|Province||Province No. 2|
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Sarlahi|
|• Total||1,259 km2 (486 sq mi)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Maithili, Nepali and Bajjika|
Sarlahi (Nepali: सर्लाही Listen (help·info); Maithili: सर्लाही), a part of Province No. 2, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. According to new laws, combination of more than 2 or 4 villages makes a municipality, which covers an area of 1,259 km² and had a population of 635,701 in 2001 and 769,729 in 2011.
Generally, the people of Sarlahi believe that the Sarlahi name comes from the name of Sarlahi Devi temple. The Sarlahi Devi temple is situated in Hempur village in the Sarlahi district. There is a believe that if someone goes to the temple at night with a light then that person will die. That is why people still do not go at night to that temple with light. Still there is no residence around this temple.
The district is famous for a couple of things. One of them is tomato production and supply. Lalbandi is the place of this district which is famous for supplying tomato demand of whole country. Scientific tomato farming was practiced in Sarlahi district at Bagwani Kendra Nawalpur, Netragunj.Lalbandi is the most famous for growing tomato in the country, it is also known as the Tomato capital of Nepal. Farhadwa is the village which is famous for fish production and export. The production of sugarcane is also seems to be significant in the district. The Indushankr Chini Udhog Ltd.( Indushankr Sugar mills) is a notable factory in the district. The Annapurna Sugars and General Industries Pvt Ltd is probably one of the largest Sugar mills in the country located in Dhankaul VDC of Sarlahi. The plant commenced trial operations on January 17, 2014 with a successful crushing of over 16 lakh quintals of cane. The mill will substantially help in meeting sugar requirements of Nepal local market by producing around 300,000 quintals of White sugar. The mill is equipped with modern machineries to produce high quality sugar. Mill is helping support livelihood of thousands of people including farmers, employees and labors.  Not only that, the historical Nunthar Pahad which is very famous among different religious groups because of its typical geographical location. It is located in a strategic place bordering four districts Makawanpur, Sarlahi, Rautahat and Sindhuli. The Nadiman lake, important Puranic place, is located nearby Malangawa which is believed to be the Yaksha pool (kunda), the mystic lake owned by the Yaksha himself. The Pattharkot temple is also the best known religious place here. The Sitlamai temple, The Bajrangbali temple, The Durga temple, The Gadhimai temple and laxmipur pokhari in Balara Municipality. The Sagaranatha temple in Iswarpur, the Gopalkuti mahadev temple in Karmaiya among many others are equally significant places in Sarlahi. The famous Soltibazaar is also located here which is growing as a commercial hub of the district.
Geography and climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||88.3%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
According to geographical texture Sarlahi district is divided into three parts.
- Chure mountain of north
- Bhanwar region of middle
- Terai region of south
In north side of this district from east to west there is the mountain range known as the Sivalik Hills. They have an average height of 900 metres (3,000 ft), reaching 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) in places. This range separates the terai from the inner terai and harbours the fossilised remains of many mammals no longer typical of Eurasia.
This region is between what is north of the Sivalik hills and the southern Terai region, in the local language, it is also called as char koshe jhadi and thethi. The height of this region is from 150 m to 300 m. Mahendra Highway is touching this area so nowadays people settlement is increasing, in this region water source level is always at very low, even the following water is disappears because of sandiness. It is very difficult to obtain water by digging. So in this region irrigation system is problematic one.
This region is start from middle of district to south and goes to India's bihar. From ancient time this region has large public density and good place for farming, so this region is called Treasurer of grain.; 
There are four major rivers in this district that flow into India: The Bagmati, The Hardi (Banke), The Lakhandei and the Jhim. However there are around a dozen other small rivulets that originate from the Chure hills and flow down the plain. They are actually the tributaries of the three major river system of the district. These small rivulets are the Hariwan khola, the Dhungre khola, the Soti khola, the Sotraha khola, the Chapini khola, the Pathlaiya khola, the Kalinjor khola, the Phooljor khola and the Banke Khola. The Banke Khola is the eastern demarcation of the district separating it from Mahottari district whereas the Bagmati river flows between Sarlahi and Rautahat districts.
It is the largest river, flowing in the western side of district separating Rautahat district from Sarlahi.
This river is the largest river inside the district, it is about 25 kilometer long. It originates from the Chure Mountain range, the lowest foothills of the Great Himalayan ranges. It flows into India by touching simara VDC of this district.
Originated from north east side of Chure mountains of this districts into Phuljor river and Kalinjor river joins at the Vairawpur village of Jabdi VDC, then it becomes Jhim river. it is 29 km long and by flowing into districts passes into india, and in India this river is known as
Banke(Hardi Nadi) river. Banke river was the east border of Sarlhi district.
There are also many rivers in this district including the Adhwara River of the east which empties into the Jhim River, Manushmara river (which is formed by mixing Harion, Sotara and Pathlaiya rivers), and in middle of the district Dhangra and Bhumi rivers.
This river is the largest river inside the district, it is about 25 kilometer long. It originates from the Soram range, the lowest foothills of the Great Himalayan ranges. It flows into India by touching Bhatauliya VDC of this district.
According to 2011 census Total population of district is 769,729, among them male population is 389,756 and female population is 379,973. Total Hindus population is 658,611, which is about 85% of total population, while total Muslim population is 60,679, which is about 8% of total population and total population of Buddhism is 44,011, which is about 5.71% of total population while total Christian population is 1,752 which is about 0.22% of total population.
From sarlahi district publishing Newspaper and FM radio station are as follows.
News Paper Paricharcha, Madhesh Post Daily, Suchna Saugat Weekly, Sarlahi Awaz Weekly, Sarlahi Times Weekly
|Samudayak Radio Sarlahi||105.6 MHz||Hariyon||Broadcast|
|Swarnim FM||96.3 MHz||Malangwa||Broadcast|
|Radio Madhesh||89.3 MHz||Malangwa||Broadcast|
|Radio Ekta||92.4 MHz||Lalbandi||Broadcast|
|Radio Dhukdhuki||95.6 MHz||Lalbandi||Broadcast|
|Radio Mukteshower||100.4 MHz||Barahatwa||Broadcast|
|Radio Barahathawa||101.1 MHz||Barahathawa||Broadcast|
There are total 6 Electoral Constituencies in sarlahi named kshetra no:-1 to 4.
- Bagmati Municipality
- Balara Municipality
- Barahathwa Municipality
- Godaita Municipality
- Harion Municipality
- Haripur Municipalityy
- Haripurwa Municipality
- Ishworpur Municipality
- Kabilasi Municipality
- Lalbandi Municipality
- Malangwa Municipality
- Basbariya Rural Municipality
- Bishnu Rural Municipality
- Brahampuri Rural Municipality
- Chakraghatta Rural Municipality
- Chandranagar Rural Municipality
- Dhankaul Rural Municipality
- Kaudena Rural Municipality
- Parsa Rural Municipality
- Ramnagar Rural Municipality
Former Village Development Committees (VDCs)
- Bara Udhoran
- Dhankaul Pachhawari
- Dhanakaul Purba
- Hariwan Municipality
- Janaki Nagar
- Laksmipur Kodraha
- Laksmipur Su.
- Malangawa Municipality
- Narayan Khola
- Ramnagar Bahuarwa
- Sisautiya, Manharwa, Madhopur
- Piprabhitta, Sundarpur Choharwa
- "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-05-25. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in:
- "जिविसको वस्तुगत स्थितिको झलक". Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- "भौगोलिक अवस्थिति". Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- "Geography of Nepal". Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- "News Paper Publish in Sarlahi District". Retrieved 2013-12-12.
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