Beltrami County, Minnesota

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Not to be confused with Beltrami, Minnesota.
Beltrami County, Minnesota
Bemidji Courthouse.jpg
Beltrami County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Beltrami County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 28, 1866 (created)
1896 (organized)[1]
Named for Giacomo Constantino Beltrami
Seat Bemidji
Largest city Bemidji
Area
 • Total 3,056 sq mi (7,915 km2)
 • Land 2,505 sq mi (6,488 km2)
 • Water 551 sq mi (1,427 km2), 18%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 45,670
 • Density 18/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional districts 7th, 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.beltrami.mn.us

Beltrami County (/bɛlˈtræm/ bel-TRAM-ee) is a county located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,442.[2] Its county seat is Bemidji.[3] The county's name comes from the Italian count Giacomo Beltrami, who supposedly explored the area in 1825. The county was created in 1866 and organized in 1896.

Beltrami County comprises the Bemidji, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Portions of the Leech Lake and Red Lake Indian reservations are in the county. The northernmost portion of the Mississippi River flows through the southern part of the county, through the city of Bemidji. Beltrami County borders a total of nine counties, more than any other county in Minnesota, except for Renville County, which also borders nine counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,056 square miles (7,920 km2), of which 2,505 square miles (6,490 km2) is land and 551 square miles (1,430 km2) (18%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-largest county in Minnesota by area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Bemidji, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.7
 
16
-4
 
 
0.6
 
24
3
 
 
0.9
 
36
16
 
 
1.5
 
53
30
 
 
2.7
 
67
43
 
 
4.1
 
75
52
 
 
4.3
 
79
57
 
 
3.5
 
77
55
 
 
2.8
 
66
45
 
 
2.3
 
54
35
 
 
1.1
 
34
19
 
 
0.6
 
21
3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bemidji have ranged from a low of −4 °F (−20 °C) in January to a high of 79 °F (26 °C) in July, although a record low of −50 °F (−46 °C) was recorded in January 1950 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1975. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.59 inches (15 mm) in February to 4.33 inches (110 mm) in July.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 80
1880 10 −87.5%
1890 312 3,020.0%
1900 11,030 3,435.3%
1910 19,337 75.3%
1920 27,079 40.0%
1930 20,707 −23.5%
1940 26,107 26.1%
1950 24,962 −4.4%
1960 23,425 −6.2%
1970 26,373 12.6%
1980 30,982 17.5%
1990 34,384 11.0%
2000 39,650 15.3%
2010 44,442 12.1%
Est. 2013 45,670 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 39,650 people, 14,337 households, and 9,749 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 16,989 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 20.36% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. 0.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 19.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Swedish ancestry. 95.1% spoke English and 2.4% Ojibwa as their first language.

There were 14,337 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13.

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,392, and the median income for a family was $40,345. Males had a median income of $30,434 versus $22,045 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,497. About 12.90% of families and 17.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bemidji, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°01′N 94°55′W / 48.02°N 94.92°W / 48.02; -94.92