|1948 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2701|
|Balinese saka calendar||1869–1870|
|British Regnal year||12 Geo. 6 – 13 Geo. 6|
|Chinese calendar||丁亥年 (Fire Pig)|
4645 or 4438
— to —
戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4646 or 4439
|- Vikram Samvat||2004–2005|
|- Shaka Samvat||1869–1870|
|- Kali Yuga||5048–5049|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 23|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 37|
|Thai solar calendar||2491|
2074 or 1693 or 921
— to —
2075 or 1694 or 922
1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.
- January 1
- January 4 – Burma gains its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming an independent republic, named the 'Union of Burma', with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister.
- January 5 – In the United States:
- January 7 – Mantell UFO incident: Kentucky Air National Guard pilot Thomas Mantell crashes while in pursuit of an unidentified flying object.
- January 12 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his fast-unto-death in Delhi, to stop communal violence during the Partition of India.
- January 17 – A truce is declared between nationalist Indonesian and Dutch troops in Java.
- January 22 – British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin proposes the formation of a Western Union between Britain, France and the Benelux countries to stand up against the Soviet Union. The Treaty of Brussels is signed March 17 as a consequence, a predecessor to NATO.
- January 26 – Teigin poison case: a man masquerading as a doctor poisons 12 of 16 bank employees of the Tokyo branch of Imperial Bank and takes the money; artist Sadamichi Hirasawa is later sentenced to death for the crime, but is never executed.
- January 29 – A DC-3 aircraft crash at Los Gatos Creek, near Coalinga, California, kills 4 US citizens and 28 deportees, commemorated in a protest song ("Deportee (Plane Wreck at Los Gatos)") by Woody Guthrie.
- January 30
- January 31 – The British crown colony of the Malayan Union, Penang and Malacca form the Federation of Malaya.
- February 1
- February 4 – Ceylon (later known as Sri Lanka) becomes an independent country, within the British Commonwealth continuing to adopt King George VI as the King of Ceylon.
- February 11 – General Douglas Gracey becomes Commander-in-chief of Pakistan Army.
- February 16 – Miranda, innermost of the large moons of Uranus, is discovered by Gerard Kuiper.
- February 18 – Éamon de Valera, Irish head of government from 1918 to 1932, loses power to an opposition coalition. John A. Costello is appointed Taoiseach by President Seán T. O'Kelly, until 1960.
- February 19 – The Conference of Youth and Students of Southeast Asia Fighting for Freedom and Independence convenes in Calcutta.
- February 21 – The United States stock car racing organization NASCAR is founded by Bill France Sr. with other drivers.
- February 22 – The first of the Ben Yehuda Street bombings in Jerusalem kills between 49 and 58 civilians and injures between 140 and 200.
- February 25 – 1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état: Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, cedes control of the country to the Communist Party, a day celebrated by that regime as "Victorious February" (Czech: Vítězný únor; Slovak: Víťazný Február) until November 1989.
- February 28
- Accra Riots: Riots take place in Accra, capital of the British colony of Gold Coast, when a peaceful protest march by ex-servicemen is broken up by police, leaving several members of the group dead, among them Sergeant Adjetey, one of the leaders.
- The 2nd Congress of the Communist Party of India convenes in Calcutta.
- March 8 – McCollum v. Board of Education: The United States Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools violates the U.S. Constitution.
- March 12 – The Costa Rican Civil War begins.
- March 17
- March 18 – The Round Table Conference convenes in The Hague, Netherlands, to prepare the decolonization process for the Caribbean island of Aruba and the other Dutch Colonies. Aruba presents the mandate of the Aruban People for Aruba to become an independent country, under the sovereignty of the House of Orange, based on Aruba's first state constitution presented officially since August 1947, and a (4th) member state of the future Dutch Commonwealth.
- March 20
- Singapore holds its first elections.
- Renowned Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini makes his television debut, conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in an all-Wagner program in the United States.
- The 20th Academy Awards Ceremony is held in Los Angeles. Gentleman's Agreement wins the Academy Award for Best Picture.
- April – Children's Bargain Town, a predecessor of toy and child-related retailer Toys "R" Us, is founded in Washington, D.C., United States.
- April 1 – Physicists Ralph Asher Alpher and George Gamow publish the Alpher–Bethe–Gamow paper, about the Big Bang.
- April 3
- United States President Harry S. Truman signs the Marshall Plan, which authorizes $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
- Jeju Uprising: Residents revolt on Jeju island, South Korea, eventually leading to the deaths of between 14,000 and 30,000.
- Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 is played on television in its entirety for the first time, in a series of concerts featuring Arturo Toscanini conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra in the United States. The chorus is conducted by Robert Shaw.
- April 5 – 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine: Haganah launches Operation Nachshon, provoking the 1948 Palestinian expulsion and flight.
- April 7– The World Health Organization is established by the United Nations.
- April 9
- April 13 – The Hadassah medical convoy massacre takes place, in British Mandatory Palestine.
- April 16 – The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is founded, as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC).
- April 18 – Italian general election, 1948: The first democratic general election with universal suffrage is held in Italy. The Christian Democracy party achieves a majority over the Popular Democratic Front Communist-Socialist coalition.
- April 19
- April 22
- April 23 – First National Games of Pakistan held in Karachi.
- April 24 – The Costa Rican Civil War ends.
- April 30
- May – The RAND Corporation is established, as an independent nonprofit policy research and analysis institution, in the United States.
- May 9 – Solar eclipse of May 9, 1948: An annular solar eclipse is visible in Japan and South Korea, and is the 32nd solar eclipse of Solar Saros 137. This eclipse is very short, lasting just 0.3 seconds. The path width is just about 200 meters wide (approximately 218 yards).
- May 11 – Luigi Einaudi becomes President of the Italian Republic.
- May 14 – The Israeli Declaration of Independence is made. David Ben-Gurion becomes the first prime minister, a provisional position that will become formalized on February 14, 1949.
- May 15
- 1948 Arab–Israeli War: The British Mandate of Palestine is officially terminated; expeditionary forces from Egypt, Transjordan, Syria and Iraq invade Israel and clash with Israeli forces.
- The murder of June Anne Devaney a 3-year-old girl in Blackburn, England. To solve the crime, officers took 46,253 sets of fingerprints before identifying her murderer.
- Australian cricket team in England in 1948: The touring Australians set an all-time first-class record, by scoring 721 runs in a day against Essex.
- May 16
- May 18 – The first Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanjing.
- May 22 – The Soviets launch Operation Vesna, the largest Lithuanian deportation to Siberia.
- May 25 – The United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP) is founded at Ellinwood Malate Church in Manila.
- May 26 – The United States Congress passes Public Law 557 which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as the auxiliary of the United States Air Force.
- May 28 – Daniel François Malan defeats Jan Smuts and becomes Prime Minister of South Africa, which starts the era of apartheid (which is finally dismantled by F. W. de Klerk in 1994).
- May 29 – The Casimir effect is predicted by Dutch physicist Hendrik Casimir.
- May 30 – A dike along the Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon, within minutes; 15 people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
- June 1 – Puma, a global sports goods brand, is founded in Bavaria, West Germany, by Rudolf Dassler, having split from his brother "Adi".
- June 3 – The Palomar Observatory telescope is finished in California.
- June 10 – Hasan Saka forms the new government of Turkey. (17th government; Hasan Saka had served twice as a prime minister)
- June 11 – The first monkey astronaut, Albert I, is launched into space from White Sands, New Mexico.
- June 15 – Chinese newspaper Renmin Ribao (People's Daily) is first published in Beijing, China.
- June 17 – United Airlines Flight 624, a Douglas DC-6, crashes near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing 43 and injuring 84 people on board.
- June 18
- June 20 – The U.S. Congress recesses for the remainder of 1948, after an overtime session closes at 7:00 a.m. (to be shortly interrupted by Truman's recall from Congressional recess for July 20, 1948).
- June 21
- June 22
- The ship HMT Empire Windrush brings more than 800 Afro-Caribbean immigrants to Tilbury near London, the start of a large wave of immigration to Britain.
- David Lean's Oliver Twist, based on Charles Dickens's famous novel, premieres in the UK. It is banned for 3 years in the U.S., because of alleged antisemitism in depicting master criminal Fagin, played by Alec Guinness.
- June 24
- June 26
- June 28
- The Cominform Resolution marks the beginning of the Informbiro period in Yugoslavia and the Soviet/Yugoslav split.
- The 6.8 Mw Fukui earthquake strikes Fukui, Japan; 3,769 are killed, 22,203 injured.
- Lotte Group, a global conglomerate in Northeast Asia (South Korea and Japan), is founded.
- July 5 – The National Health Service in the United Kingdom begins functioning, giving the right to universal healthcare, free at point of use.
- July 6 – The world's first Air Car-ferry service is flown by a Bristol Freighter of Silver City Airways, from Lympne to Le Touquet across the English Channel.
- July 13 – The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Churches reach an agreement, leading to the promotion of the Ethiopian church to the rank of an autocephalous Patriarchate. Five bishops are immediately consecrated by the Patriarch of Alexandria and the successor to Abuna Qerellos IV is granted the power to consecrate new bishops, who are empowered to elect a new Patriarch for their church.
- July 14 – The attempted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti, general secretary of the Italian Communist Party, results in numerous strikes all over the country.
- July 15 – The first London chapter of Alcoholics Anonymous is founded.
- July 16 – Three armed men hijack the Cathay Pacific passenger plane Miss Macao and shoot the pilot; the plane crashes, killing 26 of 27 people on board.
- July 20 – Cold War:
- President Harry S. Truman issues the second peacetime military draft in the United States, amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union (the first peacetime draft occurred in 1940 under President Roosevelt)
- Eugene Dennis, William Z. Foster and ten other Communist Party USA leaders are arrested and charged under the Alien Registration Act.
- July 22 – The Dominion of Newfoundland votes to join Canada, after a referendum.
- July 26 – U.S. President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, ending racial segregation in the United States Armed Forces.
- July 28 – Around 200 die in an explosion at a chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, Germany.
- July 29 – The 1948 Summer Olympics begin in London, the first since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
- July 31
- At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
- American defector Elizabeth Bentley, previously working on behalf of the Soviet Union, appears under subpoena before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) of the United States House of Representatives regarding Communist espionage; she implicates Whittaker Chambers.
- July–October – Claude E. Shannon publishes "A Mathematical Theory of Communication" in Bell System Technical Journal (US), regarded as a foundation of information theory and all modern digital communications and adopting the term Bit.
- August 3 – Whittaker Chambers appears under subpoena before the HUAC and alleges that several former U.S. Federal officials were communists, including Harry Dexter White and Alger Hiss.
- August 5 – Alger Hiss appears before the HUAC, to deny the allegations of Whittaker Chambers.
- August 10–23 – The Herrenchiemsee convention prepares the draft for the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.
- August 12 – Babrra massacre: About 600 unarmed members of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement are shot dead on the orders of the Chief Minister of the North-West Frontier Province, Abdul Qayyum Khan Kashmiri, on Babrra ground in the Hashtnagar region of Charsadda District, North-West Frontier Province (modern-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Pakistan.
- August 13 – Harry Dexter White and Donald Hiss refute allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers, before the HUAC.
- August 14 – 1948 Ashes series: Australian batsman Don Bradman, playing his last Test cricket match, against England at The Oval, is bowled by Eric Hollies for a duck (leaving his career Test batting average at 99.94); however, "The Invincibles" win the match by an innings and 149 runs, and The Ashes 4–0.
- August 15 – The southern half of Korea is established as the Republic of Korea (South Korea).
- August 17 – The HUAC holds a private session between Alger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers.
- August 18 – The Danube Commission is created by the Belgrade Convention (enters into force 11 May 1949).
- August 20 – Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt and John Abt, represented by Harold I. Cammer, plead the Fifth Amendment, in response to allegations of Communism by Whittaker Chambers before the HUAC.
- August 23 – The World Council of Churches is established in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
- August 24 – The first meeting of the charter members of the American Chamber of Commerce in Japan (ACCJ) is held.
- August 25 – The HUAC holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring "Confrontation Day" between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.
- August 27 – Whittaker Chambers states that Alger Hiss was a communist on Meet the Press radio.
- September 4 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates for health reasons.
- September 5 – Robert Schuman becomes Prime Minister of France.
- September 6 – Juliana is formally inaugurated to succeed her mother, as queen regnant of the Netherlands.
- September 9 – The northern half of Korea is formally declared the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), with Kim Il Sung as prime minister.
- September 11 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder and first Governor-General of Pakistan, dies. Pakistan is in a state of shock as it mourns the departure of the father of the nation. The day is a public holiday nationwide.
- September 13–18 – Indian annexation of Hyderabad ("Operation Polo"): The princely state of Hyderabad is invaded by the Indian Armed Forces in a "police action", in the aftermath of Pakistani leader Jinnah's death. The Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his state, which is amalgamated into the newly independent Dominion of India; thousands are killed as a result of this event.
- September 13 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States Senator, becoming the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House Of Representatives and the United States Senate.
- September 17 – Lehi members, also known as the Stern Gang, assassinate Swedish count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Mediator in Palestine, in Jerusalem.
- September 18 – An inaugural motor race is held at Goodwood Circuit, West Sussex, England.
- September 20 – The city of Rabwah is established in Pakistan.
- September 27 – Alger Hiss files a slander suit against Whittaker Chambers, for his August 27 radio statement in the United States.
- September 29 – Laurence Olivier's film of Hamlet opens in the U.S.
- October 5 – The International Union for the Protection of Nature (later known as the International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN) is established in Fontainebleau, France.
- October 6 – 1948 Ashgabat earthquake: A 7.3 Ms earthquake near Ashgabat, Soviet Turkmenistan kills 10,000–110,000.
- October 10 – The R-1 missile on test becomes the first Soviet launch to enter space.
- October 16 – The 57th Street Art Fair in Chicago, the oldest juried art fair in the American Midwest, is founded.
- October 20 – Brandeis University is formally founded in Massachusetts.
- October 26 – Donora Smog of 1948: A killer smog settles into Donora, Pennsylvania.
- October 29 – 1948 Arab–Israeli War: Massacres of Palestinian Arab villagers by the Israel Defense Forces:
- October 30 – Gozo luzzu disaster: A luzzu fishing boat overloaded with passengers capsizes and sinks in the Gozo Channel off Qala, Gozo, Malta, killing 23 of the 27 people on board.
- November 1
- The Foley Square trial of Eugene Dennis and ten other CPUSA leaders begins, in New York City.
- Athenagoras I is elected the 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.
- A boiler and ammunition explosion aboard a merchant ship evacuating troops of the Republic of China Army from Yingkou, China for Taiwan causes thousands of deaths.
- November 2 – 1948 United States presidential election: Democratic incumbent Harry S. Truman defeats Republican Thomas E. Dewey, "Dixiecrat" Strom Thurmond and Progressive party candidate Henry A. Wallace.
- November 12 – In Tokyo, an international war crimes tribunal sentences seven Japanese military and government officials to death, including General Hideki Tojo, for their roles in World War II.
- November 15 – Louis Stephen St. Laurent becomes Canada's 12th prime minister.
- November 16
- November 17
- November 20 – Geoffrey B. Orbell rediscovers the Takahē, last seen 50 years previously, near Lake Te Anau, New Zealand.
- November 24 – In Venezuela, president Rómulo Gallegos is ousted by a military junta.
- November 27 – The Calgary Stampeders defeat the Ottawa Rough Riders 12–7 before 20,013 fans at Toronto's Varsity Stadium, to win their first Grey Cup and complete the only perfect season to date in Canadian football.
- December 1 – José Figueres Ferrer abolishes the army in Costa Rica, making it the first country in history to do so.
- December 2 – The United States House Un-American Activities Committee subpoenas and retrieves the "Pumpkin Papers" from the farm of Whittaker Chambers.
- December 6 – Richard Nixon displays microfilm from the "Pumpkin Papers" to the press.
- December 9 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Genocide Convention.
- December 10 – The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- December 11–12 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre: Scots Guards shoot 24 Chinese villagers in Malaya.
- December 15 – The United States Department of Justice indicts Alger Hiss, on two counts of perjury.
- December 17 – The Finnish Security Police is established to remove communist leadership from its predecessor, the State Police.
- December 19 – In the American National Football League, the Philadelphia Eagles defeat the Chicago Cardinals 7–0, to win the championship.
- December 20
- December 23 – Seven Japanese military and political leaders, convicted of war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, are executed by Allied occupation authorities, at Sugamo Prison in Tokyo, Japan.
- December 26
- December 28 – A Muslim Brotherhood member assassinates Egyptian Prime Minister Mahmud Fahmi Nokrashi.
- December 30 – The musical Kiss Me, Kate opens for the first of 1,077 performances in New York City.
- December 31 – Arab-Israeli War: Israeli troops drive Egyptians from the Negev.
- The Fresh Kills Landfill, the world's largest, opens on Staten Island, New York.
- The Slovak city Gúta is renamed Kolárovo.
- The Vielha Tunnel is opened, giving access to the Val d'Aran in the Spanish Pyrenees; at this time it is the longest road tunnel in the world.
- The Oakridge Transit Centre opens in Vancouver, British Columbia.
- The last recorded sighting is made of the Caspian tiger, in Kazakhstan.
- A pack of wolves kills about 40 children in Darovskoy District, in Russia.
- The last edition of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum is published in the Vatican.
- Charles Warrell creates the first I-Spy books in the United Kingdom.
- Rev. W. Awdry's third book, James the Red Engine, is published in the United Kingdom.
- Inspired by World War II fighter planes, Cadillac introduces the first automobile to sport tailfins.
- The inaugural 6 Hours of Watkins Glen sports car endurance race is held in the United States.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Allan Alcorn, American engineer
- January 2
- January 3 – Wanda Seux, Paraguayan vedette, dancer and actress (d. 2020)
- January 5
- January 6
- January 7
- January 10
- January 11
- January 12
- January 13
- January 14
- January 15 – Ronnie Van Zant, American rock musician (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (d. 1977)
- January 16
- January 17
- January 18 – M. C. Gainey, American actor
- January 19
- Robert Llewellyn Lyons, Canadian politician
- January 20
- January 23
- January 24
- Miklós Németh, Hungarian economist and politician, Prime Minister of Hungary from 1988 until 1990
- January 27
- Mikhail Baryshnikov, Russian dancer
- January 28
- January 29 – Marc Singer, Canadian actor (V)
- January 30
- January 31
- February 1 – Rick James, African-American urban singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and record producer (d. 2004)
- February 2
- February 3
- February 4
- February 5
- February 7 – Jimmy Greenspoon, American keyboardist, composer (Three Dog Night) (d. 2015)
- February 8 – Dan Seals, American musician (d. 2009)
- February 9
- February 10
- February 11 – Chris Rush, American stand-up comedian
- February 12 – Raymond Kurzweil, American inventor, author
- February 13 – Kitten Natividad, Mexican-American film actress
- February 14
- February 15 – Larry DiTillio, American film and TV series writer (d. 2019)
- February 16 – Eckhart Tolle, German-Canadian spiritual author
- February 17
- February 18 – Sinéad Cusack, Irish actress
- February 19
- February 20 – Jennifer O'Neill, American model, actress
- February 21 – Christian Vander (musician), French drummer, founder of progressive rock/Zeuhl group Magma
- February 22
- February 24
- February 25 – Danny Denzongpa, Indian actor
- February 28
- Steven Chu, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- Mike Figgis, American director, screenwriter and composer
- Kjell Isaksson, Swedish pole vaulter
- Bernadette Peters, American actress, singer
- Mercedes Ruehl, American actress
- Alfred Sant, Leader of Malta Labour Party (1992–), Prime Minister of Malta (1996–1998)
- February 29
- March 1 – Gopanarayan Das, Indian politician (d. 2022)
- March 2
- March 3
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Anna Maria Horsford, African-American actress (Amen)
- March 8
- March 9
- March 10 – Doug Clark, American serial killer (d. 2023)
- March 11
- Dominique Sanda, French actress
- March 12 – James Taylor, American singer, songwriter ("Fire and Rain")
- March 13 – Maurice A. de Gosson, Austrian mathematician
- March 14 – Billy Crystal, American actor, comedian
- March 15 – Sérgio Vieira de Mello, Brazilian diplomat (d. 2003)
- March 16 – Margaret Weis, American science fiction writer
- March 17 – William Gibson, American/Canadian writer
- March 18
- March 20
- March 22
- March 25 – Bonnie Bedelia, American actress
- March 26
- March 28
- March 29
- March 30 – Eddie Jordan, Irish founder of Jordan Grand Prix
- March 31
- April 1 – Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer, actor
- April 2
- April 3 – Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Mexican economist, politician and 53rd President of Mexico (1988-1994)
- April 4
- April 5 – Neil Portnow, American President of The Recording Academy (NARAS)
- April 7
- April 9 – Jaya Bachchan, Indian actress and politician
- April 10 – Fauzi Bowo, Indonesian politician and diplomat, governor of Jakarta
- April 12
- April 13
- April 15 – Michael Kamen, American composer (d. 2003)
- April 16
- April 17
- April 18 – Avi Arad, Israeli-American film producer
- April 20 – Paul Milgrom, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 21
- April 24 – István Szívós, Hungarian water polo player (d. 2019)
- April 27
- April 28
- April 29 – Michael Karoli, German musician (d. 2001)
- April 30 – Jocelyne Saab, Lebanese journalist, film director (d. 2019)
- May 2
- May 3
- May 4
- May 5
- May 7 – Susan Atkins, convicted murderer and ex-follower of Charles Manson (d. 2009)
- May 8
- May 9
- May 10 – Meg Foster, American actress
- May 11
- May 12
- May 13 – Hawk Wolinski, American keyboardist
- May 14 – Bob Woolmer, Indian-born English cricket coach (d. 2007)
- May 15
- May 16 – Jesper Christensen, Danish actor
- May 17 – Penny DeHaven, American country singer (d. 2014)
- May 18
- May 19 – Grace Jones, Jamaican singer, actress
- May 20 – Tesshō Genda, Japanese voice actor
- May 21
- May 23 – Gary McCord, American professional golfer
- May 25 – Klaus Meine, German singer (Scorpions)
- May 26
- May 27 – Wubbo de Boer, Dutch civil servant
- May 29 – Michael Berkeley, English composer
- May 30 – Paul L. Schechter, American astronomer and cosmologist
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2 – Jerry Mathers, American actor (Leave It to Beaver)
- June 3 – Carlos Franzetti, Argentine composer and arranger
- June 4
- June 6 – Richard Sinclair, English musician (Caravan)
- June 7 – Jim C. Walton, American business person, (Walmart)
- June 8
- June 9
- June 10 – Subrata Roy, Indian businessman (d. 2023)
- June 11 – Dave Cash, American baseball player
- June 12 – Sadegh Zibakalam, Iranian academic reformist
- June 13 – Garnet Bailey, Canadian hockey player, scout (d. 2001)
- June 14 – Laurence Yep, American author
- June 15 – Paul Michiels, Belgian singer, songwriter
- June 16 – Terry Schofield, American basketball player
- June 17 – Dave Concepción, Venezuelan baseball player
- June 18 – Sherry Turkle, American science/social studies professor
- June 19
- June 20
- June 21
- Don Airey, British musician
- Lionel Rose, Australian boxer (d. 2011)
- Jovan Aćimović, Serbian football player
- Raffaello Martinelli, Italian prelate
- Philippe Sarde, French film composer
- Andrzej Sapkowski, Polish writer
- Wolfgang Seel, German football player
- Greg Hyder, American professional basketball player
- June 22
- Madeleine Meilleur, Canadian politician
- Takashi Sasano, Japanese actor
- Shōhaku Okumura, Japanese Soto Zen
- Peter Prijdekker, Dutch swimmer
- Sue Roberts, American professional golfer
- Todd Rundgren, American rock singer, record producer (Hello It's Me)
- Curtis Johnson, American football cornerback
- Franciszek Smuda, Polish football coach
- Panagiotis Xanthakos, Greek sports shoote
- Colin Waldron, English football defender
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 29
- Danny Adcock, Australian actor
- Vic Brooks, English cricketer
- Leo Burke, Canadian professional wrestler
- Fred Grandy, American actor, politician (The Love Boat)
- Helge Karlsen, Norwegian football player
- Ian Paice, English musician (Deep Purple)
- Usha Prashar, Baroness Prashar, crossbench member of the House of Lords
- June 30
- Alice Wong, Canadian politician
- Dag Fornæss, Norwegian speed skater
- Peter Rossborough, English rugby union international
- Galarrwuy Yunupingu, Australian Indigenous community leader (d. 2023)
- Vladimir Yakunin, Russian official, head of state-run Russian Railways Company
- Raymond Leo Burke, American cardinal, prelate
- July 1
- July 2
- July 3 – Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- Nathalie Baye, French actress
- Jeff Webb, American professional basketball player
- Arnaldo Baptista, Brazilian rock musician, composer
- Brad Park, Canadian NHL Defenseman
- Sid Smith, American football offensive lineman
- Eiko Segawa, Japanese female enka singer, actress
- Jan van der Veen, Dutch professional association football player
- July 7
- July 8 – Raffi, Egyptian-born children's entertainer
- July 10
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu, Zulu king (d. 2021)
- July 15
- July 16
- July 17
- July 18 – Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- July 20
- July 21
- Beppe Grillo, Italian activist, blogger, comedian and actor
- Ed Hinton, American sportswriter
- Cat Stevens (b. Steven Georgiou, later known as Yusuf Islam), British singer, musician
- Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist (Doonesbury)
- Teruzane Utada, Japanese music executive producer, attendant
- Mikhail Zadornov, Russian stand-up comedian, writer
- Snooty, male Florida manatee (d. 2017)
- Anders Berglund, Swedish arranger/composer, conductor and producer
- July 22
- July 23 – John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician
- July 25
- July 27 – Peggy Fleming, American figure skater
- July 28
- July 29
- July 30
- July 31 – Jonathan Dollimore, English academic sociologist, cultural theorist
- August 2
- August 3 – Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France
- August 4 – Giorgio Parisi, Italian theoretical physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
- August 7 – James P. Allison, American immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- August 8 – Wincey Willis, British broadcaster
- August 12 – Mizengo Pinda, 9th Prime Minister of Tanzania
- August 13 – Kathleen Battle, African-American soprano
- August 14 – Joseph Marcell, English actor
- August 15
- August 18
- August 20
- August 21
- August 22 – David Marks, American guitarist (The Beach Boys)
- August 23 – Lev Zeleny, Soviet, Russian physicist
- August 24
- August 25 – Tony Ramos, Brazilian actor
- August 27 – Sgt. Slaughter, American professional wrestler
- August 30
- August 31
- September 1 – James Rebhorn, American actor (d. 2014)
- September 2
- September 3
- September 4 – Michael Berryman, American actor
- September 5 – Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat, politician
- September 6 – Sam Hui, Hong Kong singer
- September 7
- September 8 – The Great Kabuki, Japanese professional wrestler
- September 10
- September 11 – John Martyn (b. Iain McGeachy), British folk-rock guitarist (d. 2009)
- September 12 – Mah Bow Tan, Singaporean politician
- September 13
- September 16 – Ron Blair, American rock bassist (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)
- September 17
- September 19
- September 20
- September 22
- September 23 – José Lavat, Mexican voice actor (d. 2018)
- September 24 – Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (Saturday Night Live) (d. 1998)
- September 25
- September 26
- September 27
- September 29
- October 1
- October 2
- October 4
- October 5 – Russell Mael, American singer (Sparks)
- October 6
- October 7 – Diane Ackerman, American poet, essayist
- October 8
- October 9
- October 11
- October 12 – Rick Parfitt, English musician (Status Quo) (d. 2016)
- October 13
- October 14
- October 15
- October 16
- October 17
- October 18
- October 19 – Patrick Simmons, American musician (The Doobie Brothers)
- October 21
- October 22
- October 23 – Sir Gerry Robinson, Irish-born British businessman (d. 2021)
- October 25
- October 26 – Toby Harrah, American baseball player
- October 28 – Telma Hopkins, African-American actress, singer (Tony Orlando and Dawn)
- October 29
- October 30 – Garry McDonald, Australian actor, satirist and comedian
- November 1 – Anna Stuart, American actress
- November 3 – Lulu (b. Marie McDonald McLaughlin Lawrie), Scottish singer, actress (To Sir, with Love)
- November 4
- November 5
- November 6 – Glenn Frey, American guitarist, singer (Eagles) (d. 2016)
- November 7 – Jim Houghton, American actor, director
- November 9
- November 10 – Vincent Schiavelli, American character actor and food writer (d. 2005)
- November 12
- November 13
- November 14
- November 15 – James Kemsley, Australian cartoonist, actor (d. 2007)
- November 16
- November 18 – Dom Irrera, American actor and stand-up comedian
- November 19 – Rance Allen, African-American gospel singer, preacher
- November 20
- November 21
- November 22 – Saroj Khan, Indian dance choreographer (d. 2020)
- November 23
- November 24 – Joe Howard, American actor
- November 25 – Antoine Sfeir, Franco-Lebanese journalist, professor (d. 2018)
- November 26
- November 28 – Agnieszka Holland, Polish film, television director and screenwriter
- December 2
- December 3
- December 5,
- December 6
- December 7
- December 10 – Abu Abbas, Palestine Liberation Front founder (d. 2004)
- December 11
- December 12 – Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, 20th President of Portugal
- December 13
- December 14
- December 15
- December 18 – Edmund Kemper, American serial killer
- December 19 – Ken Brown, Canadian ice hockey player
- December 20
- December 21
- December 22
- December 23 – Jim Ferguson, American guitarist, composer, educator, author and music journalist
- December 25
- December 27
- December 28 – Mary Weiss, American singer (The Shangri-Las)
- December 29 – Peter Robinson, Northern Ireland First Minister
- December 31
- January 1 – Edna May, American actress (b. 1878)
- January 2 – Vicente Huidobro, Chilean poet (b. 1893)
- January 4 – Anna Kallina, Austrian actress (b. 1874)
- January 5 – Mary Dimmick Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (b. 1858)
- January 7
- January 8
- January 12 – Herbert Allen Farmer, American criminal (b. 1891)
- January 19 – Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
- January 21
- January 24
- January 26 – Georg Bruchmüller, German artillery officer (b. 1863)
- January 28
- January 29 – King Tomislav II of Croatia (b. 1900)
- January 30
- February 2
- February 4 – Otto Praeger, American postal official, implemented U.S. Airmail (b. 1871)
- February 5 – Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (b. 1883)
- February 8 – Samuel P. Bush, American businessman, industrialist (b. 1863)
- February 9 – Karl Valentin, German actor (b. 1882)
- February 11
- February 15 – Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Indian poet (b. 1904)
- February 23 – John Robert Gregg, Irish-born inventor of shorthand (b. 1867)
- February 25
- February 27 – Patriarch Nicodim of Romania (b. 1864).
- March 4
- March 10
- March 16 – León S. Morra, Argentine physician and university professor (b. 1882)
- March 23 – George Milne, 1st Baron Milne, British field marshal (b. 1866)
- March 24
- March 31 – Egon Erwin Kisch, Austrian journalist, author (b. 1885)
- April 2
- April 5 – Angelo Joseph Rossi, American political figure, Mayor of San Francisco (b. 1878)
- April 7 – Isabel Andreu de Aguilar, Puerto Rican writer, educator, philanthropist and activist (b. 1887)
- April 8 – Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Palestinian Arab nationalist (b. 1907)
- April 9 – Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (assassinated) (b. 1903)
- April 14 – W. H. Ellis, American attorney and politician (b. 1867)
- April 15
- April 17 – Kantarō Suzuki, Japanese admiral, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1868)
- April 19 – Mikhail Rostovtsev, Soviet actor (b. 1872)
- April 20 – Mitsumasa Yonai, Japanese admiral and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1880)
- April 21 – Carlos López Buchardo, Argentine composer (b. 1881)
- April 22 – Prosper Montagné, French chef and author (b. 1865)
- April 24 – Manuel Ponce, Mexican composer (b. 1882)
- April 25 – Gerardo Matos Rodriguez, Uruguayan composer, journalist and pianist (b. 1897)
- April 30 – Alfredo Miguel Aguayo Sánchez, Puerto Rican educator, writer (b. 1866)
- May 9 – Viola Allen, American actress (b. 1867)
- May 13
- May 15
- May 16 – Muhammad Habibullah, Indian politician (b. 1869)
- May 18 – Francisco Alonso, Spanish composer (b. 1887)
- May 19 – Maximilian Lenz, Austrian painter and sculptor (b. 1860)
- May 21 – Jacques Feyder, French filmmaker (b. 1885)
- May 22 – Claude McKay, Jamaican-born American writer and poet (b. 1889)
- May 25 – Witold Pilecki, Polish resistance leader (executed) (b. 1901)
- May 26 – Émile Gaston Chassinat, French egyptologist (b. 1868)
- May 28 – Unity Mitford, British socialite; friend of Adolf Hitler (b. 1914)
- May 29 – Dame May Whitty, British actress (b. 1865)
- May 30 – József Klekl, Slovene politician in Hungary (b. 1874)
- June 1 – José Vianna da Motta, Portuguese pianist, teacher and composer (b. 1868)
- June 2
- Viktor Brack, German doctor (executed) (b. 1904)
- Karl Brandt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1904)
- Rudolf Brandt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1909)
- Karl Gebhardt, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1897)
- Waldemar Hoven, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1903)
- Joachim Mrugowsky, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1905)
- Wolfram Sievers, German S.S. officer (executed) (b. 1905)
- June 6 – Louis Lumière, French film pioneer (b. 1864)
- June 8 – Giacomo Albanese, Italian mathematician (b. 1890)
- June 13 – Osamu Dazai, Japanese writer (b. 1909)
- June 16 – Eugênia Álvaro Moreyra, Brazilian journalist, actress and director (b. 1898)
- June 25 – Bento de Jesus Caraça, Portuguese mathematician, economist and statistician (b. 1901)
- June 26
- June 30 – Prince Sabahaddin (b. 1879)
- July 1 – Assunta Marchetti, Italian Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed
- July 4
- July 5
- July 9 – Alcibiades Diamandi, Greek political figure (b. 1893)
- July 11
- July 14
- July 15 – John J. Pershing, American general (b. 1860)
- July 17 – Ildebrando Zacchini, Maltese painter, inventor and traveller (b. 1868)
- July 18 – Baldassarre Negroni, Italian director, screenwriter (b. 1877)
- July 21 – Arshile Gorky, Soviet-born painter (b. 1904)
- July 22 – Sud Mennucci, Brazilian journalist, educator (b. 1882)
- July 23 – D. W. Griffith, American film director (The Birth of a Nation) (b. 1875)
- July 24 – Pencho Zlatev, Bulgarian general, 25th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1881)
- July 26 – Antonin Sertillanges, French Catholic philosopher, spiritual writer (b. 1863)
- July 27 – Joe Tinker, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1880)
- July 28 – Susan Glaspell, American playwright (b. 1876)
- July 31 – Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, mistress of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (b. 1891)
- August 3 – Tommy Ryan, American boxing champion (b. 1870)
- August 4 – Mileva Marić, Serbian physicist and mathematician, wife of Albert Einstein (b. 1875)
- August 7 – Charles Bryant, American actor (b. 1879)
- August 10 – Andrew Brown, Scottish soccer coach (b. 1870)
- August 11 – Kan'ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian (b. 1873)
- August 13 – Edwin Maxwell, Irish actor (b. 1886)
- August 16 – Babe Ruth, American baseball player (New York Yankees), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1895)
- August 26 – George Anderson, American actor (b. 1886)
- August 27
- September 1
- September 2 – Sylvanus Morley, American scholar, World War I spy (b. 1883)
- September 3 – Edvard Beneš, Czechoslovakian politician, 4th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia and 2-time President of Czechoslovakia (b. 1884)
- September 5 – Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
- September 7 – André Suarès, French poet, critic (b. 1868)
- September 10 – Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria (b. 1861)
- September 11 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder, first Governor General of Pakistan (b. 1876)
- September 12
- September 13 – Paul Wegener, German actor, film director and screenwriter, a pioneer of German Expressionism (b. 1874)
- September 17
- September 20 – Husain Salaahuddin, Maldivian writer (b. 1881)
- September 22 – Prince Adalbert of Prussia (b. 1884)
- September 24 – Warren William, American actor (b. 1894)
- September 26 – Gregg Toland, American cinematographer (b. 1904)
- September 27 – Frank Cellier, British actor (b. 1884)
- September 30
- October 1
- October 12 – Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst (b. 1885)
- October 13 – Samuel S. Hinds, American actor (b. 1875)
- October 14 – Dale Fuller, American actress (b. 1885)
- October 15 – Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
- October 18 – Walther von Brauchitsch, German field marshal (b. 1881)
- October 21 – Elissa Landi, Italian actress (b. 1904)
- October 24 – Franz Lehár, Hungarian composer (b. 1870)
- October 31 – Mary Nolan, American actress (b. 1902)
- November 4
- November 7 – David Leland, American actor (b. 1932)
- November 8 – Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria (b. 1874)
- November 9 – Edgar Kennedy, American actor (b. 1890)
- November 10
- November 11 – Fred Niblo, American film director (b. 1874)
- November 12 – Umberto Giordano, Italian composer (b. 1867)
- November 17 – Oerip Soemohardjo, Indonesian general (b. 1893)
- November 20 — Robert Mallard, African-American lynching victim (b. 1918)
- November 21 – Béla Miklós, Hungarian military officer, politician and 38th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1890)
- November 23 – Hack Wilson, American baseball player (Chicago Cubs), MLB Hall of Fame member (b. 1900)
- November 28 – D. D. Sheehan, Irish politician (b. 1873)
- November 29
- November 30 – Franco Vittadini, Italian composer (b. 1884)
- December 3
- December 8 – Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (b. 1866)
- December 15 – João Tamagnini Barbosa, Portuguese military officer, politician and 69th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1883)
- December 20 – C. Aubrey Smith, British actor (b. 1863)
- December 21 – Władysław Witwicki, Polish psychologist, philosopher, translator, historian (of philosophy and art) and artist (b. 1878)
- December 23 – Japanese war leaders (hanged):
- Kenji Doihara, general (b. 1883)
- Kōki Hirota, diplomat and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1878)
- Seishirō Itagaki, military officer (b. 1885)
- Heitarō Kimura, general (b. 1888)
- Iwane Matsui, general (b. 1878)
- Akira Mutō, general (b. 1892)
- Hideki Tojo, general, 40th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1884)
- December 26 – John Westley, American actor (b. 1878)
- December 28
- December 30
- December 31 – Sir Malcolm Campbell, English land, water racer (b. 1885)
- Physics – Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett
- Chemistry – Arne Tiselius
- Medicine – Paul Hermann Müller
- Literature – T. S. Eliot
- Peace – not awarded
- K.R. Gupta (2006). World Trade Organisation. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 21. ISBN 978-81-7156-888-8.
- Florida Law Journal. Florida State Bar Association. 1948. p. 6.
- Russell Haywood (March 23, 2016). Railways, Urban Development and Town Planning in Britain: 1948–2008. Routledge. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-317-07164-8.
- Cabinet Memorandum by the Secretary of State for the Colonies (UK). February 21, 1956. Federation of Malaya Agreement
- Moore, Patrick (1995). The Guinness Book of Astronomy (5th ed.). Enfield, UK: Guinness Publishing. p. 110. ISBN 085112643X.
- "History of NASCAR". NASCAR. August 17, 2010. Archived from the original on May 30, 2015. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
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- Alpher, R. A.; Bethe, H.; Gamow, G. (April 1, 1948). "The Origin of Chemical Elements". Physical Review. United States. 73 (7): 803–804. Bibcode:1948PhRv...73..803A. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.73.803.
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