Edgecombe County, North Carolina
|Edgecombe County, North Carolina|
Location in the state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Richard Edgcumbe|
507 sq mi (1,313 km²)
505 sq mi (1,308 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.31%
114/sq mi (44/km²)
Edgecombe County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is part of the Rocky Mount, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2010, the population was 56,552. Its county seat is Tarboro.
In 1746 part of Edgecombe County became Granville County; in 1758 another portion became Halifax County; and in 1777 yet another part became Nash County. In 1855 the formation of Wilson County from parts of Edgecombe County, Johnston County, Nash County, and Wayne County reduced Edgecombe to its present size, with a minor boundary adjustments.
Law and government 
Edgecombe County is a member of the regional Upper Coastal Plain Council of Governments.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 507 square miles (1,313.1 km2), of which 505 square miles (1,307.9 km2) is land and 2 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.31%) is water.
The county is divided into fourteen townships, which are both numbered and named: 1 (Tarboro), 2 (Lower Conetoe), 3 (Upper Conetoe), 4 (Deep Creek), 5 (Lower Fishing Creek), 6 (Upper Fishing Creek), 7 (Swift Creek), 8 (Sparta), 9 (Otter Creek), 10 (Lower Town Creek), 11 (Walnut Creek), 12 (Rocky Mount), 13 (Cokey), and 14 (Upper Town Creek).
Adjacent counties 
- Halifax County, North Carolina - northeast
- Martin County, North Carolina - east
- Pitt County, North Carolina - southeast
- Wilson County, North Carolina - southwest
- Nash County, North Carolina - northwest
||Nash County||Halifax County|
|Wilson County||Pitt County|
Major highways 
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,606 people, 20,392 households, and 14,804 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 24,002 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 40.06% White, 57.46% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 2.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 20,392 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.20% were married couples living together, 21.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,983, and the median income for a family was $35,902. Males had a median income of $27,300 versus $21,649 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,435. About 16.00% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.50% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
- Rocky Mount
Edgecombe County Public Schools has 15 schools ranging from pre-kindergarten to twelfth grade. These are separated into five high schools, four middle schools, and six elementary schools. It was formed in 1993 from the merger of the old Edgecombe County Schools and Tarboro City Schools systems.
Notable people 
- Duncan Lamont Clinch (1787–1849) – born at Ard-Lamont in Edgecombe County, American Army officer in the First and Second Seminole Wars
- Dorsey Pender (1834–1863) – born at Pender's Crossroads in Edgecombe County, Major General in the Confederate Army.
- Hugh Shelton (born 1942) – four-star General and former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, appointed by President Clinton.
See also 
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Edgecombe County Public Schools". North Carolina's School Report Cards. North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- Bender, Jaime (July 5, 2003). "Edgecombe schools marks 10 years". The Rocky Mount Telegram.
- "About ECC". Edgecombe Community College. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.