Dinajpur District, Bangladesh

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Dinajpur
দিনাজপুর
District
Location of Dinajpur in Bangladesh
Location of Dinajpur in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°38′N 88°39′E / 25.63°N 88.65°E / 25.63; 88.65Coordinates: 25°38′N 88°39′E / 25.63°N 88.65°E / 25.63; 88.65
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rangpur Division
Area
 • Total 3,444.30 km2 (1,329.85 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 2,990,128
 • Density 870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 27.4%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website www.dinajpur.gov.bd

Dinajpur (Bengali: দিনাজপুর) is a district in Northern Rangpur, Bangladesh. It is part of the Rangpur Division.

Geography[edit]

Dinajpur is bounded by Thakurgaon and Panchagarh districts in the north, Gaibandha and Joypurhat districts in the south, Nilphamari and Rangpurdistricts in the east, and the state of Rangpur, Bangladesh, India in the west. The total area of the district is 3,437.98 km2.[1] The main rivers of the district are the Dhepa, the Punarbhaba, and the Atrai rivers.

Administration[edit]

  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Ahmed Shamim Al Razi[citation needed]
  • Administrator of Zila Parishad: Azizul Imam Chowdhury[2]

Subdistricts[edit]

The upazilas of this district are:

  1. Biral Upazila,
  2. Birampur Upazila,
  3. Birganj Upazila,
  4. Bochaganj Upazila,
  5. Chirirbandar Upazila,
  6. Dinajpur Sadar Upazila,
  7. Ghoraghat Upazila,
  8. Hakimpur Upazila,
  9. Kaharole Upazila,
  10. Khansama Upazila,
  11. Nawabganj Upazila,
  12. Parbatipur Upazila,
  13. Phulbari Upazila.

Population statistics[edit]

  • Total population: 2,990,128 (as of the 2011 population census)[3][citation needed]
    • Male: 50.45%
    • Female: 49.55%
  • Ethnic nationals: the Santal, Oraon, Munda and Malo.
  • Religious occupation:
    • Muslim: 76.65%
    • Hindu: 20.58%
    • Christian: 0.80%
    • Buddhist: 0.11%
    • Other: 1.86%
  • Religious institutions:
    • Mosques: 4891
    • Temples: 956
    • Shrines: 255
    • Churches: 75
    • Pagoda: 23
    • Tombs: 16
    • Sacred places: 5
  • Average literacy: 60%
    • Male: 34.7%
    • Female: 19.5%
  • Main occupations:
    • Agriculture: 42.85%
    • Agricultural labour: 29.19%
    • Wage labour: 2.48%
    • Commerce: 10.2%
    • Transport: 1.67%
    • Service: 5.58%
    • Other: 8.03%.
  • Land control:
    • Landless: 40%
    • Small farmers: 30%
    • Medium farmers: 25%
    • Large farmers 5%
  • Per capita cultivable land: 500m2.

History[edit]

Dinajpur was once a part of the ancient state of Pundravardhana. Devkot which rotated as capital of Lakhnauti was located 11 miles south of Dinajpur town. The British administrative control in Dinajpur was established in 1786 (ref. Banglapedia). At the time of Partition of Bengal in 1947, part of greater Dinajpur district was included in West Bengal and it was named West Dinajpur district. People of the district took part in the Tebhaga Movement and also had significant contribution in the War of Liberation of 1971.[1]

An ancient engraved stone, believed to be from the Gupta era, was recovered from the bank of a pond near Sura Masjid in the Ghoraghat Upazila in Dinajpur in October 8.

Dinajpur Municipality[edit]

At first, after its formation in 1856, the Dinajpur Municipality used to be run by a town committee presided over by the Deputy Magistrate. This was among the first 40 municipalities in Bengal at that time. Later in 1868, the 'District Town Act' commissioned a Chairman of the municipality who replaced the Deputy Magistrate and given a similar rank as a District Magistrate. Mr. Patterson was appointed the first Chairman of Dinajpur Municipality in 1869.[4]

Archaeology[edit]

Sites of archaeological importance:

  • Aowkora Mosque – Meaning, "Echoing Mosque".
  • Baraduari
  • Dinajpur Museum
  • Ghughu-danga Zamindar Bari
  • Gour Gabindha
  • Habra Zamindar Bari
  • Kantajew Temple[5]
  • Matasagar
  • Nayabad mosque
  • Rajbari
  • Ramsagar tank[6]
  • Shingha Darwaza – Meaning, "Lion Gate".
  • Shita Coat Bihar – The oldest Buddhist Bihar in the world.
  • Sitar Kuthuri
  • Sukhsagar
  • The tombs of Chehel Gazi and Gor-e-Shahid Moydan.

Climate[edit]

Dinajpur experiences a hot, wet and humid tropical climate. Under the Köppen climate classification, Dinajpur has a tropical wet and dry climate. The district has a distinct monsoonal season, with an annual average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F) and monthly means varying between 18 °C (64 °F) in January and 29 °C (84 °F) in August.

Climate data for Dinajpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24
(76)
27
(80)
31
(87)
32
(89)
33
(91)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(87)
31
(87)
28
(83)
25
(77)
29
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(58)
17
(63)
22
(72)
25
(77)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(80)
25
(77)
21
(69)
16
(61)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
20
(0.8)
58
(2.3)
117
(4.6)
267
(10.5)
358
(14.1)
399
(15.7)
318
(12.5)
257
(10.1)
163
(6.4)
30
(1.2)
5
(0.2)
1,979
(77.9)
[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Dinajpur mainly depends upon agriculture based production. Dinajpur is famous for rice production. 'Katharivog' rice is the best produced rice in Bangladesh. Dinajpur is also rich with wheat production. The Lychee(fruit) of Dinajpur is the best of Bangladesh. Dinajpur is also famous for its Mangoes. "Kosba" is called the matrix of mango. Also it grows a plenty of vegetables and seasonal fruits. A huge percentage of people from Dinajpur depends upon agri based products. The main industry also includes rice processing mills. However, Dinajpur is highly rich with natural resources like coal. Of the five coal field discovered so far in Bangladesh, three are in Dinajpur. The name of these deposits are-Barapukuria, Phulbari and Dighipara coal field. At present coal is being produced commercially only from the Barapukuria underground coal mine in Dinajpur district. Current production rate is about 1500 tons per day. The plan to establish an open-pit mine in nearby Phulbari was aborted in 2006 in the wake of a mass protest by the local people.[7] The coal from the Boropukuria Coal Mine is being fed to the 250MW Barapukuria Power Station.

Main sources of income (as of the 2001 population census):[1]

  1. Agriculture: 63.90%
  2. Commerce: 12.89%
  3. Service: 6.58%
  4. Construction: 3.37%
  5. Transport and communication: 3.35%
  6. Non-agricultural labour: 3.29%
  7. Industry: 0.90%
  8. Rent and remittance: 0.23%
  9. Religious services: 0.17%
  10. Other: 5.32%

Education[edit]

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University[8] is a government-financed public university of Bangladesh situated 10 km from Dinajpur main town. It serves as an institution of science and technology in northern part of the country.

There are two government colleges in the Dinajpur town. One is for female students and another is for both male and female students. Dinajpur government college is for both male and female, which was previously known as Surendranath college. Both colleges are operated under national university.

This district gives the opportunity to read in two Govt. schools, Dinajpur Zilla School (for boys only) and Dinajpur Govt. Girls' High School. Dinajpur Zilla School[1] was established in 1854 during the British reign. It is located at the center of the Dinajpur town. It owns a hostel too for residential facilities. This school is one of 20 schools in Bangladesh, which has a govt. funded "E-Learning" facility and E-Laboratory. There is Stone made Map of South Asia subcontinent in this school, which was made at 1934. It has a very talented Score in S.S.C participation. There is also an auditorium, a sculpture of celebrating the 150 years of the school, a mosque, an enhanced library and laboratory in this school. There is also a textile institute.

Dinajpur Medical College and Hospital[edit]

There is a government medical college here, which is one of the 22 government funded medical colleges in Bangladesh. It is located in the town of Dinajpur. It admits 150 students into the f-year MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree program. There is a four story building. There are two hostels for boys and three hostels for girls. There are four hostels for intern doctors. Sixteen batches of students have passed from this medical college.[when?] Dinajour Medical College Journal is recognized by the BMDC and is published twice a year (ISSN: 2070-2019). The 500-bed hospital has high technology and has started to provide more services. There is also a well-developed nursing college behind the hospital building. The hospital has an ultrasound center for nuclear medicine near Sadar Hospital, Dinajpur. Dinajpur Medical College Hospital now provides health services not only in the Dinajpur District but also to people from other districts near Dinajpur.[citation needed]

Other[edit]

Dinajpur Central Shahid Minar is the 2nd largest Shahid minar in the country. Dinajpur Boasts a regional training center of Bangladesh Krira Shiksha Pratisthan. Bangladesh Krira Shiksha Pratisthan situated at Basher hat near to HSTU campus. It aims to train and educate sports prodigy. Dinajpur also has a government Veterinary college, a government Polytechnique institute and several private polytechnique institutions. Tenth educational board [2] of Bangladesh has been established in Dinajpur in 2007. From 2009 S.S.C. (Secondary School Certificate) and H.S.C. (Higher Secondary School Certificate) exams have been started to be taken. In S.S.C. exam for the first time it stood 2nd in the country in the G.P.A. 5 list.

Transportation[edit]

Dinajpur railway station
  • Railway:
  1. Biral railway station
  2. Hili railway station
  3. Parbatipur railway station
  • Roads & Highway:

Agriculture[edit]

Potato field in Ghughu-danga,Dinajpur

Crops and grown in the district include rice, wheat, maize, potato, brinjal and tomato.

Fruits grown include lychees, mangoes, bananas, jackfruits and blackberries.

Places of interest[edit]

Swapnopuri amusement park.

Famous people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ahmad Hossain (2012). "Dinajpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". The Daily Star. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.geohive.com/cntry/bangladesh.aspx
  4. ^ Mehrab Ali, "History Of Dinajpur Pourasava" www.dinajpurmunicipality.com
  5. ^ http://dinajpur.net/kantajew-temple
  6. ^ http://dinajpur.net/ramsagar
  7. ^ Arifur Rahman and Sanzida Murshed (2012). "Coal". Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  8. ^ http://www.hstu.ac.bd/
  9. ^ http://dinajpur.net/rudrapur-school
  10. ^ "Impasse at Hili land port results in loss of Tk20cr". Dhaka Tribune. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 

External links[edit]