Bangka–Belitung Islands

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Bangka–Belitung Islands Province
Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
邦加-勿里洞省
Province
Downtown Pangkal Pinang, the largest town of the province
Downtown Pangkal Pinang, the largest town of the province
Flag of Bangka–Belitung Islands Province
Flag
Official seal of Bangka–Belitung Islands Province
Seal
Motto: Serumpun Sebalai (Malay)
(The same root, the same place)
Location of Bangka–Belitung in Indonesia
Location of Bangka–Belitung in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117
Country Indonesia
Capital Pangkal Pinang
Government
 • Governor Rustam Effendi
Area
 • Total 16,424.14 km2 (6,341.40 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 1,223,048
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Malays (60%), Chinese (24%), Javanese (4%), Buginese (3%), Madurese (1%), Sundanese (1%)
 • Religion Muslim (72%), Buddhist (9.24%), Confucianism (5.25%), Protestantism (3.8%), Roman Catholicism (1.2%), Hindu (0.09%)[2]
 • Languages Indonesian, Malay, Hakka (Chinese)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.babelprov.go.id

The Bangka–Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung) or (Chinese: 邦加-勿里洞省) is a province of Indonesia, previously a part of South Sumatra Province. Lying off Sumatra, the province comprises two main islands, Bangka and Belitung, and several smaller ones. In 2010 its population was 1,223,048.[1] The capital is Pangkal Pinang.

The Bangka Strait separates Sumatra and Bangka, and the Gaspar Strait separates Bangka and Belitung. The South China Sea is to the north, the Java Sea is to the south, and the province is separated from Borneo in the east by the Karimata Strait.

History[edit]

The first Chinese workers who came to Indonesia were mainly men. They began assimilating with local people and intermarriages followed, residents coexisting peacefully in spite of differences in religion and ethnicity. When anti-Chinese riots occurred in some parts of Indonesia in 1998 at the end of the Soeharto regime, local people and those of Chinese descent lived peacefully in the Bangka Belitung province.[3]

The province was formerly part of South Sumatra, but became a separate province along with Banten and Gorontalo in 2000.

Economy[edit]

These islands are the largest producer of tin in Indonesia. white pepper is also produced.

Health[edit]

According to the Indonesian Health Department, Bangka Belitung is highly malarious area. The annual malaria incidence rate in Bangka Belitung is reported as 29.3/1000 population.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bangka-Belitung is divided into six regencies and one city, below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census and at the most recent (January 2014) estimates.

Name Area
(km2)
Population
Estimate 2005
Population
Census 2010
Population
2014 Estimate
Capital
Pangkal Pinang (city) 118.80 145,945 174,838 159,689 Pangkal Pinang
Bangka Regency 2,950.69 246,579 277,193 312,886 Sungailiat
West Bangka Regency (Bangka Barat) 2,820.61 147,855 175,110 164,555 Muntok
South Bangka Regency (Bangka Selatan) 3,607.08 148,912 172,476 164,867 Toboali
Central Bangka Regency (Bangka Tengah) 2,126.36 133,380 161,075 152,645 Koba
Total Bangka 11,623.54 822,671 960,692 954,642
Belitung Regency 2,293.69 132,777 155,925 176,041 Tanjung Pandan
East Belitung Regency (Belitung Timur) 2,506.91 87,380 106,432 95,827 Manggar
Total Belitung 4,800.60 220,157 262,357 271,868

Tourism[edit]

Bangka Belitung Islands have many beaches and smaller islands with beaches having blue sea waters, coral reefs, white sand, and giant granite rock formations which have attracted tourists from around the world. The most well known beaches in Bangka Island are Matras, Parai, Tanjung Pesona, Batu Bedaun, Remodong, Pasir Padi, Tanjung Kelian, Rebo, and Telok Uber Beach. Whereas Belitung Island beaches are Tanjung Kiras Beach, Tanjung Pendam Beach, Tanjung Tinggi Beach, Tanjung Kelayang Beach, Tanjung Binga fisherman village Beach, Panyaeran Beach, Tanjung kubu Beach, Gembira Bay and Tanjung Ru Beach, which are the sites for diving, scuba, snorkeling, fishing and sailing.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2000 900,197 —    
2010 1,223,296 +35.9%
Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Central Bureau of Statistics: Census 2010, retrieved 17 January 2011 (Indonesian)
  2. ^ Indonesia - Population by Region and Religion
  3. ^ "Heaven on earth in Bangka Belitung". February 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ Indonesia Health Map 2007, Department of Health, Government of Indonesia.
  5. ^ http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/71131/swb-2011-to-become-biggest-international-marine-event

Further reading[edit]

  • Somers Heidhues, Mary F.(1992)Bangka tin and Mentok pepper : Chinese settlement on an Indonesian island Singapore : Social Isuues in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-3035-99-4