Socialist Appeal (UK, 1992)
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|Owner(s)||International Marxist Tendency|
|Political alignment||Revolutionary socialism|
Socialist Appeal is the publication of a Trotskyist tendency which was founded by supporters of Ted Grant and Alan Woods after they were expelled from the Militant group in the early 1990s.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the Trotskyist Militant tendency had been a significant force within the British Labour Party. At the height of its influence in the mid-to-late 1980s, Militant had three Labour MPs, control of Liverpool City Council and later initiated the campaign they claim brought down the Poll tax. Grant had been one of the founders and the theoretical leader of the Militant group, but he was expelled with other supporters after the 1991 debate on the Open Turn.
A special conference decision to endorse the Open Turn by 93% to 7% entailed Militant supporters abandoning the entryist strategy of working within the Labour Party and leaving to form an independent organisation. The new party was initially known as Militant Labour, changing its name in 1997 to the Socialist Party in England and Wales while in Scotland Scottish Militant Labour instigated the formation of the Scottish Socialist Party.
The split was caused by the Militant tendency's majority adoption of the Open Turn, Grant's continued support for the tactic of entryism within the Labour Party and what Grant and Woods claimed was the bureaucratic centralist degeneration of Militant's internal regime. After the debate and conference decision, the Militant tendency claimed that Grant and Woods had begun a separate organisation and had split from Militant whilst Grant and Woods claimed to have been expelled. The Socialist Party drew the conclusions that owing to the policies followed by Labour under Neil Kinnock, it was effectively a bourgeois political party. Conversely, supporters of Socialist Appeal argued that the Labour Party was still based on trade unions and that the Labour Party retained support in the working class.
As Labour under Tony Blair embraced the Third Way and moved away from its traditional socialist roots, most Trotskyist tendencies in Britain that employed the tactic of entrism left Labour and either run candidates under their own banner, such as the Socialist Party, or joined electoral coalitions such as the Scottish Socialist Party or the Socialist Alliance. The Socialist Party, along with other left-wing organisations, intiatiated the Campaign for a New Workers' Party in 2006, arguing that trade unions should break with Labour and construct their own political formation. However, supporters of Socialist Appeal have rejected this turn and they are the main Trotskyist group in Britain which maintains the entrist tactic in the 21st century (although the Alliance for Workers Liberty left and then rejoined). Socialist Appeal began publishing their own journal in 1992. In 2000, the group was estimated to have around 250 supporters.
In 2013, the tendency in Britain made a turn towards the student movement by launching the Marxist Student Federation.
Following the Scottish independence referendum in which Scots voted to retain the union with the rest of the United Kingdom, the International Marxist Tendency called for "the building of those forces on the left in Scotland, on a revolutionary and internationalist basis, beginning with the Scottish Socialist Party".
In June 2017, Socialist Appeal editor Rob Sewell claimed that "the movement in the direction of revolution is being reflected on the political plane" in Britain and that "the events in Britain have a striking resemblance to the situation that existed in 1931, which Trotsky described as a pre-revolutionary situation".
Socialist Appeal is in broad agreement with the classical Marxist view that capitalism inherently results in "boom and bust" cycles as a result of overproduction and thus attempts to prevent this through monetarism or Keynesianism are not possible. Therefore, they believe the only solution to this is the introduction of democratic socialism, based on a planned and nationalised economy as well as on the socialisation of its "commanding heights" (i.e. the top 150–200 financial institutions and companies). They argue that a planned economy is able to replace production on the basis of profit with production on the basis of need.
Socialist Appeal refers to the fortnightly journal of the same name. In September 2009, the publication Socialist Appeal changed from a magazine journal format to a full colour tabloid. An issue of Socialist Appeal typically contains theoretical articles, industrial reports and political analysis. The group also produce and publish a number of pamphlets and books through their Wellred publishing arm.
Socialist Appeal was also the name of two British Trotskyist newspapers associated with Ted Grant in the 1940s: one was the newspaper of the Workers International League and immediately following that of the Revolutionary Communist Party.
Socialist Appeal is the name of the English-language newspaper of the Workers' International League, the United States section of the International Marxist Tendency and a newspaper in New Zealand which is also affiliated.
International Marxist Tendency
Although they remain small in Britain, the international group to which they are affiliated known as the International Marxist Tendency has grown in number especially in the Indian subcontinent, as well as Latin America where they rally support for the Bolivarian Revolution and instigated the formation of the Hands Off Venezuela campaign group. As well as publishing their paper Socialist Appeal, the group has also published a number of books by Trotsky, Grant and Woods. The group has devoted much of their time to developing the multilingual website In Defence of Marxism.
Supporters of Socialist Appeal value the importance of theory highly and dedicate a large amount of space in their paper and website to theoretical articles. Socialist Appeal's editors argues that a thorough understanding of Marxism, history, economics and politics is necessary to understand the world today. They also argue that the neglect of theory in the late 1980s led to the Militant tendency turning in an ultraleft direction.
- "Ted Grant". The Telegraph. London. 27 July 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Crick, Michael (27 July 2006). "Socialist revolutionary who used Labour movement". Financial Times. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- "Ted Grant: Trotskyist who gave the Labour Party a scare through his leadership of Militant Tendency". The Times. 26 July 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Wade, Bob (27 July 2006). "Ted Grant: Trotskyite behind the Militant Tendency's infiltration of the Labour party". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "Socialist Appeal Conference 2012 - Full Report". Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "A Brief History of the International Marxist Tendency". In Defence of Marxism. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Crick, Michael (1986). The March of Militant. London: Faber & Faber.
- Taaffe, Peter (1995). The Rise of Militant. London: Militant Publications.
- Sewell, Rob. "How the Militant was Built – and How it was Destroyed" (10 October 2004). In Defence of Marxism. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Grant, Ted (1989). The Unbroken Thread. London: Fortress Books. pp. ix.
- McSmith, Andy (9 August 2006). "Ted Grant: Founder of the Trotskyite group Militant Tendency who never abandoned his revolutionary ideals". The Independent. London. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "The University of Warwick". Retrieved January 1, 2019.
In 1991 the two remaining Militant MPs were expelled from the Labour Party, and the tendency finally abandoned its entrist tactics and moved towards the formation of an open party - Militant Labour. Disagreements over the abandonment of work inside the Labour Party resulted in a split in Militant Labour, with the minority or opposition faction, led by Ted Grant, leaving to form Socialist Appeal in 1992. In 1997 Militant Labour changed its name to the Socialist Party (except in Scotland, where it remained Scottish Militant Labour).
- "Against Bureaucratic Centralism". In Defence of Marxism. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Taaffe, Peter (1995). The Rise of Militant. London: Militant Publications. p. 133.
- "Ted Grant Obituary". The Times. July 26, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
Finally, Peter Taaffe and other Militants, alongside whom Grant had stood shoulder to shoulder for so long, insisted that the principle should be dropped. When Grant, and another like-minded spirit, Alan Woods, refused to concede the point, both men were expelled from Militant in 1992.
- "The Campaign for a New Workers' Party (CNWP)". Campaign for a New Worker's Party. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Peter Barberis et al, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations, p.519
- "Scotland needs a revolution!". 27 October 2014. Archived from the original on 13 April 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "Socialist Appeal leaves Scottish Labour!". Alliance for Workers' Liberty. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "Doing a Scottish jig". 27 November 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- "Energy and enthusiasm on display at REVOLUTION 2015". 1 July 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Sewell, Rob (23 June 2017). "Britain on the brink". Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- "The Crisis: Make the bosses pay! - Manifesto of the International Marxist Tendency". Socialist Appeal. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "What We Are Fighting For". Socialist Appeal. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
We demand that the banks, finance houses and insurance companies are nationalised without compensation, allowing for rents and mortgages to be drastically reduced. The building industry must be nationalised in order to build the houses and amenities so desperately needed. All public utilities must be re-nationalised, ending profiteering in our essential services. The national debt must be abolished and full funding provided for public services.
- Editorial Board (September 2009). "Welcome to the new look Socialist Appeal!". Socialist Appeal (177): 2.
- "Welcome to Wellred Online Bookshop!". Wellred Books. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Crick, Michael (1984). Militant. London: Faber & Faber. pp. 34, 38.
- "Workers Party of the United States. Publications, 1933-1939". Cornell University Library. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "Venezuela's economy: Towards state socialism". The Economist. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Yapp, Robin (5 December 2010). "Welsh Trotskyist in row over claims he is key adviser to Hugo Chavez". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Walker, Ross (13 April 2012). "London commemorates 10 years of the defeat of the coup". In Defence of Marxism. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- "Marxist Theory". Socialist Appeal. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
- Woods, Alan (15 October 2009). "In defence of theory — or Ignorance never yet helped anybody". In Defence of Marxism. Retrieved 13 July 2012.
- Grant, Ted. "Scotland—Socialism or Nationalism? A Marxist Analysis". Retrieved 27 June 2012.