Triple jump at the Olympics

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Triple jump
at the Olympic Games
Willie Banks Jr. in Seoul 1988.jpg
Willie Banks in the 1988 Olympic triple jump competition
Overview
SportAthletics
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 18962016
Women: 19962016
Olympic record
Men18.09 m Kenny Harrison (1996)
Women15.39 m Françoise Mbango Etone (2008)
Reigning champion
Men Christian Taylor (USA)
Women Caterine Ibargüen (COL)

The triple jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's triple jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's triple jump is one of the more recent additions to the programme, having been first contested in 1996. It became the third Olympic jumping event for women after the high jump and long jump.

The Olympic records for the event are 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) for men, set by Kenny Harrison in 1996, and 15.39 m (50 ft 5 34 in) for women, set by Françoise Mbango Etone in 2008. The men's triple jump world record was broken at the competition in 1924, 1932, 1936, 1956 and 1968. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, three men improved the record a total of five times at the high altitude of Mexico City.[1] The women's world record has never been broken at the Olympics and the current mark of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in), set in 1995, pre-dates the first Olympic event.[2]

James Brendan Connolly was the first Olympic triple jump champion and, as it was the first event to conclude in 1896, he was also the first Olympic champion of the modern era.[3] Inessa Kravets, the world record holder, became the first women's champion 100 years later. American Christian Taylor and Colombian Caterine Ibargüen are the reigning Olympic champions from 2016.

Viktor Saneyev is the event's most successful athlete as he was Olympic champion three times consecutively from 1968 to 1976, as well as runner-up in 1980. Françoise Mbango Etone is the only woman to win two Olympic triple jump titles. Saneyev, Vilho Tuulos and Tatyana Lebedeva are the only three athletes to have won more than two Olympic medals in the event. The United States is the most successful nation in the event, with eight gold medals to its name. The Soviet Union is the next most successful, with four golds.

A short-lived standing triple jump variant of the event was contested in 1900 and 1904 and standing jumps specialist Ray Ewry won both gold medals.

Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
James Connolly
 United States
Alexandre Tuffère
 France
Ioannis Persakis
 Greece
1900 Paris
details
Myer Prinstein
 United States
James Connolly
 United States
Lewis Sheldon
 United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Myer Prinstein
 United States
Fred Englehardt
 United States
Robert Stangland
 United States
1908 London
details
Tim Ahearne
 Great Britain
Garfield MacDonald
 Canada
Edvard Larsen
 Norway
1912 Stockholm
details
Gustaf Lindblom
 Sweden
Georg Åberg
 Sweden
Erik Almlöf
 Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
Vilho Tuulos
 Finland
Folke Jansson
 Sweden
Erik Almlöf
 Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Nick Winter
 Australia
Luis Brunetto
 Argentina
Vilho Tuulos
 Finland
1928 Amsterdam
details
Mikio Oda
 Japan
Levi Casey
 United States
Vilho Tuulos
 Finland
1932 Los Angeles
details
Chūhei Nambu
 Japan
Erik Svensson
 Sweden
Kenkichi Oshima
 Japan
1936 Berlin
details
Naoto Tajima
 Japan
Masao Harada
 Japan
Jack Metcalfe
 Australia
1948 London
details
Arne Åhman
 Sweden
George Avery
 Australia
Ruhi Sarialp
 Turkey
1952 Helsinki
details
Adhemar da Silva
 Brazil
Leonid Shcherbakov
 Soviet Union
Asnoldo Devonish
 Venezuela
1956 Melbourne
details
Adhemar da Silva
 Brazil
Vilhjálmur Einarsson
 Iceland
Vitold Kreyer
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Józef Szmidt
 Poland
Vladimir Goryaev
 Soviet Union
Vitold Kreyer
 Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Józef Szmidt
 Poland
Oleg Fyodoseyev
 Soviet Union
Viktor Kravchenko
 Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Viktor Saneyev
 Soviet Union
Nelson Prudencio
 Brazil
Giuseppe Gentile
 Italy
1972 Munich
details
Viktor Saneyev
 Soviet Union
Jörg Drehmel
 East Germany
Nelson Prudencio
 Brazil
1976 Montreal
details
Viktor Saneyev
 Soviet Union
James Butts
 United States
João Carlos de Oliveira
 Brazil
1980 Moscow
details
Jaak Uudmäe
 Soviet Union
Viktor Saneyev
 Soviet Union
João Carlos de Oliveira
 Brazil
1984 Los Angeles
details
Al Joyner
 United States
Mike Conley Sr.
 United States
Keith Connor
 Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Khristo Markov
 Bulgaria
Igor Lapshin
 Soviet Union
Aleksandr Kovalenko
 Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Mike Conley Sr.
 United States
Charles Simpkins
 United States
Frank Rutherford
 Bahamas
1996 Atlanta
details
Kenny Harrison
 United States
Jonathan Edwards
 Great Britain
Yoelbi Quesada
 Cuba
2000 Sydney
details
Jonathan Edwards
 Great Britain
Yoel García
 Cuba
Denis Kapustin
 Russia
2004 Athens
details
Christian Olsson
 Sweden
Marian Oprea
 Romania
Danil Burkenya
 Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Nelson Évora
 Portugal
Phillips Idowu
 Great Britain
Leevan Sands
 Bahamas
2012 London
details
Christian Taylor
 United States
Will Claye
 United States
Fabrizio Donato
 Italy
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Christian Taylor
 United States
Will Claye
 United States
Dong Bin
 China

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Viktor Saneyev  Soviet Union (URS) 1968–1980 3 1 0 4
2 Myer Prinstein  United States (USA) 1900–1904 2 0 0 2
Adhemar da Silva  Brazil (BRA) 1952–1956 2 0 0 2
Józef Szmidt  Poland (POL) 1960–1964 2 0 0 2
Christian Taylor  United States (USA) 2012–2016 2 0 0 2
6 James Brendan Connolly  United States (USA) 1896–1900 1 1 0 2
Mike Conley, Sr.  United States (USA) 1984–1992 1 1 0 2
Jonathan Edwards  Great Britain (GBR) 1996–2000 1 1 0 2
9 Vilho Tuulos  Finland (FIN) 1920–1928 1 0 2 3
10 Will Claye  United States (USA) 2012–2016 0 2 0 2
11 Nelson Prudencio  Brazil (BRA) 1968–1972 0 1 1 2
12 Erik Almlöf  Sweden (SWE) 1912–1920 0 0 2 2
Vitold Kreyer  Soviet Union (URS) 1956–1960 0 0 2 2
João Carlos de Oliveira  Brazil (BRA) 1976–1980 0 0 2 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 8 8 2 18
2  Soviet Union (URS) 4 5 4 13
3  Sweden (SWE) 3 3 2 8
4  Japan (JPN) 3 1 1 5
5  Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 1 5
6  Brazil (BRA) 2 1 3 6
7  Poland (POL) 2 0 0 2
8  Australia (AUS) 1 1 1 3
9  Finland (FIN) 1 0 2 3
10  Bulgaria (BUL) 1 0 0 1
 Portugal (POR) 1 0 0 1
12  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 1 2
13  Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
 Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
 East Germany (GDR) 0 1 0 1
 France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
 Iceland (ISL) 0 1 0 1
 Romania (ROU) 0 1 0 1
19  Bahamas (BAH) 0 0 2 2
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 2 2
 Russia (RUS) 0 0 2 2
22  China (CHN) 0 0 1 1
 Greece (GRE) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Turkey (TUR) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1996 Atlanta
details
Inessa Kravets
 Ukraine
Inna Lasovskaya
 Russia
Šárka Kašpárková
 Czech Republic
2000 Sydney
details
Tereza Marinova
 Bulgaria
Tatyana Lebedeva
 Russia
Olena Hovorova
 Ukraine
2004 Athens
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
 Cameroon
Hrysopiyí Devetzí
 Greece
Tatyana Lebedeva
 Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
 Cameroon
Tatyana Lebedeva
 Russia
Hrysopiyí Devetzí
 Greece
2012 London
details
Olga Rypakova
 Kazakhstan
Caterine Ibargüen
 Colombia
Olha Saladukha
 Ukraine
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Caterine Ibargüen
 Colombia
Yulimar Rojas
 Venezuela
Olga Rypakova
 Kazakhstan

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Françoise Mbango Etone  Cameroon (CMR) 2004–2008 2 0 0 2
2 Caterine Ibargüen  Colombia (COL) 2012–2016 1 1 0 2
3 Olga Rypakova  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 2012–2016 1 0 1 2
4 Tatyana Lebedeva  Russia (RUS) 2000–2008 0 2 1 3
5 Hrysopiyí Devetzí  Greece (GRE) 2004–2008 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Cameroon (CMR) 2 0 0 2
2  Colombia (COL) 1 1 0 2
3  Ukraine (UKR) 1 0 2 3
4  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 0 1 2
5  Bulgaria (BUL) 1 0 0 1
6  Russia (RUS) 0 3 1 4
7  Greece (GRE) 0 1 1 2
8  Venezuela (VEN) 0 1 0 1
9  Czech Republic (CZE) 0 0 1 1

Standing triple jump[edit]

Standing triple jump
at the Olympic Games
Ray Ewry.jpg
Ray Ewry at the 1900 Summer Olympics
Overview
SportAthletics
GenderMen
Years heldMen: 19001904
Olympic record
Men10.58 m Ray Ewry (1900)

In 1900 and 1904 a variation of the event was contested at the Olympics where athletes had to triple jump from a standing position. This was one of three standing jumps to have featured on the Olympic programme, alongside the standing high jump and the standing long jump (both running from 1900 to 1912).[4]

The standing jump competitions were dominated by Ray Ewry, who won the 1900 Olympic standing triple jump title and defended it four years later. His clearance of 10.58 m (34 ft 8 12 in) to win the inaugural competition went unbettered as the Olympic record for the event. Ewry took Olympic three gold medals in standing jumps in both 1900 and 1904, then won the standing high and long jumps at the 1908 Olympics, as well as the 1906 Intercalated Games.[5]

Standing jump events had been a relatively common type of athletics event at the end of the 19th century, but became increasingly rare at top level national and international competitions as the 20th century progressed.[5] The standing triple jump was the least common of the standing jumps and the Olympics remains the only major international competition to have featured the event.

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
 Ray Ewry (USA)  Irving Baxter (USA)  Robert Garrett (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
 Ray Ewry (USA)  Charles King (USA)  Joseph Stadler (USA)

References[edit]

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. ^ Athletics at the 1968 Ciudad de México Summer Games: Men's Triple Jump. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-11.
  2. ^ 12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook Berlin 2009 (pgs. 546, 556, 646). IAAF (2009). Retrieved on 2014-05-03.
  3. ^ James B. Connolly. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-11.
  4. ^ Athletics Men's Standing Triple Jump Medalists. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-07.
  5. ^ a b Ray Ewry. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-07.

External links[edit]