Television in Estonia
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Television in Estonia was introduced in 1955, following the Soviet government's decision to establish a television station in 1953. The National TV Channel ETV has maintained an archive since 1955 in which broadcasts of unique aspects of Estonian culture are held.
Northern Estonia receives television signals from Finland. During the 1970s and 1980s, Finnish broadcasts were more popular than Soviet-Estonian offerings until the Singing Revolution, with many Estonians enjoying Dallas and other programs portraying non-Communist lifestyles.
Digital television was officially launched on December 15, 2006 when the operator Eesti Digitaaltelevisiooni AS launched its pay service ZUUMtv, operated by Starman, on two multiplexes. In 2006, only ETV was available for free, but as of March 2009, there are already 7 free channels in digital broadcast. Digital television signal (DVB-T and DVB-H) is broadcast by Levira. DVB-C is provided by cable operators Starman, STV, Telset, telecommunications company Elion (also offering IPTV). Analog transmitters were turned off in July 2010.
List of channels
- ETV – news, current affairs, culture, sports and general entertainment.
- ETV 2 – general entertainment, sports, news and children's programming.
- ETV+ – Russian language programming.
- Kanal 2 – news, current affairs and general entertainment.
- Kanal 11 – general entertainment. Mostly for women.
- Kanal 12 – general entertainment. Mostly for men.
- MyHits – music channel.
- TV 3 – news, current affairs and general entertainment channel.
- TV6 – general entertainment channel. Mostly for men.
- TV3+ – general entertainment in the Russian language.
- Fox Life – general entertainment channel.
- FOX – general entertainment channel.
- Sony Channel (Estonia) Former-Canal+ (Estonia) – general entertainment channel.
- Sony Turbo – general entertainment channel.
- Alo TV – music and news channel, Tartu-based.
- Tallinna TV – owned by Tallinn city government. Launched on January 1, 2011.
- RTV/ETV - predecessor of RTV. Showed its programming on ETV as programming block. Aired from September 21, 1992 to July 30, 1993.
- RTV – a predecessor of TV3. Shared channel code with EVTV. Aired from July 31, 1993 to December 31, 1995.
- EVTV – a predecessor of TV3. Shared channel code with RTV. Aired from August 1, 1993 to December 31, 1995.
- Tipp TV – a predecessor of TV1. Aired from September 1, 1995 to March 23, 1996.
- EVTV/RTV - A temporary channel formed by EVTV and RTV before becoming TV3. Aired from January 1, 1996 to March 10, 1996.
- TV 1 – Commercial channel. News, current affairs, sports and general entertainment. Aired from February 10, 1997 to October 2001.
- Neljas – music, news and general entertainment channel.
- Kalev Sport – sports channel, a predecessor of TV4.
- TV4 – sports channel, a predecessor of TV14.
- MTV Eesti – music and entertainment channel.
- TV14 – general entertainment channel. Codeshare with Tallinna TV.
- Nickelodeon Estonia
- "Basic Facts". Association of Estonian Broadcasters. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
- Nordenstreng, Kaarle (2004). "Finland". In Horace Newcomb, Museum of Broadcast Communications (ed.). Encyclopedia of Television. 1 (2nd ed.). CRC Press. pp. 877–880. ISBN 9781579584115.
- Holden, Stephen (2010-11-12). "J. R. Ewing Shot Down Communism in Estonia". The New York Times. pp. C12. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "Zuumtv channel list". Starman.ee. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- "Chronology of Levira". Levira.ee. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- "Digital television in Estonia". digitv.ee. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- "Digitaaltelevisiooni ajastu". Levira.ee. 2008-12-30. Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-14.