Fillmore County, Minnesota
|Fillmore County, Minnesota|
Fillmore County Courthouse
Location in the state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 5, 1853|
|Named for||Millard Fillmore|
|Largest city||Spring Valley|
|• Total||862.15 sq mi (2,233 km2)|
|• Land||861.25 sq mi (2,231 km2)|
|• Water||0.90 sq mi (2 km2), 0.10%|
|• Density||24/sq mi (9/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Fillmore County was established in 1853. It is named for Millard Fillmore, thirteenth President of the United States. Located in Southeast Minnesota, Fillmore County was an early destination for Euro-American settlement following the United States' 1851 treaties with the Dakota nations. Norwegian immigrants were particularly numerous. In 1860 Fillmore was the most populous county in Minnesota.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 862.15 square miles (2,233.0 km2), of which 861.25 square miles (2,230.6 km2) (or 99.90%) is land and 0.90 square miles (2.3 km2) (or 0.10%) is water.
- Winona County (northeast)
- Houston County (east)
- Winneshiek County, Iowa (southeast)
- Howard County, Iowa (southwest)
- Mower County (west)
- Olmsted County (northwest)
Geology and native vegetation
The county is part of the Driftless Area, or in its own documents, the Paleozoic plateau. This part of Minnesota was ice-free during the last ice age. The county to the east is more rugged, but Fillmore County also displays a karst topography. Native vegetation of Fillmore County, based on NRCS soils shows:
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,122 people, 8,228 households, and 5,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 8,908 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.92% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.9% were of Norwegian, 31.1% German and 5.8% Irish ancestry.
There were 8,228 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,651, and the median income for a family was $44,883. Males had a median income of $29,094 versus $21,906 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,067. About 6.80% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
† Chatfield is split between Filmore County and Olmsted County.
- "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 125.
- Frame III, Robert M. (July 1981). National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form: Fillmore County Multiple Resource Area. National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Olmsted County||Winona County|
|Mower County||Houston County|
|Howard County, Iowa||Winneshiek County, Iowa|