Newark (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Newark in Nottinghamshire.
Location of Nottinghamshire within England.
|Electorate||72,407 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Newark-on-Trent and Southwell|
|Member of Parliament||Robert Jenrick - Recently elected in by-election (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||East Midlands|
Newark is a constituency[n 1] in Nottinghamshire, England. It is currently represented by Robert Jenrick of the Conservative Party, who won the seat in a by-election on 5 June 2014, following the resignation of Patrick Mercer in April 2014.[n 2]
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency covers large parts of the Newark and Sherwood district which encompasses the east of Nottinghamshire, as such includes the towns of Newark-on-Trent and Southwell, and the villages of Collingham and Sutton-on-Trent. It also covers parts of the Bassetlaw and Rushcliffe areas including Markham Moor and Bingham.
Latest boundary review
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the general election of 2010 since which it is formed from the following electoral wards:
- East Markham, Rampton, and Tuxford and Trent from the district of Bassetlaw
- Balderton North, Balderton West, Beacon, Bridge, Castle, Caunton, Collingham and Meering, Devon, Farndon, Lowdham, Magnus, Muskham, Southwell East, Southwell North, Southwell West, Sutton-on-Trent, Trent and Winthorpe from the district of Newark and Sherwood
- Bingham East, Bingham West, Cranmer, Oak and Thoroton from the borough of Rushcliffe
Newark was the last borough to be added to the Unreformed House of Commons which took place in 1673, prior to the Reform Act 1832. It returned two representatives to Parliament from 1673 until 1885. The future Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, began his political career as Member of Parliament for Newark from 1832 to 1845.
More recently, the Labour Party held Newark (on substantially different boundaries to the present ones) from 1950 until 1979, when it was taken by the Conservatives' Richard Alexander. Alexander lost his seat during Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election. The victorious Labour candidate, Fiona Jones, was convicted of electoral fraud and expelled from the House of Commons in 1999 over misrepresented election expenses. The conviction was later overturned upon appeal and she returned to Parliament. However, Jones lost her seat at the 2001 general election to Patrick Mercer of the Conservatives, who held it until 2014.
The Newark constituency in 2010 lost the town of Retford to the Bassetlaw constituency (although Newark still has a smaller part of the Bassetlaw district), but gained land in and around Bingham from the Rushcliffe constituency.
Following an investigation by Commons authorities finding that Mr Mercer had engaged in paid lobbying, not properly reported the income or declared his interest, and repeatedly seriously denigrating other members, Patrick Mercer stepped down as MP for Newark on 30 April 2014.
Many towns are historic in architecture with many well-preserved listed buildings whereas much of the council housing in the constituency has been privately acquired and improved under the right to buy. Nonetheless there is a significant minority of social housing but this dependency and the proportion of flats is lower than the national average across the three districts.
Labour held the seat for one term following their 1997 landslide victory, but subsequent boundary changes have brought in more rural areas and made the seat more favourable towards the Conservatives who, until the results of the 2014 European elections, appeared to have a firm hold on the constituency.
Members of Parliament
MPs before 1885
MPs since 1885
Elections in the 2010s
|By-Election 2014: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||David Watts||1,004||2.6||-17.4|
|Monster Raving Loony||Nick The Flying Brick||168||0.4||N/A|
|Bus-Pass Elvis Party||David Bishop||87||0.2||N/A|
|Common Good||Dick Rodgers||64||0.2||N/A|
|Patriotic Socialist Party||Lee Woods||18||0.1||N/A|
|General Election 2010: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||Pauline Jenkins||10,246||20.0||+1.6|
|UKIP||Rev Major Tom Irvine||1,954||3.8||+1.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||Stuart Thompstone||7,276||15.9||+2.7|
|General Election 2001: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||David Harding-Price||5,970||13.2||+1.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Ian Thomson||462||1.0||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Harris||5,960||11.5|
|Referendum Party||Graham Creedy||2,035||3.9||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1992: Newark|
|Liberal Democrat||PRB Harris||7,342||13.0||−5.8|
|Green||Ms. PA Wood||435||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Newark|
|Social Democrat||GA Emerson||9,833||18.75|
|General Election 1983: Newark|
|Social Democrat||S Thompstone||10,076||20.60|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||25,960||42.95|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|General Election October 1974: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||26,598||47.89|
|General Election February 1974: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||31,586||53.83|
|General Election 1970: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||26,455||51.18|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||27,402||56.72|
|General Election 1964: Newark|
|Labour||Edward Stanley Bishop||26,171||54.36|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Newark|
|General Election 1955: Newark|
|General Election 1951: Newark|
|General Election 1950: Newark|
|Liberal||Ernest Harold Pickering||2,950||5.52|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Newark|
|Labour||Hugh Champion de Crespigny||17,448||42.35|
|Liberal||Harold Francis Calladine||5,175||12.56|
|Newark by-election, 1943|
|Common Wealth||Edward Moeran||3,189|
|Independent Liberal||J. T. Pepper||2,473|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Newark|
|Conservative||Marquess of Titchfield||21,793||62.41|
|General Election 1931: Newark|
|Conservative||Marquess of Titchfield||25,445||70.13|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Byers, David (8 March 2007). "Exclusive Tory frontbencher sparks race row with black bastards gibe". The Times (London).
- "Former Tory MP Mercer resigns after Commons suspension". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
- "Newark Conservative: Patrick Mercer". The Guardian (London).
- Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
- 2001 Census
- 2011 census interactive maps
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 215–6. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- "Newark by-election candidate names confirmed". BBC News. 13 May 2014.
- Returning officer's declaration, BBC television, 6 June 2014
- "Newark". YourNextMP. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.