Union County, South Dakota

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Union County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Union County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded April 10, 1862
Seat Elk Point
Largest city North Sioux City
Area
 • Total 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 460 sq mi (1,192 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (17 km2), 1.43%
Population
 • (2010) 14,399
 • Density 31.23/sq mi (12.05/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website unioncountysd.org

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,399.[1] Its county seat is Elk Point.[2] Originally named Cole County, the named was changed to Union because of Civil War sentiment.

Union County is part of the Sioux City, IANE–SD Metropolitan Statistical Area. Progressive Farmer rated Union County second in the 2006 "Best Place to Live" in the U.S., because "its schools are good, its towns neat and its people friendly."

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 461 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (1.4%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 3,507
1880 6,813 94.3%
1890 9,130 34.0%
1900 11,153 22.2%
1910 10,676 −4.3%
1920 11,099 4.0%
1930 11,480 3.4%
1940 11,675 1.7%
1950 10,792 −7.6%
1960 10,197 −5.5%
1970 9,643 −5.4%
1980 10,938 13.4%
1990 10,189 −6.8%
2000 12,584 23.5%
2010 14,399 14.4%
Est. 2013 14,829 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,584 people, 4,927 households, and 3,517 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 5,345 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.85% White, 1.34% Asian, 0.37% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.24% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. 1.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,927 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 6.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,790, and the median income for a family was $51,227. Males had a median income of $35,406 versus $23,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,355. About 3.70% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

2010 United States Census population[6]

Ghost Towns and Extinct Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into thirteen townships: Alcester, Big Sioux, Big Springs, Brule, Civil Bend, Elk Point, Emmet, Jefferson, Prairie, Quincy, Sioux Valley, Spink, Virginia, and one area of unorganized territory: Richland.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: South Dakota". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°50′N 96°39′W / 42.83°N 96.65°W / 42.83; -96.65