Corby (UK Parliament constituency)

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Corby
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Corby in Northamptonshire.
Outline map
Location of Northamptonshire within England.
County Northamptonshire
Electorate 79,468 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983 (1983)
Member of Parliament Andy Sawford (Labour Party)
Created from Kettering and Wellingborough
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Corby is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since November 2012 by Andy Sawford of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created due to population increases in the county for the 1983 general election. Since creation it has been a marginal seat alternating between Labour and the Conservative representatives with marginal majorities relative to national averages on all but two occasions, the 1997 Labour landslide and the 2012 by-election emphatic victories have been won for Labour. This saw a new party's candidate enter the race and finish third, from UKIP, and the combined votes of which with the new Conservative candidate would have led to a marginal majority. On 6 August 2012, MP for the seat since 2010 Louise Mensch announced she was resigning, triggering a by-election to be held on 15 November 2012. Labour's Andy Sawford won, becoming the first Labour MP for the seat since Phil Hope was defeated in 2010, and only the second in the seat's history. This was Labour's first by-election win from a Conservative since the Wirral South by-election, 1997, won by Ben Chapman.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Kettering and Wellingborough. It is named after the town of Corby in Northamptonshire, and also covers most of the local government district of East Northamptonshire. The seat is a highly marginal contest between the Tories and Labour, with Labour's vote strongest in the town of Corby itself, against the solidly Conservative rural areas of East Northamptonshire.[2]

For the 2010 general election, the electoral wards used to create the modified constituency are;

  • The borough of Corby
  • The East Northamptonshire wards of Barnwell, Dryden, Fineshade, Irthlingborough, King’s Forest, Lower Nene, Lyveden, Oundle, Prebendal, Raunds Saxon, Raunds Windmill, Ringstead, Stanwick, Thrapston and Woodford.

The constituency is often called "Corby and East Northamptonshire", but the Parliamentary Constituencies Order[3] and Whitaker's Almanack both make it clear that its official name is "Corby".

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1983 William Powell Conservative
1997 Phil Hope Labour Co-operative
2010 Louise Mensch[5] Conservative
2012 by-election Andy Sawford Labour Co-operative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Andy Sawford
Conservative Tom Pursglove[6]
Corby by-election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Andy Sawford 17,267 48.4 +9.8
Conservative Christine Emmett 9,476 26.6 −15.6
UKIP Margot Parker 5,108 14.3 N/A
Liberal Democrat Jill Hope 1,770 4.96 −9.5
BNP Gordon Riddell 614 1.7 −3.0
English Democrats David Wickham 432 1.2 N/A
Green Jonathan Hornett 378 1.1 N/A
Independent Ian Gillman 212 0.6 N/A
Cannabis Law Reform Peter Reynolds 137 0.4 N/A
Elvis Loves Pets David Bishop 99 0.3 N/A
Independent Mr Mozzarella 73 0.2 N/A
Young People's Party Rohen Kapur 39 0.1 N/A
Democracy 2015 Adam Lotun 35 0.1 N/A
United People's Party Christopher Scotton 25 0.1 N/A
Turnout 35,665 44.8 −24.4
Majority 7,791 21.8
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing 12.67
General Election 2010: Corby[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Louise Mensch 22,886 42.2 +2.3
Labour Phil Hope 20,935 38.6 −4.5
Liberal Democrat Portia Wilson 7,834 14.5 +1.7
BNP Roy Davies 2,525 4.7 N/A
Majority 1,951 3.6
Turnout 54,180 69.2 +3.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 3.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Phil Hope 20,913 43.1 −6.2
Conservative Andrew Griffith 19,396 40.0 +2.7
Liberal Democrat David Radcliffe 6,184 12.7 +2.7
UKIP Ian Gillman 1,278 2.6 +0.8
Socialist Labour Steven Carey 499 1.0 −0.6
Independent John Morris 257 0.5
Majority 1,517 3.1
Turnout 47,727 65.6 +0.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing 4.5
General Election 2001: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Phil Hope 23,283 49.3 −6.1
Conservative Andrew Griffith 17,583 37.2 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Kevin Scudder 4,751 10.1 +2.6
UKIP Ian Gillman 855 1.8 +0.9
Socialist Labour Andrew Dickson 750 1.6 N/A
Majority 5,700 12.1
Turnout 47,222 65.0 −12.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing 5.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Phil Hope 29,888 55.4 +11.5
Conservative William Rhys Powell 18,028 33.4 −11.1
Liberal Democrat Ian Hankison 4,045 7.5 −2.7
Referendum Party Sebastian Riley-Smith 1,356 2.5 N/A
UKIP Ian Gillman 507 0.9 N/A
Natural Law Jane Bence 133 0.2 N/A
Majority 11,860 22.0
Turnout 53,957 77.9 −5.0
Labour Co-op gain from Conservative Swing +11.3
General Election 1992: Corby[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rhys Powell 25,203 44.5 +0.2
Labour Harry A. Feather 24,861 43.9 +3.0
Liberal Democrat Melvyn Roffe 5,792 10.2 −4.6
Liberal Ms. Judith I. Wood 784 1.4 N/A
Majority 342 0.6 −2.8
Turnout 56,640 82.9 +3.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rhys Powell 23,323 44.3 +1.7
Labour Harry A. Feather 21,518 40.9 +4.8
Liberal Glyn Whittington 7,805 14.8 −5.5
Majority 1,805 3.4 −3.1
Turnout 52,646 79.6 +2.1
Conservative hold Swing −1.5
General Election 1983: Corby
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Rhys Powell 20,827 42.6 N/A
Labour William Homewood 17,659 36.1 N/A
Liberal Glyn Whittington 9,905 20.3 N/A
Ecology Miss Rosy J. Stanning 505 1.0 N/A
Majority 3,168 6.5 N/A
Turnout 48,896 77.5 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ UK Polling Report Election Guide,Corby
  3. ^ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2007/1681/schedule/made order
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ Known at the time of her election as Louise Bagshawe.
  6. ^ http://www.conservatives.com/News/News_stories/2013/04/Tom_Pursglove_has_been_selected_for_Corby.aspx
  7. ^ Corby UKPolling
  8. ^ of Persons Nominated, Corby Borough Council
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Coordinates: 52°29′N 0°32′W / 52.48°N 0.53°W / 52.48; -0.53