List of slave owners
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This list includes notable individuals for which there is a consensus of evidence of slave ownership.
- Gilbert André, one of two planters killed during the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general
- Atahualpa, Inca
- Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Self-proclaimed Caliph of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Latin American explorer
- Hayreddin Barbarossa
- Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of State for CSA and U.S. senator
- Thomas H. Benton, American Senator
- John M. Berrien, U.S. senator
- William Wyatt Bibb (1781-1821), U.S. Senator, U.S. Congressman, and 1st Governor of Alabama
- James Blair (c.1788–1841), British MP who owned sugar plantations in Demerara
- Simon Bolivar, Latin American independence leader
- Burwell Boykin, American ancestor of Anderson Cooper
- John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the U.S. and Secretary of War (CSA)
- Brennus (4th century BC)
- Preston Brooks (1819-1857), veteran of the Mexican–American War and U.S. Congressman
- James Brown (1766-1835), U.S. Minister to France, U.S. Senator, and sugar cane planter; some of his slaves were involved in the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Chang and Eng Bunker
- John Burnside, owner of The Houmas plantation and several others in mid-19th-century southern Louisiana; the scale of his sugar cane operation required, in 1860, the largest slave labor force in the state (750).
- Pierce Butler
- Augustus Caesar, Roman emperor
- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator
- John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the U.S.
- Caligula, Roman emperor
- Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, hero of Cuban independence
- Landon Carter, Virginia planter
- Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher
- Cato the elder, Roman statesman
- Auguste Chouteau, 18th-century co-founder of the city of St. Louis
- Pierre Chouteau, half-brother of Auguste Chouteau & defendant in a freedom suit by Marguerite Scypion
- Daniel Clark (Louisiana politician, 1766–1813)
- William Clark, explorer, American territorial governor
- Claudius, Roman emperor
- Henry Clay, United States Secretary of State and Speaker of the House
- Howell Cobb (1815-1868), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Secretary of Treasury, President of the Confederates States Congress, 19th Speaker of the House, 40th Governor of Georgia
- Alfred H. Colquitt (1824-1894), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, 49th Governor of Georgia, and Confederate Major General
- Christopher Columbus
- Philip Cook, U.S. congressman and CSA general
- Hernán Cortés
- George W. Crawford (1798-1872), 21st U.S. Secretary of War, 38th Governor of Georgia, and U.S. Congressman.
- Jefferson Davis (1808–1889), President of the C.S.
- Joseph Davis (1784-1870), eldest brother of Jefferson Davis and one of the wealthiest antebellum planters in Mississippi
- Mrs. Georges Deslondes & Mrs. Jacques Deslondes, widows and owners of mulatto Charles Deslondes, the leader of the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- John Dovaston, 18th-century British sugar planter, botanist, astronomer, natural historian
- Stephen Duncan (1787–1867), doctor from Pennsylvania who became the wealthiest Southern cotton planter before the American Civil War, with 14 plantations; a founder of the Mississippi Colonization Society, modeled on the American Colonization Society
- Peter Early (1773-1818), U.S. Congressman and 28th Governor of Georgia.
- William Ellison, an American slave, then a slave owner.
- Edwin Epps, owner of Solomon Northup, author ofTwelve Years a Slave, for 10 years.
- Rebecca L. Felton (1835-1930), first female U.S. Senator and oldest Senator to be sworn in (age 87, served one day in 1922)
- Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), American statesman and philosopher
- Nathan B. Forrest (1821–1877), Confederate general
- John Forsyth (1780-1841), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, 13th U.S. Secretary of State, involved with the United States v. The Amistad, and 33rd Governor of Georgia
- Sir John Gladstone (1764–1851), British politician
- Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885), 18th President of the U.S.
- Hadrian, Roman emperor
- Alexander Hamilton (1755 or 1757–1804), 1st U. S. Secretary of the Treasury, Senior Officer of the Continental Army, N. Y. delegate to the United States in General Congress Assembled
- James H. Hammond (1807-1864), U. S. Senator, state governor
- Wade Hampton I (c1752-1835), American general, Congressman, and planter
- Wade Hampton II (1791-1858), American soldier and planter, with land holdings in three states
- Wade Hampton III (1818-1902), U. S. Senator, state governor, Confederate major general, and planter
- John Hancock (1737-1793), American statesman
- William Harrison (1773–1841), 9th President of the U.S.
- Christopher Helme
- Patrick Henry (1736-1799), American statesman and orator
- Thomas Heyward, Jr., S. C. circuit court judge, planter, and signer of the U. S. Declaration of Independence
- Arthur William Hodge (1763-1811), British Virgin Islands planter executed for the murder of a slave
- Thomas C. Hindman (1828-1868), American politician, Confederate general, and planter
- Horace, Roman poet
- Sam Houston (1793-1863), 7th Governor of Texas, U. S. Senator, President of the Republic of Texas, 7th Governor of Tennessee
- Hjörleifr Hróðmarsson
- Eppa Hunton, U. S. Senator from Virginia, Confederate officer
- Benjamin Imlay
- Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th President of the U.S.
- John Jay (1745–1829), 1st Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd President of the U.S.
- Andrew Johnson (1808–1875), 17th President of the U.S.
- Anthony Johnson, black slaveholder in colonial Virginia
- Richard Mentor Johnson (1780–1850), 9th Vice President of the U.S.
- Robert W. Johnson (1814–1879), American politician
- William R. King (1786-1853), 13th Vice President of the U.S.
- Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834), French aristocrat and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War
- Delphine LaLaurie (c. 1780-1849), alleged serial killer
- John Lamont (1782–1850), Scottish emigrant, sugar planter in Trinidad
- Richard Bland Lee (1761–1827), American politician
- Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), Confederate general
- Domitia Lepida, female of the Roman imperial dynasty
- Mike Lavarnway (1774–1809), American slave owner
- William Lowndes (1782–1822), American politician
- James Madison (1751–1836), 4th President of the U.S.
- Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521), Portuguese navigator
- Craig Mangelsdorff, Kirrawee
- William Mahone, Confederate general and U.S. Senator from Virginia
- William McNish, Georgia planter, Gatehouse Estate, Camden county, Georgia, at the time of the War of 1812
- Yaqub al-Mansur
- George Mason (1725-1792), Virginia planter, politician, and a Delegate to the US Constitutional Convention of 1787
- John Milledge (1757-1818), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, and 26th Governor of Georgia.
- Robert Mills (1809-1888), largest slave holder in antebellum Texas
- Robert Milligan, (1746 – 1809) Scottish merchant and ship-owner
- James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th President of the U.S.
- Montezuma II (c. 1480-1520), last Aztec emperor of Mexico
- Frank A. Montgomery (1830–1903), American politician and Confederate cavalry officer
- Jackson Morton (1794–1874), American politician
- Muhammad, founder of Islam
- Hercules Mulligan (1740-1825), tailor and spy during the American Revolutionary War
- Richard Pennant, 1st Baron Penrhyn
- John J. Pettus (1813–1867), 20th and 23rd Governor of Mississippi
- Philip III of Macedon, king of Macedonia
- Vedius Pollio
- James K. Polk (1795–1849), 11th President of the U.S.
- Leonidas Polk (1806-1864), planter, Episcopal bishop, and Confederate general
- Ptolemy I of Egypt
- Ptolemy II of Egypt
- Ptolemy III of Egypt
- Ptolemy IV of Egypt
- Ptolemy V of Egypt
- Ptolemy VI of Egypt
- Ptolemy VII of Egypt
- Ptolemy VIII of Egypt
- Ptolemy IX of Egypt
- Ptolemy X of Egypt
- Ptolemy XI of Egypt
- Ptolemy XII of Egypt
- Ptolemy XIII of Egypt
- Ptolemy XIV of Egypt
- Ptolemy of Mauretania
- J. G. M. Ramsey (1797–1884) American historian, physician, planter, and businessman
- Edmund Randolph (1753–1813), American statesman
- John Randolph (1773–1833), American statesman
- Stedman Rawlins (c.1784–1830), English Governor of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts) and plantation owner
- William K. Sebastian (1812–1865), American politician
- Ismail Ibn Sharif
- D. H. Starbuck (1818 - 1887), North Carolina lawyer and political figure who served as United States Attorney for the entire state, and then for the Western District of North Carolina after the state was divided into two districts, delegate from Forsyth County to the state constitutional conventions of 1861 and 1865, and elected state superior court judge.
- Peter Burwell Starke (1813–1888), politician and Confederate general
- Alexander H. Stephens (1812–1883), Vice President of the C.S.
- Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Roman Consul and Dictator
- Lawrence Taliaferro, played a role in the Dred Scott decision in the United States
- Roger Taney (1777–1864), 5th Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Zachary Taylor (1784–1850), 12th President of the U.S.
- François Tayon, defendant in an 1805 lawsuit in the Louisiana Territory by Marguerite Scypion, a part-Natchez slave
- Edward Telfair (1735–1807), 19th Governor of Georgia
- Tewodros I, Emperor of Abyssinia
- Madam Tinubu
- Tippu Tip
- Robert Toombs (1810-1885), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, 1st C.S.A. Secretary of State, and Brigadier general in the C.S.A. Army
- George Trenholm (1807–1876), American financier
- François Trépagnier, one of two planters killed in the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- George Troup (1780-1856), U.S. Congressman, U.S. Senator, and 32nd Governor of Georgia
- Homaidan Al-Turki
- John Tyler (1790–1862), 10th President of the U.S.
- King Tut
- Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), 8th President of the U.S.
- George Walton (1749–1804), Governor of Georgia, U.S. Senator, and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence from Georgia.
- Joshua John Ward (1800–1853), Lt. Governor of South Carolina and "the king of the rice planters;" in 1860 his estate was the largest slave holder in the United States (1,130 slaves).
- George Washington (1732–1799), 1st President of the U.S.
- Martha Washington (1731–1802), 1st U.S. First Lady
- James Moore Wayne (1790–1867), U.S. Congressman and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
- Thomas H. Watts (1819–1892), 18th Governor of Alabama
- John Wedderburn of Ballendean, known for being the defendant in a Freedom suit brought by Joseph Knight
- John H. Wheeler, U.S. Cabinet official and North Carolina planter, known for two female slaves who escaped his domain: Jane Johnson and Hannah Bond
- George Whitfield, English Methodist preacher
- JSTOR: The American Historical Review, retrieved 13 January 2013
- The Ozarks: Land and Life, retrieved 13 January 2013
- "James Blair: Profile & Legacies Summary". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History 2014. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "PBS "Finding Your "Roots"". Detroit News. 22 September 2014.
- "Butler Family". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- "Lewis and Clark . Inside the Corps . The Corps . York - PBS". pbs.org.
- "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places - Smithsonian". smithsonianmag.com.
- Hamilton, Allan McLane (1910). "Friends and Enemies". The Intimate Life of Alexander Hamilton: Based Chiefly Upon Original Family Letters and Other Documents, Many of Which Have Never Been Published. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 268.
It has been stated that Hamilton never owned a negro slave, but this is untrue. We find that in his books there are entries showing that he purchased them for himself and for others.External link in
- Dorsey, J. (10 April 1783). "Several". The Maryland Gazette. Annapolis, MD: F. and S. Green. p. 2. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
On the day of ſale, at the ſame time and place, and on the ſame terms, will be ſold, a number of valuable ſlaves; conſiſting of men, women, and children; late the property of Alexander Hamilton. By order, J. DORSEY, clk.
- Hamilton, Alexander (1784). Syrett, Harold C., ed. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton. 3. New York: Columbia University Press (published 1962). pp. 6–67.. Made available online as "Cash Book, [1 March 1782–1791]". archives.gov. Founders Online. Washington, D. C.: National Archives and Records Administration. 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
To a negro wench Peggy sold him
- DiLorenzo, Thomas J. (2008). "The Rousseau of the Right". Hamilton's Curse: How Jefferson's Archenemy Betrayed the American Revolution—and What It Means for Americans Today. New York: Crown Forum. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-307-38284-9.
Like Jefferson—and many other New York aristocrats—he was a slave owner who nevertheless at times spoke eloquently in opposition to the institution of slavery. […] By the late 1790s one in five New York households, like Hamilton's, "still held domestic slaves," who were "regarded as stats symbols" by the wealthier and more aristocratic New Yorkers. […] Hamilton's wife, Eliza, was from a prominent and wealthy New York slave-owning family (the Schuylers) and retained some of the 'house slaves' after marrying Hamilton. […] Chernow oddly labels Hamilton an "abolitionist," despite the fact that he owned slaves and never endorsed abolition per se. He also bends over backwards to downplay Hamilton's slave ownership, at one point arguing that, yes, he once purchased six slaves at a slave auction, but they were "probably" for his brother-in-law—as though that makes the purchase of human beings less immoral.External link in
- DiLorenzo, Thomas (14 July 2008). "Hamiltonian Hagiography". LewRockwell.com. Lew Rockwell. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Hamilton was a slave owner; he never advocated the abolition of slavery per se; he once purchased six slaves at a slave auction (for his brother-in-law, says biographer Ron Chernow); and he once returned runaway slaves to their owner.
- Nau, Henry R. (2002). "National Identity: Consequences for Foreign Policy". At Home Abroad: Identity and Power in American Foreign Policy. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press. p. 62. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Jefferson and other founders—George Washington, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton—owned slaves
- Matthewson, Tim (2003). "Introduction". A Proslavery Foreign Policy: Haitian–American Relations during the Early Republic. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 25. ISBN 0-275-98002-2. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Though Hamilton was a slaveholder, he was a member of the New York Manumission Society
- Clark, Alan J. (2005). "Introduction". Cipher/Code of Dishonor: Aaron Burr, an American Enigma. Bloomington, IN: Author House. p. xxxii. ISBN 1-4208-4639-6. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Alexander Hamilton also owned slaves at his death in 1804
- Reed, Ishmael (21 August 2015). ""Hamilton: the Musical:" Black Actors Dress Up like Slave Traders…and It's Not Halloween". counterpunch.org. Petrolia, CA: CounterPunch. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
Like other founding fathers, Hamilton found slavery an "evil," yet was a slave trader. […] When I brought up the subject of Hamilton's slaveholding in a Times' comment section, a white man accused me of political correctness.
- Reed, Ishmael (15 April 2016). "Hamilton and the Negro Whisperers: Miranda's Consumer Fraud". counterpunch.org. Petrolia, CA: CounterPunch. Archived from the original on 24 April 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
Hamilton actually owned slaves. […] Hamilton's mother also owned slaves and in her will, left the slaves to Hamilton and his brother. […] It's also a disappointment that Miranda persuaded the treasury to keep Hamilton on the ten-dollar bill, a man who held slaves, instead of replacing him with Harriet Tubman, who freed slaves.
- Sora, Steven (2003). "Master Masons and Their Slaves". Secret Societies of America's Elite: From the Knights Templar to Skull and Bones. Rochester, VT: Destiny Books. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-59477-867-4. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
Like Jefferson, Hamilton owned slaves and called for their freedom; unlike Jefferson, who targeted New York as a city of money-grubbers, Hamilton's lifetime ambition was to found a bank.
- Snell, Colin (1 February 2013). "Hamilton: The Founding Father of Big Government". The College Conservative. N. J. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
While he did own slaves, lets us not forget, though we often do, that Hamilton was also a slave owner. Alexander Hamilton participated in the slave trade in New York City, purchasing them and retaining some that were given as gifts from his in-laws.
- Stanley, Jack (7 August 2012). "Was Aaron Burr really as bad as we say he was? He was not in any way as corrupt as Hamilton or Jefferson". History in the Raw. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
One has to remember also for a while Hamilton had slaves.
- silveredbow (2 May 2016). "Did Alexander Hamilton own slaves?". reddit AskHistorians. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
So, did [Hamilton] own slaves? Yes.
- "On Hamilton and Slavery". Bring On A Rumpus. 15 May 2016. Archived from the original on 15 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
[Hamilton] made deals involving slaves, he married one of the largest slave holding families in New York, and he was obsessed with raising his station in society, which meant, you guessed it, owning/renting slaves.
- Montgomery, Frank A. (1901). Reminiscences of a Mississippian in Peace and War. Cincinnati: The Robert Clark Company Press. p. 6. LCCN 01023742. OCLC 1470413. OL 6909271M.