Mille Lacs County, Minnesota

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Mille Lacs County, Minnesota
Mille Lacs Courthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mille Lacs County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857[1]
Named for Mille Lacs Lake
Seat Milaca
Largest city Princeton
Area
 • Total 681.77 sq mi (1,766 km2)
 • Land 574.47 sq mi (1,488 km2)
 • Water 107.30 sq mi (278 km2), 15.74%
Population
 • (2010) 26,097
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.mille-lacs.mn.us

Mille Lacs County (/mɨlˈlæks/ məl-LAKS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota, founded in 1857.[2] As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,097.[3] Its county seat is Milaca.[4] A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county.

Mille Lacs County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Name[edit]

The name Mille Lacs, meaning "thousand lakes" in French, comes from Mille Lacs Lake (French: Grand lac du Pays des Mille Lacs), largest lake in the Brainerd Lakes Area as the area was called "Region of Thousand Lakes" (Pays des Mille Lacs) in French.[5]

History[edit]

Mille Lacs County was organized on May 23, 1857, cleaving off the easternmost portion of Benton County, Minnesota. The original Mille Lacs County consisted of the portion of the contemporary Mille Lacs County east of the west branch of the Rum River and two townships now part of Isanti County, adjacent to Mille Lacs County. In 1858, the 12 townships forming the contemporary southern 10 townships of Mille Lacs County and the 2 northwestern townships in Isanti County were organized apart from either Benton or Mille Lacs County to form Monroe County, leaving the northern "Square Top-knot" as the Mille Lacs County. In 1860, Monroe and Mille Lacs Counties merged. Shortly thereafter, the two southeastern townships were transferred to Isanti County, forming the contemporary boundaries for the county.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 681.77 square miles (1,765.8 km2), of which 574.47 square miles (1,487.9 km2) (or 84.26%) is land and 107.30 square miles (277.9 km2) (or 15.74%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 73
1870 1,109 1,419.2%
1880 1,501 35.3%
1890 2,845 89.5%
1900 8,066 183.5%
1910 10,705 32.7%
1920 14,180 32.5%
1930 14,076 −0.7%
1940 15,558 10.5%
1950 15,165 −2.5%
1960 14,560 −4.0%
1970 15,703 7.9%
1980 18,430 17.4%
1990 18,670 1.3%
2000 22,330 19.6%
2010 26,097 16.9%
Est. 2012 25,740 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[3]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000,[8] there were 22,330 people, 8,638 households, and 6,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 10,467 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.55% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 4.68% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.9% were of German, 14.4% Swedish and 14.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 8,638 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,977, and the median income for a family was $44,054. Males had a median income of $32,348 versus $22,036 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,656. About 6.70% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Townships Unincorporated communities Ghost towns
  • Brickton
  • Burnhelm Siding
  • Esteville ‡
  • Freer
  • Johnsdale
  • Soule's Crossing
  • Stirling

† a small part of Princeton extends into Sherburne County.
‡ a small part of Esteville extended into Mille Lacs County from Benton County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ Minnesota House of Representatives
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Upham, Warren. (1920; repr. 1991)Minnesota Place Names St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press.
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°56′N 93°38′W / 45.93°N 93.63°W / 45.93; -93.63