Swedish Serbs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Swedish Serbs
Svenskserber
Срби у Шведској
Nikola-sarcevic-2008.jpg
Masters of Rock 2007 - Hammerfall - Oscar Dronjak - 06.jpg
Dragomir Mrsic.jpg
Daniel Majstorovic.jpg
Danijela-rundqvist-8janvier2010.jpg
Peter Popovic.jpg
Ljubomir Vranjes 01.jpg
Biljana Srbljanović.jpg
Dalibor Doder 02.jpg
Dusan Djuric (premier match à Valenciennes).JPG
Alina Devecerski.jpg
Alexander Milosevic (2014, cropped).jpg
Total population
120,000 (estimate)
Regions with significant populations
Stockholm, Göteborg, Malmö
Languages
Serbian, Swedish
Religion
Serbian Orthodox Church
Related ethnic groups
South Slavs

Serbs (Swedish: Serber) began migrating to Sweden in large numbers in the 1960s, as part of the migrant work-agreement signed with the Yugoslav government to help Sweden overcome its severe labour shortage. The Yugoslav wars saw another influx of Serbs.

History[edit]

Serbs constituted a low percentage of the Swedish population prior to the 1960s. Some came after World War II, mostly seeking political asylum. The greatest proportion of Serbs came together with Greeks, Italians and Turks under the visa agreements in times of severe labour shortages or when particular skills were deficient within Sweden, as migrant workers (called Arbetskraftsinvandring, see gastarbeiter).[1] During the 1960s and 1970s, agreements were signed with the government of Yugoslavia to help Sweden overcome its severe labour shortage.[2]

Bosnian and Croatian Serbs migrated in another wave during and after the Yugoslav wars. Another wave of Kosovo Serbs came during the Kosovo war in 1999.

Demographics[edit]

The Swedish census data includes country of birth, but does not include ethnicity, descendants or naturalized people, thus, the total number of ethnic Serbs in Sweden is hard to define. Various estimations include: 80,000;[3] 110,000;[4] 120,000;[5] and 140,000.[6] Aco Dragićević, writing for the Swedish-Serbian newspaper Dijaspora, wrote in 2002 that some 200,000 Yugoslavs, regardless of ethnic origin, migrated to Sweden during the Second Yugoslavia (1945-1992); of these, roughly 40% (ca. 80,000) he believed to be Serbs.[7]

Culture[edit]

Language[edit]

The Serbs in Sweden are bilingual. The Serbian language is a rich contributor to the so-called Rinkeby Swedish, a sociolect (slang) of the Swedish language.

Religion[edit]

Serbian Orthodox Church in Enskede
Serbian Orthodox Church in Gothenburg

In 1972 the first Serbian Orthodox parish (of St. Nicholas) was formed in Västerås, prior to the forming the Serbs were headed by Swedish Orthodox priest Christofer Klasson, previously priest in the Church of Sweden. Later, the same year a parish was formed in Malmö (of Saints Cyrils and Methodius) and in 1973 one in Stockholm (of Saint Sava). Later, parishes have been formed in Göteborg (of Stefan Decanski), Jönköping (of Nativity of Mary), Helsingborg (of St Basil the Great) and one more in Stockholm. The parishes have their own head-priest.

In Malmö, 1982, the Church of Saint Cyril and Methodius was opened, the first Serbian church in Sweden. The parish of Saint Sava opened its church in Enskede, in 1983, the parish in Göteborg also has a church.

The parish in Malmö suffered several attacks in 1990, the premises were firebombed but the church was not damaged, the perpetrators were racist youths who were later convicted of arson.[8]

The SOC has parishes and churches in the cities of:

Music[edit]

Stockholm-based Östblocket and Macedonian-Swedish Andra Generationen are both Balkan Brass Bands, playing a musical style from southern Serbia.

Sport[edit]

Swedish Serbs have been very successful in sports, among most notable are

The Stockholm Eagles is a Serbian-Swedish basketball team that has become very successful since its establishment in 2007. They won the Swedish second league (Basketettan) back to back 2011 and 2012 and became the only team in Sweden to win 34 victories in a row.[10]

Notable people[edit]

Sportspeople
TV and Music
Other

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Swedish) Serbia Government Offices of Sweden.
  2. ^ (Swedish) "Historik" (History), Migrationsverket.
  3. ^ Gunnar Sörbring (2003-09-26). "Serber oroliga för nyväckt avsky". Dagens Nyheter. 
  4. ^ Palić, Svetlana (17 July 2011). "Četiri miliona Srba našlo uhlebljenje u inostranstvu". Blic. Švedskoj (110.000) 
  5. ^ "Sverige vill öppna Serbienförhandlingar" (in Swedish). SvD. 2015-02-02. Det bor cirka 120 000 serber i Sverige. 
  6. ^ Ranko Pivljanin (24 November 2011). "Orlovi vladaju Švedskom". Blic. 
  7. ^ Aco Dragićević (5 October 2002). "Druga generacija iseljenika u Švedskoj". Srbi širom sveta. Dijaspora. Što se tiče Švedske, zemlje u kojoj se poklanja velika pažnja statističkim podacima, nije teško saznati koliko je i(u)seljenika, ilustracije radi, stiglo iz Jugoslavije. Statistika u ovoj zemlji useljenike, međutim, prati po zemlji porekla, a ne po nacionalnoj pripadnosti. U ovdašnjoj literaturi koja se bavi useljenicima, mogu se naći procene švedskih sociologa - od ukupnog broja useljenika iz Jugoslavije 40% su Srbi. Statistički podaci govore da u Švedskoj živi oko 200 hiljada useljenika iz druge Jugoslavije. 
  8. ^ Sydsvenska Dagbladet 13/5, 8/6, 21/9, 31/10 and 1/11, 1990
  9. ^ http://mobil.svt.se/2.60664/1.1242819/serbisk-ortodox_kyrka_byggs_i_laholm&lid=aldreNyheter_800565&lpos=rubrik_1242819
  10. ^ Stockholm White Eagles

External links[edit]