Television in Finland

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Television was introduced in Finland in 1957. Color television started in 1969. Prior to 1986, Yle monopolized the Finnish television. All terrestrial analogue stations stopped broadcasting on 1 September 2007 after introducing digital television; cable providers were allowed to continue analog broadcasting in their networks until 1 March 2008.

Typically, foreign-language content is subtitled, retaining the original language soundtrack. This includes interview responses in news or magazine programmes not given in the main language of that programme. Foreign programming intended for children is, however, usually dubbed into one of the national languages. Regardless of the intended audience or original language, many shows receive a Finnish and/or Swedish title which is used in programme schedules.

Digital terrestrial[edit]

Digital terrestrial television was launched on 21 August 2001. The analogue networks continued its broadcasts alongside the digital ones until 1 September 2007, when they were shut down nationwide.

Before the analogue switchoff, the terrestrial network had three multiplexes: MUX A, MUX B and MUX C. MUX A contained the channels of the public broadcaster Yleisradio and MUX B was shared between the two commercial broadcasters: MTV3 and Nelonen. MUX C contained channels of various other broadcasters. After the analogue closedown, a fourth multiplex named MUX E was launched.

In addition the free-to-air broadcasts, two companies are providing encryption cards for pay television: Canal Digital and PlusTV. Canal Digital was the first to launch, originally only offering four Canal+ channels (the Disney Channel was added later on). PlusTV was launched in November 2006, originally only broadcasting MTV3 Max and Subtv Juniori (later on adding Subtv Leffa and Urheilu+kanava). Both packages got more channels with the launch of MUX E in September 2007: SVT Europa and MTV3 Fakta was added to PlusTV and KinoTV was added to Canal Digital, while Discovery Channel, Eurosport, MTV Finland and Nickelodeon were added to both packages.[citation needed]

September 2007 also saw the launch of the SveaTV package in Ostrobothnia which broadcasts channels from Sweden.[citation needed]

The digital channel YLE Extra was closed on 31 December 2007 and was replaced by YLE TV1+, a simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. TV1+ was closed on 4 August 2008 due to its low viewing share.[1]

Finland has started DVB-T2 switchover that will be finished on 31.3.2020.

Cable[edit]

Analogue cable television were switched off in Finland on 1 March 2008, but digital cable television is widespread all over the country and its infrastructure used for cable internet services.[citation needed]

The major cable operators are DNA, Welho and TTV, operating in Turku, Helsinki and Tampere areas. All pay television uses digital broadcasts, DVB-C set-top boxes have been available since 2001.[citation needed]

Satellite[edit]

Digital satellite television started in Nordic countries, and also in Finland, by Multichoice Nordic pay-TV platform during 1996. The first set-top boxes available were manufactured by Nokia and Pace. After that the service merged with Canal Digital in late 1997. Competing pay television Viasat and Yle's channel TV Finland started digital broadcasts in 1999.[citation needed]

Canal Digital launched some HDTV channels, like Discovery HD, on their digital paytv-package during 2006. Pan-European HDTV-channel Euro1080 HD1 is available also in Finland.[citation needed]

List of channels[edit]

All Yle channels are broadcast free-to-air and so are a few commercial ones including MTV3, Nelonen, Sub, Jim, TV5, FOX and Kutonen. Yle channels are state owned and are funded by a ring fenced so-called "Yle tax".

Most of the channels are the same throughout mainland Finland. In Ostrobothnia and the Åland islands there is an extra multiplex available which provides encrypted channels from Sweden, along with respective local stations,[2] and of course due to overlapping signals, Russian, Swedish, Norwegian and Estonian stations are able to be seen near the border areas and vice versa.

DVB-T Channels[edit]

No. Channel Name Free-to-air Description
1. Yle TV1 Yes documentaries, news, politics, satire, series, films
2. Yle TV2 Yes news, sport, entertainment, series, films, children's programming
3. MTV3 Yes films, series, sports, news
4. Nelonen Yes films, series, sports, news
5. Yle Fem Yes programming by the Swedish department of Yle and SVT World's, news, series, films, documentaries
6. Sub Yes imported series, films, reality, chat shows
7. Yle Teema Yes culture, science, education, arts, documentaries, films
8. Liv Yes women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, series, documentaries
9. Jim Yes men's programmes, reality, documentaries
10. TV5 Yes entertainment, films, series, documentaries
11. Kutonen Yes men's programmes, music, films, series, documentaries
12. FOX Yes series, films, documentaries
13. AVA Yes women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, series, documentaries
14. Hero Yes imported series and films
15. AlfaTV Yes programmes for minorities, religious programmes (20:00 - 22:30 hrs. only, full-time on DVB-T2 channel 19)
16. Frii Yes women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films, documentaries
17. Harju & Pöntinen Yes Schlager music
18. TLC Yes women's programmes, lifestyle
20. National Geographic Yes nature, history, documentaries
28. Estradi Yes short-term broadcasts
40. MTV Max No sports, outdoors, documentaries, programming for men
42. MTV Leffa No films (20:00 - 06:00 hrs. only)
43. MTV Juniori No children's programming
44. Discovery Channel No documentaries, science
45. Eurosport No sports, teleshopping
46. MTV Nordic No entertainment, music videos (13:00 - 07:00 hrs. only)
47. Nelonen Pro 1 No sports
48. Nelonen Pro 2 No sports
49. Nelonen Prime No films, series (19:00 - 06:00 hrs. only)
50. Nelonen Nappula No children's programming
51. Nelonen Maailma No nature, science, documentaries
52. Disney Channel No children's programming (07:00 - 13:00 hrs. only)
53. C More First No films
54. C More Series No series, films
55. MTV Sport 1 No sports
58. Nick Jr. No children's programming
68. 0700 11111 deitti Yes adult entertainment
69. Digiviihde.fi No adult entertainment

Upcoming DVB-T channels[edit]

Channel Name Free-to-air Description Reference

DVB-T2 channels[edit]

No. Channel Name Free-to-air Description HD Frequency
21. Yle TV1 HD Yes High-definition simulcast of Yle TV1 Yes VHF
22. Yle TV2 HD Yes High-definition simulcast of Yle TV2 Yes VHF
23. MTV3 HD No High-definition simulcast of MTV3 Yes VHF
25. Yle Fem HD Yes High-definition simulcast of Yle Fem Yes VHF
27. Yle Teema HD Yes High-definition simulcast of Yle Teema Yes VHF
64. Viasat Sport No sports No UHF
65. Viasat Hockey No ice hockey No UHF
66. Viasat Sport Finland No ice hockey No UHF
67. Viasat Golf No golf No UHF
80. Investigation Discovery No documentaries, science No UHF
83. Eurosport 2 No sports No UHF
84. Nat Geo Wild No nature, history, documentaries No UHF
85. Animal Planet No nature, documentaries No UHF
89. Disney Junior No children's programming No UHF
90. Disney XD No children's programming No UHF
92. MTV Max HD No High-definition simulcast of MTV Max Yes VHF
93. MTV Fakta No science, documentaries No UHF
94. C More Hits No films No UHF
95. C More First HD No High-definition simulcast of C More First Yes VHF
96. MTV Sport 1 HD No High-definition simulcast of MTV Sport 1 Yes VHF
97. MTV Sport 2 No sports No UHF
98. MTV Sport 2 HD No High-definition simulcast of MTV Sport 2 Yes VHF
101. Nelonen Pro 1 HD No High-definition simulcast of Nelonen Pro 1 Yes VHF
102. Nelonen Pro 2 HD No High-definition simulcast of Nelonen Pro 2 Yes VHF
103. Nelonen Pro 3 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
104. Nelonen Pro 4 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
105. Nelonen Pro 5 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
106. Nelonen Pro 6 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
107. Nelonen Pro 7 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
108. Nelonen Pro 8 No Broadcasts from the Finnish Elite League No UHF
111. Viasat NHL Xtra 1 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
112. Viasat NHL Xtra 2 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
113. Viasat NHL Xtra 3 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
114. Viasat NHL Xtra 4 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
115. Viasat NHL Xtra 5 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
116. Viasat NHL Xtra 6 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
117. Viasat NHL Xtra 7 No Broadcasts from the NHL No UHF
119. Viasat Hockey HD No High-definition simulcast of Viasat Hockey Yes VHF
120. Viasat Sport Xtra No sports No UHF
121. Viasat Sport Finland HD No High-definition simulcast of Viasat Sport Finland Yes VHF
123. Viasat Golf HD No High-definition simulcast of Viasat Golf Yes VHF
124. Viasat Film Family HD No High-definition simulcast of Viasat Film Family Yes VHF
125. Viasat Film No films No UHF
126. Viasat History No history No UHF
127. Viasat Film HD No High-definition simulcast of Viasat Film Yes VHF

Viewing shares[edit]

Channels 1988
[3]
1990
[3]
1994
[4]
1996
[5][6]
1998
[6][7]
2000
[6][8]
2002
[6][9]
2004
[6][10]
2005
[6][10]
2006
[11]
2007
[12]
2008
[13]
2009
[14]
2010
[15]
2011
[16]
2012
[17]
2013
[18]
2014
[19]
2015
[20]
Yle TV1 34 33 25 26.7 25 22.6 23.6 24.6 24.5 23.8 23.8 24.1 21.9 22.2 23.3 24.8 26.0 26.4 28.5
Yle TV2 23 21 19 21.5 21 19.7 21.8 20.3 19.1 20.0 17.4 16.8 17.7 18.9 16.9 13.2 11.9 13.3 10.5
MTV3 46 44.6 42.2 40.4 37.0 34.7 32.6 29.0 25.7 22.9 22.8 21.6 21.8 20.0 19.0 17.4 18.0
Nelonen[nb 1] 2.7 7 11.5 11.6 12.4 11.5 11.9 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.3 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.1 8.0
Yle Fem[nb 2] 2 2 0.2 0.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.5
Sub[nb 3] 0.5 1.2 2.5 4.2 4.6 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.5 6.1 5.7 5.1 5.1 4.2
Yle Teema 0.6 1.3 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6
Liv 0.7 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4
Jim[nb 4] 0.1 1.2 2.6 2.6 2.9 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2
TV5[nb 5] 2.6 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5
Kutonen[nb 5] 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.5 2.0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.8
FOX[nb 6] 0.7 0.5 2.2 3.3 3.6 3.5
AVA[nb 7] 0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9 1.9 2.3
Hero 0.1 0.8
Frii 0.9
MTV Total Pay TV 0.2 1.3 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.0 3.5 3.7 3.4 2.8
Discovery Channel 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
Music TV 1 1 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nelonen Pay TV 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7
Nelonen Sport[nb 8] 0.7 1.2 1.3 1.3 0.6
Yle Extra[nb 9] 0.7 0.8

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ January 1990 - May 1997 PTV4
  2. ^ 1988 - August 2006 YLE FST. FST's output was included in the programming of YLE's two main television channels, YLE TV1 and YLE TV2. August 2001 - March 2012 YLE FST5
  3. ^ February 2000 - August 2001 TVTV!. August 2001 - January 2008 Subtv
  4. ^ February 2002 - February 2007 Nelonen Plus
  5. ^ a b The Voice and TV5 operated in same channel from September 2008 to April 2011. March 2004 - August 2012 The Voice
  6. ^ December 2009 - April 2012 SuomiTV.
  7. ^ March 2008 - January 2011 MTV3 AVA.
  8. ^ August 2001 - February 2010 Urheilukanava.
  9. ^ August 2001 - April 2007 YLE24.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ylen TV1+ - palvelu päättyy elokuussa" [Yle's TV1+ - service ends in August] (in Finnish). Digita Oy. 2008-07-11. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "SveaTV-kanalplatser". VLT. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  3. ^ a b "Television:Television: channel shares 1999 - 2009 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 15 December 2010. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. columns: B, C, D, E 
  4. ^ "Television: Television: channel shares 1994 - 2004 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 12 October 2005. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  5. ^ "Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group - Annual Report 1997" (PDF). Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group. 1998. p. 21. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Television: Television: channel shares 1995 - 2005 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 9 November 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Alma Media - Annual Report 1998" (PDF). Alma Media. 1999. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Alma Media - Annual Report 2000" (PDF). Alma Media. 2001. p. 29. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "YLE-kertomukset 2002" (in Finnish). Yleisradio. 2003. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Finnpanel - TV:n katseluosuudet minuuteista" (in Finnish). Archive.org: Finnpanel. 20 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Results From The TV Audience Measurement". Finnpanel. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Results From The TV Audience Measurement". Finnpanel. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ *"Finnpanel - TV Audience Measurement". www.finnpanel.fi. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • Viestinävirasto - Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority
  • Digita - Terrestrial Broadcast Operator
  • DNA - Terrestrial Broadcast Operator
  • Finnpanel - Measures TV viewing and radio listening