Fillmore County, Minnesota

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Fillmore County, Minnesota
CourthouseFillmoreCountyMinnesota.JPG
Fillmore County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Fillmore County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 5, 1853[1]
Named for Millard Fillmore
Seat Preston
Largest city Spring Valley
Area
 • Total 862.15 sq mi (2,233 km2)
 • Land 861.25 sq mi (2,231 km2)
 • Water 0.90 sq mi (2 km2), 0.10%
Population
 • (2010) 20,866
 • Density 24/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.fillmore.mn.us

Fillmore County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,866.[2] Its county seat is Preston.[3]

Fillmore County is included in the Rochester, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fillmore County was established in 1853. It is named for Millard Fillmore, thirteenth President of the United States.[4] Located in Southeast Minnesota, Fillmore County was an early destination for Euro-American settlement following the United States' 1851 treaties with the Dakota nations. Norwegian immigrants were particularly numerous. In 1860 Fillmore was the most populous county in Minnesota.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 862.15 square miles (2,233.0 km2), of which 861.25 square miles (2,230.6 km2) (or 99.90%) is land and 0.90 square miles (2.3 km2) (or 0.10%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Geology and native vegetation[edit]

The county is part of the Driftless Area, or in its own documents, the Paleozoic plateau. This part of Minnesota was ice-free during the last ice age. The county to the east is more rugged, but Fillmore County also displays a karst topography. Native vegetation of Fillmore County, based on NRCS soils shows:Fillmore County Native Vegetation.pdf[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 13,542
1870 24,887 83.8%
1880 28,162 13.2%
1890 25,996 −7.7%
1900 28,288 8.8%
1910 25,680 −9.2%
1920 25,330 −1.4%
1930 24,748 −2.3%
1940 25,830 4.4%
1950 24,465 −5.3%
1960 23,768 −2.8%
1970 21,916 −7.8%
1980 21,930 0.1%
1990 20,777 −5.3%
2000 21,122 1.7%
2010 20,866 −1.2%
Est. 2012 20,834 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 21,122 people, 8,228 households, and 5,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 8,908 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.92% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.9% were of Norwegian, 31.1% German and 5.8% Irish ancestry.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

There were 8,228 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.60% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,651, and the median income for a family was $44,883. Males had a median income of $29,094 versus $21,906 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,067. About 6.80% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

County landscape in autumn.
Cities Townships Unincorporated communities

† Chatfield is split between Filmore County and Olmsted County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 125. 
  5. ^ Frame III, Robert M. (July 1981). National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form: Fillmore County Multiple Resource Area. National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 92°05′W / 43.68°N 92.09°W / 43.68; -92.09