Petro Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Національна музична академія України імені Петра Чайковського) or Kyiv Conservatory is a Ukrainian state institution of higher music education. Its courses include postgraduate education.
The Kyiv Conservatory was founded on 3 November 1913 at the Kyiv campus of the Music College of the Russian Musical Society. The initiative to create the Conservatory belongs to Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, who in 1891 wrote the submission to the Emperor of Russia, arguing the necessity to open an institution of higher musical education in Kyiv. The organization of the conservatory was spearheaded by Sergei Rachmaninoff and Alexander Glazunov. The first directors were V. Pukhalsky (1913) and Reinhold Glière (1914–1920). In 1925, the junior classes were separated from the conservatory to form a Music College, while the senior classes were merged into the formerly private Music and Drama Institute of Mykola Lysenko (today the Kyiv National I. K. Karpenko-Kary Theatre, Cinema and Television University). Viktor Kosenko taught at both institutions.
The conservatory was revived when Kyiv once again became the capital of Ukraine in 1934. The Music and Drama Institute of Mykola Lysenko was dissolved and its music department was merged back with the Music College, while the drama department served as the basis for creation of the Kyiv State Theater Institute of Les Kurbas. In 1938, the conservatory received the Order of Lenin award. In 1940, the conservatory was named after Tchaikovsky. In 1995, the President of Ukraine elevated the conservatory's status, and renamed it the Petro Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine.
The conservatory occupies a building built in the 1890s as the Hotel Continental (architects Eduard Bradtman and Georg Schleifer). The building was destroyed during World War II, but was rebuilt in 1955, at which point a concert hall was added (architects L. Katok and Ya. Krasny). It is located on Horodetsky street 1-3/11.
- 1913–1914 Vladimir Pukhalskiy
- 1914–1920 Reinhold Glière
- 1920–1922 Felix Blumenfeld
- 1922–1926 Kostiantyn Mykhailov
- 1926–1934 unknown
- 1934–1948 Abram Lufer (including the evacuation period)
- 1948–1954 Oleksandr Klymov
- 1954–1968 Andriy Shtoharenko
- 1968–1974 Ivan Lyashenko
- 1974–1983 Mykola Kondratyuk
- 1983–2004 Oleg Tymoshenko
- 2004– 2018 Volodymyr Rozhok
- 2018– Maksym Tymoshenko