Street Fighter II

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Street Fighter II: The World Warrior
SF2 JPN flyer.jpg
Japanese arcade brochure featuring the original eight main characters.
Clockwise from top: Zangief, Ken, Blanka, Dhalsim, Ryu, Guile, and Honda. Center: Chun-Li.
Developer(s)Capcom
Sun L (Game Boy)
Publisher(s)Capcom
Nintendo (Game Boy)
Producer(s)Yoshiki Okamoto
Designer(s)Akira Nishitani
Akira Yasuda
Programmer(s)Shinichi Ueyama
Seiji Okada
Yoshihiro Matsui
Motohide Eshiro
Artist(s)Eri Nakamura
Satoru Yamashita
Composer(s)Yoko Shimomura
Isao Abe
SeriesStreet Fighter
Platform(s)
Release
February 6, 1991
  • Arcade
    SNES
    • JP: June 10, 1992
    • NA: July 15, 1992[5][6]
    • AU: October 23, 1992
    • UK: October 1992[7]
    • EU: December 17, 1992
    MS-DOS
    • EU: July 10, 1992
    • NA: April 26, 1993
    Amiga
    • EU: November 15, 1992
    • UK: December 15, 1992[7]
    Atari ST
    • EU: December 20, 1992
    Amstrad CPC
    • EU: December 31, 1992
    Commodore 64
    • EU: August 20, 1992
    ZX Spectrum
    • EU: September 14, 1992
    CPS Changer
    • JP: July 14, 1994
    Game Boy[8]
    • JP: August 11, 1995
    • NA: September 1995
    • EU: 1995
Genre(s)Fighting
Mode(s)Up to 2 players simultaneously
Arcade systemCP System (CPS-1)

Street Fighter II: The World Warrior[a] is a competitive fighting game developed by Capcom and originally released for arcades in 1991. It is the second installment in the Street Fighter series and the sequel to Street Fighter, released in 1987. It is Capcom's fourteenth game to use the CP System arcade system board. Street Fighter II improved many of the concepts introduced in the first game, including the use of special command-based moves, combo system, six-button configuration, and wider selection of playable characters, each with unique fighting style. It prominently features a popular two-player mode that obligates direct, human-to-human competitive play which prolonged the survival of the declining video game arcade business market by stimulating business and driving the fighter genre.[9][10] It inspired grassroots tournament events, culminating into Evolution Championship Series (EVO).[11][10] Street Fighter II shifted the arcade competitive dynamic from high score into human competition, including large groups.[9]

Street Fighter II became the best-selling game since the golden age of arcade video games. By 1994, it had been played by more than 25 million people in the United States at home and in arcades. Due to its major success, a series of updated versions has additional features and characters. Worldwide, all versions of Street Fighter II have more than 200,000 arcade cabinets and over 15 million software units sold, grossing an estimated $10 billion in total revenue, making it one of the top three highest-grossing video games of all time as of 2017 and the best-selling fighting game until 2019. More than 6.3 million Super NES cartridges of Street Fighter II have been sold, making it Capcom's best-selling single software game for the next two decades and its best-selling game on a single platform. Street Fighter II is regarded as one of the greatest video games of all time and the most important and influential fighting game ever made. Its launch is seen as a revolutionary moment within its genre, credited with popularizing the fighting genre during the 1990s and inspiring other producers to create their own fighting series. It sparked a renaissance for the arcade video game industry and impacted competitive video gaming and wider popular culture such as films and music.

Gameplay[edit]

Guile defeats Ken with his Flash Kick on the arcade version

Street Fighter II follows several conventions and rules established by its 1987 predecessor Street Fighter. The player engages opponents in one-on-one close quarter combat in a series of best-two-out-of-three matches. The objective of each round is to deplete the opponent's vitality before the timer runs out. Both fighters having equal vitality left yields a "double KO" or "draw game" and additional rounds ensue until sudden death. In the first Street Fighter II, a match can last up to ten rounds; this was reduced to four rounds since Champion Edition. If there is no clear winner by the end of the final round, either the computer-controlled opponent will win by default in a single-player match or both fighters will lose in a 2-player match.

After every third match in the single-player mode, a bonus stage gives additional points including a car-breaking stage, a barrel breaking stage, and a drum-breaking stage.

Between the matches, the next match location is selected on a world map.

Playing Street Fighter II on an arcade machine

Like in the original, the controls are an eight-directional joystick and six attack buttons. The joystick can jump, crouch, walk left and right, and block. A tradeoff of strength and speed are given by three punch buttons and three kick buttons, each of light, medium, and heavy. The player can perform a variety of basic moves in any position, including new grabbing and throwing attacks. Special moves are performed by combinations of directional and button-based commands.

Street Fighter II differs from its predecessor due to the selection of multiple playable characters, each with distinct fighting styles and special moves including combos. According to IGN, "the concept of combinations, linked attacks that can't be blocked when they're timed correctly, came about more or less by accident. Street Fighter II's designers didn't quite mean for it to happen, but players of the original game eventually found out that certain moves naturally flowed into other ones."[12] This combo system was later adopted as a standard feature of fighting games and was expanded upon in this series.[12]

Plot[edit]

Several years after the previous Street Fighter tournament back in 1987: A dictator named M. Bison rules over the Shadaloo Empire with an iron fist, in his global domination plan sets up a World Warrior tournament, to select the best street fighters to work in his Shadowlaw organization through brainwashing.

In Super Street Fighter II Turbo, M. Bison's plans are foiled by Akuma (who was not a competitor in the tournament) who catches him off guard and performs the Shun Goku Satsu on him, killing the Shadaloo boss in an instant. Akuma then takes M. Bison's place in the tournament to fight the finalist, who some sources hint is Ryu.[13] Akuma mocks M. Bison for being the slave of his own power, not knowing that he is actually in absolute control of his Psycho Power.

Characters[edit]

The original Street Fighter II features a roster of eight selectable and playable characters. The initial roster includes Ryu and Ken—the main characters from Street Fighter—plus six new international characters. In the single-player tournament, the player fights the other seven main fighters, then the final opponents, a group of four CPU-only opponents known as the Grand Masters, which include Sagat from the original game.

Playable characters:

  • Japan Ryu[b], a cool and calculating Japanese martial arts wanderer who seeks no fame or even the crown of "champion", but only to hone his Shotokan Karate skills with the inner power of Chi, he dedicates his life to perfect his own potential while abandoning everything else in life such as having no family, and few friends, his only bond is with Ken Masters. He is the winner of the previous tournament. He is not convinced that he is the greatest fighter in the world and comes to the World Warrior tournament in search of fresh competition. The last thing Ryu has done before competing in this tournament was inviting Ken over for a friendly challenge in which his best friend and former sparring partner accepted.
  • Japan Edmond Honda[c], a strict disciplinarian and a hard-working opportunist from Japan who has been trained ever since he was born to hold the record as being the greatest sumo wrestler to ever set foot on the dohyō, he eventually grew up into receiving the title of Yokozuna or grand champion. During his prime in the present, Honda was offended upon learning that the rest of the world did not consider Sumo wrestling to be a true sport. The outraged E. Honda then aspired to internationally prove everyone wrong by taking his fighting art into the World Warrior tournament to show every competitor that Sumo wrestlers are both the greatest street fighters and legitimate athletes in the world while improving the negative reputation of sumo wrestling for his disciples and himself.
  • Brazil Blanka[d], a docile and passive green man-beast from Brazil who was raised in the jungle is an urban legend to the public eye, being looked upon as a bizzare fighter in the tropical jungles who has been reported from natives by witnessing a green beast-like mutant man roaming the rain forests, but it has been a year prior that the monsterous Blanka had made his appearance in Brazil to use both his razor-sharp claws and teeth to challenge any street fighter who dares to oppose him when enraged. As a person with an origin story, he was in a plane crash as a little boy, due to a sudden thunder storm accident. He survived the crash which caused him to be raised in the wild, although he has connections to a local village. Ever since the crash, Blanka had been separated from his mother. According to some sources, Blanka acquired his electrical trait from the same plane crash due to an intense electrical storm at the time (the cause of the crash). According to the instruction manual for the SNES port, it states he learned the ability after getting exposed by electric eels which caused his mutation. Blanka currently enters the World Warrior tournament to put his speed and agility to the test, as well as uncovering more origins about his forgotten past by traveling the world once again by airplane during the tournament.
  • United States Guile[e], a former elite SOF teammate from the United States, Guile along with his best friend and co-pilot Charlie Nash were missing in action during a mission in Thailand six years prior. After many months of being POWs in Cambodia, he and Nash have succeeded their prison break from their cell to escape the jungle camps. During their perilous trek to civilization, Guile witnessed the murder of Nash at the nefarious hands of a caped dictator in a red uniform, which has stricken Guile with grief and vengeance ever since. In the present, Guile is now affiliated with the USAF under the rank of Major, and has deserted both his wife and daughter for the opportunity to compete in the World Warrior tournament as an opportunity to avenge Nash against the host of the competition whom Guile holds responsible.
  • United States Ken[f], Ryu's greatest rival and former training partner, from the United States. This brash and arrogant wealthy business tycoon was a fellow disciple of the Shotokan Karate school where he learned how to harness the art of Chi, alongside Ryu. As a fighter, his freestyle Karate and agile abilities would often fuel his own ego, such as loving to constantly brag about himself, finishing off his opponents with his special moves to show off, and standing over his knocked-out opponents to laugh at them. Ryu's personal challenge rekindled Ken's fighting spirit and persuaded him to enter the World Warrior tournament, as well as feeling deteriorated and lackadaisical in his fighting potential due to spending too much time with his happily-engaged fiancée on a beach a year prior.
  • China United States Chun-Li[g], a Chinese martial artist who works as an Interpol officer; much like Guile, she doesn't enter the World Warrior tournament for any personal glory except proving that she can defeat any man who underestimates her because of her good looks as well as challenging her lightning speed, immense strength, and incredible agility of her big and beefy legs. Chun-Li's ambition in the past was tracking down the movements of the smuggling operation known as Shadowlaw, her goal now is her trail being lead to the tournament by seeking to avenge her deceased father by holding the Grand Master's leader of the crime syndicate responsible, she will never rest and enjoy the normal life that she aspires to live until this dictator is brought to justice by her own willpower.
  • Soviet Union Zangief[h], a professional wrestler and sambo fighter from the Soviet Union. He aims to prove "Soviet Strength" is the strongest form of strength, particularly by defeating American opponents with his bare hands.
  • India Dhalsim[i], a fire-breathing yoga master from India. Even though he is a pacifist, he uses the money earned from fighting in order to lift people out of poverty.

CPU-exclusive characters, in the order of appearance:

  • United States Balrog, an American boxer, with a similar appearance to Mike Tyson. Called M. Bison in Japan. Once one of the world's greatest heavyweight boxers, he began working for Shadaloo for easy money.
  • Spain Vega, a Spanish bullfighter who wields a claw and uses a unique style of ninjutsu. Called Balrog in Japan. He is vain and wishes to eliminate ugly people from the world.
  • Thailand Sagat, a Muay Thai kickboxer and former World Warrior champion from the original Street Fighter, he was once known as The King of Street Fighters until he got demoted as The King of Muai Thai in his own tournament due to the narrow defeat in the hands of Ryu's shoryuken (rising dragon punch) which left a deep gash across his chest, ever since that moment he felt disgrace, and will do anything to have a grudge match with Ryu to get his title back, even if it takes joining forces with Shadowlaw as the third Grand Master.
  • Unknown M. Bison, the powerful dictator of the Shadaloo Empire located in Thailand, the supreme leader of an organized international crime syndicate known by the name of Shadowlaw, as well as the host and final Grand Master of the World Warrior tournament. He is a power-hungry megalomaniac who harnesses immense strength, extraordinary agility, and a mysterious force of evil energy known as Psycho Power which has put the world in fear ever since countless have witnessed his limitless power. Believing that all martial artists are inferior to his psycho power, M. Bison organized this tournament under his secret scheme to lure in the world's most unbeatable street fighters into a trap to commence his reign of world domination by forcing them to join his side or be dismembered as opposers, some of the street fighters have competed in M. Bison's tournament because he has given them tragic or unfortunate moments in their pasts and want to fight the tyrant for personal reasons. He is also known as Vega in Japan.

Regional differences[edit]

With the exception of Sagat, the Shadaloo Bosses have different names in the Japanese version. The African-American boxer known as Balrog in the international versions was designed as a pastiche of real-life boxer Mike Tyson and was originally named M. Bison (short for "Mike Bison", with "Mike" being one of the American opponents faced in Street Fighter). Vega and M. Bison were originally named Balrog and Vega, respectively. When Street Fighter II was localized for the overseas market, the names of the bosses were rotated, out of concern that the boxer's similarities to Tyson could have led to a likeness infringement lawsuit.[14] This name change was carried over to future games in the series. To avoid confusion in Tournament Play, many players refer to each character by a defining characteristic. The names are "Claw" to refer to the character from Spain, "Boxer" to refer to the African-American boxer, and "Dictator" to refer to the final boss.

The characters in the Japanese version have more than one win quote[15] and if the player loses a match against the CPU in the Japanese version, a random playing tip will be shown at the bottom of the continue screen. While the ending text for the characters was originally translated literally, a few changes were made due to creative differences from Capcom's U.S. marketing staff. For example, the name of Guile's fallen friend (who later debuted as a playable fighter in Street Fighter Alpha) was changed from Nash to Charlie, since a staff member from Capcom USA said that Nash is not a natural sounding English name.[16]

Development[edit]

Although the original punching-pad cabinet of Street Fighter had not been very popular, the alternate six-button version was more successful, which began to generate interest in a sequel.[17] Capcom began to make fighting games a priority after Final Fight was commercially successful in the United States.[18] Yoshiki Okamoto recounted, "The basic idea at Capcom was to revive Street Fighter, a good game concept, to make it a better-playing arcade game."[19] About 35 to 40 people worked on Street Fighter II, with Noritaka Funamizu as a producer, and Akira Nishitani and Akira Yasuda in charge of the game and character design, respectively.[16][18] The budget was estimated to be roughly $2,450,000 (equivalent to $4,660,000 in 2020).[16]

Funamizu notes that the developers did not particularly prioritize Street Fighter II's balance; he primarily ascribes the game's success to its appealing animation patterns.[18] The quality of animation benefited from the developers' use of the CPS-1 hardware, the advantages of which include the ability for different characters to occupy different amounts of memory. For example, Ryu can take up 8Mbit and Zangief 12Mbit.[18] The game's development took two years.[18]

The game's combo system came about by accident:

While I was making a bug check during the car bonus stage... I noticed something strange, curious. I taped the sequence and we saw that during the punch timing, it was possible to add a second hit and so on. I thought this was something impossible to make useful inside a game, as the timing balance was so hard to catch. So we decided to leave the feature as a hidden one. The most interesting thing is that this became the base for future titles. Later we were able to make the timing more comfortable and the combo into a real feature. In [Street Fighter II] we thought if you got the perfect timing you could place several hits, up to four I think. Then we managed to place eight! A bug? Maybe.

— Noritaka Funamizu[18]

The vast majority of the in-game music was composed by Yoko Shimomura. This is ultimately the only game in the series on which Shimomura worked, as she left the company for Square two years later. Isao Abe, a Capcom newcomer, handled a few additional tracks ("Versus Screen", "Sagat's Theme", and "Here Comes A New Challenger") for Street Fighter II and became the main composer on the subsequent versions. The sound programming and sound effects were overseen by Yoshihiro Sakaguchi, the composer on the original Street Fighter. The arcade version of Street Fighter II was exhibited at the UK Amusement Trades Exhibition International in 1991.[20]

Ports[edit]

Release date Platform Media Developer Publisher Notes
  • JP: June 10, 1992
  • NA: July 15, 1992[5]
  • EU: December 17, 1992
SNES ROM cartridge Capcom
Re-released on the Wii and Wii U Virtual Console.
1992 Amiga[22] 4 floppy disks Creative Materials U.S. Gold Released in Europe.
Atari ST[23] 4 floppy disks
Commodore 64[24] Cassette or floppy disk
Amstrad CPC Cassette or floppy disk (not released)
ZX Spectrum[25] Cassette or floppy disk Tiertex Design Studios
PC (DOS)[26] 3 floppy disks Creative Materials Released in North America and Europe.
1994 CPS Changer[27] ROM cartridge Capcom Capcom Released exclusively in Japan.
1995 Game Boy ROM cartridge Sun L Capcom
Nintendo
1997 Master System[28] ROM cartridge Tec Toy Tec Toy
1998 Sega Saturn CD-ROM Capcom Capcom Included in Capcom Generation 5. Released exclusively in Japan.
PlayStation CD-ROM Capcom Capcom Included in Street Fighter Collection 2.
2004 Mobile[29] Online distribution Capcom Capcom
2006 PlayStation 2 DVD-ROM Digital Eclipse Capcom Included in Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 1. Based on the PS version.
Xbox
PlayStation Portable UMD Capcom Capcom Included in Capcom Classics Collection: Reloaded. Based on the PS version.
2018 PlayStation 4 BD-ROM Digital Eclipse Capcom Included in Street Fighter 30th Anniversary Collection.
Xbox One
Nintendo Switch Flash based ROM cartridges
Windows Online distribution

Super NES[edit]

Street Fighter II was released for the Super Famicom on June 10, 1992 in Japan, followed by a North American release for the SNES in August and a European release in December. It is the first game released on a 16-Megabit SNES cartridge. Many aspects from the arcade versions were either changed or simplified in order to fit into the smaller memory capacity. This version has a secret code allowing both players to control the same character in a match, which is not possible in the original arcade version. The second player uses the same alternate color palette introduced in Street Fighter II: Champion Edition. The four Shadaloo Bosses are still non-playable, but the code enables their Champion Edition color palette. Tatsuya Nishimura, who had recently joined Capcom from TOSE, arranged the soundtrack with assistance from Shimomura, Abe, and Sakaguchi.

The American SNES cartridge was re-released in November 2017 as a limited edition item to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Street Fighter series.[30]

Home computers[edit]

U.S. Gold released versions of Street Fighter II for various home computer platforms in Europe, namely the Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, PC (DOS), and ZX Spectrum. These were all developed by Creative Materials, except the ZX Spectrum version by Tiertex Design Studios. They were not released in any other region, except for the PC version in North America, published by Hi-Tech Expressions.[26] These versions suffer numerous inaccuracies, such as missing graphical assets and music tracks, miscolored palettes, and lack of six-button controls due to these platforms having only one or two-button joysticks as standard at the time. Though officially advertised by US Gold along with the C64 and ZX Spectrum conversions and anticipated in magazines, the Amstrad CPC development by Creative Materials was canceled.[31]

Game Boy[edit]

The Game Boy version of Street Fighter II was released on August 11, 1995 in Japan, and in September 1995 internationally. It is missing Dhalsim, E. Honda, and Vega. The graphics, character portraits, and stages are based on Super Street Fighter II, although some moves (such as Blanka's Amazon River Run) from Super Street Fighter II Turbo are included. Since the Game Boy only has two buttons, the strength of punches and kicks is determined by the duration of button presses.

Compilations[edit]

Street Fighter II, Champion Edition, and Hyper Fighting are in the compilation Capcom Generation 5 for the PlayStation and Sega Saturn, which was released in North America and Europe as Street Fighter Collection 2. All three games are in Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 1 for the PlayStation 2 and Xbox, and in Capcom Classics Collection Reloaded for the PlayStation Portable.

Updated versions[edit]

Street Fighter II spawned a series, each refining the play mechanics, graphics, character roster, and other aspects of the game. The first update is Street Fighter II: Champion Edition, released for the arcades in March 1992, enabling playability of the four Shadaloo Bosses and same character matches. Following the release of Champion Edition, a wave of bootleg ROM chip upgrades for its arcade cabinets add new gameplay, prompting Capcom's official response with Street Fighter II' Turbo: Hyper Fighting in December, increasing the playing speed and giving some characters new special moves. Super Street Fighter II: The New Challengers was released in September 1993, using the more advanced CP System II, allowing for updated graphics and audio, and introducing four new characters. Super Street Fighter II Turbo was released in February 1994 and is the last of the series for arcades until Hyper Street Fighter II, which introduces powered-up special moves called Super Combos and adds a new hidden character.

All six Street Fighter II games have been ported to various platforms, as individual releases and in compilations. Home versions include Hyper Street Fighter II (which was retroactively ported to the arcade) and Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix. Ultra Street Fighter II: The Final Challengers was released for Nintendo Switch and adds two characters who previously debuted outside Street Fighter II updates.

In addition to official updated versions, there were also numerous illegal modified versions of Street Fighter II. On the Super Famicom, for example, there were nine different illegal modified versions of Street Fighter II available in Japan by December 1992.[32]

Commercial performance[edit]

All versions of Street Fighter II are estimated to have grossed a total of $10.61 billion in revenue, mostly from the arcade market. As of 2017, it is one of the top three highest-grossing video games of all time, along with Space Invaders (1978) and Pac-Man (1980).[33]

Arcade versions[edit]

Street Fighter II was not immediately successful in Japan, as most arcade players were initially playing it solo, rather than multiplayer as originally intended. Yoshiki Okamoto was disappointed with its initial performance, and was told he should have produced another solo beat 'em up like Final Fight instead. After Japanese arcade magazine Gamest began publishing articles informing readers about the "battle play" feature, the game began gaining considerable popularity in Japanese arcades.[16] In Japan, Game Machine magazine listed the game on their April 1, 1991 issue as being the second most-successful table arcade cabinet of the month, outperforming games such as Detana!! TwinBee and King of the Monsters,[34] before Street Fighter II topped the charts two weeks later.[35] It went on to become the highest-grossing arcade game of 1991 in Japan,[36][37] and then it again became the highest-grossing arcade game of 1992.[38][4] Street Fighter II' Turbo became the highest-grossing arcade game of 1993, with Street Fighter II Dash (Champion Edition) at number four and The World Warrior at number nine.[39]

Street Fighter II was similarly successful in the Western world.[40] In the United States, the game was more immediately successful, exceeding expectations in test markets, with individual machines earning $1,300–1,400 per week.[16] The World Warrior topped the RePlay arcade software charts in May 1991,[41] and remained at the top of the RePlay arcade software charts through summer,[42][43][44] autumn[45][46] and winter 1991,[47][48] and then into 1992[49][50] through spring[51][52][53] and summer,[54][55] for a total of 16 months through August 1992.[56] On the Play Meter arcade charts, it was the top-grossing video game during January–February 1992[57][58] and May 1992.[59] Street Fighter II was the highest-grossing arcade game of 1991 in the United States,[60][61] and one of the top five highest-grossing arcade conversion kits of 1992[62][63] (below Champion Edition).[64] The October 1992 issue of Electronic Games noted, "Not since the early 1980s has an arcade game received so much attention and all-out fanatical popularity."[65]

Street Fighter II had sold 50,000 arcade units worldwide in 1991, including 17,000 units in Japan, with Capcom reporting they were continuing to produce more arcade units due to repeat orders.[37] In the United Kingdom, Your Commodore reported in July 1991 that spectators were betting on who would win between players at London West End arcades.[66] Between early 1991 and early 1993, Street Fighter II had captured about 60% of the global coin-op market, including 10,000 units installed in the United Kingdom by mid-1991, with individual machines in the UK estimated to be taking between £70–1,000 per week over the next two years.[67] Street Fighter II generated an estimated annual revenue of £260 million in the UK alone for two years (between mid-1991 and mid-1993),[67] adding up to an estimated £520 million ($913 million at the time, or $1.7 billion adjusted for inflation) generated in the UK alone over a two-year period.

The company sold more than 60,000 arcade cabinets of the original Street Fighter II.[68] It was followed by Street Fighter II′: Champion Edition, of which 140,000 cabinets were sold in Japan alone, where it cost ¥160,000 ($1300) for each cabinet, amounting to ¥22.4 billion ($182 million) revenue generated from cabinet sales of Champion Edition in Japan[69][40] (equivalent to $346 million adjusted for inflation).[70] On the US RePlay arcade charts for July 1992, Champion Edition was number one on the upright cabinets chart (above Midway's Mortal Kombat) while the original Street Fighter II was number two on the coin-op software chart (below SNK's World Heroes).[71] Street Fighter II generated $1.5 billion ($2.8 billion adjusted for inflation) annually in 1993, making it the year's highest-grossing entertainment product, ahead of the film Jurassic Park.[72][73] In early 1994, Capcom projected sales of Super Street Fighter II to reach 100,000 arcade units.[74] According to the March 1995 issue of GameFan magazine, the game had earned "billions of dollars in profit".[75] However, many pirated counterfeit Street Fighter II arcade cabinets were sold across the world.[16][76] Many often outsold the official Street Fighter II arcade cabinets; for example, in Mexico alone (where Capcom did not officially sell the game), there were about 200,000 counterfeits.[16] Capcom and their partners took legal action against counterfeit cabinets in regions such as Southeast Asia[37] and North America; RePlay noted in January 1993 that Street Fighter II had "single-handedly re-ignited the worldwide black market in counterfeit PCBs and speed-up kits."[76]

Title Region Hardware sales Coin drop revenue (est. US$) Peak chart position
No inflation With inflation
Street Fighter II: The World Warrior Japan 60,000+[68] Un­known Un­known #1[36][38][37][4]
Hong Kong Un­known Un­known #1[35]
United Kingdom $913 million (as of 1993)[67] $1.7 billion #1[67]
United States Un­known Un­known #1[77][60][61]
Street Fighter II: Champion Edition Japan 140,000[40][69] $2.312 billion (as of 1995)[78] $4.26 billion #1[79]
United States 20,000+[16] #1[71][64]
Street Fighter II' Turbo: Hyper Fighting Japan Un­known Un­known Un­known #1[80][39]
United States Un­known Un­known Un­known #1[81]
Super Street Fighter II Japan Un­known Un­known Un­known #1[82]
United States 1,000+[83][74] Un­known Un­known #1[84]
Super Street Fighter II Turbo Japan Un­known Un­known Un­known #1[85]
United States Un­known Un­known Un­known #1[86]
Total Worldwide 221,000+ $5.31 billion+[33] $10.09 billion+ #1

Home conversions[edit]

The numerous home conversions of Street Fighter II are listed among Capcom's Platinum-class games, with more than one million units sold worldwide. The SNES version of Street Fighter II was the company's best-selling single consumer game software, with more than 6.3 million units sold,[87] and it remains its best-selling game software on a single platform.[88][89] This includes 1 million sales in June 1992 within the first two weeks of its release in Japan,[90] at a retail price of ¥10,780[91] ($85.12, or $157 adjusted for inflation). The February 1992 issue of Gamest magazine in Japan said that, due to low stock, the console versions were selling for much higher at ¥15,000 (equivalent to about $119.19 at the time, or $220 adjusted for inflation).

In the United States, 750,000 units were sold Between July 15 and September 30, 1992,[5] with a retail price of $74.99[92] ($138 adjusted for inflation). According to Electronic Gaming Monthly, "Never has a game taken the country" by "storm as this one has."[5] It remained America's top-selling Super NES game for much of late 1992, in August[93] and then October,[94][95] November[96] and December.[97] In the United Kingdom, Street Fighter II for the SNES and Amiga was the second best-selling home video game of 1992, below Sonic the Hedgehog 2 for the Mega Drive.[7] Worldwide, Street Fighter II had sold 4 million cartridges by September 1992,[5] and 5 million units by the end of 1992.[98] By 1993, 10 million units of all home software versions had been sold.[99] By March 1994, 11.9 million units had been sold for Nintendo and Sega consoles.[100]

The SNES versions of Street Fighter II′ Turbo and Super Street Fighter II had 4.1 million and 2 million units sold, respectively, followed by the Mega Drive/Genesis version of Street Fighter II′: Special Champion Edition with 1.65 million sales. In total, more than 14 million copies were sold for the SNES and Mega Drive/Genesis consoles.[88] The SNES version of Street Fighter II was Capcom's best-selling single game until 2013, when it was surpassed by Resident Evil 5.[101] The Amiga version was successful in the United Kingdom, where it became the best-selling home computer software of 1992, despite only being available for the last 16 days of the year.[7] By 1994, Street Fighter II had been played by at least 25 million Americans in homes and arcades.[102] In 2008, Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix broke both the first-day and first-week sales records for a download-only game.[103] Street Fighter II was the best-selling fighting game with 15.5 million units sold across all versions and platforms, until it was surpassed by Super Smash Bros. Ultimate in 2019.[104]

Title Platform(s) Worldwide sales Japan sales Revenue Inflation
Street Fighter II: The World Warrior Super NES 6,300,000[87] 2,900,000[105] $1.5 billion+[73] $2.77 billion+
Street Fighter II': Special Champion Edition Mega Drive 1,650,000[87] Un­known
Street Fighter II Turbo Super NES 4,100,000[87] 2,100,000[105]
Super Street Fighter II: The New Challengers Super NES 2,000,000[87] 1,300,000[105] Un­known Un­known
Street Fighter II Game Boy 17,038+ 17,038[106] Un­known Un­known
Super Street Fighter II Turbo: Revival Game Boy Advance 45,335+ 45,335[106] Un­known Un­known
Hyper Street Fighter II: The Anniversary Edition PlayStation 2 53,000+ 53,000[106] Un­known Un­known
Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix PS3 / Xbox 360 250,000+[103] Un­known Un­known Un­known
Ultra Street Fighter II Nintendo Switch 500,000[107] 100,000[108] Un­known Un­known
Total sales 15,500,000[104] 6,515,373+

Critical reception[edit]

Japan[edit]

The original arcade version of Street Fighter II was awarded Best Game of 1991 in Gamest magazine's Fifth Annual Grand Prize, which also won in the genre of Best Action Game (the award for fighting games was not established yet). Street Fighter II placed No. 1 in Best VGM, Best Direction, and Best Album, and was second place in Best Graphics below the 3D Namco System 21 game Starblade. All the characters except M. Bison (known internationally as Balrog) are on the list of Best Characters of 1991.[135]

Street Fighter II Dash was awarded Best Game of 1992 in the Sixth Annual Grand Prize, as published in the February 1993 issue of Gamest, winning again as Best Action Game. It placed No. 3 in Best VGM, No. 6 in Best Graphics, and No. 5 in Best Direction. The Street Fighter II Image Album is the No. 1 Best Album in the same issue, with the Drama CD version of Street Fighter II tied for No. 7 with the soundtrack for Star Blade. The List of Best Characters only had Chun-Li at No. 3.[136]

In the February 1994 issue of Gamest, both Street Fighter II' Turbo (Hyper Fighting) and Super Street Fighter II were nominated for Best Game of 1993, but neither won (the first place was given to Samurai Spirits). Super ranked third place, with Turbo at No. 6. In the category of Best Fighting Games, Super ranked third place again, while Turbo placed fifth. Super won third place in the categories of Best Graphics and Best VGM. Cammy, who was introduced in Super, placed fifth place in the list of Best Characters of 1993, with Dee Jay and T. Hawk at 36 and 37.[137] In the January 30, 1995 issue of Gamest, Super Street Fighter II X (known as Super Turbo internationally) placed fourth place in the award for Best Game of 1994 and Best Fighting Game, but did not rank in any of the other awards.[138]

The Super Famicom (SNES) version was critically acclaimed. Famitsu's panel of four reviewers gave it scores of 9, 9, 9, and 8, adding up to 35 out of 40. This made it one of their five highest-rated games of 1992, along with Dragon Quest V: Hand of the Heavenly Bride, Shin Megami Tensei, World of Illusion Starring Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck, and Mario Paint. They later gave the Turbo update a score of 36 out of 40. This made Street Fighter II′ Turbo their highest-rated game of 1993, and the twelfth game to have received a Famitsu score of 36/40 or above.[114]

International[edit]

The arcade game was well received by English-language critics upon release. In May 1991, Julian Rignall of Computer and Video Games gave it ratings of 94% for graphics, 93% for sound, 95% for playability, and 92% for lastability, with a 93% score overall. He criticized the original Street Fighter for being a "run-of-the-mill beat 'em up with little in the way of thrills and spills" but praised the sequel for being "absolutely packed with new ideas" and special moves. He noted the "six buttons combining with 8 joystick directions to provide more moves than I've ever seen in a beat 'em up" and praised the "massive, beautifully drawn and animated sprites, tons of speech and the most exciting, action-packed head-to-head conflict yet seen in an arcade game," concluding that it is "one of the best fighting games yet seen in the arcades" and a "brilliant" coin-op.[109] In the June 1991 issue of Sinclair User, John Cook gave the arcade game an "addict factor" of 84%. He praised the gameplay and the "excellent" animation and sound effects, but criticized the controls, stating players "might find the control system a bit daunting at first [with] a joystick plus six (count 'em!) fire buttons [but] it's not that bad really". He concluded "this is bound to appeal to you if you like the beat 'em up style of game."[118] Jeff Davy of Your Commodore praised the game for its large sprites, character animation, varied opponents, character moves, and two-player mode.[66]

The SNES version of Street Fighter II was very well received. In Electronic Gaming Monthly (EGM), its panel of four reviewers gave it scores of 10, 9, 10, and 9, adding up to 38 out of 40,[112][5] and their "Game of the Month" award. Sushi-X (Ken Williams) gave it a 10, calling it "The best! Street Fighter II is the only game I have ever seen that really deserves a 10!" Martin Alessi gave it a 9, describing it as "the best cart available anywhere! Incredible game play!" Ed Semrad gave it a 10, saying "The moves are perfect, the graphics outstanding and the audio exceptional. Get one of the new 6 button sticks and you'll swear you're playing the arcade version."[112] GamePro printed two reviews of the game in its August 1992 issue, both giving it a full score of 5 out of 5; Doctor Dave described it as "Capcom's best arcade conversion yet" while Slasher Quan stated that almost "everything's perfect in the Super NES version" and that it is "a nearly flawless conversion of the arcade original that's made even more enjoyable by new options and the convenience of home fighting." Super Play gave it a 94% score, stating that with "the inclusion of Champion Edition's Character vs. Character select and the extra options, I would even go so far to say that this is actually better than the coin-op."[116] Electronic Games gave it scores of 95% for graphics, 92% for sound, and 93% for playability, with a 94% overall, concluding that it is the best fighting game to date.[65] Nintendo Power scored it 16.2 out of 20,[117] stating that the "hottest arcade game around has been faithfully reproduced for this Super NES conversion" and that it "is just like having the arcade game at home!".[116] Nintendo Power ranked it the best SNES game of 1992, above The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past in second place.[117]

Computer Gaming World in April 1994 said that "Street Fighter II now enters the PC ring rather late and with a touch of weak wrist". The magazine reported that "the atmosphere and the impact of hefty welts and bone-crushing action is just not here. The usual lament of many PC gamers about arcade conversions is once again true: too little and too late".[139]

Entertainment Weekly wrote that "Sure, it's violent (people can be set on fire), but Street Fighter II offers a depth of play (each character has more than 20 different moves) unmatched by any other video-game slugfest."[140]

Street Fighter II was named by Electronic Gaming Monthly as the Game of the Year for 1992.[5] EGM awarded Street Fighter II′ Turbo with Best Super NES Game in 1993.[141] Street Fighter II won the Golden Joystick Award for Game of the Year in 1992.[131] Game Informer gave it the "Best Game of the Year" and "Best Playability in a Video Game" awards.[142] It won Electronic Games magazine's Electronic Gaming Award for the Video Game of the Year,[129] where it was nominated along with NHLPA Hockey '93 and Sonic the Hedgehog 2.[143]

The Mega Drive version of Street Fighter II received 10 out of 10 for both graphics and addiction from Mega, who described it as "a candidate for best game ever and without a doubt the best beat-'em-up of all time" and gave it an overall 92% score.[144] MegaTech scored it 95%, and commented: "the greatest coin-op hits the Megadrive in perfect form".[145] Edge gave the PC Engine version of Champion Edition a score of 8 out of 10.[146] The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly, while remarking that the Game Boy control is difficult, the game speed "lethargically slow", and it is a very old game, agreed it to be an excellent conversion by Game Boy standards.[113] The Axe Grinder of GamePro agreed, praising the graphics and Game Boy survival mode, but criticizing the slow controls and concluding that "The real problem here is that the game's just plain old."[147]

Retrospective[edit]

Street Fighter II has been listed among the best games of all time. Game Informer ranked it as the 22nd-best game ever made in 2001. The staff praised it for popularizing the one-on-one fighting game genre and noted that its Super NES ports were "near-perfect."[155] They later ranked it the 25th-best game ever made in 2009.[156] Other publications that listed it among the best games of all time include BuzzFeed,[157] Electronic Gaming Monthly,[158][159][160] IGN,[161][162][163] Edge,[164] Empire,[165][166] Famitsu,[167] FHM,[168] G4,[169] GameFAQs,[170][171][172][173] GameSpot,[174] GamingBolt,[175] Guinness World Records,[176] Next Generation,[177][178] NowGamer,[179] Retro Gamer,[180] Stuff,[181][182] Time,[183] and Yahoo![184] Guinness World Records awarded Street Fighter II the world records of "First Fighting Game to Use Combos", "Most Cloned Fighting Game", and "Biggest-Selling Coin-Operated Fighting Game" in the Guinness World Records: Gamer's Edition 2008.

GameSpot gave the PlayStation 3 version of HD Remix a score of 8.5 out of 10.[185]

Legacy[edit]

Sequels[edit]

The Street Fighter II games were followed by several sub-series of Street Fighter games and spinoffs including Street Fighter Alpha, Street Fighter EX, Street Fighter III, Pocket Fighter, Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo, and Vs. series. Capcom released Street Fighter IV for the arcades in July 2008, followed by Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 in February 2009 and Microsoft Windows in July 2009. Street Fighter V was released for the PlayStation 4 and Windows in 2016.

Other media and merchandise[edit]

Impact[edit]

Street Fighter II is regarded as one of the most influential video games of all time,[187][188][189] and the most important fighting game in particular.[189][190][191] The release of Street Fighter II in 1991 is often considered a revolutionary moment in the fighting game genre. It has the most accurate joystick and button scanning routine in the genre, allowing players to reliably execute multi-button special moves, and its graphics use Capcom's CPS arcade chipset, with highly detailed characters and stages. Whereas previous games allow players to combat a variety of computer-controlled fighters, Street Fighter II allows human combat.

The popularity of Street Fighter II surprised the gaming industry, as arcade owners bought more machines to keep up with demand.[192] It was responsible for introducing the combo mechanic, which came about when skilled players learned that they could combine several attacks with no time for the opponent to recover.[18][188][193][194] Its success inspired a wave of other fighting games, which were initially often labeled as "clones"[187][195] or imitators, including titles such as Guardians of the 'Hood, Art of Fighting, Time Killers,[196] Mortal Kombat,[197] and Killer Instinct. Street Fighter II also influenced the development of the combat mechanics of beat 'em up game Streets of Rage 2.[198] However, Street Fighter II also received criticism for its depiction of street violence, and for having inspired numerous other violent games in the industry.[196]

Street Fighter II revitalized the arcade video game industry in the early 1990s,[187][188] to a level of popularity not seen since the days of Pac-Man in the early 1980s;[188][191] It was the best-selling arcade video game by far since the golden age of arcade video games,[188][191] bringing an arcade renaissance in the early 1990s.[199] Its impact on home video games was equally important, becoming a long-lasting system-seller for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System.[187] Since then up until the late 1990s, numerous best-selling home video games were arcade ports.[200]

The game popularized the concept of "face-to-face", tournament-level competition between two players[187] instead of just high scores.[187] This enabled the competitive multiplayer and deathmatch modes found in modern action games.[189] John Romero, for example, cited the competitive multiplayer of Street Fighter II as an influence on the deathmatch mode of seminal first-person shooter Doom.[201]

It is an innovation in revision series, with Capcom continuously upgrading and expanding the arcade game instead of releasing a sequel. This furthered the practice of patches and downloadable content found in modern video games.[187]

Popular culture[edit]

Street Fighter II has been sampled and referenced video game in hip hop music, including The Lady of Rage, Nicki Minaj, Lupe Fiasco, Dizzee Rascal, Lil B, Sean Price, and Madlib. This started with Hi-C's "Swing'n" (1993) and DJ Qbert's "Track 10" (1994) which sampled Street Fighter II, and the Street Fighter film soundtrack (1994) which is the first major film soundtrack to consist almost entirely of hip hop music. According to DJ Qbert, "I think hip-hop is a cool thing, I think Street Fighter is a cool thing". According to Vice magazine, "Street Fighter's mixture of competition, bravado, and individualism easily translate into the trials and travails of a rapper."[202] The "Perfect" sample was used by Kanye West and Drake in The Life of Pablo (2016).[203][204] UK rap includes grime DJ Logan Sama saying, "Street Fighter is just a huge cultural thing that everyone experienced growing up [with] such a huge impact that it has just stayed in everyone's consciousness." According to Jake Hawkes of Soapbox, "grime was built around lyrical clashes [and] the 1v1 setup of these clashes was easily equated with Street Fighter's 1 on 1 battles." Grime MCs such as Dizzee Rascal were sampling Street Fighter II in 2002, and Street Fighter II has been sampled "by almost every grime MC". It became an integral part of BBC Radio 1Xtra DJ Charlie Sloth's Fire in the Booth freestyle segments, using samples such as "Hadouken", "Shoryuken", and the "Perfect" announcer sound.[205]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Japanese: ストリートファイターII -The World Warrior-, Hepburn: Sutorīto Faitā Tsū Za Warudo Uōria
  2. ^ Kanji: 隆, Rōmaji: リュウ, Hepburn: 'Ryū'
  3. ^ Rōmaji: エドモンド 本田, Hepburn: 'Edomondo Honda'
  4. ^ Rōmaji: ブランカ, Hepburn: 'Buranka'
  5. ^ Rōmaji: ガイル, Hepburn: 'Gairu'
  6. ^ Kanji: 拳, Rōmaji: ケン, Hepburn: 'Ken'
  7. ^ Rōmaji: チュンリー, Hepburn: 'Shunrei'
  8. ^ Rōmaji: ザンギエフ, Hepburn: 'Zangiefu'
  9. ^ Rōmaji: ダルシム, Hepburn: 'Darushimu', Hindi: दाल्सीम

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Further reading[edit]

  • Studio Bent Stuff (2000). All About Capcom Head-to-Head Fighting Games 1987–2000. A.A. Game History Series (Vol. 1) (in Japanese). Dempa Publications, Inc. ISBN 4-88554-676-1.

External links[edit]