Sergei Fyodorovich Bondarchuk
25 September 1920
|Died||20 October 1994 (aged 74)|
|Resting place||Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow|
|War and Peace (1965-67)|
|Spouse(s)||Inna Makarova (1949–1956)|
Irina Skobtseva (1959–1994)
|Children||Natalya Bondarchuk (b. 1950)|
Yelena Bondarchuk (1962–2009)
Fyodor Bondarchuk (b. 1967)
Sergei Fedorovich Bondarchuk ГСТ HaCCP (Russian: [sʲɪrˈɡʲej ˈfʲɵdərəvʲɪtɕ bəndɐrˈtɕuk]; Russian: Серге́й Фё́дорович Бондарчу́к; Ukrainian: Сергі́й Фе́дорович Бондарчу́к, Serhiy Fedorovych Bondarchuk; 25 September 1920 – 20 October 1994) was a Soviet and Russian actor, film director, and screenwriter who was one of the leading figures of Russian cinema of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. He is known for his sweeping period dramas, including the internationally acclaimed four-part adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace and the Napoleonic War epic Waterloo.
Bondarchuk's work won him numerous international accolades. His epic production of Tolstoy's War and Peace won Bondarchuk, who both directed and acted in the leading role of Pierre Bezukhov, the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film (1968), and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1968. He was made both a Hero of Socialist Labour and a People's Artist of the USSR.
Born in Belozerka, in the Kherson Governorate of the Ukrainian SSR, Sergei Bondarchuk spent his childhood in the cities of Yeysk and Taganrog, graduating from the Taganrog School Number 4 in 1938. His first performance as an actor was onstage of the Taganrog Theatre in 1937. He continued studies in the Rostov-on-Don theater school (1938–1942). After his studies, he was conscripted into the Red Army during World War II against Nazi Germany. He was decorated for his courage in battles and was discharged with honors in 1946.
In 1948, Bondarchuk made his film debut in The Young Guard directed by Sergei Gerasimov. In 1952, he was awarded the State Prize for the leading role in the film Taras Shevchenko At the age of 32, he became the youngest Soviet actor ever to receive the top dignity of People's Artist of the USSR. In 1956, he starred with his future wife Irina Skobtseva in Othello. In 1959, he made his directorial debut with Destiny of a Man, based on the Mikhail Sholokhov short story of the same name.
Bondarchuk earned international fame with his epic production of Tolstoy's War and Peace, which on original release totaled more than seven hours of cinema, took six years to complete and won Bondarchuk, who both directed and acted the role of Pierre Bezukhov, the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1968. The year after his victory, in 1969, he starred as Martin with Yul Brynner and Orson Welles in the Yugoslav epic Battle of Neretva, directed by Veljko Bulajic.
His first English-language film was 1970's Waterloo, produced by Dino De Laurentiis. In Europe, the critics called it remarkable for the epic battle scenes and details in capturing the Napoleonic era. However, it failed at the box office. To prevent running into hurdles with the Soviet government, he joined the Communist Party in 1970. A year later, he was appointed president of the Union of Cinematographers, while he continued his directing career, steering toward political films, directing Boris Godunov before being dismissed from the semi-governmental post in 1986.
In 1975, he directed They Fought for Their Country, which was entered into the 1975 Cannes Film Festival. In 1982 came Red Bells, based on John Reed's Ten Days that Shook the World (which serves as the film's alternative title). His 1986 film Boris Godunov was also screened at Cannes that year.
Bondarchuk's last feature film, and his second in English, was an epic TV version of Sholokhov's And Quiet Flows the Don, starring Rupert Everett. It was filmed in 1992–1993 but premiered on Channel One only in November 2006, as there were disputes concerning the Italian studio that was co-producing over unfavourable clauses in his contract, which left the tapes locked in a bank vault. After his death, the film remained locked for several years until it was recovered and released in 2006.
He met his second wife Irina Skobtseva when both were appearing in Othello, and they married in 1959. They had two children, actress Elena Bondarchuk (1962–2009) and a son Fyodor (born 1967), (who starred with him in Boris Godunov), a popular Russian film actor and director best known for his box-office hit The 9th Company (2005).
Bondarchuk died on 20 October 1994, aged 74, from a heart attack. He is buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow. In June 2007, his ex-wife Inna Makarova unveiled a bronze statue of Bondarchuk in his native Yeysk.
Honours and awards
- Stalin Prize, 1st class (1952) – for the main role in the film Taras Shevchenko and the role of Sergei Tutarinov in Knight of the Golden Star (1950)
- USSR State Prize (1984) – for the film Red Bells
- Lenin Prize (1960) – for the film The Destiny of Man (1959)
- Golden Globe for Best Foreign Language Film (1968) – for the film War and Peace
- Academy Award for "Best Foreign Language Film (1968) – for the film War and Peace
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1980)
- State Prize of the RSFSR Vasiliev brothers (1977) – for the film They Fought for Their Motherland
- USSR State Prize Taras Shevchenko (1982) – for his performance as Cardinal Montanelli in the film The Gadfly (1980)
- Order of Lenin, twice
- Order of October Revolution
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- People's Artist of the USSR (1952)
|1948||The Young Guard||Film||Comrade Valko|
|1948||Povest o nastoyashchem cheloveke||Film||Gvozdev||Uncredited|
|1949||Put slavy||Sekretar gorkoma||Uncredited|
|1951||Dream of a Cossack||Film||Sergei Tutarinov|
|1951||Taras Shevchenko||Film||Taras Shevchenko|
|1953||Admiral Ushakov||Film||Tikhon Alekseevich Prokofiev|
|1953||Attack from the Sea||Film|
|1954||This cannot be forgotten||Film||writer Harmash|
|1955||Skipping girl||Film||Dr. Osip Stepanovich Dymov|
|1955||Not ended story||Film||Yuri Sergeiyevich Yershov|
|1956||Ivan Franko||Film||Ivan Franko|
|1957||Dvoe iz odnogo kvartala||Film|
|1958||Soldiers went||Film||Matvei Krylov|
|1959||Fate of a Man||Film||Andrei Sokolov||Grand Prix at the 1st Moscow International Film Festival|
|1960||Era notte a Roma||Film||Fyodor Aleksandrovic Nazukov|
|1965–1967||War and Peace||Film||Pierre Bezukhov||Grand Prix at the 4th Moscow International Film Festival|
|1969||Battle of Neretva||Film||Martin|
|1969||Golden Gates||Film||background Voice|
|1970||Uncle Vanya||Film||Dr. Mikhail Lvovich Astrov|
|1973||Silence of Doctor Evans||Film||Martin Evans|
|1974||Such tall mountains||Film||Ivan Stepanov|
|1975||They Fought for Their Country||Film||Ivan Zvyagintsev|
|1975||Take Aim||Film||Igor Kurchatov|
|1977||Poshekhon Oldie||Film||background Voice|
|1978||Velvet season||Film||Mister Bradbury|
|1979||Father Sergius||Film||Father Sergius|
|1979||Occupation – cinema-actor||Film||cameo|
|1979||Take off||Film||Narrator||background Voice|
|1980||The Gadfly||Film||Cardinal Montanelli||TV movie|
|1986||Boris Godunov||Film||Boris Godunov|
|1988||Incident in airport||Film||Major-General Tokarenko|
|1990||Battle of three kings||Film||Selim|
|1992||Storm over Rus||Film||boyar Morozov|
|1993||Mushketyory 20 let spustya||Film|
|1959||Fate of a Man||Andrei Sokolov|
|1966–1967||War and Peace||Pierre Bezukhov|
|1975||They Fought for Their Country||Zvyagintsev|
|1983||Red Bells II|
|1986||Boris Godunov||Boris Godunov|
|1993-2006||Quiet Flows the Don|
- The Battle of Sutjeska (1973)
- "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- "8th Moscow International Film Festival (1973)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
- "Festival de Cannes: They Fought for Their Country". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-04-29.
- Eleanor Mannikka (2010-11-01). "New York Times". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- "Festival de Cannes: Boris Godunov". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- "Europe | Russia recovers Soviet-era epic". BBC News. 2006-11-07. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- "1st Moscow International Film Festival (1959)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-11-03.
- "4th Moscow International Film Festival (1965)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
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