List of slave owners
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This list includes notable individuals for which there is a consensus of evidence of slave ownership.
- Abraham, Patriarch
- Gilbert André, one of two planters killed during the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general
- Atahualpa, Inca
- Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Self-proclaimed Caliph of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Latin American explorer
- Hayreddin Barbarossa
- Judah Benjamin, Secretary of State for CSA and U.S. senator
- Thomas Hart Benton, American Senator
- John M. Berrien, U.S. senator
- James Blair (c.1788–1841), British MP who owned sugar plantations in Demerara
- Simon Bolivar, Latin American independence leader
- Burwell Boykin, American ancestor of Anderson Cooper
- John C. Breckinridge, U.S. Vice President and Secretary of War (CSA)
- Brennus (4th century BC)
- Preston Brooks (1819-1857), veteran of the Mexican-American War and U.S. Congressman
- James Brown (1766-1835), U.S. Minister to France, U.S. Senator, and sugar cane planter; some of his slaves were involved in the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Chang and Eng Bunker
- John Burnside, owner of The Houmas plantation and several others in mid-19th-century southern Louisiana; the scale of his sugar cane operation required, in 1860, the largest slave labor force in the state (750).
- Augustus Caesar, Roman emperor
- Julius Caesar, Roman dictator
- John C. Calhoun, 7th Vice President of the U.S.
- Caligula, Roman emperor
- Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, hero of Cuban independence
- Landon Carter, Virginia planter
- Cicero, Roman statesman
- Cato the elder, Roman statesman
- Auguste Chouteau, 18th-century co-founder of the city of St. Louis
- Pierre Chouteau, half-brother of Auguste Chouteau & defendant in a freedom suit by Marguerite Scypion
- Daniel Clark (Louisiana politician, 1766–1813)
- William Clark, explorer, American territorial governor
- Claudius, Roman emperor
- Henry Clay, United States Secretary of State and Speaker of the House
- Christopher Columbus
- Philip Cook, U.S. congressman and CSA general
- Hernán Cortés
- Jefferson Davis (1808–1889), President of the C.S.A.
- Mrs. Georges Deslondes & Mrs. Jacques Deslondes, widows and owners of mulatto Charles Deslondes, the leader of the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- John Dovaston, 18th-century British sugar planter, botanist, astronomer, natural historian
- Stephen Duncan (1787–1867), doctor from Pennsylvania who became the wealthiest Southern cotton planter before the American Civil War, with 14 plantations; a founder of the Mississippi Colonization Society, modeled on the American Colonization Society
- William Ellison, an American slave, then a slave owner.
- Edwin Epps, owner of Twelve Years a Slave author Solomon Northup for 10 years.
- Rebecca Latimer Felton (1835-1930), first female U.S. Senator and oldest Senator to be sworn in (age 87, served one day in 1922)
- Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), American statesman and philosopher
- Nathan Forrest (1821–1877), Confederate general
- Sir John Gladstone (1764–1851), British politician
- Ulysses Grant (1822–1885), 18th President of the U.S.
- Hadrian, Roman emperor
- James H. Hammond (1807-1864), U.S. Senator, state governor
- Wade Hampton I (c1752-1835), American general, Congressman, and planter
- Wade Hampton II (1791-1858), American soldier and planter, with land holdings in three states
- Wade Hampton III (1818-1902), U.S. Senator, state governor, Confederate major general, and planter
- John Hancock (1737-1793), American statesman
- William Harrison (1773–1841), 9th President of the U.S.
- Christopher Helme
- Patrick Henry (1736-1799), American statesman and orator
- Thomas Heyward, Jr., S.C. circuit court judge, planter, and signer of the US Declaration of Independence
- Arthur William Hodge (1763-1811), British Virgin Islands planter executed for the murder of a slave
- Horace, Roman poet
- Sam Houston (1793-1863), 7th Governor of Texas, U.S. Senator, President of the Republic of Texas, 7th Governor of Tennessee
- Hjörleifr Hróðmarsson
- Eppa Hunton, U.S. Senator from Virginia, Confederate Army officer
- Pope Innocent VIII
- Benjamin Imlay
- Andrew Jackson (1767–1845), 7th President of the U.S.
- John Jay (1745–1829), 1st Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), 3rd President of the U.S.
- Andrew Johnson (1808–1875), 17th President of the U.S.
- Anthony Johnson, black slaveholder in colonial Virginia
- Richard Lee (1761–1827), American politician
- Robert Lee (1807-1870), Confederate general
- Domitia Lepida, female of the Roman imperial dynasty
- Mike Lavarnway (1774–1809), American slave owner
- William Lowndes (1782–1822), American politician
- James Madison (1751–1836), 4th President of the U.S.
- Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480–1521), Portuguese navigator
- William Mahone
- Yaqub al-Mansur
- Robert Mills (1809-1888), largest slave holder in antebellum Texas
- James Monroe (1758–1831), 5th President of the U.S.
- Montezuma II (c. 1480-1520), last Aztec emperor of Mexico
- Jackson Morton (1794–1874), American politician
- Moses
- Philemon, saint
- Philip III of Macedon, king of Macedonia
- Vedius Pollio
- James Polk (1795–1849), 11th President of the U.S.
- Ptolemy I of Egypt
- Ptolemy II of Egypt
- Ptolemy III of Egypt
- Ptolemy IV of Egypt
- Ptolemy V of Egypt
- Ptolemy VI of Egypt
- Ptolemy VII of Egypt
- Ptolemy VIII of Egypt
- Ptolemy IX of Egypt
- Ptolemy X of Egypt
- Ptolemy XI of Egypt
- Ptolemy XII of Egypt
- Ptolemy XIII of Egypt
- Ptolemy XIV of Egypt
- Ptolemy of Mauretania
- Ismail Ibn Sharif
- Alexander Stephens (1812–1883), Vice President of the C.S.A.
- Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Roman Consul and Dictator
- Lawrence Taliaferro, played a role in the Dred Scott decision in the United States
- Roger Taney (1777–1864), 5th Chief Justice of the U.S.
- Zachary Taylor (1784–1850), 12th President of the U.S.
- François Tayon, defendant in an 1805 lawsuit in the Louisiana Territory by Marguerite Scypion, a part-Natchez slave
- Edward Telfair (1735–1807), 19th Governor of Georgia
- Theodoros, Emperor of Abyssinia
- Madam Tinubu
- Tippu Tip
- George Trenholm (1807–1876), American financier
- François Trépagnier, one of two planters killed in the 1811 German Coast Uprising
- Homaidan Al-Turki
- John Tyler (1790–1862), 10th President of the U.S.
- Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), 8th President of the United States
- Joshua John Ward (1800–1853), Lt. Governor of South Carolina and "the king of the rice planters;" in 1860 he was the largest slave holder in the United States (1,130 slaves).
- George Washington (1732–1799), 1st President of the U.S.
- Martha Washington (1731–1802), 1st U.S. First Lady
- Thomas Watts (1819–1892), 18th Governor of Alabama
- John Wedderburn of Ballendean, known for being the defendant in a Freedom suit brought by Joseph Knight
- John Hill Wheeler, U.S. Cabinet official and North Carolina planter, known for two female slaves who escaped his domain: Jane Johnson & Hannah Bond
- JSTOR: The American Historical Review, retrieved 13 January 2013
- The Ozarks: Land and Life, retrieved 13 January 2013
- "James Blair: Profile & Legacies Summary". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History 2014. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "PBS "Finding Your "Roots"". Detroit News. 22 September 2014.
- "Lewis and Clark . Inside the Corps . The Corps . York - PBS". pbs.org.
- "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places - Smithsonian". smithsonianmag.com.
-  http://www.usc.edu/org/cmje/religious-texts/hadith/bukhari/073-sbt.php#008.073.182