemouth Airfield, Pillbox". Canmore. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Thales welcomes successful end to Afghan simulator support". Thales Group. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
- "Training Upgrade Delivered to the Royal Air Force". BAE Systems. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- Ross, Calum (21 March 2016). "Security fears over RAF Lossiemouth pipeline sell-off". Press and Journal. Aberdeen Journals Ltd. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- "Military Establishments". CarillionAmey. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "Kineddar, The Captain’s House (Former Drainie Manse), Garden Walls and Gate-Piers". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Aberdeenshire Council Sites and Monuments Record – Moray – NJ26NW0089 – Former Drainie Manse, Kinneddar". Aberdeenshire Council. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Service Community". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "1 Squadron". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "2 Squadron". Royal Air Force. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "602 Sqn - Moray Flight, Kipper Corner". Lossie Lighthouse. Forces and Corporate Publishing Ltd. April 2017. p. 40.
- "Highland Wing, Air Training Corps". air-cadets-squadron-finder.org. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Coleman, Sergeant Martin (Winter 2015). "Mountain Rescue Joins the A4 Force" (PDF). Wittering View – The official magazine for RAF Wittering. Lance Publishing Ltd.: Page 14. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- "RAF Lossiemouth – Wings". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "RAF Lossiemouth – Tain Range". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- Henry, Ben (30 December 2015). "RAF Lossiemouth jets tackle terrorists in Syria". Press and Journal. Aberdeen Journals. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "Updated-Royal Air Force Typhoons fly in to Estonia for NATO Baltic Air Policing". Royal Air Force. 13 May 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "RAF Lossiemouth fighter jets scrambled over Russian planes". BBC News. 20 November 2015. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "2622 (Highland) Squadron History". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "RAF Lossiemouth – Other Units". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 18 April 2016.
- "Formal opening of the DACRE Regional Activity Centre at RAF Lossiemouth". RAF Lossiemouth. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- "RAF Station Commanders – Scotland, North-East England and Northern Ireland". RAF Air of Authority Organisation. M B Barrass. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Training the Naval Fighter Pilot". Flight (August 1958). August 1958. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
- "New Commander of R.N.A.S Lossiemouth". The Glasgow Herald. 13 September 1967. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Captain Eric 'Winkle' Brown – obituary". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 2016-02-16. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
- "New Station Commander at RAF Lossiemouth". RAF Lossiemouth. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Change of Command at RAF Lossiemouth". RAF Lossiemouth. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "New beginnings for RAF Lossiemouth". Royal Air Force. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "New Beginnings for RAF Lossiemouth". Royal Air Force. 27 November 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Senior Appointments". Royal Air Force. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
- "The Duke of York: Service Appointments". The British Monarchy. The Royal Household. 20 September 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
- "Show of Community Support at Freedom of Moray Parade". RAF Lossiemouth. 9 November 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "A new covenant between Moray’s community leaders and its local Armed Forces has been signed". Moray Council. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Mackay, David (18 November 2016). "Moray Council's support of armed forces recognised with MoD award". Press and Journal. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Economic Impact of RAF Kinloss and RAF Lossiemouth Final Report to Highlands & Islands Enterprise". Highlands and Islands Enterprise. August 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Crowds flock to Lossie Raft Race". The Northern Scot. Scottish Provincial Press Ltd. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Mackay, David (6 June 2016). "Red Arrows put on display for Lossiemouth crowds". Press and Journal. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- "Events". RAF Lossiemouth. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "Royal Air Force Lossiemouth". Forces Publishing. Forces & Corporate Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Shackleton – The End of an Era (1984)". BFI. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "The Old Grey Ladies of Lossiemouth". Youtube. STV. 1990. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Rescue (TV series)". BFI. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "Perpetual Motion – Episode List". The Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "Gloria Hunniford at RAF Lossiemouth". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "The Highland fliers". The Scotsman. Johnston Publishing Ltd. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "Ewan McGregor's brother – ex-fighter pilot Colin – slams Tory defence cuts". Mirror. MGN Ltd. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Bishop, Chris and Chris Chant (2004). Aircraft Carriers: The World's Greatest Naval Vessels and Their Aircraft. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Zenith Imprint. ISBN 0 76032 005 5
- Hughes, Jim (1993). Airfield Focus 11: Lossiemouth. Peterborough, GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1 870384 24 5
- Hughes, Jim (1999). A Steep Turn to the Stars. Peterborough, GMS Enterprises. ISBN 1 870384 71 7
- Jefford, C.G (ed.). "Seminar – Maritime Operations" Royal Air Force Historical Society, 2005. ISSN 1361-4231
- Pine, L.G. (1983). A Dictionary of Mottoes. 1st edition. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X
- Smith, David (1983). Action Stations 7: Military Airfields of Scotland, the North-East and Northern Ireland Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Publishing. ISBN 0-85059-563-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to RAF Lossiemouth.|