Comparison of Star Trek and Star Wars
This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Star Trek and Star Wars are American media franchises which present alternative scenarios of space adventure. The two franchises are dominant in this setting of storytelling and have offered various forms of media productions for decades that manage billions of dollars of intellectual property, providing employment and entertainment for billions of people around the world.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2014)
Star Trek was introduced in 1966 as a live-action television series and lasted three years with a total of 79 episodes. Star Trek: The Animated Series premiered in 1973 and lasted two seasons with a total of 22 episodes. With the subsequent publication of novels, comics, animated series, toys and feature films, Star Trek grew into a popular media franchise.
Star Wars was introduced as a feature film, Star Wars (1977). A novelization titled Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker, based on the original script of the film, was published about a year earlier. Upon the release of the first film, Star Wars quickly grew into a popular media franchise.
Star Trek debuted in television. The franchise was conceived in the style of the television Western Wagon Train and the adventure stories of Horatio Hornblower, but evolved into an idealistic, utopian prospect of future human society. Inspired by Gulliver's Travels, Star Trek's main focus is of space exploration and a galactic society consisting of multiple planets and species, where conflict occasionally occurs. Star Trek occurs in the relatively distant future, specifically the 22nd through 24th centuries, with occasional time travel and interdimensional travel. The Earth of the Star Trek universe shares most of its history with the real world.
Star Wars debuted in film, despite the novel based on the film's original script having been published a year before the film itself. Star Wars mainly belongs to the space opera subgenre of science fiction that follows The Hero's Journey and was inspired by works such as Beowulf, King Arthur and other mythologies, world religions, as well as ancient and medieval history. It depicts a galactic society in constant conflict. Though there are periods of peace, these are only documented in novels, comics, video games, non-feature films and other spin-off media. Star Wars is set "a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away", although many characters are human, occasionally use Earth metaphors and exhibit human character traits.
Although both Star Trek and Star Wars populate various forms of media, not all types have been produced that are mutual to both franchises. Star Trek has not produced any television films; whereas Star Wars has produced at least three live-action television films outside the Star Wars film saga. The Star Wars Holiday Special, Ewoks: Caravan of Courage and Ewoks: Battle for Endor are all live-action television spin-off films set in the Star Wars universe, but not considered part of the official Star Wars canon.
Similarities and commonalities
Both stories depict societies consisting of multiple planets and species. The main galaxy in Star Trek consists of various planets, each inhabited by different species, united into a single state, the United Federation of Planets. Star Wars depicts a galaxy that is mostly part of a single state known as the Old Republic, inhabited by humans and countless other species, which later became the Galactic Empire and was again later reformed into a new society called the New Republic after a series of wars.
Both franchises promote philosophical and political messages.
The primary philosophies of Star Trek convey the morals of exploration and interference and how to properly confront and ethically resolve a new situation. Creator Gene Roddenberry was inspired by morality tales such as Gulliver's Travels. with the basic dramatic format inspired by the science fiction film, Forbidden Planet
The primary philosophical messages of Star Wars are the ethics of good against evil and how to distinguish them from one another. Star Wars preaches against totalitarian systems and favors societies that offer equality. In an interview on the Star Wars 20th Anniversary UK Programme aired in 1997 referring to the mythology of the original Star Wars trilogy, Patrick Stewart stated "A belief in one's own powers; especially one's own powers to do good because the underlying morality of Star Wars is a very very positive one."
There have been actors from both franchises who have appeared on common television series such as The Outer Limits and Seaquest.
Both franchises also derive significantly from history and ancient mythology, including Greco-Roman mythology. Many planets and alien species in Star Trek, for instance, are named after ancient Roman deities. Several episodes from various Star Trek television series, such as "Who Mourns for Adonais", are directly based on ancient Greek-Roman themes and settings. The series also make references to Ancient Babylon and its mythic folklore. The Klingons and their warrior culture are a representation of the 12th-century Mongols.
Much of Star Wars' story plots and character developments are based on ancient history, including classical Greece and Rome, such as the fall of the Old Republic in Star Wars, followed by the rise of the Galactic Empire, which parallels the fall of the ancient Roman Republic followed by the rise of the Roman Empire.
A 1983 documentary on the making of Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi was hosted by Leonard Nimoy, who also made mention of Lucas's original plan to do two other trilogies preceding and proceeding the original trilogy.
Star Trek: Nemesis (2002) was poorly received and Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith (2005) had capped off the prequel trilogy, which overall had a mixed to positive reception. The two franchises now offer almost all forms of media ranging from novels, television series, comic books, toys for younger audience, magazines, themed merchandise, board games and video games, as well as fan works. These include canonical and non-canonical works, including works made both by series producers and fans jointly.
J. J. Abrams has been heavily involved in both franchises, as director and producer of Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and producer of Star Trek Beyond (2016), and director and producer of Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) and Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019). Star Trek (2009) and Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) are each the first entries in expected trilogies. These films received favorable critical and commercial response and revived interest for both franchises. In addition to Abrams, actors such as Simon Pegg starred in both series. The newer films of the two franchises filmed major scenes in the United Arab Emirates. The desert scenes on the planet Jakku in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) were filmed in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, while scenes for cities in the film Star Trek Beyond (2016) were filmed in the Emirate of Dubai.
Despite J.J. Abrams' Trek and Wars entries being financial and critical success with critics, the original filmmakers behind both franchises did not feel the same, and criticized J.J. Abrams for doing remakes instead of original plots. Star Trek Into Darkness ended being considered less original than its Abrams-directed predecessor, and more of a loose remake of Star Trek II: Wrath of Khan. The director of Wrath of Khan, Nicholas Meyer, from which Into Darkness borrowed lines and plot elements, revealed in 2018, to have been disappointed with the film, saying: "In my sort of artistic worldview, if you’re going to do an homage, you have to add something. You have to put another layer on it, and they didn’t. Just by putting the same words in different characters’ mouths didn't add up to anything, and if you have someone dying in one scene and sort of being resurrected immediately after there's no real drama going on. It just becomes a gimmick or gimmicky, and that's what I found it to be ultimately."
Star Wars creator George Lucas shared a similar disappointment towards Abrams's Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens, finding himself agreeing with the critics who found it too derivative of his own original Star Wars trilogy, particularly his original film. During an interview with talk show host and journalist Charlie Rose that aired on December 24, 2015, Lucas likened his decision to sell Lucasfilm to Disney to a divorce, and outlined the creative differences between him and the producers of The Force Awakens. He described the previous six Star Wars films as his "children" and defended his vision for them, while criticizing The Force Awakens for having a "retro feel", saying: "I worked very hard to make them completely different, with different planets, with different spaceships – you know, to make it new." Lucas also likened Disney to "white slavers", which drew some criticism, he later apologized for. Of the batch of new Star Wars films, the Abrams written and directed films, received the worst reception from Lucas. In 2017, Lucas described Star Wars Episode VIII: The Last Jedi as "beautifully made", the comment was interpreted as Lucas liking the Rian Johnson´s written and directed sequel more than The Force Awakens. The previous year, the Disney-produced Star Wars anthology film Rogue One had been released, its production did not involve Abrams and it was reported that Lucas also liked it more than The Force Awakens.
Years later critics agreed with Lucas and Meyers criticisms, when Abrams directed and wrote the worst received live-action film in the Star Wars film franchise, called Star Wars IX: The Rise of Skywalker. Website The Ringer noted the reception to said film to be so negative, that the film (and it´s tie-ins), kept generating negative or controversial headlines in regards to the film´s production for almost 10 months after it´s release. The film was the one where Abrams had the most creative control.  In the film, Abrams was criticized for doubling down on Meyer´s criticism towards Star Trek Into Darkness, due to the plot killing and instantly resurrecting almost every character in the film. Force powers to revive others, were a central plot of the film, but they lost all meaning due to most resurrections not even anything having to do with such powers, including those of Palpatine, Chewbacca, C-3PO and even the most minor cameo characters Zorry Bliss, and Babu Frik. On his negative review for Star Trek Into Darkness, Nicholas Meyer had previously criticized J. J. Abrams, for doing fake deaths, were he killed main characters, only to quickly revive them. The Rise of Skywalker was also criticized for being another derivative remake of a previous film in said franchise, this time of the Lucas written Return of the Jedi.  Websites have defended Johnson's VIII: The Last Jedi, and blamed Abrams and Disney for the failure of IX: Rise of Skywalker, while criticizing Abrams usage of his ¨mystery box¨.
Abrams also was heavilly criticized for white-washing the classic Star Trek character of Khan Noonien Singh, since Khan is an explicitly non-white character in the Star Trek canon (introduced as a Sikh and former ruler of much of eastern Eurasia). There have been similar accusations of whitewashing by fans and American Sikhs, who were hoping for an actor from their community to be cast in such a feature role, villain or not, with Star Trek: Voyager actor Garrett Wang tweeting "The casting of Cumberbatch was a mistake on the part of the producers. I am not being critical of the actor or his talent, just the casting".  On Trekmovie.com, co-producer and co-screenwriter Bob Orci addressed Khan's casting: "Basically, as we went through the casting process and we began honing in on the themes of the movie, it became uncomfortable for me to support demonizing anyone of color, particularly any one of Middle Eastern descent or anyone evoking that. One of the points of the movie is that we must be careful about the villain within US, not some other race". Abrams addressed some of the film's shortcomings. He thought that the dynamic for Kirk and Spock's relationship in the film "wasn’t really clear." For keeping the identity of Khan a secret prior to the film's release, Abrams felt he "was trying to preserve the fun for the audience, and not just tell them something that the characters don’t learn for 45 minutes into the movie, so the audience wouldn’t be so ahead of it." In the end, Abrams recognized that "there were certain things I was unsure of.... Any movie...has a fundamental conversation happening during it. And [for Into Darkness,] I didn’t have it.... [The problems with the plot] was not anyone’s fault but mine, or, frankly, anyone’s problem but mine. [The script] was a little bit of a collection of scenes that were written by my friends.... And yet, I found myself frustrated by my choices, and unable to hang my hat on an undeniable thread of the main story. So then I found myself on that movie basically tap-dancing as well as I could to try and make the sequences as entertaining as possible.... I would never say that I don’t think that the movie ended up working. But I feel like it didn’t work as well as it could have had I made some better decisions before we started shooting."
Estimated financial comparisons
Despite the similar number of films, the profit made by the Star Wars film series exceed the profit of the Star Trek film series by six times, while the entire franchise outgrosses the other by four times. It is difficult to accurately judge the total worth of each franchise as television series, novels, memorabilia, video games and other factors must be taken into account.
Star Trek films (US$ million) Year Title Budget Box office Net 1979 The Motion Picture 35 139 104 1982 The Wrath of Khan 12 96 84 1984 The Search for Spock 18 87 69 1986 The Voyage Home 24 133 109 1989 The Final Frontier 30 70 40 1991 The Undiscovered Country 27 96.9 69.9 1994 Generations 38 120 82 1996 First Contact 46 150 104 1998 Insurrection 70 117 47 2002 Nemesis 60 67 7 2009 Star Trek (reboot) 140 386 246 2013 Into Darkness 190 467 277 2016 Beyond 185 343 158 Total 13 films 875 2,271 1,397
Star Wars films (US$ million) Year Title Budget Box office Net 1977 Star Wars 11 786.6 775.6 1980 The Empire Strikes Back 23 534.1 511.1 1983 Return of the Jedi 32.5 572.7 540.2 1999 The Phantom Menace 115 1027 912 2002 Attack of the Clones 115 656.6 541.6 2005 Revenge of the Sith 115 848.9 733.9 2008 The Clone Wars 8.5 68.6 60.1 2015 The Force Awakens 306 2058 1752 2016 Rogue One 200 1056 856 2017 The Last Jedi 200 1321 1121 2018 Solo 275 392.9 117.9 2019 The Rise of Skywalker 275 1074 799 Total 12 films 1,676 10,396.4 8,720.4
|Franchise||Year of inception||Original work||Films||Total box office||TV series||Total revenue|
|Star Trek||1966||Star Trek: The Original Series (TV)||13||$2.271 billion||10||$7.8 billion (as of 1998)|
|Star Wars||1977||Star Wars (film)||12||$8.923 billion||10||$42 Billion (as of 2015)|
Critique and commentaries
Science fiction writer David Brin criticized Star Wars at the time of the release of The Phantom Menace, arguing that while the Star Wars movies provide special effects and action/adventure, audiences are not encouraged to engage with their overriding themes. Among his issues with Star Wars and George Lucas, whom he accused of "having an agenda", is that the Star Wars galaxy is too "elitist", with arbitrary rulers on both the evil and good sides, replacing one another without any involvement of the population. He criticizes both sides of the Galactic Civil War as part of the "same genetically superior royal family". He finds the Star Wars universe flawed with additional forms of absolutism, such as justified emotions leading a good person to evil – for example citing the idea that Luke Skywalker killing Palpatine would somehow turn him to the dark side, despite the act potentially saving millions of lives. Among the many other flaws he sees with Star Wars is that Anakin Skywalker becomes a hero in the ending of Return of the Jedi simply because he saved his son's life, while the atrocities he committed during his time in power go largely ignored. In contrast, he argues that, despite its flaws, Star Trek is "democratic" and follows genuine issues and strong questioning.
William Shatner argues that Star Trek is superior to Star Wars. According to him, "Star Trek had relationships and conflict among the relationships and stories that involved humanity and philosophical questions". Shatner believes that Star Wars was only better than Star Trek in terms of special effects, and that once J.J. Abrams became involved, Star Trek was able to "supersede Star Wars on every level".
Tim Russ, who played Tuvok on Star Trek: Voyager, claims that it is difficult to find common enough elements to be able to compare the two. Among those common elements are their similar settings of unique characters and technologies. He echoed Shatner that Star Trek reflects common human issues, the morals of exploration and considers ethical questions. Star Wars in his view is a classic medieval tale dressed up as action-adventure, and that embraces the Eastern philosophy of inner-strength. Russ concludes that despite both their success and popularity, Star Trek comes out as the better of the two, as it is set in "our" galaxy and therefore people can relate better to it, whereas Star Wars takes place in another galaxy. He acknowledged that he could be biased.
Jeremy Bulloch is best known for his role as Boba Fett in the original Star Wars trilogy. He is a huge fan of Star Trek: The Original Series. He argued that while both franchises are popular, Star Wars comes out as the superior, for its soundtracks and special effects.
Contrasting the focus of the two franchises, contributor J. C. Herzthe of The New York Times argued, "Trek fandom revolves around technology because the Star Trek universe was founded on ham-fisted dialogue and Gong Show-caliber acting. But the fictional science has always been brilliant. The science in Star Wars is nonsense, and everyone knows it. But no one cares because Star Wars isn't about science. It's epic drama. It's about those incredibly well-developed characters and the moral decisions they face. People don't get into debates about how the second Death Star works. They get into debates about the ethics of blowing it up."
John Wenzel of The Denver Post highlighted two differences in approach, noting the "swashbuckling" and "gunslinger" style of Star Wars compared with Star Trek's "broader themes of utopian living, justice and identity" and that the spiritual aspect of Star Wars contrasts with the balance of emotion and logic seen in Star Trek.
Billionaire Peter Thiel told Dowd "I'm a capitalist. Star Wars is the capitalist show. Star Trek is the communist one". He further stated "There is no money in Star Trek because you just have the transporter machine that can make anything you need. The whole plot of Star Wars starts with Han Solo having this debt that he owes and so the plot in Star Wars is driven by money."
Archived footage in Trek Nation showed Gene Roddenberry saying, "I like Star Wars. It was young King Arthur growing up, slaying the evil emperor finally. There's nothing wrong with that kind of entertainment - everything doesn't have to create a philosophy for you - for your whole life. You can also have fun."
Influences on each other
The two franchises have a "symbiotic relationship" stated Shatner, who credits Star Wars for launching the Star Trek films. He repeated this sentiment at a 2016 Star Trek fan convention in Las Vegas by stating "Star Wars created Star Trek". He clarified this statement by explaining that at the time of the release of the first Star Wars film (A New Hope), Paramount, then under new management, was struggling to come up with something that could compete with it. A Star Trek relaunch was the choice. Since then, public interest has returned to Star Trek. "It was Star Wars that thrust Star Trek into the people of Paramount's consciousness" Shatner stated.
The documentary Trek Nation features interviews where both Lucas and Roddenberry praise each other's respective franchises, with the former stating that Star Trek was an influence while writing the original screenplay for Star Wars. He explained that while both franchises were so "far out", Star Trek produced a fanbase that "softened up the entertainment arena" so that Star Wars could "come along and stand on its shoulders." This is also acknowledged by Shatner, who went as far as to call Star Wars a "derivative" of Star Trek.
A few references to Star Wars have been inserted into Star Trek films. For fleeting moments, one can see ships and droids from Star Wars in both Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013). Some Star Trek films and television episodes used the Star Wars animation shop, Industrial Light & Magic, for their special effects.
When Roddenberry was honored at a Star Trek convention late in life, a congratulatory letter from Lucas was presented by an actor dressed as Darth Vader. A few years earlier, Roddenberry had contributed an entry in honor of Star Wars and Lucas at a convention honoring the latter.
Shatner has also posted a number of humorous tweets on his Twitter account mocking Star Wars. Amongst them were commemorating the 35th anniversary of the poorly received Star Wars Holiday Special. It was then that Star Wars actor Peter Mayhew posted a "retaliation" tweet congratulating Shatner for the directing of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, another poorly received film.
Both franchises are set to grow throughout the next decade.
Star Trek was rebooted with a series of feature films starting with the Star Trek reboot (2009), which was followed by Star Trek Into Darkness (2013) and Star Trek Beyond (2016) and a number of sequels are set to follow. A new television series based in the original timeline, subtitled Discovery, serving as a prequel to the original series, debuted on CBS All Access, an online streaming platform, in 2017.
Star Wars picked up from where Return of the Jedi left off, with The Force Awakens the first in the new trilogy, followed by The Last Jedi in 2017, and The Rise of Skywalker in 2019. Additionally, more spin-off media is also underway after the debut of Star Wars Rebels, a television series set in between the Star Wars prequels and the original trilogy, The Mandalorian, a television series set in between the original trilogy and the Star Wars sequel trilogy, and an anthology of stand-alone Star Wars films, starting with Rogue One, which was released in December 2016, and Solo following in May 2018.
Aside from official works by the producers of Star Trek and Star Wars, many fan films and webisodes set in the two universes of the franchises are also constantly produced and posted on the Internet by fans, but are not officially considered canon in relation to either franchise.
- Ho, Richard (May 14, 1999). "Trekkers VS Lucasites". The Harvard Crimson.
- Forbeck, Matt (April 18, 2011). Star Wars vs. Star Trek: Could the Empire kick the Federation's ass? And other galaxy-shaking enigmas. Adams Media. ISBN 978-1-4405-2577-3.
- Robey, Tim (July 18, 2016). "Star Trek vs Star Wars: the space battle that will never end". The Telegraph.
- Simon, Richard Keller (November 23, 1999). Trash Culture: Popular Culture and the Great Tradition. University of California Press. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-0-520-92442-0.
- Clark, Mark (April 1, 2012). Star Trek FAQ: Everything Left to Know About the First Voyages of the Starship Enterprise. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. pp. 22–. ISBN 978-1-55783-963-3.
- Clive Williams, The Hero’s Journey: A Mudmap for Change, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, (002216781770549), (2017). Crossref
- Empire of Dreams: The Story of the Star Wars Trilogy. Star Wars Trilogy Box Set DVD documentary. 
- Lucasfilm (October 15, 2012). Star Wars and History. Wiley. ISBN 978-1-118-28525-1.
- Kipen, David (1997). "Planet Hollywood: The Death of the American Film". World Policy Journal. 14 (2): 60. JSTOR 40209531.
- Young, Rob. "Forbidden Planet: The Film that Inspired Star Trek Turns 60". Cinelinx.com. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
- Decker, Kevin S. (October 1, 2010). Star Wars and Philosophy: More Powerful Than You Can Possibly Imagine. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 978-1-4596-0101-7.
- Redmond, Sean (2004). Liquid Metal: The Science Fiction Film Reader. Wallflower Press. pp. 303–. ISBN 978-1-903364-87-1.
- Kapell, Matthew Wilhelm (March 1, 2010). Star Trek as Myth: Essays on Symbol and Archetype at the Final Frontier. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-5594-2.
- "Star Trek as Myth Through an Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Gilgamesh/Enkidu and Kirk/Spock Relationships". The Kirk/Spock fanfiction archive.
- Sanes, Ken. "Star Trek And the New Myth of the Machine as Seen in the Talosians, Trelane, and the Organians". Transparency.
- "Leonard Nimoy hosts 1983 Return of the Jedi set visit in this awesome, long-lost clip". Trent Moore. SyFyWire.
- Jaafar, Ali (January 7, 2016). "Star Wars: The Force Awakens Helps Abu Dhabi Build Road To Somewhere". Deadline Hollywood.
- "'Star Trek Beyond' descends on Dubai: JLT, DIFC 'raided'". Emirates 24-7. October 13, 2015.
- Cranswick, Amie (November 27, 2018). "The Wrath of Khan director wasn't impressed by Star Trek Into Darkness". Flickering Myth. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Wrath of Khan Director Disappointed by Star Trek Into Darkness". ScreenRant. November 25, 2018.
- "Star Wars: The Force Awakens - 10 Ways It's A Remake Of A New Hope". Whatculture.com. December 18, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- McFarland, Kevin (March 4, 2016). "The Force Awakens and A New Hope Are More Similar Than You Think". Wired. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- Child, Ben (December 31, 2015). "Attack of the moans: George Lucas hits out at 'retro' Star Wars: The Force Awakens". The Guardian. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- Peterson, Jeff (January 7, 2016). "George Lucas elaborates on his reaction to 'The Force Awakens'". Deseret News. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- Dumaraog, Ana (December 12, 2017). "George Lucas Says Star Wars: The Last Jedi Was 'Beautifully Made'". ScreenRant.
- Parker, Ryan (December 12, 2017). "George Lucas Thinks 'The Last Jedi' Was 'Beautifully Made'". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Eddy, Cheryl (December 5, 2016). "George Lucas Likes Rogue One More Than Force Awakens, and Other Fun Facts We Learned This Weekend". io9.
- "The Wrath of Khan director wasn't impressed by Star Trek Into Darkness". Flickering Myth. November 27, 2018. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
- Blauvelt, Christian (May 18, 2013). "A 'Star Trek Into Darkness' Fan Review: Your 'Star Wars' Prequel Anger Is What I Feel Now". 2. Khan. Hollywood.com. p. 1. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Fratangelo, Jennifer (May 18, 2013). "Star Trek Into Darkness Boldly Goes". The Alternative Press.com. p. 1. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Sammy, Marissa (May 17, 2013). "Star Trek: Into Whiteness". sikhnet.com. p. 1. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Wang, Garrett (May 19, 2013). "The casting of Cumberbatch". Twitter.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "Into Darkness Open Week Thread + Polls". TrekMovie.com. May 20, 2013. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- "The Triumphs And Mistakes That Got J.J. Abrams Ready For "Star Wars"". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on November 18, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- Eller, Claudia (December 11, 1998). "Lower Costs Energize 'Trek' Film Profit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- Chew, Jonathan (December 24, 2015). "Star Wars Franchise Worth More Than Harry Potter and James Bond, Combined". Fortune. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
- Brin, David (June 15, 1999). ""Star Wars" despots vs. "Star Trek" populists". Salon.
- Emami, Gazelle (September 15, 2011). "William Shatner: 'Star Wars Is Derivative Of Star Trek'". HuffPost.
- "'Star Wars' World With a Sense of Humor". The New York Times. October 29, 1998.
- Wenzel, John (October 11, 2009). ""Star Wars" vs. "Star Trek": The final frontier of marketing is an expanding universe". The Denver Post.
- "Peter Thiel Thinks 'Star Trek' Is 'Communist' While 'Star Wars' Is 'Capitalist'". TheWrap. January 11, 2017.
- Trek Nation [2010 documentary]
- Dominguez, Robert (May 17, 1999). "William Shatner's Trek Never Ends The Actor-author Keeps Seeking New Challenges While Feeding Fans' Hunger For All Things Kirk". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2011.
- "William Shatner Says Star Wars Created Star Trek". Comicbook.com.
- Pagliery, Jose (August 6, 2016). "Captain Kirk thanks Star Wars!". CNNMoney.
- Rosenberg, Adam. "William Shatner: 'Star Trek' owes a big thanks to 'Star Wars'". Mashable.
- "George Lucas on how Star Trek helped Star Wars". Den of Geek.
- Child, Ben (September 10, 2013). "Star Wars droid R2D2 spotted in Star Trek Into Darkness". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- "Archive". Industrial Light & Magic. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
- "Shatner Honors Lucas". American Film Institute.
- "William Shatner Dresses as 'Star Wars' Stormtrooper, Sings 'Girl Crush' at CMAs". Billboard.
- "William Shatner can't stop trolling Star Wars fans". The Telegraph.
- "Star Trek New Star Trek Series Premieres January 2017". StarTrek.com.
- "Upcoming Star Wars Movies: List Of Titles And Release Dates". CinemaBlend. December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 13, 2016.