Olmsted County, Minnesota

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Olmsted County, Minnesota
OlmstedGovtCenter.JPG
Olmsted County Government Center
Seal of Olmsted County, Minnesota
Seal
Map of Minnesota highlighting Olmsted County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1855[1]
Named for David Olmsted
Seat Rochester
Largest city Rochester
Area
 • Total 654.50 sq mi (1,695 km2)
 • Land 653.01 sq mi (1,691 km2)
 • Water 1.49 sq mi (4 km2), 0.23%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 147,066
 • Density 190/sq mi (73/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.olmsted.mn.us

Olmsted County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota, founded in 1855.[2] As of the 2010 census, the population was 144,248.[3] Its county seat and largest city is Rochester.[4]

Olmsted County is part of the Rochester, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Olmsted County was named for David Olmsted, a member of the first territorial council and the first mayor of St. Paul.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 654.50 square miles (1,695.1 km2), of which 653.01 square miles (1,691.3 km2) (or 99.77%) is land and 1.49 square miles (3.9 km2) (or 0.23%) is water.[6] Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information shows:Olmsted Co Native Vegetation New Wiki Version.pdf[7] It is one of four counties in the state with no natural lakes.

Lakes[edit]

Although Olmsted County contains no natural lakes, it does have six reservoirs created by dams.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 9,524
1870 19,793 107.8%
1880 21,543 8.8%
1890 19,806 −8.1%
1900 23,119 16.7%
1910 22,497 −2.7%
1920 28,014 24.5%
1930 35,426 26.5%
1940 42,658 20.4%
1950 48,228 13.1%
1960 65,532 35.9%
1970 84,104 28.3%
1980 92,006 9.4%
1990 106,470 15.7%
2000 124,277 16.7%
2010 144,248 16.1%
Est. 2012 147,066 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[3]
Presidential Election Results 1960–2008[9]
Year Democratic Republican
2008 50.6% 38,711 47.3% 36,202
2004 46.5% 33,285 52.2% 37,371
2000 43.5% 25,822 51.6% 30,641
1996 43.9% 22,857 43.9% 22,860
1992 33.6% 19,039 41.3% 23,404
1988 40.9% 19,423 58.3% 27,683
1984 36.4% 16,335 62.8% 28,129
1980 34.2% 13,983 55.5% 22,704
1976 37.0% 14,676 60.7% 24,030
1972 28.4% 9,817 69.0% 23,806
1968 42.1% 13,417 54.3% 17,292
1964 55.9% 16,195 43.9% 12,699
1960 40.3% 10,918 59.4% 16,080
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000, there were 124,277 people, 47,807 households, and 32,317 families residing in the county. The population density was 190 people per square mile (73/km²). There were 49,422 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.33% White, 2.68% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 4.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 2.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The ancestral makeup of the county was 33.7% German, 16.1% Norwegian, 8.0% Irish and 5.2% English.

There were 47,807 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,316, and the median income for a family was $61,610. Males had a median income of $40,196 versus $29,994 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,939. About 3.80% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

The Helleckson Homestead, built about 1850, preserved in Olmsted County Oxbow Park
Cities Townships Unincorporated communities

† Chatfield is in both Olmsted and Fillmore County.
‡ Pine Island is mainly in Goodhue County but extends into Olmsted County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Minnesota Government Series, State Counties". Minnesota House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-03-18. .
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ History of Olmsted County
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  9. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°00′N 92°24′W / 44.00°N 92.40°W / 44.00; -92.40