North Sulawesi

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North Sulawesi
Sulawesi Utara
Flag of North Sulawesi
Official seal of North Sulawesi
Motto: Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou (Minahasan)
(Human purpose in life is to nurture and educate others)
Location of North Sulawesi in Indonesia
Location of North Sulawesi in Indonesia
Coordinates: 1°15′N 124°50′E / 1.250°N 124.833°E / 1.250; 124.833Coordinates: 1°15′N 124°50′E / 1.250°N 124.833°E / 1.250; 124.833
Country Indonesia
Capital Manado
 • Governor Sinyo Harry Sarundajang
 • Total 13,851.64 km2 (5,348.15 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 2,382,941
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Minahasan, Mongondow, Sangirese, Talaud, Gorontaloan, Bugis, Javanese
 • Religion Protestantism (63.6%), Islam (30.9%), Roman Catholicism (4.4%), Hinduism (0.58%), Buddhism (0.14%), Confucianism (0.02%)
 • Languages Indonesian (official)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)

North Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northern tip of the island of Sulawesi, on the Minahasa Peninsula. The province’s capital and largest city is Manado, and its population was 2,270,596 according to the 2010 census;[2] the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,382,941.


North Sulawesi recorded 2,265,937 people in the decennial 2010 Census, with 1,157,551 males and 1,108,378 females, growing at 1.41% over the previous census.[3] The slowest growing regency was that of the Sangihe Islands. In 2010, about 68% were Christian (predominantly Protestant with a sizable Catholic minority), one of the few exceptions in the predominantly Muslim Indonesia, due to the prominent Dutch missionary activity during the colonial era. Also, because the Muslim-majority region of Gorontalo (then comprising a city and two regencies) was split off to form a new province in 2000. There are also Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist minorities. The largest ethnic groups are the Minahasan in the north of the province and the Mongondow to the south. The province's chief city is Manado with population of 430,790 people in 2014.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1971 1,718,543 —    
1980 2,115,384 +23.1%
1990 2,478,119 +17.1%
1995 2,649,093 +6.9%
2000 2,012,098 −24.0%
2010 2,265,937 +12.6%
2014 2,382,941 +5.2%
Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2011.
The decline in 2000 is due to the separation of Gorontalo Province.

Administrative areas[edit]

North Sulawesi is divided into eleven regencies (Indonesian: kabupaten) and four independent cities (Indonesian: kotamadya), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest official estimate (for January 2014).

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Estimate 2014
Talaud Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Talaud)
83,441 87,562 Melonguane
Sangihe Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Sangihe)
126,133 132,339 Tahuna
Sitaro Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Siau Tagulandang Biaro)
275.96 63,543 66,958 Ondong Siau
Northern (islands) sector 273,117 286,859
Manado (city) 157.26 408,354 430,790
Bitung (city) 187,932 196,936
Tomohon (city) 114.20 91,592 96,083
Minahasa Regency 309,876 325,741 Tondano
North Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Utara)
188,467 198,251 Airmadidi
South Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Selatan)
195,087 205,229 Amurang
Southeast Minahasa Regency
(Minahasa Tenggara)
100,305 105,413 Ratahan
Central (Minahasa) sector 1,481,613 1,558,443 Tondano
Kotamobagu (city) 107,216 112,776
Bolaang Mongondow Regency 213,223 224,047 Kotamobagu
North Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Utara)
70,629 74,191 Boroko
South Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Selatan)
56,546 59,821 Molibagu
East Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Timur)
63,593 66,803 Tutuyan
Southern (Bolaang Mongondow) sector 511,207 537,638

Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries[edit]

There are 5 Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries in North Sulawesi and all are under government jurisdiction:[4]

  • Batuputih (Whitestone) Nature Tourist Park is 64 kilometers from Manado with 615 hectares area. With white sandy beach tourists can also see Monyet hitam (Macaca nigra), Tangkasi (Tarsius spectrum), Burung Rangkong (Rhyticeros cassidix) and Burung Rajaudang (Kingfisher).
  • Batuangus Nature Tourist Park is 65 kilometers from Manado or 3 hours drive, but just 45 minutes from Whitestone Nature Tourist Park with 635 hectares area. From the peak of Batuangus Mount we can see Bitung city.
  • Karakelang Island Animal Sanctuary in Talaud Islands is 15 hours sailing from Manado by speedboat or ferry has 24,669 hectares area. The endemic birds are Sampiri (Eos histrio), Rajaudang talaud (Halcyon enigma), Kareo talaud (Amarournis magnirostris) and Mandar talaud (Gymnocrex talautensis).
  • Manembo-nembo Animal Sanctuary is 100 kilometers from Manado or 90 minutes drive with 5,426 hectares area. The location is habitat for Rhyticeros cassidix, Kingfisher, Burung Kakatua putih, Macaca nigra, Kuskus (Phalanger celebensis), Rusa (Cervus timorensis), etc.
  • Nantu Animal Sanctuary has 31,125 hectares area can be reach in 4 hours drive plus 3 hours by boat. We can see salt lick in a dried pond by Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) and Anoa. The others can be seen at other areas are Celeng (Sus celebensis), Tarsius spectrum, Monyet dige (Macaca hecki), Rubah sulawesi (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii), Rhyticeros cassidix, and other birds.


External links[edit]