Newark (UK Parliament constituency)

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Newark
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Newark in Nottinghamshire.
Outline map
Location of Nottinghamshire within England.
County Nottinghamshire
Electorate 72,407 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Newark-on-Trent and Southwell
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Robert Jenrick - Recently elected in by-election (Conservative)
Number of members One
1673–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Newark is a constituency[n 1] in Nottinghamshire, England. It is currently represented by Robert Jenrick of the Conservative Party, who won the seat in a by-election on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer in April 2014.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers large parts of the Newark and Sherwood district which encompasses the east of Nottinghamshire, as such includes the towns of Newark-on-Trent and Southwell, and the villages of Collingham and Sutton-on-Trent. It also covers parts of the Bassetlaw and Rushcliffe areas including Markham Moor and Bingham.

Latest boundary review[edit]

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the general election of 2010 since which it is formed from the following electoral wards:

  • East Markham, Rampton, and Tuxford and Trent from the district of Bassetlaw
  • Balderton North, Balderton West, Beacon, Bridge, Castle, Caunton, Collingham and Meering, Devon, Farndon, Lowdham, Magnus, Muskham, Southwell East, Southwell North, Southwell West, Sutton-on-Trent, Trent and Winthorpe from the district of Newark and Sherwood
  • Bingham East, Bingham West, Cranmer, Oak and Thoroton from the borough of Rushcliffe[2]

History[edit]

A parliamentary borough of the same name existed from 1673 to 1885, when it was replaced by a county division of the same name, the year of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Newark was the last borough to be added to the Unreformed House of Commons which took place in 1673, prior to the Reform Act 1832. It returned two representatives to Parliament from 1673 until 1885. The future Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, began his political career as Member of Parliament for Newark from 1832 to 1845.

More recently, the Labour Party held Newark (on substantially different boundaries to the present ones) from 1950 until 1979, when it was taken by the Conservatives' Richard Alexander. Alexander lost his seat during Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election. The victorious Labour candidate, Fiona Jones, was convicted of electoral fraud and expelled from the House of Commons in 1999 over misrepresented election expenses. The conviction was later overturned upon appeal and she returned to Parliament. However, Jones lost her seat at the 2001 general election to Patrick Mercer of the Conservatives, who held it until 2014.

Mercer held the position of Shadow Minister for Homeland Security from June 2003 until March 2007, when he was forced to resign following racially contentious comments made to The Times.[3]

The Newark constituency in 2010 lost the town of Retford to the Bassetlaw constituency (although Newark still has a smaller part of the Bassetlaw district), but gained land in and around Bingham from the Rushcliffe constituency.

Following an investigation by Commons authorities finding that Mr Mercer had engaged in paid lobbying, not properly reported the income or declared his interest, and repeatedly seriously denigrating other members, Patrick Mercer stepped down as MP for Newark on 30 April 2014.[4]

Constituency profile[edit]

Many towns are historic in architecture[5] with many well-preserved listed buildings[6] whereas much of the council housing in the constituency has been privately acquired and improved under the right to buy.[7] Nonetheless there is a significant minority of social housing but this dependency and the proportion of flats is lower than the national average across the three districts.[8]

Labour held the seat for one term following their 1997 landslide victory, but subsequent boundary changes have brought in more rural areas and made the seat more favourable towards the Conservatives who, until the results of the 2014 European elections, appeared to have a firm hold on the constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs before 1885[edit]

Election Member[9] Party[10][11] Member[9] Party
1673 Henry Savile Sir Paul Neile
1677 Sir Richard Rothwell
Feb 1679 Robert Leke Sir Robert Markham
Aug 1679 Sir Richard Rothwell
1685 Henry Savile Philip Darcy
1689 Lord Savile Nicholas Saunderson
1693 Sir Francis Molyneux, 4th Baronet
1695 Sir George Markham, 3rd Baronet
1698 James Saunderson
1700 John Rayner
Jan 1701 Sir George Markham, 3rd Baronet
Nov 1701 Sir Matthew Jenison James Saunderson
1705 John Digby
1708 Richard Sutton
1710 Sir Thomas Willoughby, 2nd Baronet Richard Newdigate
1712 Richard Sutton
1715 Conyers Darcy
1722 James Pelham
1738 by-election Lord William Manners
1741 Job Staunton Charlton
1754 John Manners
1761 Thomas Thoroton
1768 John Shelley
1774 George Manners-Sutton Henry Clinton
1780 Lord George Manners-Sutton
1783 by-election John Manners-Sutton
1784 Constantine John Phipps
1790 William Crosbie Tory
1796 Thomas Manners-Sutton Tory Mark Wood Tory
1802 Sir Charles Morice Pole
1805 by-election Henry Willoughby Tory
1806 Sir Stapleton Cotton, Bt
1814 by-election George Hay Dawkins-Pennant
1818 Sir William Henry Clinton Tory
1829 by-election Michael Thomas Sadler Tory
Feb 1831 by-election William Farnworth Handley Tory
May 1831 Thomas Wilde Whig
1832 William Ewart Gladstone Tory
1835 Thomas Wilde Whig
1841 Lord John Manners Conservative
1846 by-election John Stuart Conservative
1847 John Manners-Sutton Conservative
1852 Granville Harcourt-Vernon Conservative
1857 Earl of Lincoln Liberal John Handley Liberal
1859 Grosvenor Hodgkinson Liberal
1865 Lord Arthur Pelham-Clinton Liberal
1868 Edward Denison Liberal
1870 by-election Samuel Boteler Bristowe Liberal
1874 Thomas Earp Liberal
1880 William Newzam Nicholson Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1885 Viscount Newark Conservative
1895 Harold Heneage Finch-Hatton Conservative
1898 by-election Viscount Newark Conservative
1900 by-election Sir Charles Glynne Earle Welby, Bt Conservative
1906 John Ralph Starkey Conservative
1922 Marquess of Titchfield Conservative
1943 by-election Sidney Shephard Conservative
1950 George Deer Labour
1964 Edward Stanley Bishop Labour
1979 Richard Alexander Conservative
1997 Fiona Jones Labour
2001 Patrick Mercer Conservative
2013 Independent
2014 by-election Robert Jenrick Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

By-Election 2014: Newark[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Jenrick 17,431 45.0 -8.9
UKIP Roger Helmer 10,028 25.9 +22.1
Labour Michael Payne 6,842 17.7 -4.6
Independent Paul Baggaley 1,891 4.9 N/A
Green David Kirwan 1,057 2.7 N/A
Liberal Democrat David Watts 1,004 2.6 -17.4
Monster Raving Loony Nick The Flying Brick 168 0.4 N/A
Independent Andy Hayes 117 0.3 N/A
Bus-Pass Elvis Party David Bishop 87 0.2 N/A
Common Good Dick Rodgers 64 0.2 N/A
Patriotic Socialist Party Lee Woods 18 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,403 19.1
Turnout 38,707 52.79
General Election 2010: Newark[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Patrick Mercer 27,590 53.9 +3.4
Labour Ian Campbell 11,438 22.3 −6.0
Liberal Democrat Pauline Jenkins 10,246 20.0 +1.6
UKIP Rev Major Tom Irvine 1,954 3.8 +1.0
Majority 16,152 31.5
Turnout 51,228 71.4 +8.0
Conservative hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Patrick Mercer 21,946 48.0 +1.5
Labour Jason Reece 15,482 33.9 −3.6
Liberal Democrat Stuart Thompstone 7,276 15.9 +2.7
UKIP Charlotte Creasy 992 2.2 N/A
Majority 6,464 14.1
Turnout 45,696 63.2 −0.3
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
General Election 2001: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Patrick Mercer 20,983 46.5 +7.1
Labour Fiona Jones 16,910 37.5 −7.8
Liberal Democrat David Harding-Price 5,970 13.2 +1.8
Independent Donald Haxby 822 1.8 N/A
Socialist Alliance Ian Thomson 462 1.0 N/A
Majority 4,073 9.0
Turnout 45,147 63.5 -10.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Fiona Jones 23,496 45.2
Conservative Richard Alexander 20,480 39.4
Liberal Democrat Peter Harris 5,960 11.5
Referendum Party Graham Creedy 2,035 3.9 N/A
Majority 3,016
Turnout 74.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Newark[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Alexander 28,494 50.4 −3.1
Labour DH Barton 20,265 35.8 +8.1
Liberal Democrat PRB Harris 7,342 13.0 −5.8
Green Ms. PA Wood 435 0.8 N/A
Majority 8,229 14.6 −11.3
Turnout 56,536 82.2 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing −5.6

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Alexander 28,070 53.54
Labour D Barton 14,527 27.71
Social Democrat GA Emerson 9,833 18.75
Majority 13,543 25.83
Turnout 77.61
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Alexander 26,334 53.83
Labour J McGuiggan 12,051 24.63
Social Democrat S Thompstone 10,076 20.60
Ecology P Hewis 463 0.95
Majority 14,283 29.19
Turnout 76.43
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Alexander 27,711 45.95
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 25,960 42.95
Liberal J Baker 6,773 11.21
Majority 1,751 2.90
Turnout 79.94
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 26,598 47.89
Conservative DH Cargill 20,827 37.50
Liberal IGM Jones 8,116 14.61
Majority 5,771 10.39
Turnout 77.85
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 31,586 53.83
Conservative DH Cargill 27,089 46.17
Majority 4,497 7.66
Turnout 82.96
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 26,455 51.18
Conservative DG Allen 25,235 48.82
Majority 1,220 2.36
Turnout 76.03
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 27,402 56.72
Conservative P Jenkin-Jones 20,913 43.28
Majority 6,489 13.43
Turnout 81.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Stanley Bishop 26,171 54.36
Conservative P Jenkin-Jones 21,975 45.64
Majority 4,196 8.72
Turnout 83.15
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Deer 24,072 51.91
Conservative P Jenkin-Jones 22,300 48.09
Majority 1,772 3.82
Turnout 84.94
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Deer 23,057 52.43
Conservative RH Watson 20,916 47.57
Majority 2,141 4.87
Turnout 83.51
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Deer 30,476 57.19
Conservative RH Watson 22,817 42.81
Majority 7,659 14.37
Turnout 85.47
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Deer 28,959 54.20
Conservative Sidney Shephard 21,522 40.28
Liberal EH Pickering 2,950 5.52
Majority 7,437 13.92
Turnout 88.08
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sidney Shephard 18,580 45.09
Labour Hugh Champion de Crespigny 17,448 42.35
Liberal HF Calladine 5,175 12.56
Majority 1,132 2.75
Turnout 73.11
Conservative hold Swing
Newark by-election, 1943
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sidney Shephard 20,120
Independent Alan Dawrant 7,110
Common Wealth Edward Moeran 3,189
Independent Liberal J. T. Pepper 2,473
Majority 13,010
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marquess of Titchfield 21,793 62.41
Labour AW Sharman 13,127 37.59
Majority 8,666 24.82
Turnout 69.92
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Newark
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Marquess of Titchfield 25,445 70.13
Labour JR Bellerby 10,840 29.87
Majority 14,605 40.25
Turnout 75.93
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ Byers, David (8 March 2007). "Exclusive Tory frontbencher sparks race row with black bastards gibe". The Times (London). 
  4. ^ "Former Tory MP Mercer resigns after Commons suspension". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Newark Conservative: Patrick Mercer". The Guardian (London). 
  6. ^ Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
  7. ^ 2001 Census
  8. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  9. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  10. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 215–6. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. 
  11. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  12. ^ "Newark by-election candidate names confirmed". BBC News. 13 May 2014. 
  13. ^ Returning officer's declaration, BBC television, 6 June 2014
  14. ^ "Newark". YourNextMP. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 53°06′N 0°54′W / 53.10°N 0.90°W / 53.10; -0.90