Streets of Rage

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Streets of Rage
Streets of Rage logo.png
Series logo used since Streets of Rage 3
Genre(s)Beat 'em up
First releaseStreets of Rage
August 2, 1991
Latest releaseStreets of Rage 4
April 30, 2020

Streets of Rage[a] is a series of side-scrolling beat 'em up video games, centering on the efforts of several ex-police vigilantes trying to rid a fictional, large American city from a crime syndicate that has corrupted its local government. The first three games in the franchise were developed and published by Sega for the Sega Genesis in the early 1990s, and have since been ported and re-released on various platforms. A fourth entry, Streets of Rage 4, was released in 2020.

The games were well-received and have been re-released many times both on compilations and as standalone games. The electronic dance music soundtracks of the games, scored by Yuzo Koshiro and Motohiro Kawashima, have also received much acclaim.


Release timeline
1991Streets of Rage
1992Streets of Rage 2
1994Streets of Rage 3
2020Streets of Rage 4

1991–1994: Original trilogy[edit]

Three games in the series were released between 1991 and 1994. The first entry, Streets of Rage, introduces the four main characters, three young former police officers known as Axel, Blaze, and Adam, and Mr. X, an evil mastermind. It is the only game in the series to feature a Shinobi-style special attack that defeats all non-boss enemies on-screen. Streets of Rage was supported by Sega's Mega Drive/Genesis, Master System and Game Gear consoles.

The next entry in the series, Streets of Rage II, had new music (influenced by early '90s club music) from series composer Yuzo Koshiro and newcomer composer Motohiro Kawashima, more defined graphics and a larger selection of moves. It also introduced two new characters, Eddie "Skate" Hunter, and Max Thunder (or Sammy "Skate" Hunter and Max Hatchett in some regions). Like the original title, Streets of Rage II was playable on Sega's Genesis, Master System, and Game Gear.

The third entry to the Streets of Rage series, Streets of Rage 3, was less well-received than its predecessors. Despite some enhancements, it has been seen as very similar to Streets of Rage II. This entry to the series added a more complex storyline told using cutscenes. The Western version featured increased difficulty, with other elements altered or censored from the Japanese release. The music, again composed by Koshiro and Kawashima, was also criticized for being radically different from the music from the first two games. Unlike the two foregoing games, Streets of Rage 3 was available only on the Genesis.

1994–2020: Series hiatus[edit]

Although it was one of the most popular Sega franchises in the 1990s, no new official Streets of Rage games were released for over 25 years after Streets of Rage 3, excluding rereleases of the first three games via various Sega game compilations.

Sega is reported to have attempted to bring the series to the Saturn, and early in the production cycle for Sega's Dreamcast a demo tentatively titled Streets of Rage 4 was made by Ancient. It showed a character similar to Axel fighting a group of enemies. Neither the Saturn nor the Dreamcast game, however, came to fruition.[1] Backbone Entertainment later pitched a new Streets of Rage game to Sega, but this project also failed to proceed.[2]

There have been numerous unofficial fan-made projects and remakes, including Beats of Rage[3] and Streets of Rage Remake.[4][5]

2020–present: Revival[edit]

The first new entry in the series since the Genesis, Streets of Rage 4, was announced in 2018 and released in 2020.[6] The game was developed by Lizardcube, Guard Crush Games, and Dotemu, who previously released the 2017 remake of Wonder Boy III: The Dragon's Trap.[7]


Playable characters in Streets of Rage games
Character 1 2 3 4 Total
Adam Hunter Yes Cameo Cameo Yes (SOR1 & 4) 2
Ash No No Boss & Playable Character (JP only) Cameo 1
Axel Stone Yes Yes Yes Yes (All versions) 4
Blaze Fielding Yes Yes Yes Yes (All versions) 4
Cherry Hunter No No No Yes 1
Floyd Iraia No No No Yes 1
Max Thunder No Yes Cameo Boss (SOR4) & Playable Character (SOR2)[8] 2
Mr. X Boss Boss Boss Secret Boss (SOR2) 4
Robot Axel No No Boss No 1
Roo No No Yes Cameo 1
Eddie "Skate" Hunter No Yes Yes Yes (SOR2 - 3)[8] 3
Shiva No Boss Boss & Playable Character Boss (SOR2 (Secret) & 4) & Playable Character (SOR3)[8] 3
Dr. Gilbert Zan No No Yes Cameo (SOR4) & Playable Character (SOR3)[8] 2
Total 3 4 7 17[9]

In order of appearance:

Streets of Rage[edit]

Axel Stone[edit]

Axel is a playable character in all the games. He is usually portrayed as a muscular man with blonde hair, and wearing blue jeans with a white muscle shirt and a blue headband. A police detective in the first game, he went on to open a karate dojo. In the Japanese Bare Knuckle 3 storyline, he is transferred to the Special Investigation police department. After the fall of Mr. X, Axel retires from the government to live isolated in the wilderness where he spends ten years studying and training until he got a call from Blaze to go back to Wood Oak City when a new Y Syndicate led by the late-Mr. X’s twin children has been established in SoR4. In the early Streets of Rage games he has balanced abilities, combining power and speed. In later installments, he becomes more of a heavyweight fighter. His special attacks variously include a 360-degree flaming punch (Dragon Wing) and a punch/uppercut combo (Dragon Smash). He also has a flaming uppercut named Grand Upper (which was renamed to Bare Knuckle for SoR3). It was toned down considerably in SoR3 due to its excessive power in SoR2. After many years of hiatus, Axel made an official return in a crossover game Project X Zone 2, in which he is voiced by Tomokazu Sugita in Japanese.

Blaze Fielding[edit]

Playable character in all games. Blaze is a female police officer who lacks high attack power, but has superior speed and jumping abilities to make up for it.

Adam Hunter[edit]

Adam is a playable character in and lead role in both SoR1 and SoR4. He is kidnapped in SoR2, and appears in later cutscenes of SoR3. He is the older brother of Eddie "Skate" Hunter. Adam is an ex-professional boxer who joined the police force as a detective. Unlike Axel and Blaze, he did not quit the police force at the end of the second game until he did so at the end of third game. Ten years after the fall of Mr. X, Adam become a special force agent, married to a woman who give a birth of their daughter, Cherry, and trained together with her, despite their different lifestyles. In the fourth game, Adam was assigned to infiltrate the new Y Syndicate led by the late-Mr. X’s twin children, confirming their manipulation on corrupting Wood Oak City’s legal system behind Zan’s back, then eventually rejoin his old friends and daughter. In the first game, he is the opposite of Blaze, in that he is slower but stronger, then becoming more balanced character as Axel in the fourth game. He is portrayed in the first title as a tall young man with dark hair and with highly developed upper-body strength, wearing a yellow vest with motorcycle leathers, then he begin to wear a sunglasses in the fourth game.

Mr. X[edit]

The syndicate boss Mr. X is the main antagonist of the series and appears as the final adversary in the original trilogy in one form or another. In the two first games, he is armed with a Tommy gun. After barely surviving his first two encounters with the SoR team, in SoR3 he is nothing more than a brain in a jar and has a robot, Robot Y (or Neo X in BKIII) who fights for him. Despite his death, Mr. X is survived by his twin children, Mr. and Ms. Y, who become the antagonists of SoR4.

Streets of Rage 2[edit]

Max Thunder[edit]

Only playable in SoR2, Max, a wrestler, is by far the slowest character in the series, but also the hardest hitting. Max is a friend of Axel and makes a cameo appearance in the ending of the third game. His special techniques are a spinning ax-handle blow (Thunder Bomb) and a dashing tackle (Thunder Tackle). He also has a devastating backward-grappling move called the Atomic Drop. He is the exact opposite of Skate, by lacking speed but having great power.

In SoR4, Max is brainwashed by Mr. X’s twin children, Mr. and Ms. Y through musical mind control devices, until Axel and his friends saved him, then Estel eventually help Axel’s group in return.

Eddie "Skate" Hunter[edit]

Adam's younger brother is playable in SoR2 and SoR3. His first name is Sammy in BK2 and Eddie in SoR2. "Skate" is his nickname, as he fights on rollerblades. He is fast, but the weakest of all characters. In SoR2 he was the only character who could dash, an ability all playable characters gained by SoR3. In both games, one of Skate's special moves was the Double Spin Kick. In SoR2, he uses the Corkscrew Kick and in SoR3, he uses Rolling Punches, a flurry of punches. At 4' 10" (147&cm), he is the smallest playable character in the entire series by far.


The boss fought right before Mr. X in SoR2, and up to two times in SoR3. He is infamously known as a recurring boss who return in subsequent series since his debut. He was Mr. X's bodyguard in the original Sega Genesis/Mr. X Saga trilogy, and a very skilled fighter, his repertoire of moves matching the regular playable characters. He is also a secret playable character in SoR3, who can be unlocked right after defeating him by holding down the B button. His special move is called Final Crash. He is named after the Hindu god of destruction. Ten years after Mr. X’s death in SoR4, Shiva reforms and becoming a head dojo while promoting buddhism philosophy, as well as being among of the former and current criminals who oppose a mind control slavery led by Mr. X’s Y twin children cause his students defect to the Y twins’ syndicate, and he willingly to give tips to Axel and his friends on how to stop them.

Streets of Rage 3[edit]

Dr. Gilbert Zan[edit]

A former syndicate henchman, Zan tells Blaze about the robot conspiracy in SoR3, and about the Raxine bombs in the Japanese counterpart BKIII. He is one of the four initially selectable characters. Zan is a cyborg with a long reach and solid grapple moves. Unlike the other characters in SoR3, Zan has no special or blitz weapon attacks; every weapon he picks up turns into a ball of energy. His special techniques are the Electric Body and Electric Reach, both using his cyborg parts to shock the opponents. After Mr. X’s death, Dr. Zan Dwould help in the reconstruction of Wood Oak City and the victims of the Syndicate, eventually taking in Floyd Iraia as his apprentice after giving him his robotic arms. When Blaze called for his help to take down the new Syndicate Floyd offers to go in Zan's place.


Roo (Victy in BKIII) is a kangaroo mini-boss in SoR3. If his cruel trainer, Bruce (Danch in BKIII), is defeated while keeping Roo/Victy from getting defeated, he becomes playable when a continue is used. Of the unlockable characters, his moveset is the most complete, including team attacks that can be used by vaulting over or being thrown by the other player in two-player co-op.


A minion of Mr. X and the first mini-boss faced only in BK3. His character is very stereotypically effeminate, having a very feminine run, even a little 'laugh' taunt (which can still be heard in SoR3 in the sound test under VOICE 14) and female mannerisms. Because of this, he was removed from the Western ports SoR3, though his playable character data remains and can be used through cheating (using external cheat devices like Game Genie) or hacking. In BK3 he drives a boat which drops off punks and afterward jumps off to fight himself. Like Shiva, he is also a secret playable character but unlocked by holding A once defeated (in the Japanese version). Ash's moveset is very limited; for example, he has no jumping attacks, but instead, his punches are humorously overpowered. Like Shiva and Roo, he cannot hold any weapons.

Robot Axel/Break[edit]

An android doppelgänger of Axel Stone, created by Mr. X to kill Axel Stone and his allies. The only differences between Axel and Robot Axel (Break in Japan) are their gloves, shoes, and skins. Axel can be recognized with his primary red gloves and normal skin, while Robot Axel wears blue gloves and has blue shoe stripes (both purple in SoR3) and his skin turns redder the more damage he takes. He at first appears to be silent, except when encountering Axel. Break says Axel's name and shouts Axel's moves like Grand Upper. He appeared in Project X Zone 2 as a rival unit. He shares the same Japanese voice actor as Axel Stone, Tomokazu Sugita.

Streets of Rage 4[edit]

Cherry Hunter[edit]

The teenage daughter of Adam Hunter, and the third playable character of SoR4. Despite their different lifestyle where Cherry chooses musical lifestyle, they still trained together where Cherry become a better fighter as her father. She teams up with Axel, Blaze, Floyd, and her father, using her guitar and jumping attacks to combat foes.[10]

Floyd Iraia[edit]

An assistant and apprentice of Dr. Zan who has two cybernetic arms, Floyd is from New Zealand and once a construction worker. He lost two arms in an accident, and almost lost hope when the company he worked for didn't help him, and prefer to spend their money on lawyers, until Dr. Zan’s arrival. When Blaze called Dr. Zan of Y Syndicate’s corruption on Wood Oak City, Floyd offered to go in his place.

Estel Aguirre[edit]

An officer of Wood Oak City. She follows the law enforced by the government to capture Axel and his friends for crimes they did not commit. Once she discovered that Mr. X’s twin heirs, Mr. and Ms. Y, are the masterminds behind the mind control on framing Axel and his friends, and the city’s corrupted legal systems, Estel finally has evidence and aids them, clearing their names. After Mr. and Ms. Y are arrested, Estel is seen honoring Adam Hunter with a golden medal.

Mr. and Ms. Y[edit]

The new main antagonists of the fourth game. They are the twin heirs of the late-Mr. X. They developed mind control devices through music in order to frame Axel and his friends, starting with mind controlling Max Thunder. They also corrupt the legal system within the Wood Oak City. While Mr. Y uses arsenals (such as a machine gun and rocket launcher), Ms. Y uses a rapier.

Other media[edit]


Three six-part comic strip series based upon the games appeared in Sonic the Comic in the early 1990s (along with several other adaptations of popular Sega franchises). The first two of these were written by Mark Millar, while the third (and a Poster Mag story) was written by Nigel Kitching. These three stories are an alternate continuity from the games and do not feature Adam. A graphic novel compilation of the original four-part "Streets of Rage" strip was released as a book titled Streets of Rage: Bad City Fighters in the UK in 1994.

The first story, entitled simply Streets of Rage, involved Axel, Blaze, and Max quitting the highly corrupt police force in order to do more good as vigilantes, taking down Max's ex-partner; the crime lord and martial artist Hawk. The next serial, Skates' Story, introduced Skates, delinquent stepson of Murphy, a friend of Axel and his team and one of the few honest cops left on the force, who was unwillingly drawn into joining Axel's group after his stepfather was killed by Mr. X. The third and final story, The Only Game In Town, involved the Syndicate unleashing an army of street gangs. The Poster Mag story The Facts of Life features Axel, Blaze, Skate, and Max.


The game's soundtrack was acclaimed, with several soundtrack albums being released. The soundtracks were composed by Yuzo Koshiro. Another musician, Motohiro Kawashima, helped on the second, providing a few tracks, and making almost half of the tracks for the third. Three soundtrack CDs were released in all, each of which now sell for high prices at auction and in Japanese markets.

The soundtracks mainly consist of, often experimental,[11] chiptune-based electronic dance music,[12] encompassing electronic genres such as electro, house,[13] techno, hardcore, jungle,[12] ambient,[14] breakbeat,[15] gabber,[16] noise,[17] and trance.[13][15][18] The music was produced using the Yamaha FM-synth sound chips of the Sega Mega Drive / Genesis video game console (YM2612) and NEC PC-88 computer (YM2608),[19][20] along with Koshiro's own audio programming language "Music Love," a modified version of the PC-88's Music Macro Language (MML).[20]

The soundtracks have been critically acclaimed. They are considered ahead of their time,[13][14] and as some of the best video game music of all time.[21] Streets of Rage 2 (1992) in particular is considered revolutionary[13][14] for its "blend of swaggering house synths," "dirty" electro-funk and "trancey electronic textures that would feel as comfortable in a nightclub as a video game."[13] Streets of Rage 3 is also considered ahead of its time, for its automatically generated randomized sequences, experimental hardcore "fast-beat techno like jungle" sounds,[11][12] and trance music elements.[18] The series' soundtracks have influenced a range of chiptune, electronica, grime and dubstep musicians through to the present day, including artists such as Ikonika,[22][23][24] BT,[14] Labrinth,[24] Martyn, Joker, Darkstar,[23] Childish Gambino,[25] and Danger.[26]


A Streets of Rage II novella (published together with a Street Fighter II novella) was written by Mat Yeo in 1993. It is just 35 pages long, based on the second game in the series, and was given away free with copies of Sega Force magazine in the UK.

Feature film and television series adaptation[edit]

A feature film and television series produced by Stories International (a joint venture between Sega and Hakuhodo DY Group) are in the works alongside other adaptations such as of Altered Beast.[27] The film and show is to be co-produced by Circle of Confusion with his production partners Lawrence Matthis and Julian Rosenberg at alongside Tomoya Suzuki.[28]


  1. ^ Bare Knuckle (ベア・ナックル, Bea Nakkuru) in Japan.


  1. ^ Ken Horowitz (11 September 2004). "Forgotten Franchises: Streets of Rage". Sega-16. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  2. ^ "New Streets Of Rage And ESWAT Games Were Being Pitched To Sega". May 6, 2013. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "Beats of Rage". Retrieved 2013-10-12.
  4. ^ "SorR project". 2010-02-03. Archived from the original on 2007-12-01. Retrieved 2013-10-12.
  5. ^ Kretzschmar, Mark; Stanfill, Mel (17 July 2018). "Mods as Lightning Rods". Social & Legal Studies: 096466391878722. doi:10.1177/0964663918787221.
  6. ^ Gilyadov, Alex (August 27, 2018). "Streets of Rage 4 Announced". IGN. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  7. ^ McWhertor, Michael (Aug 27, 2018). "Streets of Rage 4 is coming". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d "Streets of Rage 4: retro Max, Zan, Skate & more are back! Dozen playable fighters from previous episodes and retro music tracks are joining the brawl! #SOR4 will be released soon on PC, PS4, Switch, Xbox One for $24.99. @Lizardcube + @Guard_Crush + @dotemu +". April 8, 2020.
  9. ^
  10. ^ "She follows her father's footsteps and fights when she's not playing the guitar. @Lizardcube, @Guard_Crush and ourselves are thrilled to announce that Cherry Hunter will rock your heart in Streets of Rage 4 on PC, Xbox One, PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch.". August 19, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Horowitz, Ken (February 5, 2008). "Interview: Yuzo Koshiro". Sega-16. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  12. ^ a b c Davis, Jeff. "Interview with Yuzo Koshiro". Gaming Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  13. ^ a b c d e McNeilly, Joe (April 19, 2010). "Game music of the day: Streets of Rage 2". GamesRadar. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  14. ^ a b c d Mustin. "Streets of Rage 2 Original Soundtrack (US): Review". Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  15. ^ a b Ryan. "Streets of Rage 2 Original Soundtrack (US): Review". Square Enix Music Online. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  16. ^ "Yuzo Koshiro / Motohiro Kawashima – Bare Knuckle III". Discogs. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  17. ^ "Streets of Rage". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
  18. ^ a b "Streets of Rage 3 review – Sega Megadrive". Mean Machines. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  19. ^ Barnholt, Ray (June 2012). "The Magic of FM Synth". Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  20. ^ a b Szczepaniak, John. "Retro Japanese Computers: Gaming's Final Frontier". Hardcore Gaming 101. Retrieved 2011-03-29. Reprinted from Retro Gamer, 2009
  21. ^ Elston, Brett (December 4, 2010). "Game music of the day: Streets of Rage". GamesRadar. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
  22. ^ Lawrence, Eddy (11 January 2011). "Ikonika interview: Producer and DJ, Ikonika had an incredible 2010". Time Out. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  23. ^ a b "Recording Under the Influence: Ikonika". Self-Titled Magazine. April 21, 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  24. ^ a b Lawrence, Eddy (18 January 2011). "Ikonika interview: Dubstep has taken the world by storm over the past 12 months". Time Out. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
  25. ^ "Yuzo Koshiro". WhoSampled. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
  26. ^ Danger (7) – 09/17 2007 at Discogs
  28. ^ "'Altered Beast' and 'Streets of Rage' coming to film and TV". Engadget. Retrieved 2016-12-06.

External links[edit]