Cinema of Morocco

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Cinema of Morocco
Cinéma Rif Essaouira - auteur Mario Scolas.JPG
Cinema Rif Essaouira
Number of screens 68 (2011)[1]
 • Per capita 0.2 per 100,000 (2011)[1]
Main distributors Megarama
Magreb Modern Films
Younes[2]
Produced feature films (2011)[3]
Fictional 23
Animated -
Documentary 1
Number of admissions (2012)[5]
Total 2,011,294
 • Per capita 0.08 (2010)[4]
National films 681,341 (33.8%)
Gross Box Office (2012)[5]
Total MAD 69.2 million
National films MAD 19.3 million (27.8%)

The cinema of Morocco refers to the film industry in Morocco.

History[edit]

Cinema in Morocco has a long history, stretching back over a century to the filming of Le chevrier Marocain ("The Moroccan Goatherd") by Louis Lumière in 1897. Between that time and 1944, many foreign movies were shot in the country, especially in the Ouarzazate area.

In 1944, the Moroccan Cinematographic Center (CCM), the nation's film regulatory body, was established. Studios were also opened in Rabat.

In 1952, Orson Welles' Othello won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival under the Moroccan flag. However, the Festival's musicians did not play the Moroccan national anthem, as no one in attendance knew what it was.[6]

Six years later, Mohammed Ousfour would create the first Moroccan movie, Le fils maudit ("The Damned Son").

In 1968, the first Mediterranean Film Festival was held in Tangier. In its current incarnation, the event is held in Tetouan.

This was followed in 1982 with the first national festival of cinema, which was held in Rabat.

In 2001, the first International Film Festival of Marrakech (FIFM) was also held in Marrakech.

Film industry in Morocco[edit]

Directors[edit]

Morocco has known a first generation of directors in the 70s-90s. They participated to the development of film industry in Morocco. Notable film makers are Hamid Bénani (Wechma, Traces, 1970), Souheil Ben Barka (Les Mille et une Mains, 1974), Moumen Smihi (El Chergui ou le Silence violent, 1975), Ahmed El Maânouni (Alyam, Alyam, 1978 ; Transes (Al Hal), 1981; Les Cœurs brûlés, 2007), Jilali Ferhati (Poupées de roseau, 1981 ; La Plage des enfants perdus, 1991), Mustapha Derkaoui (Les Beaux Jours de Shéhérazade, 1982) ; Farida Benlyazd (Une porte sur le ciel, 1988), Saâd Chraïbi (Chronique d'une vie normale, 1990), Mohamed Abderrahmane Tazi (Badis, 1989 ; À la recherche du mari de ma femme, 1993), Abdelkader Lagtaâ (Un amour à Casablanca, 1992 ; La Porte close, 1998), Hakim Noury (Le Marteau et l'Enclume, 1990), Hassan Benjelloun (La Fête des autres, 1990)

More recently and since the year 2000 a new and younger generation are taking over.

Festivals[edit]

Comedians[edit]

Living in Morocco[edit]

Living in abroad (mainly France)[edit]

National structure[edit]

Union and professional organizations[edit]

The Moroccan Cinematographic Centre (Centre cinématographique marocain in French) is the main actor in the Moroccan film industry. Most other players are grouped into smaller trade associations

Recording studio[edit]

  • studios ATLAS (Ouarzazate)
  • studios KAN ZAMANE
  • studios CINEDINA (Soualem)
  • studios ESTER ANDROMEDA
  • CLA Studio (Ouarzazate)
  • studio CINECITTA (Ouarzazate)
  • Studios Marocains

Schools of cinema[edit]

  • École supérieure des arts visuels de Marrakech (ESAVM)
  • École de cinéma de Ouarzazate
  • Institut spécialisé du cinéma et de l'audiovisuel (ISCA) de Rabat
  • Institut supérieur des métiers de l'audiovisuel et du cinéma (ISMAC)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Table 8: Cinema Infrastructure - Capacity". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Table 6: Share of Top 3 distributors (Excel)". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Table 1: Feature Film Production - Genre/Method of Shooting". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Country profile: 2. Morocco" (PDF). Euromed Audiovisual. p. 114. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Bilan cinematographique 2012" (PDF). Centre Cinématographique Marocain. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.wellesnet.com/filming_othello.htm

Further reading[edit]

  • Kevin Dwyer, "Morocco: A National Cinema with Large Ambitions" in: Josef Gugler (ed.) Film in the Middle East and North Africa: Creative Dissidence, University of Texas Press and American University in Cairo Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0-292-72327-6, ISBN 978-9-774-16424-8, pp 325-348

External links[edit]