|Motto: Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou (Minahasan)
(Human purpose in life is to nurture and educate others)
Location of North Sulawesi in Indonesia
|• Governor||Sinyo Harry Sarundajang|
|• Total||13,851.64 km2 (5,348.15 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (450/sq mi)|
|• Ethnic groups||Minahasan, Mongondow, Sangirese, Talaud, Gorontaloan, Bugis, Javanese|
|• Religion||Protestantism (63.6%), Islam (30.9%), Roman Catholicism (4.4%), Hinduism (0.58%), Buddhism (0.14%), Confucianism (0.02%)|
|• Languages||Indonesian (official)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
North Sulawesi (Indonesian: Sulawesi Utara) is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northern tip of the island of Sulawesi, on the Minahasa Peninsula. The province’s capital and largest city is Manado, and its population was 2,270,596 according to the 2010 census; the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 2,382,941. Motto: "Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou" (Minahasan), translated in English: "Human purpose in life is to nurture and educate others".
North Sulawesi recorded 2,270,596 people in the decennial 2010 Census, with 1,157,551 males and 1,108,378 females, growing at 1.41% over the previous census. The slowest growing regency was that of the Sangihe Islands. In 2010, about 68% were Christian (predominantly Protestant with a sizable Catholic minority), one of the few exceptions in the predominantly Muslim Indonesia, due to the prominent Dutch missionary activity during the colonial era. Also, because the Muslim-majority region of Gorontalo (then comprising a city and two regencies) was split off to form a new province in 2000. There are also Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist minorities. The largest ethnic groups are the Minahasan in the north of the province and the Mongondow to the south. The province's chief city is Manado with population of 430,790 people in 2014.
|Source: Badan Pusat Statistik 2011.
The decline in 2000 is due to the separation of Gorontalo Province.
North Sulawesi is divided into eleven regencies (Indonesian: kabupaten) and four independent cities (Indonesian: kotamadya), listed below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest official estimate (for January 2014).
|Talaud Islands Regency
|Sangihe Islands Regency
|Sitaro Islands Regency
(Kepulauan Siau Tagulandang Biaro)
|Northern (islands) sector||1,977.47||273,335||286,859|
|North Minahasa Regency
|South Minahasa Regency
|Southeast Minahasa Regency
|Central (Minahasa) sector||4,728.52||1,484,970||1,558,443|
|Bolaang Mongondow Regency||2,871.65||213,484||224,047||Kotamobagu|
|North Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Utara)
|South Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Selatan)
|East Bolaang Mongondow Regency
(Bolaang Mongondow Timur)
|Southern (Bolaang Mongondow) sector||7,145.75||512,291||537,638|
Proposed new province of Bolaang Mongondow Raya
On 25 October 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies and 8 new provinces; one of the proposed provinces is Bolaang Mongondow Raya in North Sulawesi. If the bill is approved, this will comprise Kotamobagu City and the four regencies following it in the table above.
Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries
There are 5 Nature Tourist Parks and Animal Sanctuaries in North Sulawesi and all are under government jurisdiction:
- Batuputih (Whitestone) Nature Tourist Park is 64 kilometers from Manado with 615 hectares area. With white sandy beach tourists can also see Monyet hitam (Macaca nigra), Tangkasi (Tarsius spectrum), Burung Rangkong (Rhyticeros cassidix) and Burung Rajaudang (Kingfisher).
- Batuangus Nature Tourist Park is 65 kilometers from Manado or 3 hours drive, but just 45 minutes from Whitestone Nature Tourist Park with 635 hectares area. From the peak of Batuangus Mount we can see Bitung city.
- Karakelang Island Animal Sanctuary in Talaud Islands is 15 hours sailing from Manado by speedboat or ferry has 24,669 hectares area. The endemic birds are Sampiri (Eos histrio), Rajaudang talaud (Halcyon enigma), Kareo talaud (Amarournis magnirostris) and Mandar talaud (Gymnocrex talautensis).
- Manembo-nembo Animal Sanctuary is 100 kilometers from Manado or 90 minutes drive with 5,426 hectares area. The location is habitat for Rhyticeros cassidix, Kingfisher, Burung Kakatua putih, Macaca nigra, Kuskus (Phalanger celebensis), Rusa (Cervus timorensis), etc.
- Nantu Animal Sanctuary has 31,125 hectares area can be reach in 4 hours drive plus 3 hours by boat. We can see salt lick in a dried pond by Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa) and Anoa. The others can be seen at other areas are Celeng (Sus celebensis), Tarsius spectrum, Monyet dige (Macaca hecki), Rubah sulawesi (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii), Rhyticeros cassidix, and other birds.
- http://sulut.bps.go.id/terkinipenduduk2.cfm Accessed July 26, 2007.
- Penduduk - BPS Sulut
- Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
- "Surga alam yang tersembunyi di utara Indonesia. Sulawesi Utara". November 3, 2013.