Star Trek fan productions
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Star Trek fan-made productions are productions made by fans using elements of the Star Trek franchise. Paramount Pictures, CBS, and their licensees are the only organizations legally allowed to create commercial products with the Star Trek name and trademark. The fan film community has received some coverage from the mainstream media.
- 1 Films
- 2 Series
- 3 Audio
- 4 Parodies
- 5 Machinima
- 6 Trailers
- 7 Legal issues
- 8 See also
- 9 References
In 2014, fans and former cast members organized a fan-made short film called Prelude to Axanar, setting up a Kickstarter project with a target of $10,000, but which raised well over $100,000 instead. This short film is planned to be followed by a full-length, feature film called Star Trek: Axanar, funded by a much larger Kickstarter project. These films star Richard Hatch, J. G. Hertzler, Kate Vernon, Gary Graham, Michael Hogan, and Tony Todd, all mainstream science fiction actors from Star Trek and the rebooted Battlestar Galactica. Prelude to Axanar features some well known actors portraying both new and familiar characters from the Star Trek universe.
- Richard Hatch as Kharn, the Klingon Supreme Commander
- Michael Hogan As Captain Robert April
- JG Hertzler as Captain Samuel Travis
- Gary Graham as Soval, Vulcan Ambassador to the Federation
The short film for Prelude to Axanar was released in June 2014. In August 2014, the production raised $638,000 on Kickstarter and Peters went into pre-production for the feature film Star Trek: Axanar.
On December 29, 2015 the project was hit by a lawsuit from CBS and Paramount Pictures filed in Central California federal court, stating the Axanar works infringed upon their intellectual property by making use of "innumerable copyrighted elements of Star Trek, including its settings, characters, species, and themes." In March 2016, Axanar Productions filed a motion to dismiss or strike Paramount and CBS's claims, saying the elements mentioned in the court filing are not protected by copyright and is seeking premature relief from a work, the Axanar feature film, that does not exist.
Star Trek Horizon
- Star Trek Horizon is set in Star Trek: Enterprise era, directly after 4th season of this series. The film is about the Romulan War. The kickstarter campaign launched on April 19, 2014. The film was released February 25, 2016 to backers.
In April 2016, co-producer Tommy Kraft issued the following regarding a proposed follow up production. “STAR TREK - HORIZON" SEQUEL, "FEDERATION RISING", SHUT DOWN.
Earlier today, executives from CBS reached out to me and advised me that their legal team strongly suggested that we do not move forward with plans to create a sequel to Horizon. While this is a sign of the current climate that we find ourselves in with Star Trek fan films, I want to personally thank CBS for reaching out to me, rather than including us in their ongoing lawsuit against Axanar.
It was conveyed that the reason CBS was reaching out to me was due to the legal troubles stemming from the Axanar case. Again, CBS did not have to reach out personally. The message I received felt more like they were giving me a heads up before we got too involved in another project, rather than a group of angry executives swinging a hammer.
On behalf of myself and Ryan Webber, my co-writer and co-producer on Federation Rising, we appreciate your initial support and are saddened that we cannot bring you what we believe was a fantastic feature film. However, rest assured that Ryan and I are committed to continuing our storytelling partnership with an original project. We also welcome other fan productions and fan film lovers to join us on this new venture.
While we initially planned to debut our Kickstarter for Federation Rising this Saturday, we hope that you will instead stand with us as we announce an original sci-fi project that Ryan and I have been co-developing in addition to Federation Rising. We’re incredibly excited to tell you about this completely original story that follows the ideals set forth by Star Trek that Ryan and I have been such huge fans and admirers of our entire lives.
- Tommy Kraft, "Star Trek - Horizon" creator Source 
- A three-part mini-series directed by Tim Russ and starring several original Star Trek stars, including Nichelle Nichols and Walter Koenig. The first part was released in December 2007; parts 2 and 3 were released in 2008.
- Star Trek: Renegades is a fan created project to create a pilot for a new Star Trek series. CBS declined to pick up the show. Several former Star Trek actors appear, including Walter Koenig, Robert Picardo, Manu Intiraymi, and Tim Russ. It is set 10 years after Voyager's return from the Delta Quadrant. Plans have been announced for a Renegades web based series. In June 2016, the team announced that in response to new requirements on Star Trek fan films issued by CBS and Paramount Pictures, their upcoming film "Requiem" would remove all references to Star Trek. The series itself was renamed Renegades.
- An online series produced by Jimm and Joshua Johnson that focuses on the adventures of the starship USS Exeter (a sister ship of the Enterprise; both are Constitution-class Starships) in the original series era, with production design matching the era. It has been mentioned by the New York Times and Register-Guard (Oregon). 2 Episodes have been released.
- Launched in July 2005, this series takes place during the original-series era, and tells the story of the crew of the USS Farragut, Sister ship of the Enterprise. Farragut stars John Broughton as Captain John Carter, Michael Bednar as Commander Robert Tacket & Holly Bednar as Chief Engineer Michelle Smithfield with an ensemble cast. The premise is simply put, "New Ship, New Crew, New Adventures". Its second episode "For Want of a Nail" and "A Rock and a Hard Place" won the Wrath of Con Film Festival in Panama City, Florida for 2008 and 2009 respectively. As of February 2016, Farragut has released 5 full-length episodes (most recently "The Crossing", 3 short vignettes and 2 animated episodes. They are currently in production of the series finale "Homecoming".
- First produced in 2013, this series looks to chronicle the "lost seasons" of Star Trek: The Original Series (in similar fashion to Star Trek: Phase II; see below). The series features anime voice actors Vic Mignogna and Todd Haberkorn as Kirk and Spock, respectively. Other notable cast include Chris Doohan (son of James Doohan) as Scotty, author-producer Larry Nemecek as McCoy, and concurrently by voice actor Chuck Huber. It also co-stars Grant Imahara (MythBusters) as Sulu. The first episode, "Pilgrim of Eternity" (with Michael Forest reprising his role as Apollo from the original series episode "Who Mourns for Adonais?") was released in 2013. The second episode, "Lolani" (featuring guest star Lou Ferrigno), was released in February 2014, and a third episode, "Fairest of Them All" was released in June 2014 and won a Burbank International Film Festival award for "Best New Media – Drama". Star Trek Continues also won a Geekie Award for "Best Web Series". On June 19, 2015, Episode 4 of the series was posted and titled "White Iris". 6 full episodes have been released as of July 2016.
Star Trek: Dark Armada
- The first episode of Dark Armada takes place ten years after the events in Star Trek: Nemesis on board the USS Batavia, named after the famous 17th-century Dutch ship, when Capt Richardson and his crew make a shocking discovery which will determine the fate of life on Earth and throughout the Federation. It was started in March, 2005 by an energetic group of young film-makers gathered from Star Trek fan clubs in the Netherlands and Belgium. Filming began in Jan 2006, a test/pilot episode was released that September, and three short episodes were released in 2009 and 2010.
- A series with fifty produced episodes, the series is set shortly after the end of the Dominion War and centers on the starship Excelsior and its home base, Deep Space 12, as they mediate disputes between various races and fend off attacks from a powerful new alien race, the Grey. Fan Films Quarterly listed Hidden Frontier as one of the ten most pivotal moments in fan film history in its Summer 2006 issue. The BBC in 2006 called the series "the most prominent" Star Trek fan film following Star Trek: Enterprise's cancellation. Hidden Frontier spawned three live-action spinoffs (Odyssey, The Helena Chronicles, and Federation One) two 24th-century audio series (Henglaar, M.D. and Diplomatic Relations) and the 23rd-century movie era audio series "Star Trek: Grissom".
- A fan film produced in Scotland and currently the only Star Trek fan production in the U.K., Intrepid is set in the 24th century, several years after Star Trek: Nemesis, and revolves around the effort to colonise a distant and largely unexplored sector of the galaxy. Star Trek: Intrepid was filmed entirely in Scotland and was released on May 26, 2007. GMTV presenter Lorraine Kelly has a brief appearance in Intrepid and the production has received extensive coverage in both national and international media, such as CNN, BBC Radio Scotland The Guardian, and The Scotsman. Intrepid was featured on the UK Sci Fi Channel's Sci Fi 360 video podcast. Nick Cook, the executive producer and star of Intrepid, has also collaborated with the Hidden Frontier crew several times, including the joint episodes Orphans of War and Operation Beta Shield, as well as the finale of Odyssey.
- A spin-off from the Hidden Frontier team with its first episode "Illiad" launched in September 2007. It is the story of the USS Odyssey, a Federation ship which has become trapped in the distant Andromeda Galaxy. With Odyssey's captain and first officer dead, along with most of the command staff, Lt. Commander Ro Nevin is forced to take command in order to get the remaining crew home.
(formerly known as Star Trek: New Voyages)
- Co-creators James Cawley and Jack Marshall aimed to complete the original series' five-year mission, with actors cast as Kirk, Spock and the rest of the Enterprise crew on an exact replica of the original bridge set. One episode, "To Serve All My Days," was written by D. C. Fontana, story editor on the original Star Trek series, and featured Walter Koenig guest-starring as an older version of Pavel Chekov, his character from the original series. Several other actors from the original Trek series have also now signed on to appear in future episodes. George Takei reprised his role of Hikaru Sulu in the third episode, "World Enough and Time", joining the original Yeoman Janice Rand, Grace Lee Whitney. Fan Films Quarterly listed New Voyages as one of the ten most pivotal moments in fan film history in its Summer 2006 issue, and it has been reported on by National Public Radio. New Voyages also won TV Guide's 2007 Online Video Award for best sci-fi Webisode. On February 16, 2008, during an appearance at the Farpoint Science Fiction Media Convention in Baltimore, Maryland, James Cawley announced that the series would shed the New Voyages moniker and become known as Star Trek: Phase II to reflect the transition between the original series and Star Trek: The Motion Picture. 10 episodes and 3 short vignettes have been released by 2015.
- Star Trek: Phoenix is a fan-film series that is set 42 years after the events of the motion picture Star Trek: Nemesis. The series holds to Gene Roddenberry's original timeline. The pilot episode, "Cloak & Dagger", premiered on the Internet May 2, 2010.
Blood of Tiberius: A Star Trek Fan Production
- Blood of Tiberius is a fan series set 50 years after the events of Star Trek: The Original Series and is derived from the episode "Bread and Circuses". It is set in the year 2316 and follows the granddaughter of the late Captain James T. Kirk, (from his brief encounter with the slave girl Drusilla) as she carries on his heroic legacy as a Federation Special Agent. Originally planned as a live action series starring Cassandra Scerbo, the plans were scrapped after a failed crowd-funding campaign and new CBS/Paramount guidelines. It is being retooled as a 3d animation project. 
- This independent production is the story of the USS Montana, a ship from the end of the era of "cowboy diplomacy" that travels seventy years into the future--into the new world of careful steps and slow deliberation. Flung to a new time and into a new culture, the crew of the Montana is forced to adapt--but this hardly stops them from facing new adventures in the 24th century. After releasing its pilot, "Ghost Ship," in December 2007, and since then seven more episodes have been released, most recently "Cathedral in the Void" on May 10, 2014.
Star Trek: Defiant
- This monthly audio drama produced by Pendant Productions follows the adventures of the USS Defiant from Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. It was honored as the best fan-produced Star Trek audio drama of 2009 by TrekMovie.com. The drama was cancelled in May 2012, and all produced episodes were removed from the website with no reason given.
- This audio drama produced by James Heaney Star Trek: Excelsior is a full-length, full-cast audio drama set in Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek universe. The stories are long, arc-based, character-driven, and very involved.
Star Trek: Lost Universe
- Created by Jeff Lincoln and produced by StarForce Media, "Star Trek: Lost Universe" debuted on SoundCloud in early 2015. The Dominion War is over, the Reman threat to destroy the United Federation of Planets has been foiled, and an uneasy peace between the Romulan Star Empire and the Federation is in place. The next chapter in Federation History begins. The USS Jamestown, an experimental, Nebula Class vessel finds itself trapped in an alternate reality where the Romulan Star Empire has conquered nearly the entire Alpha Quadrant. Without allies and without a place to call home, the Jamestown begins a one-ship-rebellion against the Romulan Star Empire in an attempt to restore what was once a shining light in the Alpha Quadrant.
Star Trek: Outpost
- This monthly audio drama produced by Tony Raymond and Dan McIntosh of Giant Gnome Productions follows the adventures of the crew of Deep Space 3 and the USS Chimera. The show premiered in 2009 and is still in active production, averaging 11 episodes per season. It was nominated for the Parsec Awards each year from 2010 to 2013, and was selected as a finalist in 2010, 2012 and 2013. Star Trek: Outpost was awarded the 2013 Parsec Award for Best Speculative Fiction Audio Drama (Long Form). Star Trek: Outpost is notable for receiving numerous favorable reviews, praised for both its "vivid characters" and for being "leagues better than the usual Star Trek audio drama". The show is currently in active syndication on 90.9 FM KDWG and on Trek Radio.
Improvised Star Trek
- Winner of 2015 Audio Verse Awards for Best Fan/Adaptation Comedy, Improvised Star Trek is a comedy podcast that follows the voyages of the USS Sisyphus. Initially created as live show at the iO Theater of Chicago in 2009, with a cast of professional comedians, the podcast is entirely improvised from title suggestions submitted by listeners via social media, with music and effects added in post-production. The show is not a direct parody of any specific Star Trek series, but instead uses the Star Trek setting to explore general Sci-Fi premises and character-based comedy, on a starship operating contemporaneous to the events of Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Deep Space 9, and Star Trek:Voyager. New episodes are released bi-weekly and can be found at the shows website.
- David Rogers' film presents the tale of a space weary security officer on the Enterprise who is sick of Kirk, the ship, and the red shirt he must wear every day. While on patrol, he meets another redshirt on his first assignment and to whom he reveals the truth about redshirts. This film was screened on the Sci Fi Channel's Exposure in 2001.
Star Trek: The Pepsi Generation
- A 16-minute film written by Ryan K. Johnson and Darrell Bratz, with Johnson producing and directing. It primarily parodies Star Trek: The Next Generation, although it also pokes fun at Max Headroom, Doctor Who, William Shatner, and Harlan Ellison. The film premiered at the Norwescon science fiction convention in March 1988, and won best film at the convention's film festival.
- In this 1988 film, the "Ferrari" have stolen all of the Pepsi from Starbase Seven-Up, and it is up to the crew of the Enterprise to rescue it. Captain Picard, along with Doodah the android, Ya Har, Jordashe, Rigor Mortis, Sexx Toii (the Betamax counselor), Ensign Expendable, and Weasley Crushme all leap into action. Along the way, viewers meet the harried Star Trek writing crew and the Ferrari's fearsome leader.
- On August 26, 1996, the BBC aired a documentary on Star Trek parodies, and Star Trek: The Pepsi Generation was one of the featured films.
- A Flash animated series that presents episodes of Star Trek as it might have appeared in the universe of The Flintstones. The series takes place aboard the stoneship USS Magnetize. Characters include Captain James T. Kirkstone, the Vulcano first officer Mr. Sprock, and ship's doctor Leonard "Fossils" RcKoy. The series also includes a running count of redshirts killed in each episode, and fans can write in to nominate themselves to be caricatured as a redshirt in future episodes. The production's website was a Sci-Fi.com "Site of the Week" in May 2001.
- Borg War
- Borg War is a 90-minute animated movie originally distributed as individual short episodes. Footage for Borg War was produced using Trek-themed computer games (a process known as machinima) and then extensively edited to create the final movie, repurposing the games' voiceover clips to create a new plot. Borg War was nominated for two "Mackie" awards by the Academy of Machinima Arts & Sciences. An August 2007 screening at a Star Trek convention in Las Vegas was the first time that CBS/Paramount had approved the screening of a non-parody fan film at a licensed convention.
- Bring Back Kirk
- When Captain Kirk was killed in Star Trek Generations, fans started the "Bring Back Kirk" campaign. The original Bring Back Kirk teaser trailer was released in 2001 and became popular at conventions, such as the 2003 Starfleet Ball and Brazilian Trek Con at São Paulo. A second trailer, released in March 2004, was mentioned in Star Trek Monthly and The New York Post's Starr Report.
The attitude of the Star Trek copyright and trademark holders toward fan works has varied over time. In early 1996, Viacom (which purchased Paramount in 1994) sent cease and desist letters to webmasters of Star Trek fan sites that contained copyrighted film clips, sounds, insignia, or other copyrighted material. In the lead-up to the release of Star Trek: First Contact, then-president of Paramount Digital Entertainment David Wertheimer stated that Viacom was targeting sites that were "selling ads, collecting fees, selling illegal merchandise or posting copyrighted materials." Under threat of legal action, many websites shut down.
Jennifer Granick, a San Francisco criminal lawyer who went on to champion cyber rights, felt that the unofficial sites should be covered by the fair use doctrine in U.S. copyright law. In 1998, then-UCLA associate professor Howard Besser claimed the entertainment industry as a whole was, and cited Viacom's actions toward Star Trek site webmasters as an example of, "exploiting concerns over digitization and attempting to reshape the law by strengthening protection for copyrights holders and weakening public rights to access and use material."
Star Trek fan films have, until recently, operated in an informational vacuum, since Paramount has made few official statements regarding their existence. Fan filmmakers have generally kept a low profile, hoping not to draw attention to themselves. However, with the demise of Star Trek: Enterprise in 2005, the fan film community began drawing more attention in the media, and even a certain amount of recognition from the entertainment industry.
On December 29, 2015 Star Trek: Axanar was hit by a lawsuit from CBS and Paramount Pictures filed in California federal court, stating the Axanar works infringed upon their intellectual property by making use of "innumerable copyrighted elements of Star Trek, including its settings, characters, species, and themes."
On June 26, 2016, CBS and Paramount released a set of guidelines for Star Trek fan films to follow. Notably, these restrictions required films to be no more than 15 minutes long and have no stories longer than two installments (for a total of 30 minutes) and required all participants to be amateurs who have never worked on Star Trek or another licensee of CBS or Paramount Pictures. Additionally, only official merchandise could be used (rather than replica props) and without nudity, profanity, drugs, or alcohol. Because of these changes, Star Trek: Renegades made changes to the script of their upcoming film "Requiem" to remove all references to Star Trek. The series itself was renamed Renegades.
- Suellentrop, Chris (December 2005). "To Boldly Go Where No Fan Has Gone Before". wired.com. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Kimmel, Daniel M. (2005-07-31). "Enterprising fans captain 'Trek' spinoffs". Variety. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Hakim, Danny (2006-06-18). "'Star Trek' Fans, Deprived of a Show, Recreate the Franchise on Digital Video". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Kickstarter Star Trek: Prelude to Axanar
- ""Prelude to Axanar" Trailer Released". TrekMovie.com. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- staff (August 28, 2014). "The Future of Independent Trek: Star Trek: Axanar Raises More Than $650,000 Through Kickstarter". Broadway World. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- Gardner, Eriq (2015-12-30). "Crowdfunded 'Star Trek' Movie Draws Lawsuit from Paramount, CBS". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- Copyright Does Not Protect the Klingon Language, Court Hears March 30, 2016
- "Let There Be Lights: "Of Gods and Men" Shoots". startrek.com. 2006-07-12. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Star Trek: Of Gods and Men website". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Former 'Star Trek' stars reunite for independent film 'Of Gods and Men'". NY Daily News. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Story & Synopsis". Renegade Studios. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- "Be a Renegade! Support The Ongoing Internet TV Series!". startrekrenegades.com. August 23, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- "A message from the Renegades team regarding the new fan film guidelines – Renegades". Renegades: The Series. 25 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Taylor, Lewis (2006-10-03). "Trekkers invited to beam down to festival". The Register-Guardian. Retrieved 2007-06-29.[dead link]
- Phil Plait, The Trek Continues, Slate,
- "About Us" page, official website for Star Trek Continues.
- Exclusive: First Look And Details For ‘Star Trek: Continues’ Fan Series review, June 19, 2012, terkmovie.com website. accessed 11/26/13.
- "The 2014 Geekie Awards Winners & Nominees". The Geekie Awards. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Savage, Mark (2006-09-06). "Where no fan film has gone before". BBC. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Captain Kelly". GMTV. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Homemade 'Star Trek'". CNN.com. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- Calder, David (2006-06-23). "Star Trek episode made in Dundee". BBC Radio Scotland. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- Scott, Kirsty (2006-06-28). "Fans boldly go on after axeing of Star Trek". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- Gilchrist, Jim (2006-07-04). "Beam Me Up". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on 2007-10-27. Retrieved 2007-07-02.
- "Sci Fi 360 Episode 16". Sci Fi Channel (United Kingdom).
- Mann, Brian (2006-07-22). "NPR: Star Trek Fan Films Live Long and Prosper". National Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- Patterson, Thom (2006-12-20). "Star Trek DIY: Fans make their own 'Webisodes'". CNN. Retrieved 2007-12-20.
- "Star Trek: New Voyages becomes Star Trek: Phase II". StarTrekPhase2.com. 2008-02-18. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- "Star Trek: Phoenix official Website". Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "Star Trek: Phoenix official Facebook Page". Facebook. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- ""Blood of Tiberius"official Facebook Page". Facebook.
- "Star Trek DIY". cnn.com. 2007-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- "TrekIn09: Best Star Trek Fan Productions Of 2009". TrekMovie.com. 2009-12-31. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- StarForce Media
- "2010 Parsec Award Winners". Parsec Awards. 2011-03-15. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
- "2012 Parsec Award Winners". Parsec Awards. 2012-07-26. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- "2013 Parsec Award Winners". Parsec Awards. 2013-09-02. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- Chipman, Alexa (10 December 2009). "Established Audio Review: Star Trek: Outpost". Imagination Lane. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Reader, Barbara (26 June 2009). "(247) Star Trek Audio Dramas". Star Trek Reviewed. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Ross, Dalton (2001-09-10). "What To Watch". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Star Trek: The Pepsi Generation (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- Johnson, Ryan K. "Star Trek: The Pepsi Generation (1988)". Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- Nayar, Pramod K. (2009). An introduction to new media and cybercultures. John Wiley and Sons. p. 105. ISBN 1-4051-8167-2.
- Computer gaming world:. Volumes 67-77: Golden Empire Publications. 1990.
- Scott A. Lukas, John Marmysz (2009). Fear, cultural anxiety, and transformation: horror, science fiction, and fantasy films remade. Lexington Books,. ISBN 0-7391-2488-9.
- "Sci-Fi Site of the Week". scifi.com. 2001-05-21. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "DEUX EX MACHIMINA – BORG WAR DOING TREK CON". Newsarama.com. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- "See an Unauthorized Animated Star Trek Feature Film". IF Magazine. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- "'Borg Wars' for next generation of movie makers". Nashua Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- "Scan of Star Trek Monthly article". Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- Starr, Michael (2004-07-01). "Starr Report". New York Post.
- Granick, Jennifer (1997-10-09). "Cyber Rights Now: 'Scotty, Beam Down the Lawyers!'". wired.com. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Image of cease-and-desist letter sent by Viacom to some Star Trek site webmaster". scifi.com. Archived from the original on May 23, 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- Jones, Colman (November 1997). "Trekkies orbit around copyright turbulence". NOW. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Recent Changes to Copyright: Attacks Against the Public Interest". March 1999. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "To Boldly Go Where No Fan Has Gone Before". Wired.com. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- Kimmel, Daniel M. (2005-07-31). "Enterprising fans captain 'Trek' spinoffs". Variety.com. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- "Roundup: TV Guide Online Awards". StarTrek.com. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- "'Star Trek' cast member to appear in fan film". cbc.ca. 2005-05-28. Archived from the original on July 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-28.
- Geuss, Megan (26 Jun 2016). "Unswayed by Axanar, CBS and Paramount offer 10 rules for fan film makers". Ars Technica. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- "Star Trek Fan Films". StarTrek.com. Retrieved 1 July 2016.