Tetiana Chornovol

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Tetiana Chornovol
Тетя́на Чорново́л
Тетяна Чорновол, ВРУ 2017.jpg
Tetiana Chornovol, 7 July 2017
People's Deputy of Ukraine
Assumed office
27 November 2014[1]
Personal details
BornTetiana Mykolaivna Chornovol
(1979-06-04) 4 June 1979 (age 39)
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
CitizenshipUkraine
Spouse(s)Mykola Berezovyi[2]
ResidenceBoryspil Raion, Kiev Oblast, Ukraine
OccupationPeople's Deputy of Ukraine
ProfessionJournalist
Tetiana Chornovol
Other namesTetiana Chornovil, Tatiana Chornovil, Tetyana Chornovil, Tatiana Chernovil, Tetyana Chornovol, Tatiana Chornovol
Years active1995–present

Tetiana Mykolayivna Chornovol (Ukrainian: Тетя́на Микола́ївна Чорново́л; born 4 June 1979 in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Ukrainian journalist and civic activist,[3] and one of the leaders in the Euromaidan protest campaign.[4] She is known for investigative reports about corruption in Ukraine, as well as for her adventurous direct actions.[5][6][7] In 2014, she was elected to the Verkhovna Rada.

On 25 December 2013, Chornovol was the victim of a much published and condemned severe beating.[4][5][8][9][10]

Currently, she is a member of the parliamentary faction of the party "People's Front",[11] also member of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on national security and defense.[12] Deputy Chairman of the Interim Commission of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on investigation of the theft of public funds in 2011-2014, when providing services of collecting hazardous hexachlorobenzene waste in Kalush district, Ivano-Frankivsk region; Deputy Member of the Permanent Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization;[13] member of the inter-parliamentary relations with China.

Biography[edit]

Tetiana Chornovol was born in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union.[14] Her parents come from Cherkasy Oblast in central Ukraine.[15] Currently she lives in the Kiev suburb of Hora located in Boryspil Raion.[14]

In 2001, she graduated from the Faculty of Journalism of the Kiev International Institute of Linguistics and Law.[16]

Journalist career[edit]

Chornovol at an opposition rally in September 2012

Chornovol has been employed by or freelanced for many Ukrainian publications focusing on politics and corruption in Ukraine. She also reported from post-Soviet armed conflicts in which UNA-UNSO volunteers participated.

From 2001 to 2004, she led the "Theme of the week" heading in the "Peak" magazine.[17]

Investigative career[edit]

In 2004, she began specializing in investigative journalism, contributing to several Ukrainian online newspapers, including Ukrayinska Pravda,[5] Levyi Bereg[5] and Obozrevatel. Her focus topics are suspicious personal wealth of Ukrainian politicians, public servants, and businessmen, as well as their involvement in crime.

In 2008, a judgment was obtained from the High Court of Justice in London after Obozrevatel refused to retract false and libelous statements in articles by Chornovol[18] alleging that Rinat Akhmetov was connected to criminal activity and violence. Chornovol[18] had interviewed his former classmates and neighbors, and delved into his early years.[19] Following court pressure, Obozrevatel issued an official apology stating, "The editorial hereby admits that there was unchecked and false information about Rinat Akhmetov present in the … articles … We hereby give our apologies to Rinat Akhmetov for the problems resulting from the above-mentioned publications."[20][21] Chornovol refused to issue an apology or acknowledge any wrongdoing.[18] Obozrevatel said it was not invited or informed of the date of the court hearing,[22] and claimed that the decisions of British judges are not legitimate in Ukraine.[23]

Other articles by Chornovol addressed the alleged organized crime background of then-President Viktor Yanukovych and reported on his lavish countryside property.[5][6] According to a story in the New York Times, in August 2012 Chornovol "scaled the walls of Mr. Yanukovych's then residential compound, which includes 345 acres of forested hills along the Dnieper River and is called 'Mezhyhirya' after the park where it is situated, and spent nearly three hours wandering the property and taking photographs before being detained by security".[6] Chornovol was the first investigative journalist researching Mezhyhirya; she started work on the topic in 2006.[24]

Recent investigations[edit]

Immediately before the attack on her, Chornovol made an on-site investigation of the suburban alleged property of Ukraine's Internal Affairs Minister (police chief) Vitaliy Zakharchenko and published a blog report with photos[10][25]) as well as those allegedly belonging to the country's General Prosecutor Viktor Pshonka. The material was mentioned in her conversations with editors and colleagues.[4][26]

Reacting to Chornovol's 25 December 2013 beating, Ukrayinska Pravda and Chornovol's husband announced that they "suspected each and every person whom Tetiana Chornovol wrote about" personally, including President Yanukovych, in "ordering that attack", until proven otherwise.[2][26]

Activism and politics[edit]

Chornovol comes from an ultra right political background: She joined the UNA-UNSO organization at age 17, and later began her media work there as a press secretary.[15] However, she soon became disillusioned with extremist politics, but remained committed to social activism.[citation needed]

Chornovol openly admits committing various petty crimes in the course of her political acts and investigations, including trespassing and defacing property (such as by spray painting and egg pelting), and encourages other activists to follow her lead in nonviolent resistance way.[27]

Long-term activist[edit]

Chornovol participated in all major patriotic/anti-corruption actions in Ukraine since late 1990s, including Ukraine without Kuchma (2001), the Orange Revolution (2004), the 2011 protests against Russian language use expansion, and Euromaidan protests. During "Ukraine without Kuchma" (while still with the UNA-UNSO), she handcuffed herself to the busy rails in the Kiev Passenger Railway Station with a fellow female protester.[15]

In 2011-2013, Chornovol participated in several risky protests against illegal land development, historical architecture destruction, and local government oppression in the city of Kiev, including the seizure of a tower crane over the Gostynyi Dvir[28] and occupying a high-rise cornice of the Kiev City Council assembly hall[5] (both by climbing). While she was climbing the crane, construction workers threw bricks at her but missed. She was removed from the council assembly hall cornice by firemen.[citation needed]

In the first week of Euromaidan, Chornovol, protected by bicycle helmet, was present near the van suspected of conducting covert surveillance of protest leaders, and immediately stormed it (by smashing the roof window with a cobblestone and jumping in) in order to prevent destruction of evidence. The automobile turned out to be a communications intelligence vehicle of the Security Service of Ukraine.[5]

On 1 December 2013, Chornovol was widely reported smashing windows at Kiev City Hall in the course of protesters' attempts to seize the building.[citation needed] As she later explained to journalist colleagues, storming and occupying city hall was necessary for warming activists from freezing temperatures (the building was used for this purpose from then on).[citation needed]

Unsuccessful election campaign[edit]

Chornovol unsuccessfully ran in the 2012 parliamentary election in the suburban Lviv Oblast constituency Horodok, representing the oppositional Batkivshchyna party.[5][6] She came second after non-partisan Yaroslav Dubnevych, who got 47.04% of the votes against Chornovol's 38.88%.[29]

25 December attack[edit]

In the early morning of 25 December 2013 at 01:30 AM Chornovol was severely beaten by a group of men who dragged her from her car near Boryspil International Airport in Boryspil outside Kiev.[5][8] The attack provoked massive outcry in Ukraine and around the globe.[4][9][10]

Chornovol's car was rammed off of the road by a Porsche Cayenne, and two assailants dragged her from her car, beat her, and threw her in a roadside ditch. The attack took place hours after Chernovol published an article on a posh suburban residence which she said was being built for Minister of Internal Affairs Vitaliy Zakharchenko.[30]

Chornovol was hospitalized with initial diagnosis of broken nose, concussion, and multiple bruises.[31]

Reaction[edit]

Euromaidan activists called for a picketing of the Ministry of Internal Affairs at 8 a.m., which hundreds attended, calling for Zakharchenko's resignation.[31][32][33]

In her 26 December bed-ridden interview, Chornovol stated that her investigations were the only possible reason for the attack on her, and dismissed suggestions that the attack was a result of either road rage or a false flag political provocation against authorities.[4]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and U.S. embassy in Ukraine condemned the attack.[31] Opposition parties accused the authorities of being behind the attacks, while a statement from Olena Bondarenko of the Party of Regions categorized the attack as spontaneous violence caused by Euromaidan, and blamed the opposition.[34] According to the (then) governor of Kharkiv Oblast, Mykhailo Dobkin, the attack (that he compared to the Reichstag fire) had been organised by insiders.[35][nb 1]

Investigation[edit]

The driver of the car that rammed Chornovol off the road was arrested on 25 December 2013, who upon police questioning identified the other two attackers, one of whom was arrested.[36][37] In total five suspected attackers were detained by the Ukrainian police.[38] According to police investigator Mykola Chynchyn, one of the suspects formerly belonged to a criminal organization led by Viktor Rybalko; and added "The Klitschko brothers allegedly were closely involved in Rybalko's organization".[39] Chynchyn also stated that opposition lawmaker Mykola Knyazhytsky, Volodymyr Polochaninov and David Zhvania were connected to a suspect.[39] Serhiy Kotenko (a former co-owner of TVi) is a brother of one of the suspects.[39] Vitali Klitschko vehemently denied links to the suspects and stated that he would sue Chynchyn for slander, libel and defamation of character.[39]

Chornovol's husband characterized the incident as attempted murder, saying "she was beaten with the intent to kill", and accused police investigators of downplaying the legal status of the crime.[40] Chornovol believes the attack was ordered by president Viktor Yanukovych for her ongoing investigation into a new luxury mansion and palace he was building.[41]

Aftermath[edit]

Late on 25 December Chornovol was prepared for a series of reconstructive surgeries on her nose and right eye orbit, and was recovering from severe concussion.[4][42] By 30 December, Chornovol was transferred out of intensive care but remained in hospital due to severe hypersomnia.[40] On 7 January 2014, she was ready to be discharged from hospital, though still requiring outpatient treatment. However she refused to leave.[43] After the assault, Canadian physician Dr. Richard Hareychuk provided a first hand account of how he raised money for Chornovol through the Ukrainian community in Toronto, arranged for an interview for her on CBC radio from Ukraine, and traveled to meet her on 17 January 2014.[44]

On 21 February 2014, when Euromaidan protesters raided the Mezhyhirya presidential residence of Viktor Yanukovych, Euromaidian activists and investigators from the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project discovered "black lists" of journalists and activists involved in the oppositions, with an individual dossier on Chornovol, with photographs and the license plate of her car.[45]

Political career[edit]

On 5 March 2014, Chornovol was appointed head of Ukrainian government's National Anti-Corruption Committee by the Yatsenyuk Government.[46][47] She resigned on 18 August 2014. Chornovol said that "there is no political will in Ukraine to carry out a hard-edged, large-scale war against corruption."[48]

Chornovol became a founding member of the new party People's Front on 10 September 2014, 46 days before the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[49][50] In this election she was elected into parliament as the runner up on the electoral list of People's Front, second to prime minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.[51][52][53]

In 2015, she initiated a criminal prosecution[54] of People's Deputy Oleksandr Onyshchenko and the head of the State Fiscal Service Roman Nasirov[55] on behalf of NABU for non-payment of the billions of taxes on gas and oil extraction of firms under the control of Onyshchenko, as well as the illegal restructuring of these debts to Nasirov.

Chornovol started her own investigation of crimes committed by Onyschenko from the visit to his office in Myronivka.[56]

During the Verkhovna Rada voting for the cancelling of deputies immunity of Onyshchenko, Chornovol symbolically came in a sweater with horses - Onyshchenko is a famous horse fan.[citation needed]

On December 22, 2016, Tetiana Chornovol's bill 5129 was adopted,[57] which destroyed the scheme for obtaining extra profits by alternative energy companies created by the Klyuyev brothers during the Yanukovych government.[58]

As a member of the National Security and Defense Committee, she was focused on budget financing of defense plants[59] for the repair and modernization of armored vehicles, tanks and artillery.

Together with the chairman of the committee, Serhii Pashynskyi, in 2015, initiated a bill on the special confiscation of Yanukovych's assets in the state budget in the form of bonds worth $1.5 billion, arrested in the banks of Ukraine after the Maidan. For more than two years Chornovol has been struggling to confiscate these funds, which was only made in May 2017. Chornovol was the author of a number of bills (3025,[60] 4057,[61] 4811,[62] 4890,[63] 5557,[64]) which established the legal mechanism for the confiscation of these funds, and also inherited the laws of many Western European countries regarding the confiscation of unjustified assets. However, no bill was supported by the Verkhovna Rada. Chornovol stated about the influence of such people from Yanukovych's environment as Andriy Portnov,[65] Sergiy Kurchenko,[66] and Oleksandr Onyschenko[67] in order to prevent the confiscation of these assets.

In 2016, it even led to the suspension of factories for the repair and modernization of military equipment.[68]

In appointing a new General Prosecutor, the group of Oleksandr Turchynov in the People's Front fraction, which member Chornovol is, initiated an agreement to support Yuriy Lutsenko's candidacy in exchange for a "special confiscation".[citation needed]

Prosecutor General's Office of Yuriy Lutsenko succeeded in May 2017 - $1.5 billion were confiscated into the State Budget of Ukraine as part of the investigation into the actions of the criminal organization of ex-president Yanukovych, with the efforts of prosecutor Kostyantyn Kulyk.[citation needed]

However, the fact of the confiscation of Yanukovych's assets was harshly criticized by a number of public anti-corruption organizations in Ukraine. Chornovol said[69] that this was due to the fact that lawyers, who at the time of Yanukovych legally accompanied the government's corruption schemes (in particular, the schemes of Kurchenko), after the Maidan began to work[70] in public anticorruption organizations. This caused Chornovol to initiate known amendments to the Law No. 6172 "On Prevention of Corruption", which obliged public officials of public anticorruption organizations to submit e-declarations.[citation needed]

In 2017, Tetiana Chornovol strongly criticized the blockade of trade with companies located in Some districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. She tried to influence the public opinion, which, in her belief, falsely supported the so-called blockade on blood'. The MP spoke at rallies[71] in Avdiivka, Kramatorsk, and Mariupol. According to Chornovol, this blockade was initiated by the FSS. It leveled Ukraine's tactical victory in the hybrid war. After all, factories and mines located in the occupied territory, but paid taxes to the budget of Ukraine, as well as supplied raw materials and scarce anthracite for enterprises in Ukraine, went under the control of an aggressor state.

International reputation[edit]

In 2014 Foreign Policy magazine included Chornovol into top 100 thinkers - people who changed the world. She was awarded in the nomination "Those who defy" for her fight against the Yanukovych regime and corruption.[72]

In 2015, she became the protagonist of the documentary "Breaking Point: The War for Democracy in Ukraine" directed by Mark Jonathan Harris and Oles Sanin. The film is about the way Ukrainians behaved during the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and Russian military aggression.[citation needed]

Private life[edit]

Chornovol is a widowed mother of two. Her husband, Mykola Berezovyi,[2] a volunteer fighter in the Azov Battalion, was killed on 10 August 2014 during the fighting in eastern Ukraine.[73][74] Chornovol and her husband met at a political rally. Their younger child was born in October 2010.[24]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dobkin's full response was: "Why should modern day Nazis set fire to the Reichstag, when they can sort things out by thrashing anything up to ten local activists who have figured in the media? Typically, the only Maidan activists that get beaten up are those whose work for the community is funded from abroad".[35]

References[edit]

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    Parliament to form leadership and coalition on November 27, UNIAN (26 November 2014)
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External links[edit]

Media related to Tetiana Chornovol at Wikimedia Commons