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|Mission type||Mir crew transport|
|Mission duration||169 days, 5 hours, 21 minutes, 35 seconds|
|Spacecraft||Soyuz 7K-STM No.69|
|Launch mass||7,170 kilograms (15,810 lb)|
|Callsign||Ви́тязь (Vityaz' - Knight)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||October 3, 1994, 22:42:30UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||March 22, 1995, 04:04:05UTC|
|Perigee||392 kilometres (244 mi)|
|Apogee||394 kilometres (245 mi)|
|Epoch||3 November 1994|
|Docking with Mir|
|Docking port||Core forward|
|Docking date||6 October 1994, 00:28:15 UTC|
|Undocking date||22 March 1995, 00:43:08 UTC|
The Soyuz-TM crew transports (T - транспортный - Transportnyi - meaning transport, M - модифицированный - Modifitsirovannyi - meaning modified) were fourth generation (1986–2002) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander|| Alexander Viktorenko
|Flight Engineer|| Yelena Kondakova
|Research Cosmonaut|| Ulf Merbold
Third and last spaceflight
| Valeri Polyakov
Second and last spaceflight
20th expedition to Mir.
Carried 10 kg of equipment for use by Merbold in ESA’s month-long Euromir 94 experiment program. During automatic approach to Mir’s front port, the spacecraft yawed unexpectedly. Viktorenko completed a manual docking without additional incident.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 9 November 2013.