Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
|Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria
Граждани за европейско развитие на България
|Founded||December 3, 2006|
|Membership (2013)||≈ 70,000 |
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Politics of Bulgaria
Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Граждани за европейско развитие на България, Grazhdani za evropeysko razvitie na Balgariya), abbreviated GERB (Bulgarian: ГЕРБ, the word "герб", which is "ГЕРБ" spelled lowercase, meaning "coat of arms"), is a Bulgarian centre-right political party established on March 13, 2006.
GERB is headed by Boyko Borisov, a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria (see, for example, the Novinite Bulgarian News website), former mayor of Sofia and former member of the National Movement Simeon II. The establishment of the party followed the creation of a non-profit organization with the acronym (in Bulgarian) GERB — Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria, earlier the same year. The name of the party is not stated to be an acronym, but is spelled in all caps nonetheless.
In early January 2007, and early February 2007, it came second in public polls on party support with around 14%, trailing the Bulgarian Socialist Party which had around 25%. Its stated priorities are fighting crime and corruption, preserving family as the cornerstone of society and achieving energy independence.
GERB won the Bulgarian parliamentary elections on July 5, 2009. According to the parallel vote counting, GERB had received 39.7% of the popular vote. After that elections, it was formed a new government, led by Borisov, with a fully GERB members composition.
GERB won the 2009 European Parliament election in Bulgaria with 24.36% of the vote. The party elected five MEPs and joined the European People's Party-European Democrats Group in the European Parliament (in the EPP section). On June 6, 2007 GERB applied formally to join as a member-party the European People's Party and joined EPP on February 7, 2008.
GERB won the Bulgarian parliamentary elections on May 12, 2013, obtaining a plurality, with 30.5% of the popular vote, and 97 MEP's elected, becoming the first government party re-elected in the history of the post-communist Bulgaria. However, designated to form a new government, Borisov refused the offer and GERB went in the opposition.
In December 2013, one of the GERB's MPs left their parliamentary group, declaring that from now on he will be "unpredictable and independent"; this changes the balance of forces in the 120-to-120 split Parliament.
- language: Bulgarian, date: 9 July 2013 http://www.dnevnik.bg/bulgaria/2013/07/09/2099770_deputatut_ot_gerb_plamen_nunev_niama_razceplenie_v/
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2011). "Bulgaria". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- Hope, Kerin; Troev, Theodor (June 10, 2009). "Populist promises to clean up Bulgaria". Financial Times. Retrieved December 19, 2011.(registration required)
- Novaković, Igor (2010). ""European" and "Extreme" Populists in the Same Row – the New Government of the Republic of Bulgaria" (PDF). Western Balkans Security Observer (ISAC Fund) (17): 63–73. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Cristova, Christiana (2010). "Populism: the Bulgarian case" (PDF). Sociedade e Cultura (Goiânia) 13 (2): 221–232. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- Chary, Frederick B. (2011), The History of Bulgaria, Greenwood, p. xxvi, 173
- Smilov, Daniel; Jileva, Elena (2009), "The politics of Bulgarian citizenship: National identity, democracy and other uses", Citizenship Policies in the New Europe (Amsterdam University Press): 229
- Jansen, Thomas; Van Hecke, Steven (2012), At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party, Springer, p. 78
- "Grazdani za Evropeisko Razvitie na Balgarija". European People's Party. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Socialists Lead GERB in Bulgarian Politics: Angus Reid Global Monitor". Angus Reid Public Opinion. Vision Critical. Retrieved October 10, 2008.[dead link]
- "Socialists Gain, GERB Second in Bulgaria: Angus Reid Global Monitor". Angus Reid Public Opinion. Vision Critical. Retrieved October 10, 2008.[dead link]
- "Лидерът на ПП ГЕРБ е на двудневно посещение в Брюксел". ГЕРБ (in Bulgarian). June 6, 2007. Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- "Bulgaria's GERB joins European People's Party". SEtimes.com. February 8, 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2008.
- "Bulgaria's GERB puts up popular minister for president". TrustLaw (Thomson Reuters Foundation). Reuters. September 4, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- The MP Who Left GERB Promises to be "Unpredictable and Independent"
- Official website (Bulgarian)
- Official website (English)
- GERB's page on the European People's Party website