Corruption in Romania

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There is a legal and institutional framework for fighting against corruption in Romania, but the enforcement still remains weak.[1] Romania is widely regarded as one of the most corrupt country in the European Union,[2] as revealed by the annual Corruption Perceptions Index conducted by Transparency International.[3] Corruption was cited among many issues that provoked the 2012–14 social unrest.

The image of Romania was badly affected by the 2012 political crisis, when the European Commission expressed concerns about the rule of law, pointing to the power struggle between Prime Minister Victor Ponta and President Traian Băsescu.[4][5] The Commission also criticised Romania for failing to root out corruption and political influence in its state institutions.[6] One year later, in December, the Chamber of Deputies passed, without parliamentary debate, several controversial amendments to the Penal Code, according to that the country's President, senators, members of the lower chamber, as well as lawyers, are no longer to be considered "public officials".[7][8] This in turn means they can no longer be held to account for abuse of office, bribery, conflicts of interest and other corruption crimes.[9] The amendments were sharply criticised by Romanian opposition parties and European leaders,[10] while the Constitutional Court of Romania cataloged this move as unconstitutional.[11]


Due to the EU accession, Romania has improved transparency and accountability in the public sector. However, citizens and businesses still consider the government's reform weak and slow due to poor implementation of laws on transparency of information and decision-making process. The judicial system is said to be ineffective in fighting against corruption.[12]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2013 Investment Climate Statement - Romania". The US Department of State. The US Department of State. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Corruption is not an abstract thing in Romania". EurActiv. 13 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2014: Results". Transparency International. 
  4. ^ Andrew Gardner, Toby Vogel (11 July 2012). "Romanian power struggle alarms Europe's leaders". European Voice. 
  5. ^ Sam Cage, Luiza Ilie (22 November 2012). "Populism takes spotlight in Romania power struggle". Reuters. 
  6. ^ "EU Commission chides Romania over state corruption". BBC News. 18 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Raluca Besliu (18 January 2014). "Legally corrupt: Romanian politicians chase 'super-immunity'". Aljazeera. 
  8. ^ "Transparency International Romania statement on recent immunity decision by Chamber of Deputies". Transparency International. 12 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Valentina Pop (11 December 2013). "Romanian MPs decriminalise political corruption". EUobserver. 
  10. ^ Luiza Ilie (22 January 2013). "Romania parliament boosts criminal immunity, may irk EU". Reuters. 
  11. ^ Wendy Zeldin (23 January 2014). "Romania: Court Finds Immunity Law Unconstitutional". Library of Congress. 
  12. ^ "Snapshot of the Romania Country Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. GAN Integrity Solutions. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 

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