Viva la Vida
|"Viva la Vida"|
|Single by Coldplay|
|from the album Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends|
|B-side||"Death Will Never Conquer"|
|Released||25 May 2008|
|Coldplay singles chronology|
"Viva la Vida" (/ /; Spanish: [ˈbiβa la ˈβiða]) is a song by the British alternative rock band Coldplay. It was written by all members of the band for their fourth album, Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends (2008), and was released as the second single from the album. On the album, this song segues directly into the next track, "Violet Hill". Viva la Vida is Spanish for "Long Live Life" or "May Life Live". It can also mean "Live (the) Life".
The lyrics to the song contain historical and Christian references, and the track is built around a looping string section in unison with a digital processed piano, with other layers gradually being added as the song builds.
The song was released on 13 June 2008 as the album's second single, debuting to critical acclaim and commercial success. "Viva la Vida" reached the top spot of the UK Singles Chart and Billboard Hot 100, becoming the band's first number-one single in both the US and UK. The song won the Grammy Award for Song of the Year at the 51st Annual Grammy Awards in 2009. The song became the sixth song to reach the 4 million mark in paid downloads in the United States. It has sold over 7.1 million copies worldwide by 2014, and over 6 million in US alone by June 2013.
- 1 Background
- 2 Personnel
- 3 Composition
- 4 Release and promotion
- 5 Music videos
- 6 Reception
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Live version
- 9 Cover versions
- 10 In popular culture
- 11 Charts
- 12 Certifications
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The song's Spanish title, "Viva la Vida", is taken from a painting by 20th-century Mexican artist Frida Kahlo. In Spanish "viva" is an expression used to acclaim someone or something, so "Long Live Life" is an accurate translation and the painting reflects the artistic irony of acclaiming life while suffering physically. When asked about the album's title, referring to Frida Kahlo's strength, enduring polio, a broken spine, and a decade of chronic pain, Chris Martin said: "She went through a lot of pain, of course, and then she started a big painting in her house that said 'Viva la Vida', I just loved the boldness of it."
During the album's production, "Viva la Vida" was one of the songs that had polarised each member's opinion over which version they should choose. In an interview, vocalist Chris Martin recalled: "We did quite a few different versions and went round the houses a bit and eventually settled on those treatments for it.":
- Chris Martin – vocals, piano
- Brian Eno – synthesizers, backing vocals
- Davide Rossi – strings
- Jonny Buckland – guitar, backing vocals
- Guy Berryman – bass guitar, backing vocals
- Will Champion – percussion, drums, backing vocals
The sample contains the beginning snippet of the song
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The lyrics to "Viva la Vida" are narrated by a protagonist who says he "used to rule the world". They contain many Biblical references. For example, "pillars of sand" is a reference to the biblical parable given by Jesus about the fool who built his house on sand, and the wise man who built it on solid rock, while "pillars of salt" is a reference to Lot's wife, who was turned into a pillar of salt. The words 'Be my mirror, my sword and shield' may be a reference to the Bible as it is referred to as a sword in Ephesians 6:17 and as a mirror in James 1:23. "I know Saint Peter won't call my name" refers to the popular belief of St. Peter guarding the gates of Heaven. He is often depicted in art as holding the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven per the Petrine doctrine and the Biblical reference in Matthew 16:19. He is also commonly depicted with the book of life reading off the names of those individuals who had believed in Jesus Christ as per Revelation 20. The phrase "my head upon a silver plate" refers to the beheading of St. John the Baptist when Salome demanded his head delivered to her upon a platter. The church bells and background vocals are given away in the chorus' first two lines "I hear Jerusalem bells a'ringing" and "Roman cavalry choirs are singing", respectively. The protagonist's lament of St. Peter not calling his name because "there never was an honest word" when he "ruled the world" is suggestive of the popular belief that the unsaved will be condemned to eternity in Hell.
People have claimed that the song may be about many subjects, such as the French Revolution, Napoleon, Jesus, or even the experiences and feelings of the doomed English Queen Anne Boleyn on her downfall after losing her last child. Some of the lyrics match up with Adolf Hitler who at one point ruled Europe and then, according to the conspiracy theories, went to Argentina and disguised himself as a modern man, hence the line "Sweep the streets I used to own."
Martin has explained the song lyric "I know Saint Peter won't call my name" in an interview with Q magazine: "It's about ... You're not on the list," When asked about the song, bass guitarist Guy Berryman said: "It's a story about a king who's lost his kingdom, and all the album's artwork is based on the idea of revolutionaries and guerrillas. There's this slightly anti-authoritarian viewpoint that's crept into some of the lyrics and it's some of the pay-off between being surrounded by governments on one side, but also we're human beings with emotions and we're all going to die and the stupidity of what we have to put up with every day. Hence the album title."
Unlike the typical arrangement of Coldplay songs, in which either the guitar or piano is the prominent instrument, the track mostly consists of a string section and a digital piano playing the song's upbeat riff, along with a steady bass drum beat, percussion (including a timpani and a church bell), bass guitar, and Martin's vocals; there is limited use of electric guitar. All the strings are arranged and conducted by violinist Davide Rossi, who is one of the main collaborators of the album. Rossi's strings comprise the main driving force throughout the song, with a strong beginning loop that supports Martin's voice, until the choruses where the symphonic power of the orchestra takes its fullest shape. The prominent chords played by the string section throughout the song (and in the chorus of "Rainy Day," another of the band's songs) are very similar to those used by "Viva la Vida" co-producer Brian Eno in his piece "An Ending (Ascent)," meaning they could have been suggested partially for the song by Eno.
Release and promotion
"Viva la Vida" was initially released only with iTunes Store pre-orders of Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends on 7 May 2008 – the "new edit" version of the song – which led to the song's temporary exclusion from the UK Singles Chart. It was released as a download-only single on 25 May 2008, and a physical CD single in Europe on 29 July 2008 to coincide with the release of the single's music videos. "Viva la Vida" was well-downloaded in the internet, becoming iTunes' best-selling song of 2008.
The song was used as part of Apple Inc.'s iPod + iTunes advertisement campaign. Coldplay performed the song live for the first time at the 2008 MTV Movie Awards. It has since gone on to make many media appearances, including being featured throughout the episode "A Person of Interest" from the paranormal drama Medium, as a song played on the radio in the episode "We're Not in Kansas Anymore" from the teen drama 90210, used as bumper music on Bill Bennett's "Morning in America" radio talk show, and on the international soundtrack to the Brazilian soap opera A Favorita which helped push "Viva la Vida" up the charts in Brazil, where the telenovela been shown. In 2009, Solange Knowles covered the song. Lady Gaga also covered the song for BBC Radio 1. A live version of the song appeared on Coldplay's 2009 live album LeftRightLeftRightLeft. Pet Shop Boys also performed the song live on their 2009 Pandemonium Tour and the song appeared on their Christmas EP. It was also used in an episode entitled "Million Dollar Maybe" of The Simpsons. The song was covered in the seventh series of The X Factor by the boyband One Direction in 2010.
The official music video for "Viva la Vida" was directed by Hype Williams and premiered at Coldplay's official website on 1 August 2008. The video depicts the band performing against a blurry, warped version of Eugène Delacroix's painting La Liberté guidant le peuple. Since its release, the video has received over 360 million views on YouTube.
A second, alternate video was shot in The Hague, the Netherlands, directed by Anton Corbijn and released alongside the first. This second version is a tribute to Corbijn's video for Depeche Mode's "Enjoy the Silence" and portrays Chris Martin as the king from whose perspective the song is sung. During the video, he carries Delacroix's painting. At the end, he hangs the picture up in a white stall on top of a hill. As he sings the last chorus, his band mates surface heading his way, tying in loose ends from the "Violet Hill" video.
"Viva la Vida" received widespread critical acclaim. In the Entertainment Weekly review of the album, critic Chris Willman wrote: "Take the title track ... on which [Martin] imagines himself as a paranoid monarch. 'Who would ever want to be king?' Martin asks. 'Revolutionaries wait/For my head on a silver plate!' The confident majesty of the music, however, belies how he and his bandmates have invigorated their rock-lite reign." Josh Hathaway from The Plain Dealer noted "Viva la Vida" as the "catchiest" song on the album. Chris Jones of the BBC noted: "The string/brass mutations that bolster a track like 'Viva La Vida' ... conjure tunes so sweetly melancholy." In the IGN review, critic Chad Grischow wrote, "It is their one and only foray into unabashed orchestral pop, but the punchy strut of the strings and fantastic marching vocals make it far too charming and lively to dislike, and even harder not to love."
"Viva la Vida" was nominated for "Record of the Year", and won "Song of the Year", and "Best Pop Performance by a Duo or a Group" at the 2009 Grammy Awards. This song also won the Ivor Novello Award for "Best Selling British Single". The song was included in Rolling Stone's annual "100 Best Songs" of 2008 at number nine; it was also voted number two on Rolling Stone's Readers' Rock List: Best Songs of 2008. "Viva la Vida" was also listed at number five on Blender's 1001 Downloads: The Top 144 Songs of 2008, as well in the number eight position on Village Voice's Pazz and Jop list.
"Viva la Vida" has become the band's highest-charting single. Fueled by high digital sales, the song peaked at the top spot of the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, becoming the band's first and, to date, only US number-one single and their second top ten on the Hot 100. It is the first song by a British group to reach number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 since "Wannabe" by the Spice Girls in 1996. Although the song was initially successful in digital sales, after being released, it went on to become the band's highest-charting single in American radio, becoming their first top-ten hit on the Hot 100 Airplay where it peaked at number eight. It had also become the band's first number-one single on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart. On the Billboard Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks, the song has become the band's first number one, as well as the first single on the Capitol Records label to ever top the chart. The single has been certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The song also became one of the first six songs to reach the 4 million mark in paid digital downloads. As of January 2014, it had sold 6,131,000 units in the US.
The single was also successful in the United Kingdom. Although the song had been disqualified from the UK charts due to initially being available only by pre-ordering the album on iTunes, it became eligible to chart after the album was released. "Viva la Vida" hit number one on the UK Singles Chart, becoming Coldplay's first chart-topping single in the UK.
In Canada, the single made a "Hot Shot Debut" at number four on the Canadian Hot 100 on the issue of 24 May, making it Coldplay's highest debut there. It is also Coldplay's highest-charting single in Australia, where it reached number 2.
In Spain, the single peaked at #2 and achieved Double Platinum status due to the 80,000 copies sold. It also had a strong airplay on the Spanish radio stations.
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During the 2008–09 season, the German football club Hamburger SV used "Viva la Vida" as their goal celebration song. It's also the goal celebration song of the German football club Hannover 96. The song also became the anthem of Spanish football club FC Barcelona during the 2008–09 season. It turned out to be a season of unprecedented success for the Spanish club in 2009, as they won all six competitions they could possibly be involved in, which no football club has managed before in history. The song was selected by the manager of the club, Pep Guardiola – himself a Coldplay fan – to help motivate and encourage his team. It was often played at the Camp Nou before the start of a Barcelona match. The song was also played during Pep Guardiola's farewell before his final match coaching Barcelona at the Nou Camp, a 4–0 victory against Espanyol on 5 May 2012. UEFA used "Viva la Vida" as the goal celebration song for the 2012 UEFA Champions League Final and Europa League Final.
The National Hockey League's New York Rangers played "Viva la Vida" at Madison Square Garden after victories during the 2011 season. The song was used by the Vancouver Canucks in a tribute video during Markus Näslund's number retirement ceremony held in Vancouver's Rogers Arena. It was also used in Game 7 of the 2011 Stanley Cup Finals when the Boston Bruins won the Stanley Cup on Vancouver Ice. The Kansas City Chiefs play the song at the end of home games in Arrowhead Stadium. Additionally, it is also used by the Kansas City Royals to celebrate home runs and wins at Kauffman Stadium. This is the at-bat music of Scott Rolen, third baseman of the Cincinnati Reds. The song was also used pre-match during every 2008 Rugby League World Cup game before the two teams took to the field and in the halftime show of Super Bowl 50 in 2016.
Coldplay were first accused of plagiarism of "The Songs I Didn't Write" by American alternative band Creaky Boards, for the melody of "Viva la Vida". Creaky Boards' band member Andrew Hoepfner claimed that Martin had heard them playing the song at a live show in October 2007. The band released a video clip, in which it compares sections of both songs. Coldplay denied the claim; band spokesman Murray Chambers said Martin was working in AIR Studios in London at that time, having checked the singer's diary. In addition, Coldplay had recorded a demo version of "Viva la Vida" in March 2007, long before Creaky Boards performed it live in October of the same year. Creaky Boards later retracted the accusations and speculated that both songs may have been inspired by the video game The Legend of Zelda.
On December 4, 2008, American guitarist Joe Satriani filed a copyright infringement suit against Coldplay in Los Angeles. The suit claims that "Viva la Vida" incorporates "substantial, original portions" of his instrumental track "If I Could Fly" from his 2004 album Is There Love in Space? The band has denied the allegation, saying the similarities were "entirely coincidental". On September 14, 2009, the case was dismissed by the California Central District Court, with both parties potentially agreeing to an out-of-court settlement.
In May 2009, Yusuf Islam stated that the song is very similar to his song "Foreigner Suite," recorded under his former stage name, Cat Stevens. He said "My son brought it to my attention and said: 'Doesn't that sound like 'Foreigner Suite?'" Islam said that any legal action he might take "depends on how well Satriani does." Coldplay drummer Will Champion denied the claim, stating, "We're confident we haven't done anything wrong." In June 2009, Islam later said, "They did copy my song but I don't think they did it on purpose," adding, "I don't want them to think I am angry with them. I'd love to sit down and have a cup of tea with them and let them know it's okay."
In a documentary for Sveriges Television (2011) American music professor Dr. Lawrence Ferrara showed that the melody structures of "Viva La Vida", "If I Could Fly" and "Foreigner Suite" were very similar to the composition "Se tu m'ami" by the Italian composer Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, who died in 1736. "Obviously this is a work that we would call in the 'public domain'", Dr. Ferrara said.
Chris Martin once said that the plagiarism allegations were inspiring him and added: "If everyone’s trying to take away our best song, then we’d better write 25 better ones!" Will Champion has also talked about the accusation saying, "For some reason, God only knows why, the successful songs seem to be the ones that are accused of being stolen."
|1.||"Viva la Vida" (New edit)||4:04|
|1.||"Viva la Vida"||4:01|
|2.||"Death Will Never Conquer"||1:18|
|Promotional CD single|
|1.||"Viva la Vida" (Radio edit)||3:45|
|2.||"Viva la Vida" (Album version)||4:01|
|"Lost+ / Viva la Vida (Live at the 51st Annual Grammy Awards)"|
|Single by Coldplay With Jay Z|
|Released||8 February 2009|
|Recorded||8 February 2009
The Staples Center, Los Angeles, U.S.
|Coldplay singles chronology|
The song and "Lost+" was performed live at the 51st Annual Grammy Awards, took place at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, on February 8, 2009. Coldplay performed a medley of "Lost+" and "Viva la Vida" on the ceremony. American rapper, Jay Z, who was the featured vocals of "Lost+", performed "Lost+" with Coldplay in the stage.
The performance was recorded and released on 8 February 2009, after the release of "Life in Technicolor II"
|Lost+ (featuring Jay Z) / Viva la Vida (Live At the 51st Annual Grammy Awards)|
|1.||"Lost+ (featuring Jay Z) / Viva la Vida"||5:35|
|2.||"Lost+ (featuring Jay Z) / Viva la Vida" (Video)||5:35|
|"Viva la Vida"|
|Single by Darin Zanyar|
|from the album Lovekiller|
|Darin Zanyar singles chronology|
Coldplay's original single had already charted in Sweden for a total of 49 weeks between 15 May 2008 and 23 October 2009, peaking at number seven.
Other recorded cover versions
- 2Cellos performed an instrumental cover of "Viva la Vida" in their debut album 2Cellos.
- Weezer included their cover version of the song on the deluxe edition of their 2010 album Hurley.
- Electropop artist Joy Electric covered the song on the 2009 album Favorites at Play.
- Canadian band The Abrams Brothers covered "Viva la Vida" on the album Northern Redemption.
- Australian singer Mark Vincent recorded a version for his 2013 album The Quartet Sessions
- Scott Bradlee's Postmodern Jukebox recorded a cover on YouTube and on the album Top Hat on Fleek, with Puddles Pity Party as the lead vocalist.
- Dj Jonathan Hussein included an Trance remix version of "Viva la Vida" under the pseudonym "Trance Winter" in their album I`m Here in 2016.
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- Aimer included a cover of the song on her studio album, Bitter & Sweet.
- Chris Mann sang the song for his quarter final performance during the second season of The Voice.
- Lady Gaga performed an acoustic version to the song on piano on BBC Radio 1's Live Lounge, changing some of the words in the lyrics.
- VV Brown covered the song for the first time on 6 January 2010, on French TV show Taratata.
- The Dirty Heads covered the song on YouTube's RAWsession.
- The song was covered in 2008 by Japanese idol group SMAP, as a collaboration with Coldplay. They performed this song together (as Smaplay) on an episode of SMAP's television variety program, SMAP×SMAP. A famous portrait of the French Revolution appears near the end, suggesting the song's questionable meaning.
- Boyce Avenue covered an acoustic version of the song on YouTube in 2009.
- Matt Giraud covered the song during the eighth season of American Idol.
- Tim Urban covered the song during the ninth season of American Idol.
- K'naan covered the song at Mod Club Theatre and at several of his live shows in 2009.
- Pet Shop Boys performed the song live on their 2009 Pandemonium Tour and the song appeared on their Christmas EP.
- Westlife performed a one off version of the song in the O2 Blueroom in Dublin on 20 August 2010. Then performed again as part of their medley on their 2011 Gravity Tour.
- Supergroup NKOTBSB used the song as a backing track for the mashup of "Single" and "The One" for their 2011–12 tour.
- Solange Knowles performed the song live, including it on the setlist of her AOL Sessions to promote her second studio album Sol-Angel and the Hadley St. Dreams.
- Taylor Swift performed an acoustic version of the song on the Simon Mayo Drivetime show for BBC Radio 2.
- One Direction performed the song on Week 1 of X Factor Series 7 Live Shows.
- Cher Lloyd sang a hip hop version of the song during the bootcamp stage.
- Penn Masala covered the song, mixing it with "Jashn-e-Bahara" from Jodhaa Akbar on their album Panoramic.
- The cast of the U.S television show Glee will be covering the song in a future episode.
- Jens Johansen wrote a notable SSATTB a capella arrangement for Vocal Line.
- English-Irish boy band The Wanted covered Coldplay in a medley of their songs during their 2012 tour in Europe, North America and Australia. The medley consisted of "Viva la Vida", "Every Teardrop is a Waterfall", "Paradise" and "Fix You".
- Mikha Angelo covered the song on Week 7 of X Factor Indonesia Season 1 Gala Shows.
- Raef (singer in awakening records) performed the song on poetic vision tour.
- Producer Grant Rindner produced a trap remix of the track entitled "Viva La Trap".
- The confessional Lutheran online radio station LPR's (Lutheran Public Radio) program: Issues Etc. has utilised the song as its bump-music since 2008.
In popular culture
- Coldplay performed the song at the Closing Ceremony of London 2012 (the ceremony to mark the end of the Paralympic Games, and so also the end of the summer of the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics).
- The song was performed simultaneously by amateur musicians across the UK on 9 September 2012 as part of the Bandstand Marathon, the finale event of the London 2012 Festival.
- It was the last song played by Chris Moyles on his final BBC Radio 1 breakfast show on Friday 14 September 2012, the longest-running breakfast show in BBC Radio 1's history.
- Coldplay performed some of the song live in The Simpsons episode "Million Dollar Maybe".
- The song was used in the official soundtrack for The Big Year.
- The song was played to the crew of the Space Shuttle Atlantis to wake them up on day two of STS-135, the final mission of the Space Shuttle program. It was played for crew member Douglas Hurley.
- The song was used as a fanfare to welcome the Singapore Armed Forces Parachute Team (better known as the Red Lions) during the National Day celebrations of 2011 in Singapore.
- The song was used by the People's Part of Freedom and Democracy of the Netherlands (VVD) when Party Leader and Prime Minister Mark Rutte walked on stage to present his acceptance speech after winning the 2012 parliamentary elections.
- The song also appears on NBA 2K13 and Pro Evolution Soccer 2014 as part of the game's soundtrack.
- "Viva la Vida" has also been spoofed in a music video titled "Fallen Kingdom", created by YouTube's CaptainSparklez and TryHardNinja.
- This song has since been used as the main theme of Indonesian television channel ANTV, as part of the channel's 20th anniversary.
- As of 8 October 2011, the song has been made available for download in Rock Band 3 as by itself or as part of the "Coldplay Collection 1" track pack.
- The song was played in a montage for Jerry Lewis in his work to receive the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award at the 81st Academy Awards.
- The song was played in honor of Markus Naslund for his Vancouver Canucks jersey retirement ceremony on 11 December 2010. The song was played in the video tribute for Naslund.
- "Viva la Vida" was used as FC Barcelona's season ending song of their hostorical 2009–10 FC Barcelona season as they won all six major trophies in European football league.
"Singin' in the Rain" by Mint Royale
|UK Singles Chart number-one single
22 June 2008 – 29 June 2008
"Closer" by Ne-Yo
"Lollipop" by Lil Wayne featuring Static Major
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100 number-one single
28 June 2008
"I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry
"Let It Die" by Foo Fighters
|U.S. Billboard Modern Rock Tracks number-one single
30 August 2008 – 6 September 2008
"Believe" by Staind
"It's Not My Time" by 3 Doors Down
|U.S. Billboard Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks number-one single (first run)
16 August 2008
"It's Not My Time" by 3 Doors Down
"It's Not My Time" by 3 Doors Down
|U.S. Billboard Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks number-one single (second run)
13 September 2008 – 11 October 2008
"I'm Yours" by Jason Mraz
"The Time of My Life" by David Cook
|U.S. Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks number-one single
7 February 2009
"I'm Yours" by Jason Mraz
"I Kissed a Girl" by Katy Perry
|Dutch Top 40 number-one single
4 October 2008 – 18 October 2008
"Show Me Love 2008" by Robin S.
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Platinum||30,000^|
|Italy (FIMI)||2× Platinum||100,000|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000*|
|Spain (PROMUSICAE)||3× Platinum||120,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||600,000|
|United States (RIAA)||6× Platinum||6,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
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