Andy Pettitte

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Andy Pettitte
Andy Pettitte by Keith Allison 8 31 09 pic2 CROP.jpg
Starting pitcher
Born: (1972-06-15) June 15, 1972 (age 41)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
April 29, 1995 for the New York Yankees
Last MLB appearance
September 28, 2013 for the New York Yankees
Career statistics
Win–loss record 256–153
Earned run average 3.85
Strikeouts 2,448
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Andrew Eugene "Andy" Pettitte (/ˈpɛtɪt/; born June 15, 1972) is an American former baseball starting pitcher who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily for the New York Yankees. He also pitched for the Houston Astros. Pettitte won five World Series championships with the Yankees and was a three-time All-Star. He ranks as MLB's all-time postseason wins leader with 19.[1]

Pettitte was drafted by the Yankees organization in 1990, and he signed with them a year later. After debuting in the major leagues in 1995, Pettitte finished third in voting for the American League (AL) Rookie of the Year Award. In 1996, he led the AL with 21 wins and was runner-up for the AL Cy Young Award, and two years later, he was named the Yankees' Opening Day starter. Pettitte established himself as one of the "Core Four" players who contributed to the Yankees' late-1990s dynasty that produced four championships. Pettitte won the 2001 American League Championship Series Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award in helping his team win the pennant. After spending nine seasons with the Yankees—a stint in which he won at least 12 games each season—Pettitte signed with the Astros in 2004. He rejoined the Yankees in 2007 and later that season admitted to using human growth hormone to recover from an elbow injury in 2002. Pettitte's second tenure with the team lasted six seasons, interrupted by a one-year retirement in 2011, and produced a fifth World series championship.

Pettitte's pitching repertoire includes a four-seam and cut fastball and several off-speed pitches such as a slider, curveball, and changeup. A left-handed pitcher, he has an exceptional pickoff move to first base, which has allowed him to record 100 career pickoffs as of August 16, 2013. Among Yankees pitchers, Pettitte ranks first in strikeouts (2,020), third in wins (219), and tied for first in games started (438). He won the most games of any pitcher in the 2000s.

Pettitte is the only major league pitcher who played at least 18 seasons without having a losing record in any season.[2]

Early life[edit]

Pettitte was born on June 15, 1972, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He is of Italian and Cajun descent, and the younger of two children born to Tommy and JoAnn Pettitte. He attended Deer Park High School in Deer Park, Texas, where he pitched for the school's baseball team.[3] His fastball ranged from between 85 to 87 miles per hour (137 to 140 km/h). He also played center and nose guard for the school's football team.[4]

The Yankees selected Pettitte in the 22nd round of the 1990 Major League Baseball Draft. Recruited by San Jacinto College North in Houston, Texas, he opted to play college baseball when coach Wayne Graham compared him to Roger Clemens.[4]

As Pettitte enrolled in a junior college rather than a four-year school, the Yankees retained the right to sign him as a draft-and-follow prospect.[4] On May 25, 1991, he signed with the Yankees, receiving an $80,000 signing bonus ($138,519 in current dollar terms).[4]

Professional baseball career[edit]

Minor leagues[edit]

In 1991, Pettitte pitched for the Gulf Coast Yankees of the Rookie-level Gulf Coast League and Oneonta Yankees of the Class A-Short Season New York–Penn League, making six starts for each team.[5] With Oneonta, Pettitte teamed up with catcher Jorge Posada, his longtime batterymate, for the first time.[6] Pettitte threw a knuckleball at the time. Posada struggled to catch the knuckleball, prompting Pettitte to abandon the pitch.[6]

In 1992, Pettitte pitched for the Greensboro Hornets of the Class A South Atlantic League. He pitched to a 10–4 win-loss record and a 2.20 earned run average (ERA), with 130 strikeouts and 55 walks, in 27 games started.[5] That season, Pettitte and Posada first played with Derek Jeter.[7] Pettitte pitched for the Prince William Cannons of the Class A-Advanced Carolina League in the 1993 season, finishing the year with a 11–9 record, a 3.04 ERA, 129 strikeouts, and 47 walks in 26 starts.[5] He also made one start for the Albany-Colonie Yankees of the Class AA Eastern League during the season.[8] Pettitte began the 1994 season with Albany-Colonie, where he had a 7–2 record and 2.71 ERA in 11 starts, before receiving a promotion to the Columbus Clippers of the Class AAA International League. With Columbus, Pettitte had a 7–2 record and a 2.98 ERA in 16 starts.[5] The Yankees named him their minor league pitcher of the year.[9]

Major leagues[edit]

New York Yankees (1995–2003)[edit]

Baseball America ranked Pettitte the 49th best prospect in baseball prior to the 1995 season. In spring training, Pettitte competed for a spot in the starting rotation with Sterling Hitchcock. Hitchcock won the competition, and Pettitte opened the season in the bullpen,[4] making his major league debut with the Yankees on April 29, 1995. The Yankees demoted him back to the minors on May 16 to allow him to continue starting.[4] Eleven days later, he was recalled due to an injury to Jimmy Key.[4] With Scott Kamieniecki and Melido Perez also suffering injuries, Pettitte became a member of the starting rotation. He recorded his first major league win on June 7.[10][11] He continued to perform well through July, leading Yankees' starters in ERA.[12] Pettitte won six of his last seven starts, finishing the season with a 12-9 record and a 4.17 ERA, and placed third in American League (AL) Rookie of the Year Award balloting, behind Marty Cordova and Garret Anderson.[13] He started Game Two of the 1995 American League Division Series (ALDS) against the Seattle Mariners, allowing four runs in seven innings. The Mariners won the series three games to two.[14]

Pettitte pitching at Shea Stadium in 2007

Believing Pettitte to be the superior pitcher, the Yankees traded Hitchcock prior to the 1996 season.[4] Starting the season in the rotation, Pettitte had a 13-4 record at the end of the first half of the season, and made the AL All-Star team. He did not appear in the 1996 MLB All-Star Game, due to a sore arm.[15] He led the AL with 21 wins and finished third in winning percentage (.724), and eighth in ERA (3.87).[16] He finished second to Pat Hentgen for the AL Cy Young Award, with the smallest difference in voting since 1972, in part because Hentgen pitched more complete games.[17] The Yankees defeated the Texas Rangers in the 1996 ALDS[18] and the Baltimore Orioles in the 1996 American League Championship Series (ALCS).[19] Pettitte won two games against the Orioles, and had his opportunity for a third start in the series cancelled by rain.[20] Pettitte started Game One of the 1996 World Series against the Atlanta Braves. He allowed seven runs in 2 13 innings in the first game, but outdueled John Smoltz in Game Five, which the Yankees won 1–0.[21] The Yankees defeated the Braves in Game Six to win the series, four games to two.[22]

The next year, Pettitte tied for first in games started (35),[23] and also led the league in pickoffs (14), and double plays induced (36).[24] He was third in the league in innings pitched (IP) (240 13; a career high), fourth in ERA (2.88), wins (18), and winning percentage (.720), sixth in complete games (4), eighth in strikeouts (166), and tenth in walks/9 IP (2.43).[23] Pettitte finished fifth in the AL Cy Young Award voting.[25] In 1998, he was seventh in the league in complete games (5; a career high), and eighth in wins (16). That season, he won his second World Series Title with the Yankees, winning his only start in the four game series.

The Yankees continued their success in the 2000 season. Pettitte finished third in the AL in wins (19), sixth in winning percentage (.679), and seventh in complete games (3). He finished off the season with his fourth World Series Title. In 2001, he made the All-Star team for the second time and was named the MVP of the ALCS, after winning Games 1 and 5 against the Seattle Mariners.[26][27] He was third in the AL in walks/9 IP (1.84), and eighth in strikeouts (164) and strikeouts/9 IP (7.36).

The following year, he was ninth in the AL in winning percentage (.722) and complete games (3). Pettite continued his success through 2003. Pettitte was second in the league in wins (21), fifth in winning percentage (.724), sixth in strikeouts (180; a career high) and strikeouts/9 IP (7.78; a career-best), eighth in games started (33), and ninth in walks/9 IP (2.16). He won the Warren Spahn Award as the best left-handed pitcher in baseball.[28]

Houston Astros (2004–2006)[edit]

Pettitte (left) with Nolan Ryan

Pettitte became a free agent after the 2003 season. Interested in playing closer to his Deer Park home, and feeling that the Yankees were not interested in resigning him, Pettitte signed a three-year, $31.5 million contract with the Houston Astros of the National League (NL).[29] He switched his uniform number to #21, in honor of Roger Clemens, who previously wore that number in Boston and Toronto. His 2004 season, in which he held batters to a .226 batting average, was shortened by elbow surgery.

Pettitte returned to form in the 2005 season to help the Astros make their first trip to the World Series. His 2.39 ERA was a career-best, and second in the NL behind teammate Roger Clemens. He was also second in the league walks/9 IP (1.66) and LOB percentage (79.7%; a career best),[30] 3rd in sacrifice hits (15), fifth in wins (17), and eighth in winning percentage. (.654). He held left-handed batters, who over his career have outhit righties when batting against him, to a .200 batting average, had a career-best 4.17 SO/BB ratio.[31]

Pettitte went 14–13 with a 4.20 ERA during the 2006 season as the Astros missed the playoffs. He led the NL in starts (35), tied for seventh in pickoffs (4), and was eighth in double plays induced (26), and tenth in strikeouts (178) and batters faced (929).[citation needed]

New York Yankees (2007–2010)[edit]

After the 2006 season, Pettitte left the Astros, and signed a one-year, $16 million contract with the New York Yankees with a player option for 2008 worth $16 million. The Astros had offered Pettitte $12 million for a one year contract.[32] Pettitte won his 200th career game on September 19, 2007. In 2007 he led the American League in starts (34), was seventh in batters faced (916), and was 9th in innings pitched (215 13), finishing the regular season with a 15–9 win-loss record. He also had the 5th-lowest HR/9 innings pitched ratio in the AL (0.67).

After the season, Pettitte declined his 2008 option, becoming a free agent.[33] The Yankees offered Pettitte salary arbitration, and Pettite accepted the Yankees offer. He signed a one year, $16 million contract with the Yankees on December 12.[34]

Pettitte in 2009

On September 21, 2008, Pettitte was the last starting pitcher for the Yankees at Yankee Stadium. He recorded his 2,000th career strikeout in the second inning, striking out Baltimore Orioles catcher Ramon Hernandez. Pettitte led the Yankees in innings pitched in 2008 with 204. Over 14 seasons, Pettitte has averaged 158 strikeouts a season, the same number as he accumulated in 2008.[35]

Pettitte agreed to a one-year, $5.5 million contract with incentives on January 26, 2009. Based on incentives such as innings pitched and days on the active roster, Pettitte eventually earned $10.5 million for 2009. Pettitte began the 2009 season as the Yankees' fourth starter, behind CC Sabathia, A. J. Burnett, and Chien-Ming Wang, followed by Joba Chamberlain.[36]

Pettitte was the winning pitcher as the Yankees beat the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in Game 6 of the ALCS on October 25, 2009, to clinch the series and advance to the World Series against the Philadelphia Phillies. This brought his career total of series-clinching wins to five, breaking the record he previously shared with Roger Clemens, Catfish Hunter and Dave Stewart.[37]

Pettitte drove in his first postseason run during Game 3 of the World Series when he got a single to center field that scored Nick Swisher. He was the winning pitcher for that game. Pettitte pitched Game 6 of the 2009 World Series on three days of rest. Experts were critical of the decision to pitch the 37-year-old on short rest,[38][39] but Pettitte again was the winning pitcher in game 6 of the 2009 World Series, defeating the Philadelphia Phillies 7–3. He extended his record career total series-clinching wins to six, and extended his record for post-season career wins to 18. He became the first pitcher in Major League Baseball history to start and win three series-clinching playoff games in the same year. Derek Lowe also won three series in 2004, but with one of his wins coming in relief. Additionally, on September 27 against the Red Sox, Pettitte had been the winning pitcher in the division-clinching game.[40]

Pettitte pitching in 2010

Pettitte filed for free agency after the 2009 season.[41] He re-signed with the Yankees, receiving a one-year contract worth $11.75 million.[42] In the first half of the 2010 season, Pettitte went 11–2 with a 2.70 ERA, earning an appearance in the 2010 Major League Baseball All-Star Game.[43][44] He also won the Yankees.com mid-season Cy Young Award.[45] Pettitte finished the season with an 11–3 record and a 3.28 ERA, his lowest since 2005.[46]

New York Yankees (2012–2013)[edit]

After months of speculation about his future, Pettitte announced his retirement on February 4, 2011.[47] He spent the year away from professional baseball.

Pettitte agreed to join the Yankees in spring training in 2012 as a guest instructor. Stating that his return gave him "the itch", Pettitte signed a minor league contract with the Yankees worth $2.5 million on March 16, 2012.[48] Pettitte began the season in the minor leagues pitching in games for different affiliates to build his endurance and pitch count.[49] Pettitte returned on May 13, allowing 4 runs over 6 1/3 innings in a loss to the Seattle Mariners 6–2.[50] During a game against the Cleveland Indians on June 27, 2012, Pettitte was hit hard on his ankle by a ground ball. Shortly thereafter, it was announced that Pettitte had a fractured left fibula and missed over two months. Pettitte returned on September 19, 2012 against the Blue Jays pitching five scoreless innings. He finished the season with a 5–4 record and a 2.87 ERA in 12 games started. He also made two postseason appearances.[51]

Pettitte resigned with the Yankees for the 2013 season, agreeing to a one-year, $12 million contract.[51] On May 17, 2013, Pettitte was put on the 15-day disabled list due to a strained left trapezius muscle. He was activated on June 3, 2013. On June 8, 2013, Pettitte recorded his 250th career win against the Seattle Mariners, becoming the 47th pitcher in Major League history to achieve as many wins.[52] On July 1, 2013, in a game against the Minnesota Twins, Pettitte struck out Justin Morneau, thereby passing Whitey Ford as the Yankees all-time strikeout leader with 1,958.[53] He struck out his 2,000th batter as a Yankee on September 6.[54]

Pettitte announced on September 20 that he would retire at the end of the season.[55] Teammate Mariano Rivera convinced him to announce it before the end of the season. Pettitte made his last regular season start at Yankee Stadium, on September 22.[56] Pettitte's last major league start, on September 28 against the Astros in Houston, tied Ford for the most games started in Yankees history (438). Pettitte pitched a complete game, receiving the victory.[57] The Astros honored his career during the game.[58]

Career perspective[edit]

Pettitte won 20 games in a season twice, posting 21–8 records in 1996 and 2003. He was part of seven American League pennant-winning teams, one National League pennant-winning team and five World Series championship teams. He holds the record for most wins in postseason history with 19. He is the only MLB pitcher since 1930 to win at least 12 games in each of his first nine seasons.

Pettitte pitching in 2008

For his career, Pettitte had a 256–153 win-loss record with a 3.85 ERA and 2,448 strikeouts in 3,316 innings. He also never had a losing season in the major leagues. Among Yankees pitchers, Pettitte ranks first in strikeouts (2,020), tied-first in games started (438), and third in wins (219).[59] Pettitte and Rivera have combined for a record 81 (11 in the playoffs) win-save combinations, the most in history.[60] They, along with teammates Derek Jeter and Jorge Posada, have been noted as the "Core Four", as they were teammates for the five World Series won by the Yankees between 1996–2009. During the period from 1995–2010, no major league pitcher accumulated more regular season victories than Pettitte did. His 148 wins from 2000 to 2009 were the most of the decade.[61]

Pettitte was 19–10 with a 3.83 ERA and 173 strikeouts in the postseason (1995–2003, 2005, 2007, 2009–2010), with the most postseason wins in MLB history. He also holds the all-time postseason record for most starts (42) and innings pitched in the postseason (263). He was the second starting pitcher in history to win three series-clinching games (ALDS, ALCS and World Series) in the same postseason (2009). Derek Lowe did the same in 2004, but with one of the wins in relief, and additionally, Pettitte won the regular game in which the Yankees clinched the division. When Pettitte started Game 3 of the 2009 World Series, he passed Christy Mathewson and Waite Hoyt, with the second most World Series starts. Whitey Ford is in front with 22 starts. Pettitte has played in 8 different World Series (7 with the Yankees, and one with the Astros), and been on the winning end of 19 postseason series – both of which are tops among active players. Andy Pettitte's final postseason appearance was on Saturday, October 13, 2012 which was game one of the 2012 ALCS. Pettitte received a no decision in the game which the Yankees would lose in 12 innings.

Awards[edit]

Pettitte with the Yankees
Award / Honor Time(s) Date(s)
American League All-Star 3 1996, 2001, 2010
Greater Houston Area Major League Player of the Year
from the Houston Chapter of the Baseball Writers Association of America
2 1996, 2003
ALCS Most Valuable Player 1 2001
Warren Spahn Award 1 2003
Good Guy Award, from the New York Sports Photographers 1 1996
Yankees Mid Season Cy Young Award[45] 1 2010

Pitching style[edit]

Pettitte throws a four-seam fastball, a cutter, a curveball, a sinker, a changeup to right-handed batters, and a slider.[62] His out pitch is a cutter at 84–88 mph with good inside break on right-handed batters, resulting in a lot of ground ball outs and double plays.[63] Before his original 2011 retirement, his fastball was measured in the lower 90s and his curveball was about 74–76 mph. As a left-handed pitcher, Pettitte has an exceptional pickoff move to first base, allowing him to record 100 career pickoffs.[64]

Personal life[edit]

Pettitte met his wife Laura in high school. They have four children; Joshua Blake, Jared, Lexy Grace, and Luke. Pettitte and his wife are devout Christians.[65] Josh was selected by the Yankees in the 37th round of the 2013 MLB Draft, but enrolled at Baylor University rather than sign a professional contract.[66]

Performance-enhancing drugs[edit]

On September 30, 2006 the Los Angeles Times reported that former relief pitcher Jason Grimsley, during a June 6, 2006 federal raid by federal agents investigating steroids in baseball, named Pettitte as a user of performance enhancing drugs.[67] The Times reported that Pettitte was one of five names blacked out in an affidavit filed in federal court.[67] Grimsley had told investigators that he got amphetamines, anabolic steroids, and human growth hormone (HGH) from someone (later named as Kirk Radomski) recommended to him by former Yankees trainer Brian McNamee, who is a personal strength coach for Roger Clemens and Pettitte.[67] However, on October 3, 2006, the Washington Post reported that San Francisco United States attorney Kevin Ryan said that the Los Angeles Times report contained "significant inaccuracies."[68] Contrary to the initial LA Times report, neither the name of Clemens nor Pettitte appeared in the affidavit submitted by Grimsley.[69]

Pettitte was one of several Yankees named in the Mitchell Report, released on December 13, 2007. Mitchell and his staff received the information on Pettitte from McNamee, who told them he injected Pettitte with HGH on 2–4 occasions in 2002 so that he would heal from an elbow injury quicker.[70] Pettitte verified McNamee's claim, admitting to using the HGH on two occasions in 2002, as it was meant to help heal an injury, and not to enhance his performance. Pettitte said he felt an obligation to return to the team as quickly as possible. He denied any further usage of HGH during his career; he also denied use of steroids or any other performance-enhancing drug.[71]

On February 13, 2008, in an affidavit made public as part of a hearing before the U.S. House of Representatives' Committee on Oversight and Governmental Reform, Pettitte admitted to additional injections of HGH twice in one day in 2004, using HGH obtained via prescription for his seriously ill father. Also in this affidavit Pettitte recalled being told by former Yankees teammate Clemens in 1999 or 2000 that Clemens had recently received injections of HGH. Clemens claimed during the noted hearing that Pettitte "misremembered" Clemens's 1999/2000 HGH remark, alleging that what Pettitte really heard was Clemens's reporting of his wife's use of HGH at that time, though earlier during this same hearing Clemens denied knowing of any use of HGH by his wife. McNamee corroborated Pettitte's recollection of events.

On February 18, 2008, Pettitte reported to Yankees spring training and apologized to both Yankees and Astros fans for his past drug use. In the press conference, he said the performance-enhancing-drug scandal has put a "strain" on his relationship with Clemens, his close friend and former teammate.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
David Cone
New York Yankees Opening Day starting pitcher
1998
Succeeded by
Roger Clemens