Union County, North Carolina
|Union County, North Carolina|
Old Union County Courthouse
Location in the state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
|• Total||640 sq mi (1,658 km2)|
|• Land||632 sq mi (1,637 km2)|
|• Water||8 sq mi (21 km2), 1.3%|
|• Density||303/sq mi (117/km²)|
|Congressional districts||8th, 9th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Union County is included in the Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county was formed in 1842 from parts of Anson County and Mecklenburg County. Its name was a compromise between Whigs, who wanted to name the new county for Henry Clay, and Democrats, who wanted to name it for Andrew Jackson. The Helms, Starnes, McRorie, and Belk families took a major part in the Monroe and Charlotte, North Carolina. Most of these families came from Goose Creek Township.
Monroe, the county seat of Union County, also became a focal point during the Civil Rights Movement. In 1958, local NAACP Chapter President Robert F. Williams defended a nine-year-old African-American boy who had been kissed by a white girl in an incident known as the Kissing Case. A second African-American boy, aged seven, was also convicted and sentenced to live in a juvenile reformatory until he was 21 for simply witnessing the act. In 1961, Williams was accused of kidnapping an elderly white couple, when he sheltered them in his house during a very explosive situation of high racial tensions. Williams fled and went into exile in Cuba and in the People's Republic of China before returning to the United States.
Law and government
Union County is a member of the regional Centralina Council of Governments.
- Cabarrus County, North Carolina - north
- Stanly County, North Carolina - north-northeast
- Anson County, North Carolina - east
- Chesterfield County, South Carolina - south-southeast
- Lancaster County, South Carolina - southwest
- Mecklenburg County, North Carolina - northwest
||Mecklenburg County||Cabarrus County||Stanly County|
|Lancaster County, South Carolina||Chesterfield County, South Carolina|
As of the census of 2010, there were 201,292 people, 67,864 households, and 54,019 families residing in the county. The population density was 194 people per square mile (75/km²). There were 45,695 housing units at an average density of 314 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.0% White, 11.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.3% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. 10.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 67,864 households out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, and 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present.6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.3.
In the county the population was spread out with 32.90% under the age of 20, 4.7% from 20 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. The population was 49.4% male.
Cities and towns
- Fairview (town)
- Hemby Bridge
- Indian Trail
- Lake Park
- Mineral Springs
- Monroe (County Seat & Largest City)
- Wesley Chapel
The county is divided into nine townships: Goose Creek, Jackson, Marshville, Monroe, New Salem, Vance, Buford, Lanes Creek, and Sandy Ridge, Indian trail.
- Brooklandwood in the Union County town of Mineral Springs is the site of the Queens Cup Steeplechase, one of steeplechase horse racing's major annual events. The program consists of several races, and is held the last Saturday of April. The schedule of events also features a Jack Russell Terrier judging contest. Over 10,000 people descend on Mineral Springs from all parts of the country to take part in this day long event of races and other activities.
- The Union County town of Marshville is the site of the Boll Weevil Festival, an annual street fair and carnival that takes place every fall.
- Shiloh Elementary (1998 & 2013 Blue Ribbon School)
- Brandon Oaks, North Carolina
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, North Carolina
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Census.gov. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Union County government official website
- Union County Partnership for Progress - Economic Development Agency