The Stand (1994 miniseries)

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The Stand
The Stand (1994 ABC network miniseries).jpg
Television miniseries poster
GenreApocalyptic
Drama
Horror
Fantasy
Disaster
Based onThe Stand
by
Stephen King
Screenplay byStephen King
Directed byMick Garris
StarringGary Sinise
Molly Ringwald
Jamey Sheridan
Rob Lowe
Laura San Giacomo
Miguel Ferrer
Ruby Dee
Bill Fagerbakke
Corin Nemec
Adam Storke
Ray Walston
Matt Frewer
Ossie Davis
Shawnee Smith
Theme music composerW.G. Snuffy Walden
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of episodes4
Production
Executive producer(s)Stephen King
Richard P. Rubinstein
Producer(s)Mitchell Galin
Michael Gornick (associate producer)
Peter R. McIntosh (supervising producer)
Beth Fraikorn (second unit producer and visual effects producer)
Production location(s)Garden of the Gods, Colorado Springs, Colorado
Ogden, Utah
Pleasant Grove, Utah
Midvale, Utah
Salt Lake City
Tooele, Utah
Lehi, Utah
Magna, Utah
Cedar Fort, Utah
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
New York City
Fremont Street, Las Vegas
CinematographyEdward J. Pei
Editor(s)Patrick McMahon
Running time366 minutes
Production company(s)Laurel Entertainment
DawnField Entertainment
Greengrass Productions
DistributorCBS Television Distribution (Current)
Budget$28,000,000 USD
(equivalent to $48,299,057 in 2019)
Release
Original networkABC
Picture formatColor
Audio formatStereo
Original releaseMay 8 (1994-05-08) –
May 12, 1994 (1994-05-12)

The Stand, alternatively known as Stephen King's The Stand, is a 1994 American television post-apocalyptic horror miniseries based on the 1978 novel of the same name by Stephen King. King also wrote the teleplay and has a minor role in the series. It was directed by Mick Garris, who previously directed the King adaptation Sleepwalkers (1992). In order to satisfy expectations from King fans and King himself, The Stand is a mostly faithful adaptation to the original book,[citation needed] with only minor changes to material that would otherwise have not met broadcast standards and practices, and in order to keep ABC content.

The Stand includes a cast of more than 125 speaking roles and features Gary Sinise, Miguel Ferrer, Rob Lowe, Ossie Davis, Ruby Dee, Jamey Sheridan, Laura San Giacomo, Molly Ringwald, Corin Nemec, Adam Storke, Ray Walston, Ed Harris, and Matt Frewer. The miniseries was shot in several locations and on 225 sets. However, each episode was given a $6 million budget. To reduce cost, the miniseries was shot on 16mm film. The Stand originally aired on ABC from May 8 to May 12, 1994.[1] Reviews were positive and the miniseries was nominated for six Primetime Emmy Awards, winning two for its makeup and sound mixing.

Plot[edit]

On June 13, at a top-secret government laboratory in rural California, a weaponized version of influenza, called Project Blue, is accidentally released. A U.S. Army soldier, Charlie Campion, escapes the lab and travels across the country, unintentionally spreading the virus. On June 17, Campion crashes his car into a gas station in Arnette, Texas where Stu Redman and some friends are gathered. As Campion dies, he warns Redman that he had been pursued by a "Dark Man". The next day, the U.S. military arrives to quarantine the town.

The townspeople are taken to a CDC facility in Vermont. All but Stu succumb to the superflu, which kills 99.4% of the world's population in two weeks. The scattered survivors include would-be rock star Larry Underwood, deaf mute Nick Andros, Frannie Goldsmith and her unborn child, her teenaged neighbor Harold Lauder, imprisoned criminal Lloyd Henreid, and "Trashcan Man", a mentally ill arsonist and scavenger. The survivors begin having visions, either from kindly Mother Abagail or from the demonic Randall Flagg. The dreams counsel the survivors to either travel to Nebraska to meet Abagail, or to Las Vegas to join Flagg.

Lloyd is freed from prison by Flagg in exchange for becoming his second in command. Trashcan Man destroys fuel tanks across the Midwest and is directed to Las Vegas. Larry escapes New York City with a mysterious woman named Nadine Cross. Despite their mutual attraction, Nadine is unable to consummate a relationship with Larry because of her visions of Flagg, who commands her to join him; she leaves Larry to travel on her own. After escaping the CDC facility, Stu gathers a group of survivors, including Frannie, Harold, and former college professor Glen Bateman. They are joined by various other immune survivors.

Harold is consumed with jealousy over Stu's leadership of the group and his growing relationship with Frannie, on whom Harold has an unrequited crush. Nick barely escapes an attempt on his life in Shoyo, Arkansas, and makes his way across the Mid-South, meeting Tom Cullen, a mentally challenged man, in a small town in Oklahoma. The two men travel into Kansas, and encounter Julie Lawry, a vicious girl who vows to kill them when they refuse to let her join them. Nick and Tom then meet Ralph Brentner, and the three head west together. Nick's group reaches Abagail's farm in Hemingford Home, Nebraska. She warns that a great conflict is imminent and they must travel to Boulder, Colorado. The survivors form a community called the Boulder Free Zone and begin restoring civilization.

Flagg sets up an autocratic regime in Las Vegas, with the intent of defeating the Boulder survivors using salvaged nuclear weapons. Harold's resentment toward Stu and Frannie intensifies, causing him to be seduced by Nadine and join forces with Flagg. Abagail, convinced that she has fallen into the sin of pride, leaves Boulder to walk in the wilderness in an act of atonement. Three Boulder survivors are chosen by the Free Zone Committee to infiltrate Las Vegas as spies: Tom, Dayna Jurgens, and Judge Farris. Glen hypnotizes Tom to follow a specific set of instructions, including that he leave Las Vegas at the next full moon.

Harold and Nadine plant a bomb in Frannie and Stu's home, planning to set it off during a meeting of the Free Zone Committee. A weakened Abagail returns to town and gives a psychic warning to the council members. The warning allows most of the council to escape the explosion, but Nick and a few others are killed. Before she passes away, Abagail tells Stu, Larry, Glen, Ralph, and Frannie that the men must travel to Las Vegas to confront Flagg. When Nadine and Harold flee Boulder, Flagg causes Harold to be crippled in a motorcycle accident. Nadine leaves him in a ravine, and he kills himself with a gun the next day. Flagg calls Nadine to him. She tries to escape, but Flagg forces himself on her. Nadine is catatonic following the attack by Flagg, and her hair has turned white. Flagg's men intercept Judge Farris, who is accidentally killed before he can be tortured. Upon returning to Las Vegas, Flagg finds Dayna, who he plans to torture for information, but she kills herself before Flagg can extract anything useful.

Tom leaves Las Vegas when the moon is full, but Julie Lawry recognizes him; she tries to alert Flagg, but Tom escapes into the desert and hides from Flagg and his men. A crazed Nadine taunts Flagg and commits suicide with the baby he conceived in her. With winter approaching, Stu, Larry, Glen, and Ralph leave Boulder to set out on their quest. Stu breaks his leg when he falls in a dry riverbed, and must be left behind with Glen's dog, Kojak. The remaining three are captured by Flagg's forces, and Glen is separated from Larry and Ralph. Flagg orders Lloyd to kill Glen after he taunts Flagg. As Larry and Ralph endure a show trial on Fremont Street, Flagg uses his powers to silence a dissenter, striking him with a ball of energy. Trashcan Man arrives towing a stolen nuclear weapon with an ATV, and Flagg orders Lloyd to kill him. Flagg is unable to stop the energy ball from transforming into a spectral hand, the Hand of God, and it detonates the nuclear bomb as the voice of Abagail declares that God's promise has been kept, and she welcomes Larry and Ralph into heaven. Las Vegas is destroyed, and Flagg is apparently killed along with his followers.

Stu is rescued by Tom, who takes him to a nearby cabin to set his leg as winter arrives. However, Stu has contracted the flu. In a dream, Nick comes to Tom and tells him which medicine to give Stu. Stu recovers from the infection, and the two of them return to Boulder. Stu finds that Frannie has given birth to a daughter. The baby, whom she has named Abagail, is healthy and immune to the superflu. Lucy reveals that she is pregnant with Larry's child. Assured that the immune survivors can safely reproduce, the inhabitants of Boulder set to work rebuilding the world.

Cast[edit]

Development[edit]

As a theatrical film[edit]

King and George A. Romero's first conversations with each other were about the development of an adaptation of 'Salem's Lot (1975) in the late 1970s; although Romero wouldn't be involved in Salem's Lot, he did express interest in adapting The Stand during these discussions.[2] While King initially didn't think of the novel being worthy of a film version,[3] Romero's reason was the amount of traveling he could do, as the novel takes place in several locations;[4] and the story's relevance to social issues.[5]

Due to the epic style of the novel demanding a huge budget, King and Romero's primary concern was possibly having to deal with financing from major studios, which would likely have meant losing a lot of artistic control[2] or worsening studio reputation if the film was a box office bomb.[6] King recalled in a 1980 interview of Hollywood middlemen being skeptical of Romero's idea of The Stand becoming a feature-length picture for the content's huge scale.[5] There were some studios that did offer King and Romero several option contracts for adapting The Stand shortly after the novel's release, but the two turned all of them down.[7]

At the same time, Laurel Entertainment's Richard P. Rubinstein was also obsessed with trying to produce a film of The Stand since the book was published in 1978, and it became Laurel's pet project throughout the adaptation's development as a theatrical production.[8] In a summer 1979 talk between Romero and Rubinstein, they came up with an idea of how to fund it independently: by producing Creepshow, a low-budget original film that would create a huge profit[2] and increase Laurel's credibility.[8] Both Creepshow and The Stand were first announced in a summer 1980 edition of Cinefantastique,[7] and King completed the first draft in early 1981.[9]

Warner Bros. initially wanted King to do a single, two-hour script, but he ended up turning in a screenplay that was over 400 pages (equivalent to six hours in length).[8] Creepshow was released in 1982 to commercial success,[4] and The Stand project garnered the interest of Warner Bros., a company that placed it into development.[8] The budget for The Stand was set around $15–25 million just after Creepshow's release.[4]

As of September 1982, King had completed two drafts of The Stand.[2] The second draft planned for it to be a two-film series with each movie being two hours.[2] However, Laurel, by the completion of King's third draft in December 1983, switched the plan to one three-hour film.[2][10]

Dario Argento stated in a 1983 interview that he was once approached to direct a film version of The Stand but rejected the offer due to a lack of interest in working on adaptations.[11]

King completed the final draft circa 1986.[12] Despite Romero's initial excitement,[4] he grew increasingly distant from the project due to the poor box office performance of King films in the 1980s and conflicts between him and Rubinstein leading him to leave Laurel.[12]

Hollywood significantly increased their interest in screen adaptations of King's work after the box office success of Pet Sematary (1989), and many were being pitched in studios following the film's release; one of these was an adaptation of The Stand, which was reported in a January 1990 Cinefantastique article to be "the most anticipated" developing King project.[13] Stephen King's most popular novel among fans,[14] The Stand was controversial as a film adaptation from the beginning.[15] Nevertheless, King began working on a screenplay based on the book for Rubinstein.[16]

King wrote a 700-page screenplay and then made five attempts to condense it into a 130-page script.[13][17] Rubinstein disliked King's drafts, suggesting the author knew the novel too closely.[16] Thus, he hired Rospo Pallenberg for screenwriting duties and planned for John Boorman to direct.[17] Rubinstein and Laurel were very serious about the project to the point where they paid Pallenberg $30,000 for just one treatment.[13] However, nothing further materialized.[18] As King put it simply, there was "too much story for a movie," and yet he was skeptical about making a TV version of the book because "you can't have the end of the world brought to you by Charmin toilet tissue."[17]

As a television miniseries[edit]

In June 1992,[18] King figured that a miniseries was a way to present most of the novel's contents without having to deal with the other broadcast standards and practices regular television shows face.[17] He spent four months writing a 420-page first draft[19] without using his or Pallenberg's theatrical film drafts as reference.[20] He submitted the draft to ABC, which offered King the ability for the script to be produced just days after submission.[19] ABC used the draft and the success of It (1990) in making this offer.[19] The network also had to follow conditions that it couldn't throw so many Standards and Practices at him that it would ruin the spirit of the source material.[18]

Worried about not disappointing fans, King took six months just to write one draft, "and then there were two more."[15] King wrote six drafts of the miniseries before production began.[19] Only minor changes were made in writing the miniseries,[21] and while it is not based on the 1990 expanded version of the novel, the first scenes of the miniseries are taken from that edition.[17] ABC still had discussions with King and Garris about certain plot elements likely not following practices, such as the use of a mummified child doll, a man on a cross wearing a crown of drug needles with the sign "Drug Addict" on his neck,[22] and open-eyed corpses.[23] A lot of these, however, were kept in the final product because of expectations from fans of The Stand.[23]

While ABC and Rubinstein suggested Brian De Palma to direct The Stand, King chose Mick Garris after viewing his work for Psycho IV: The Beginning (1990) and the 1992 film version of King's Sleepwalkers.[24] King thought the director was good at just being a "medium" that did not alter the story's original message.[25] King told Garris about the project while both were on the set on Sleepwalkers, and Garris signed on due to the content's unusual fantasy elements and the large scale of the production he would be dealing with, such as in effects, outdoor locations, action sequences, and the number of extras.[26]

Casting[edit]

Despite the script's 125-plus speaking roles,[17] casting for The Stand was very easy except for one character: Randall Flagg.[27] While Miguel Ferrer, who played Lloyd Henreid, was interested in the part,[28] Garris and King had other plans, searching for any A-list Hollywood actor they thought was suitable for the part, such as Christopher Walken, Jeff Goldblum, Willem Dafoe, James Woods, Lance Henriksen, and David Bowie; none of them were available.[28][29][30] Steve Johnson recalled Garris' ideas of a possible Flagg actor to be "a bit against normal kinds of view points in casting."[30] King himself had suggested Robert Duvall in his introduction to the novel.[31] Ultimately, after seeing a lesser-known Jamey Sheridan as a psycho killer in Whispers in the Dark (1992), King considered him for the part. As King explained, "when he came into readings, he said, 'Flagg is really a funny guy, isn't he?' And I was sold."[32]

Moses Gunn had originally been cast as Judge Farris, but shortly after filming had commenced his health declined, and he died shortly after that. Ossie Davis, who was present at the filming because his wife, Ruby Dee, was playing Mother Abagail, took over the role of Judge Farris.[28] Whoopi Goldberg was approached by the casting team for Mother Abagail, but couldn't take the role as she was working on Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit (1993).[25] Goldberg, however, will play Abagail in an upcoming web miniseries version of The Stand.[33] When Dee was offered the role of Abagail, she felt she "was" the character and "my whole life has been research for Mother Abagail."[17] Rob Lowe had been originally considered for the role of Larry Underwood, but Garris felt that having him in the more unusual role of the deaf and mute Nick Andros would better suit the production (Lowe has been deaf in his right ear since childhood). Adam Storke ended up with the role of Underwood, where his musical skills were an asset.[28]

Bates's character, Rae Flowers, was originally a man (Ray Flowers), but when Bates became available, King – who wanted her to play the part – rewrote the role as a woman. King played Teddy Weizak, the first character he played that was intelligent and not a typecast "country asshole." He has less of a presence in the miniseries, as King "had a lot of other fish on a lot of other griddles that I was trying to fry all at once."[25] This also meant some of the lines Weizak originally meant to speak were transferred to Garris' character Henry Dunbarton.[34]

Production[edit]

Budget[edit]

Despite the large scale of The Stand, ABC didn't cover all of its production costs and Laurel "lost its shirt" when it came to budgeting; the network expected Laurel to profit from worldwide distribution and home media sales, as it was owned by Blockbuster Video and the miniseries would get a worldwide distribution from one of the company's subsidiaries, Worldvision Enterprises.[19] The total budget was $26 million,[23] more than double that of all previous ABC King miniseries where it would be set at $12 million.[35][36] With $3 million used for development, however, $23 million was used for production, leaving only $6 million for each two-hour episode.[23]

Filming[edit]

The shooting of The Stand, which lasted for six months,[26] took on a style of guerrilla filmmaking, where it was shot on a 16mm film camera; filming took place in at least two different locations each day, "places I hadn't seen until we began shooting there," Garris explained;[37] and the effects artists had to do their job at a lower-than-usual price.[38] Garris did everything he could to emphasize the miniseries' scale, such as filming wide shots of all the locations.[39] Production designer Nelson Coates created all of the production's 225 sets.[40] The dream version of Abagail's house involved a week of redressing the reality version of the home; the design was inspired by Cagliari architecture, where "none of the lines were straight up and down" and "unreal colors" were used.[26]

Filming began in Salt Lake City in February 1993 for what was originally the parts of the novel that took place in Boulder, Colorado.[19] These scenes were initially planned to be shot in Boulder, but after the passage of Colorado Amendment 2, which nullified local gay rights laws, protests[41] as well as the production team not morally agreeing with the Amendment led them not to shoot there.[42] Shooting was moved to Utah, a state that had many Stephen King fans and religious people that related to the themes of the original novel, and four months of filming was done in Utah locations during what would be the state's bitterest winter in 100 years.[42] The interior shots were done first with the plan that the snow will melt later on, only for that not to happen.[43] This resulted in shots that featured weather not originally planned to be part of the plot, which worked in favor of some sequences in Garris' opinion.[43]

For filming the gas station scene, they had to deal with freezing cold rain.[43] There were supposed to be close-up shots of Stu Redman being still, but it was impossible for Sinise to not shake from the cold weather.[43] Thus, the close-up shots were rejected.[43] It was also tough for Sinise to deliver lines in filming days following the shoot.[43] The harsh weather also caused another unforeseen problem. Faced with prices of $40 per stalk for New York-made fake cornstalks, Coates opted instead to grow 3,250 cornstalks as a cost-cutting measure; when a winter storm hit Utah, the reproduction of a Nebraska house with cornfield became complicated by the fact that the harsh weather did not allow the corn crop to grow taller than 4 feet.[40]

The jail sequences were shot for three days at the sex offender wing of the Utah State Prison.[44] However, the effects crew who were working on dead body dummies in the cells were unaware of this on the first day of shooting at the location and assumed it was an unused wing.[44] The prison actually moved the sex offenders out of their cells for the miniseries, but the prisoners' belongings were left in the cells only for members of the effects team to confuse them as props by the art directors.[45] On the first shooting day, the effects people moved all of the props from one cell to another; the next day, several letters were written by prisoners and attached to their respective cells, ranging from angry responses to bids for King to sign an autograph.[46]

The miniseries was then shot in Las Vegas following the Utah shoots.[47]

Effects[edit]

I just wanted to do the best possible job I could because I really wanted to do justice to the material. And I wanted to make Stephen [King] happy because he's made me so happy with all of his work. So we just kicked ass on this job. We did everything we could to make certain that every aspect of everything we touched was perfect. And I have to say that it's probably one of the cleanest shows that's ever come out of the shop for that reason.

— Johnson, 1994[44]

While many effects companies were interested in working on The Stand, Garris chose a colleague he knew for a very long time but never worked on a project with: Steve Johnson.[38] Johnson had a been fan of King's books since twelve years before he started working on the miniseries, and the original novel was his favorite book by the author; he described it as "a dream come true" to work with King on set.[44]

Johnson's team XFX did Abagail's age makeup, Flagg's demonic heads, the Trashcan Man's burn make-up, 60 dummies of the dead bodies, and facial hair controlled with electrostatics.[47] The corpses of the flu victims were intended to be dummies rather than "movie monster[s]," Garris described.[38] Bill Corso, a member of the effects team for The Stand, voices two of the corpses.[38]

Randall Flagg[edit]

To work with Sheridan's clean-cut look in working on Randall Flagg's normal make-up, Johnson came up with the idea of adding a longer hair wig for a more abrasive look.[30]

The source material's religious elements were referred to when designing Flagg's demon incarnations.[30] According to writer Michael Beeler, Flagg's goat head was a "traditional concept of what evil in human form would be."[30] In order for the ram horns to glow, they were made out of translucent substance with illumination coming from a backlight.[30] For Flagg's hands, the effects team went for a recurring theme of eccentricities in how they worked, such as the extending of a third finger for symbolizing the devil's existence.[30] In the scene where Flagg raises his fist at Abagail, the original screenplay presented him as having it clenched throughout; however, Johnson came up with a representation of Stigmata by first showing Flagg's palm with blood spewing out and then clenching it into a fist.[30] The split-second shot of Flagg's fingers flexing backwards was done with the hand palm up, but the actor wore an appliance for a palm down illusion.[30]

For the scarecrow form, Johnson was initially skeptical to create one due to the idea of it being "kind of silly" and attempted to persuade Garris not to include it.[30] The two ultimately decided to produce a "rotted" version of the scarecrow, meaning the stitching of the fabric, as Beeler put it, "makes it appear as if it has scars all across its face that are coming apart at the seams with dust and sawdust falling out whenever it speaks."[30] Johnson later admitted that the scarecrow was his favorite Flagg incarnation of the miniseries.[30] For a silhouette shot of the scarecrow in the cornfield, the shape of the character's eyes and mouth are indicated through a glowing effect.[30] The radiating contact lens used on the eyes were previously made by XFX for the film Innocent Blood (1992);[30] while an light-emitting diode palate for the mouth was created by Rick Baker colleague Mark Setraikien and triggered via wires under Sheridan's make-up.[48]

XFX members came up with multiple concepts for the scarecrow's hair, Johnson suggesting a set of mushrooms, flowers, and moss growing around it.[49] He also thought of worms and cockroaches crawling in the hair for close-up shots; however, when they were placed on Sheridan's hair during a test, the actor freaked out and Johnson thought it "wouldn't have read on film anyway."[49] The final result was that the hair was made of "muddy, twisted roots growing out of his head" which Johnson thought "looked the creepiest."[49]

While Tom Barham of New York's Image Group company handled the morphing FX, Garris came up with the idea of having Flagg's head morph executed in a way different from the traditional media morph of one head design just melting into another: inside out.[38] Not only was it different, but also a way to work around the limited budget as the morphing could look "active" without the camera having to move.[38] In creating Flagg's morphs, the actor first filmed the scene on set without his makeup on.[38] Then, on a greenscreen stage in Las Vegas, he was filmed doing the exact same action with makeup on, the camera set at precisely the same angle and character distance as the original shot.[38] Both shots were then combined in post-production.[38] The green-screening technique was done due to the amount of time it took to get Flagg's make-up on, which was at minimum three hours.[38]

Trashcan Man[edit]

Six stages of burn make-up were placed on Frewer, such as when the Trashcan Man is burned by an oil factory explosion, a really hot desert sun, and radiation from an atomic bomb.[50]

Facial hair[edit]

The growing facial hair effect seen on the extras was done by Camille Calvetty through a technique involving electrostatic charges; on each actor, she would first put adhesive all throughout the face, then trim the hair "to the right length" for it to be placed in a device that grows the hair through an electric charger.[49] While this technique had been done on past films and television series, The Stand was the first ever production that involved it being applied to several extras.[49] The varying amount of loose hair and make-up on each extra complicated the process according to Johnson: "You don't have a lot of control. So it takes an incredible amount of maintenance and a lot of patience to keep it looking good."[51]

Releases[edit]

Original broadcast[edit]

Part Title Directed by Written by Original air date[1]
1"The Plague"Mick GarrisStephen KingMay 8, 1994 (1994-05-08)
2"The Dreams"Mick GarrisStephen KingMay 9, 1994 (1994-05-09)
3"The Betrayal"Mick GarrisStephen KingMay 11, 1994 (1994-05-11)
4"The Stand"Mick GarrisStephen KingMay 12, 1994 (1994-05-12)

Soundtrack[edit]

Stephen King's The Stand (Original Television Soundtrack)
Soundtrack album (Digital download)/Audio CD by
ReleasedMay 24, 1994
Length46:40
LabelVarèse Sarabande

Credits and personnel[edit]

  • Music composed by W. G. Snuffy Walden
  • Executive producer: Robert Townson
  • Produced by W. G. Snuffy Walden
  • Music recorded and mixed by Ray Pyle and Avram Kipper at O'Henry Studios, Devonshire Studios and Taylor Made Studios
  • Music editor: Allan K. Rosen
  • Synclavier programming by Mark Morgan
  • Orchestrations by Don Davis and John Dickson
  • Scoring contractors: Paul Zimmitti and Debbi Datz
  • Principal musicians:
    • Guitar: W. G. Snuffy Walden and Dean Parks
    • Piano: Randy Kerber
    • Percussion: Michael Fisher
    • Woodwinds: Jon Clarke
    • Violin: Charlie Bisharat

Broadcast[edit]

A very anticipated production,[20] ABC aired the miniseries in May 1994 for two reasons; it was a sweeps month and the earliest month that didn't have new episodes of Monday Night Football and Roseanne in the line-up.[19] All four parts were viewed by approximately 19 million homes[52] with Part 1 receiving a rating/share of 21.0/32,[53] Part 2 receiving 21.0/32, Part 3 receiving 20.1/31, and Part 4 receiving 20.0/31.[54]

Reception[edit]

On The New York Observer's 2014 list of the best Stephen King miniseries, The Stand ranked just behind the number-one pick, It, the source praising the miniseries' performances.[55]

The miniseries was met with generally positive reviews.[56] John J. O'Connor at The New York Times wrote, "A great deal of time and money has gone into this production, and it's right up there on the screen... The nagging problem at the heart of The Stand is that once the story settles early on into its schematic oppositions of good versus evil, sweet old Mother Abagail versus satanic Flagg, monotony begins to seep through the superstructure ... Muddled, certainly, but ... The Stand is clever enough to keep you wondering what could possibly happen next."[1]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominee(s) Result Ref.
1994 Artios Award Best Mini Series Casting Lynn Kressel Won [57]
Primetime Emmy Awards Outstanding Makeup For A Miniseries, Movie Or A Special Steve Johnson, Bill Corso, David Dupuis, Joel Harlow, Camille Calvet Won [58]
Outstanding Sound Mixing For A Miniseries or a Movie Grand Maxwell, Michael Ruschak, Richard Schexnayder, Don Summer Won
Outstanding Art Direction For A Miniseries, Or Movie Nelson Coates, Burton Rencher, Michael Perry, Susan Benjamin Nominated
Outstanding Cinematography For A Miniseries Or Movie Edward J. Pei Nominated
Outstanding Miniseries Richard P. Rubinstein, Stephen King, Mitchell Galin, Peter R. McIntosh Nominated
Outstanding Music Composition for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special (Dramatic Underscore) W.G. Walden Nominated
1995 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Television Movie or Miniseries Gary Sinise Nominated [59]

Home media[edit]

The Stand was first released on DVD as a "Special Edition" in the United States on October 26, 1999, which contains only a Dolby Digital 2.0 audio of its original language and no subtitles.[60] When The Stand was included on an unnamed September 25, 2007 DVD set that also featured The Langoliers (1995) and Golden Years (1991), Dolby Digital 2.0 Spanish and mono Portuguese dubs were added.[61] The DVD including those features was issued separately on June 18, 2013.[62] On June 12, 2018 it was part of another King adaptation collection that included The Langoliers, Golden Years, The Dead Zone (1983), Pet Sematary, Silver Bullet (1986), and Graveyard Shift (1990).[63]

The Stand was later released on DVD in the United Kingdom on April 5, 2004,[64] Denmark on October 9, 2007[65] and Finland on October 10, 2007.[66] The UK versions features Dolby Digital 2.0 tracks in English, French, German, and Spanish; and subtitles in English, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Hebrew, Icelandic, Norwegian, Polish, Slovenian, Swedish, and Turkish subtitles.[64] The Danish and Finnish versions include the same audio tracks as the UK edition (plus an Italian dub) but there are significant differences when it comes to subtitle settings; the UK's Portuguese, Croatian, Slovenian, Czech, Turkish, and Hebrew subtitles are removed with the addition of Finnish, Dutch, French, and Italian subtitles.[65][66]

The Stand was issued on Blu-ray in Spain on September 18, 2019;[67] the United States and Canada on September 24, 2019;[68][69] Germany on September 26, 2019;[70] the United Kingdom on October 7, 2019;[71] Finland, Norway, and Sweden on October 14, 2019;[72][73][74] and Denmark on October 17, 2019.[75]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c O'Connor, John J. (May 6, 1994). "TV Weekend; A Plague and Its Effects". The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gagne 1982, p. 20.
  3. ^ Witer 1980, p. 26.
  4. ^ a b c d Gagne 1982, p. 34.
  5. ^ a b Wiater 1980, p. 26.
  6. ^ Wiater 1980, p. 27.
  7. ^ a b Gagne, Peter (Summer 1980). "Stephen King". Cinefantastique. Vol. 10 no. 1. p. 34.
  8. ^ a b c d Wood 1994, p. 19.
  9. ^ Gagne 1981, p. 9.
  10. ^ Gagne, Paul (December 1983). "Trick or Treat". Cinefantastique. Vol. 14 no. 2. p. 14.
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Works cited[edit]

  • Beeler, Michael (April 1994a). "TV Horror Epic: The Stand". Cinefantastique. Vol. 25 no. 2. pp. 8–9, 11, 14, 17–18, 22.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Beeler, Michael (April 1994b). "Working with Stephen King". Cinefantastique. Vol. 25 no. 2. pp. 16–17.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bernstein, Abbie (September 1994). "Stand and Deliver". Bloody Best of Fangoria. Vol. 13. pp. 18–23, 75.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Gagne, Paul (Spring 1981). "Stephen King". Cinefantastique. Vol. 10 no. 4. pp. 9–10.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Gagne, Paul (September 1982). "Creepshow". Cinefantastique. Vol. 13 no. 1. pp. 16–34.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Warren, Bill (May 1994a). "The Long Road to The Stand". Fangoria. No. 132. pp. 28–33.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Warren, Bill (June 1994b). "Stephen King Takes The Stand". Fangoria. No. 133. pp. 40–45, 82.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wiater, Stanley (June 1980). "Stephen King and George Romero: Collaboration in Terror". Fangoria. No. 6. pp. 26–27.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wood, Gary (April 1994). "Development Movie Hell". Cinefantastique. Vol. 25 no. 2. pp. 19–21.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]