This is a list of
selected that appear in the "On this day" section of the anniversaries December 9 Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases, you can and edit this page. be bold Please read the However, if your addition might be controversial or on a day that is or will soon be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative their subjects are. Only five to six events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is " article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is generally not posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled featured article, featured list or picture of the day.
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Electron microscope picture of smallpox
Arenberg Castle, on the campus of the Catholic University of Leuven
General Antonio José de Sucre
The surrender of Jerusalem
Fête de l'Escalade refimprove, linkrot
in Peru ( Army Day 1824)
Independence Day in ( Tanzania 1961)
1425 – Pope Martin V issued a papal bull establishing what later became the , the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.
Catholic University of Leuven unreferenced section
1824 – Forces led by General Antonio José de Sucre defeated a Royalist army in the , ending the Battle of Ayacucho Peruvian War of Independence.
refimprove section, unreferenced section
1856 – Anglo-Persian War: , a city on the southwestern coast of the Bushehr Persian Gulf in present-day Iran, surrendered to occupying British forces.
1922 – was elected as the first Gabriel Narutowicz President of Poland by the Polish parliament.
1931 – The approval of the by the Spanish Constitution Constituent Cortes paved the way to the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic.
1946 – The , the first of the Doctors' trial Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, began to prosecute doctors who were allegedly involved in Nazi human experimentation during World War II.
needs more footnotes
1958 – The , named after John Birch Society John Birch, an American missionary who was killed in China by communists, was founded to fight the perceived threat of communism in the United States.
1960 – , the longest-running television Coronation Street soap opera in the United Kingdom, was first broadcast on ITV.
plot summary too long, unreferenced section
1961 – gained independence from Britain before becoming part of Tanganyika Tanzania three years later.
multiple issues, short
1965 – , the first television adaptation of A Charlie Brown Christmas Charles Schulz's comic strip , was broadcast for the first time.
Peanuts unreferenced section
1990 – became the first person elected Lech Wałęsa President of Poland in a direct presidential election after the collapse of communism across Eastern Europe.
appears on August 14
1775 – American Revolutionary War: After their loss in the , British authorities were forced to evacuate from the Battle of Great Bridge Colony of Virginia.
1872 – took office as P. B. S. Pinchback Governor of Louisiana, the first African American governor of a U.S. state.
1897 – French actress, journalist and leading suffragette Marguerite Durand founded the feminist newspaper . La Fronde
1905 – Legislation establishing state secularism in France by the was passed Chamber of Deputies of France, triggering civil disobedience by French Catholics.
1911 – A near mine explosion Briceville, Tennessee, killed 84 miners despite a well-organized rescue effort led by the United States Bureau of Mines.
1917 – First World War: Hussein al-Husayni, the Ottoman mayor of Jerusalem, the city to the British. surrendered
1940 – Second World War: British and Commonwealth forces opened , the first major Operation Compass Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign.
1965 – A was seen by thousands in midwestern North America before crash landing in large, brilliant fireball Kecksburg, Pennsylvania.
1969 – U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers proposed for a ceasefire in the his plan War of Attrition; Egypt's and Jordan's acceptance of it over PLO objections led to civil war in Jordan in September 1970.
1979 – A World Health Organization commission of scientists certified the global eradication of , making it the only human smallpox infectious disease to date to have been completely eradicated from nature.
1981 – was arrested for the murder of Mumia Abu-Jamal Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner; his subsequent conviction and death sentence became the source of great controversy in the United States.
2016 – President of South Korea Park Geun-hye as the culmination of was impeached a corruption scandal. Born/died this day: (b. 1871) Joe Kelley · (b. 1950) Joan Armatrading
The first computer mouse
(d. 748) Nasr ibn Sayyar · (b. 1868) Fritz Haber · (d. 1937)