Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
|Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
Граждани за европейско развитие на България
|Founded||December 3, 2006|
|Membership (2013)||≈ 70,000 |
|Political position||Centre-right to Right-wing|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Politics of Bulgaria
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Граждани за европейско развитие на България, Grazhdani za evropeysko razvitie na Balgariya), abbreviated GERB (Bulgarian: ГЕРБ, the word "герб", which is "ГЕРБ" spelled lowercase, meaning "coat of arms"), is a Bulgarian conservative political party established on March 13, 2006.
GERB is headed by Boyko Borisov, a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria, former mayor of Sofia and former member of the National Movement Simeon II. The establishment of the party followed the creation of a non-profit organization with the acronym (in Bulgarian) GERB — Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria, earlier the same year. The name of the party is not stated to be an acronym, but is spelled in all caps nonetheless.
In early January 2007, and early February 2007, the party came second in public polls on party support with around 14%, trailing the Bulgarian Socialist Party which had around 25%. Its stated priorities are fighting crime and corruption, preserving family as the cornerstone of society and achieving energy independence.
GERB won the 2009 European Parliament election in Bulgaria with 24.36% of the vote. The party elected five MEPs and joined the European People's Party-European Democrats Group in the European Parliament (in the EPP section). On June 6, 2007 GERB applied formally to join as a member-party the European People's Party and joined EPP on February 7, 2008.
GERB won the 2009 parliamentary elections, held a month after the European ballot, winning 39.7% of the popular vote and 117 seats (out of 240). After the elections, a new government was formed, led by Borisov, exclusively with GERB members.
GERB's candidates for the 2011 presidential election, Rosen Plevneliev and Margarita Popova (presidential nominee and running mate, respectively), won the elections on the second ballot with 52.6% of the popular vote.
GERB won the 2013 parliamentary elections with 97 seats, receiving 30.5% of the popular vote. This made GERB the first governing party to be re-elected in the history of the post-communist Bulgaria. However, with lack of support from the other parties and designated to form a new government, Borisov refused the offer and so GERB went in the opposition.
In December 2013, one of the GERB's MPs left their parliamentary group, declaring that from now on he will be "unpredictable and independent". This changed the balance of forces in the National Assembly, as the governing BSP-DPS coalition has only half of the seats (120) and the two opposition parties (GERB and Attack) had the other half, allowing them to achieve a stalemate.
- language: Bulgarian, date: 9 July 2013 http://www.dnevnik.bg/bulgaria/2013/07/09/2099770_deputatut_ot_gerb_plamen_nunev_niama_razceplenie_v/
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2011). "Bulgaria". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- Hope, Kerin; Troev, Theodor (June 10, 2009). "Populist promises to clean up Bulgaria". Financial Times. Retrieved December 19, 2011.(registration required)
- Novaković, Igor (2010). ""European" and "Extreme" Populists in the Same Row – the New Government of the Republic of Bulgaria" (PDF). Western Balkans Security Observer (ISAC Fund) (17): 63–73. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Cristova, Christiana (2010). "Populism: the Bulgarian case" (PDF). Sociedade e Cultura (Goiânia) 13 (2): 221–232. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Chary, Frederick B. (2011), The History of Bulgaria, Greenwood, p. xxvi, 173
- Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (19 May 2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. pp. 78–. ISBN 978-3-642-19414-6.
- Smilov, Daniel; Jileva, Elena (2009), "The politics of Bulgarian citizenship: National identity, democracy and other uses", Citizenship Policies in the New Europe (Amsterdam University Press): 229
- Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2012), At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party, Springer, p. 78
- "Grazdani za Evropeisko Razvitie na Balgarija". European People's Party. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Socialists Lead GERB in Bulgarian Politics: Angus Reid Global Monitor". Angus Reid Public Opinion. Vision Critical. Retrieved October 10, 2008.[dead link]
- "Socialists Gain, GERB Second in Bulgaria: Angus Reid Global Monitor". Angus Reid Public Opinion. Vision Critical. Retrieved October 10, 2008.[dead link]
- "Лидерът на ПП ГЕРБ е на двудневно посещение в Брюксел". ГЕРБ (in Bulgarian). June 6, 2007. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- "Bulgaria's GERB joins European People's Party". SEtimes.com. February 8, 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- The MP Who Left GERB Promises to be "Unpredictable and Independent"
- Official website (Bulgarian)
- Official website (English)
- GERB's page on the European People's Party website