The Communist Party of Scotland (CPS; Pàrtaidh Co-Mhaoineach na h-Alba) was established in 1991 when the Communist Party of Great Britain was disbanded and re-formed as the Democratic Left think-tank. Scottish Communists disagreed with this decision and instead set up the CPS, with its headquarters in Partick, Glasgow. Two former members of the CPGB in Scotland joined the new party including Mick McGahey, who had been a leading member of the National Union of Mineworkers in the 1970s and 1980s. Former CPGB General Secretary Gordon McLennan was also associated with the party.
The current national secretary of the CPS is Eric Canning. The CPS has fought no parliamentary elections. The CPS does not feature much on the Scottish political landscape, but did sponsor one local councilor, Willie Clarke, in Fife, until 2016.