Coorparoo Primary School
|• Density||2,820/km2 (7,300/sq mi)|
|Area||5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)|
|Location||4 km (2 mi) SE of CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Brisbane
(Holland Park Ward)
Coorparoo is a suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is located 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south-east of the CBD, and borders Camp Hill, Holland Park, Greenslopes, East Brisbane, Norman Park and Seven Hills.
Coorparoo was chosen as the name of the suburb at a public meeting on 22 March 1875, before which it was known as Four Mile Camp. The name Coorparoo is likely derived from an Aboriginal name for Norman Creek, probably recorded by early surveyors as Koolpuroom. The word is thought to refer to either a place associated with mosquitoes, or a sound made by the 'gentle dove'. The latter explanation appears doubtful though, as 'gentle dove' may mean the Spotted Dove, which was introduced to the area in 1912, long after the name Coorparoo was adopted.
The Coorparoo Clan lived south of the Brisbane River and generally camped along creeks. Their name comes from Kulpurum, which was the word for Norman Creek or a tributary of it. They continued to occupy watercourse campsites after white settlement, but other clans from the region began to move into South Brisbane.
In 1846 there were reports[by whom?] of Aborigines raiding produce along Norman Creek. In 1853, there was a fight between Ningy Ningy, Bribie Island, Amity Point, and Logan peoples at Norman Creek. A visitor in 1855 reported many camps and fishing spots between Stones Corner and the mouth of Norman Creek. In 1959 an eighty-year-old woman told of frequent corroborees on the banks of the creek in Norman Park. Corroborees were also held at a little creek that crossed Norfolk Street.
On 17 June 1856, ten farms were sold from the Parish of Bulimba near Stones Corner. Investors bought all but two of them. The next year James Warner surveyed land on the other side of the road for a second land auction.
Samuel Stevens donated two acres of his property near the junction of Cavendish and Old Cleveland Roads for use of a school. He declined the offer of naming the area "Steven's Town".
In 1876, the Coorparoo State School was opened and Frederick Robinson began offering public transport in a wagonette from Coorparoo Junction to Victoria Bridge. The 1880s land boom was a spur to profit from land. John Black was the first to subdivide land in the area in 1882 and later a variety of subdivisions were offered to the public. The construction of the bridge at Stanley Street (1886) and the development of the Stanley Bridge Estate made the area more attractive to purchasers. In 1887 the tramway was extended to Buranda, putting the western end of Coorparoo close to tram travel.
Coorparoo had been part of the Bulimba Divisional Board since 1879. However, in 1888, as a result of dissatisfaction with this situation, a petition was taken resulting in the creation of Shire of Coorparoo. A bridge was built at Burnetts Swamp (Stones Corner) and important road improvements took place. Development was taking off. In 1889 there were 2,500 people in the shire.
The floods of 1889 and 1893 hit the low-lying areas of Coorparoo. The flooding combined with the 1890s depression slowed development in the area. In 1900 there were actually fewer houses than there had been ten years earlier. The settlement was dense from Stones Corner to Kirkland Avenue (originally named Wecker Street but it was changed in 1914 in the wake of anti-German sentiment), but further out it was mainly bush with a few isolated farms and houses. The only major industry was the brickworks of Abraham James at St Leonards Street, which employed eighty men in the 1880s.
After World War I, land prices increased as property sales boomed. Coorparoo did not really begin to expand again until the tram service was extended to Stones Corner in 1902 and Coorparoo Junction in 1915. The number of houses increased from 613 in 1911 to 1,467 ten years later. Development in Coorparoo had taken off.
71.4% of people living in Coorparoo were born in Australia, with the next most common countries of birth being New Zealand (3.7%), England (3%), India (2.9%), the Philippines (0.7%), and China (0.6%). 80.2% of people spoke English as their first language, while the other most common responses were Spanish (1%), Greek (1%), Hindi (0.8%), Mandarin (0.8%), and Italian (0.7%).
Coorparoo is home of the Eastern Suburbs District Rugby League Football Club who play their home games at Langlands Park. Langlands Park regularly hosts training sessions for the Queensland and Australian Rugby League teams when they are playing in Brisbane.
The Brisbane Lions train during the week at Giffin Park, also in Coorparoo.
Coorparoo has a range of distinctive homes, buildings, and sites of interest, including:
- Spanish Mission Revival homes along Cavendish Road. This was a popular inter-war house style introduced from California.
- Ridgelands (1880s), built for the Blundell family
- Cardington (1880s) located at the corner of Norfolk Street and Cavendish Road. This residence was built by Thomas Howling who had purchased the allotments from early settler George Harden.
- Barston Place (1880) on Norfolk Street, built for Scottish born James Burstall and named after his birthplace.
- Coorparoo Shire Hall (1892) located at the corner of Cavendish Road and Halstead Street. The building is now owned by the Coorparoo RSL Club and is now known as the Coorparoo School of Arts.
- Restored Tram Post located at the corner of Old Cleveland and Cavendish Roads.
- Hatherton (1886). This elite residence was built for Reubin Nicklin who previously residence was called Langlands. Reubin and his wife Jane were drowned in the RMS Quetta disaster in 1890. The house has subsequently been extensively renovated and changed and is known as the "Queen Alexandra Home" having been used as a Methodist Home for children, teaching classrooms for the local TAFE College and more recently as a community centre.
- Chatsworth (1888), built for William Evans who worked at Stewarts of Stones Corner. Chatsworth Road is named after this residence.
- Langlands (1883), built for Reubin Nicklin. This building is located in the grounds of the present Villanova College and is the oldest surviving masonry residence in Coorparoo.
- Cavendish Road
- Kirkland Avenue. An affluent tree lined street offering sweeping panoramic views of the Brisbane CBD.
Coorparoo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Coorparoo Substation No. 210 (12 Main Avenue
- Coorparoo School of Arts and RSL Memorial Hall (208 Cavendish Road)
- former Coorparoo Fire Station (219 Cavendish Road)
- Queen Alexandra Home (347 Old Cleveland Road)
- "Place name details: COORPAROO". Government of Queensland (Department of Natural Resources and Mines). Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Coorparoo, Qld (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Coorparoo and Coorparoo Shire". Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Holland Park Ward". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
- "Local History - Coorparoo". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "From the News of 60 Years Ago.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia). 27 February 1936. p. 51. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- "Coorparoo". RE/MAX. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- "Coorparoo Substation No. 210 (entry 19619)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Coorparoo School of Arts and RSL Memorial Hall (entry 16790)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Coorparoo Fire Station (former) (entry 15344)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
- "Queen Alexandra Home (entry 14960)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coorparoo, Queensland.|
- University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Coorparoo and Coorparoo Shire
- Coorparoo Uniting Church history - founded 1886
- "Coorparoo". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- "Coorparoo". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2013.